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Sudan - Darfur

Rebellion and crimes against humanity in Darfur

Summary

In 2003, two rebel factions, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), revolted against Khartoum.

The Darfur Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, between Khartoum and the SLA arm led by Minni Arkou Minnawi. JEM and Abdelwahid Muhamed El Nur’s SLA contingent refused the peace deal, with El Nur asserting that the agreement did not include or respond to crucial needs of the Darfur population. Upset over the accord created a critical change in the nature of the conflict. What had predominantly been a direct battle between rebels and central government, then included opposition groups warring against each other as well.

JEM is the only opposition group to launch assaults on Sudan’s strong political regions. In 2008 JEM raided Omdurman, where the parliament is located, and it has also attacked oil installations in Kordofan.

In March 2009, an arrest warrant for President al-Bashir was issued by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

The war has crossed heavily into Chad and Central African Republic. In January 2010, Presidents Idriss Deby of Chad and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan agreed to stop supporting each other's rebels.

All of the armed movements hold that no settlement can be reached unless Darfur is restructured into a single state. It was separated into three regions in 1994, the divided states being North, South, and West Darfur. Within Darfur, this is commonly believed to have been done with intentions of weakening the territory. In March 2011, the government announced a plan to construct two new states out of the region, to be Central Darfur and Eastern Darfur. This has enraged rebel groups who claim it as a ploy to further divide and cripple Darfurian efforts.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,705,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
allafrica.com Sudan: West Darfur's Foro Baranga 'Free of Landmines, Uxo' 04/27
sudantribune.com Sudan, Chad discuss boosting joint border forces 04/27
allafrica.com Sudan: West Darfur Camp Fire Destroys Homes 04/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Inside Sudan's House of Cards 04/26
allafrica.com Sudan: Bombing Jebel Marra 'Violates Ceasefire' - Slm-Aw 04/26
sudantribune.com 19 people killed in fresh Jebel Marra clashes 04/26
allafrica.com Sudan: Mother, Child Die As Militiamen Raid Five Darfur Villages 04/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Acting Wali of North Darfur Informs Director of U.S. Envoy On Situation in State 04/25
sudantribune.com Sudanese intelligence accuses Kiir on chairing rebel meeting 04/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Fura-Branga Locality Declared Free of Mines and Unexploded Devices 04/25
allafrica.com Sudan: 'No Voluntary Return in Insecure Darfur' - Displaced to U.S. 04/25
reuters.com Sudan accuses South Sudan president of meeting rebels 04/24
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Gireida Camps to Be Closed' - South Darfur Governor 04/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Janjaweed Leader Points a Finger at Khartoum 04/23
sudantribune.com Sudan sentences two gunmen to death over attack on police station in W. Kordofan 04/23
sudantribune.com Egypt, Sudan agree to cool down tensions 04/20
sudantribune.com Sudanese security disperses protest by UNAMID’s former workers in El-Fasher 04/19
allafrica.com Sudan: West Darfur Displaced Accuse UNAMID of 'Nepotism' 04/19
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Militiamen Living in Our Villages, Using Our Lands' - Darfuri Displaced 04/18
sudantribune.com Washington urges “close cooperation” to reach lasting peace in Darfur 04/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Guard Killed in Attack On Ex-Rebel Leader in Central Darfur 04/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Hassabo Directs South Darfur State Government to Complete Tribal Reconciliations 04/17
sudantribune.com Over 28,000 S. Sudan refugees arrived in Sudan in March: U.N 04/17
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Darfur Fully Dominated By Militias' - Civil Society Leader 04/16
allafrica.com Sudan: North Darfur Governor to Take Measures Against Violence 04/16
sudantribune.com Over 85,000 S. Sudanese refugees in Sudan since 2017: UNHCR 04/16
allafrica.com Sudan: UXO Blast Claims Young Darfur Brothers 04/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Analysts - Don't 'Gut' Darfur Peacekeeping Mission With Funding Cuts 04/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Central Darfur Displaced Reject Land Rezoning 04/14
allafrica.com Ethiopia: Is History Repeating Itself in Ethiopia? 04/14
sudantribune.com Rebel commander splits away from SLM-AW in Central Darfur 04/14
voanews.com Analysts: Don't 'Gut' Darfur Peacekeeping Mission With Funding Cuts 04/13
sudantribune.com Egypt called on maintain UN sanctions on Sudan: Ghandour says 04/13
allafrica.com Rwanda: Rwandan Peacekeepers in Darfur Commemorate 04/12
allafrica.com Sudan: State-Led Investigation Into West Darfur Camp Killings 04/11
allafrica.com Sudan: Three Killed in Tribal Clash in Central Darfur 04/11
monitor.co.ug Value addition on maize has earned Turwomwe recognition 04/11
allafrica.com Sudan: U.S. Military Attaché Lauds Security Situations in North Darfur 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: '23 Dead' in South Darfur Camps Lacking Medicine 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Three Killed, Nine Injured in West Darfur Camp Protest 04/10
appablog.wordpress.com Japan Supports UN Humanitarian Air Service in Sudan 04/10
sudantribune.com Khartoum urges Paris to press SLM-AW leader to join Darfur peace 04/10
allafrica.com Sudan: East Darfur Tribal Fighting Leaves Seven Dead 04/10
allafrica.com Chad Refugees in Darfur Reject Voluntary Return 04/09
sudantribune.com U.S. military attaché visits North Darfur 04/09
sudantribune.com Unknown gunmen kill telecom engineer in South Darfur 04/09
sudantribune.com Police forces kill three protesters in West Darfur camp 04/09
sudantribune.com Six killed in fresh tribal clashes in East Darfur 04/08
france24.com South Africa tells ICC it didn’t break rules by failing to arrest Sudan's Bashir 04/08
sudantribune.com Darfur continues suffering war ravages amid UN silence 04/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Torture Journalists Highlights Need to Investigate Darfur Chemical Attacks - AI 04/07
allafrica.com Africa: The Price of Shunning the ICC 04/07
foxnews.com South Africa says it was not obliged to arrest al-Bashir 04/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Militiamen Hold North Darfur Displaced to Ransom 04/07
allafrica.com UN Appoints Rwandan Commander to Lead Unmiss 04/07
voanews.com South Africa Says It Did Not Have to Arrest Sudan's Al-Bashir 04/07
nzherald.co.nz South Africa says it was not obliged to arrest al-Bashir 04/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Deadly Sudanese Army-Militia Clash in South Darfur 04/06
tribune.com.pk Sudan likens S.Sudanese influx to ’emergency’ 04/06
enoughproject.org New Report - Border Control from Hell: How the EU's migration partnership legitimizes Sudan's "militia state" 04/06
allafrica.com Sudan: Scribes Tortured for Exposing Darfur Chemical Warfare 04/06
allafrica.com Sudan: New UNAMID Head - Darfur Fighting 'Considerably Diminished' 04/06
sudantribune.com Sudan expects resumption of talks with armed groups in April 04/06
aljazeera.com Double standards: Do all journalist lives matter? 04/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Red Cross Helps Released Rebels Reintegrate 04/05
aljazeera.com Sudanese force accused of torturing journalists 04/05
nation.co.ke US tells Sudan to 'step up' as it weighs cuts to Darfur force 04/05
allafrica.com Sudan: New Head for UN-AU Darfur Peacekeeping Mission 04/04
sudantribune.com Darfur of today is different from 2003 : UNAMID head 04/04
africa-newsroom.com UNHCR and Japanese Embassy in Sudan Press Briefing: Welcoming Japan’s grant funding to UNHCR in Sudan in support of refugees and internally displaced persons 04/04
dnaindia.com US wants 'proof' of progress by Sudan's government on Darfur 04/04
un.org As a ‘different’ Darfur has emerged since 2003, exit strategy for AU-UN mission being considered 04/04
globalsecurity.org As a 'different' Darfur has emerged since 2003, exit strategy for AU-UN mission being considered 04/04
modernghana.com US tells Sudan to 'step up' as it weighs cuts to Darfur force 04/04
sudantribune.com Rights experts call for delaying permanent lift of US sanctions on Sudan 04/04
appablog.wordpress.com Secretary-General, African Union Commission Chair Appoint Jeremiah Mamabolo of South Africa Joint Special Representative for Darfur 04/03
allafrica.com Central Darfur-Chad Border Open Again 04/03
sudantribune.com Al-Bashir says ICC “colonial tool”, calls to establish African Court 04/02
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Opens New Aid Corridor to South Sudan 04/02
sudantribune.com French parliamentarian delegation meets N. Darfur governor 04/02
sudantribune.com Over 60,000 S. Sudanese entered Sudan in 3 months: U.N 04/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Warring Parties Release Prisoners 04/01
sudantribune.com Sudan, France discuss recent developments in Darfur 04/01
sudantribune.com Sudan rejects new U.S. travel warning for Americans 03/31
sudantribune.com Darfur Crimes Court sentences two to death by hanging in El-Geneina 03/31
allafrica.com Africa: South Africa to Appear Before ICC for Not Arresting Bashir 03/31
allafrica.com Sudan-Chad Forces Move in As Abducted Frenchman Sighted in West Darfur 03/29
sudantribune.com Senior French diplomat meets North Darfur governor in El-Fasher 03/29
nzherald.co.nz Sudan president, sought by ICC, welcomed by Jordan's king 03/28
sudantribune.com Sudan’s attorney general issues decision to release rights defender 03/28
hrw.org Jordan: Arrest Sudan’s Bashir 03/28
un.org Children suffer grave violations in Sudan’s conflict – UN reports 03/27
sudantribune.com Senior British delegation to arrive in Khartoum for bilateral talks 03/27
nation.co.ke Hassan Omar Bashir to attend Arab summit, says minister 03/27
nzherald.co.nz Sudan's al-Bashir to attend Jordan summit despite warrant 03/27
allafrica.com Sudan: East Darfur - Sixteen Killed in Militia-Army Clash 03/27
allafrica.com Chadian Forces Killed in Central Darfur 03/27
sudantribune.com Burkina Faso pulls out of UNAMID in Darfur: FM 03/27
monitor.co.ug HRW asks Jordan to arrest Sudan's Bashir 03/26
tribune.com.pk HRW urges Jordan to deny entry or arrest Sudan’s Bashir 03/26