News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide
mobile

India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

    Comment on this overview
 
Take Action (learn about relevant NGOs)

Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
dnaindia.com 2 Hizb militants killed while trying to ambush police party 03/26
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 2 terrorists killed in encounter in Pulwama, J&K 03/26
dnaindia.com I prayed for death: Indian soldier Chandu Chavan who strayed into Pakistan 03/24
dnaindia.com Counter-terrorist operations claim 92 soldiers in J&K since 03/24
tribune.com.pk Indian propaganda about LoC aims to destabilise Kashmir: Gen Qamar 03/24
dnaindia.com Ready to talk with India on Kashmir issue, says Pak Prez; envoy Basit bats for good relations 03/23
rediff.com For talks, Pak should commit to end terror: Rajnath 03/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'Surgical operation has cut terror attacks' 03/22
telegraphindia.com Valley militant ranks swelled in 2016: Govt 03/21
dnaindia.com J&K: Gangs of stone pelters, 'pro azadi' protesters give sleepless nights to mainstream parties 03/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 88 youth join militancy in Kashmir in 2016: Govt 03/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Jihadi recruitment saw 55% jump after Wani 03/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Surgical strike heroes get gallantry medals 03/20
telegraphindia.com In Maoist fight, without mine shield 03/19
rediff.com Surgical strike conducted after 'specific and very definite' inputs: Government 03/17
dnaindia.com J&K: Terrorists escape after exchanging gunfire with Security Forces 03/17
telegraphindia.com Hurriyat decries Hizbul line 03/17
aaj.tv Troubled waters: India fast-tracks hydro projects in held Kashmir 03/16
zeenews.india.com Troubled waters? India fast-tracks hydro projects in disputed Kashmir 03/16
tribune.com.pk India fast-tracks hydro projects in occupied Kashmir 03/16
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Hizbul charade ends as it says pelt stones for Islam 03/16
telegraphindia.com Burhan successor for Islam supremacy 03/16
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Shift focus to enforcing Sharia: Hizbul Mujahideen 03/16
rediff.com 3 terrorists, girl killed in Kupwara encounter 03/15
telegraphindia.com Tie-up test for Mehbooba brother 03/15
in.reuters.com Troubled waters? India fast-tracks hydro projects in disputed Kashmir 03/15
dnaindia.com Former sarpanch found dead in Jammu & Kashmir 03/13
dnaindia.com J-K: Militants kill former sarpanch in Pulwama 03/13
telegraphindia.com Pre-poll Valley murder 03/13
dailytimes.com.pk Fencing on Afghan border to stop terrorists from entering country: Zakaria 03/11
dailytimes.com.pk ‘Afghan border fencing will stop terrorists’ 03/11
zeenews.india.com India repatriates Uri attack `suspects` to Pakistan 03/10
dnaindia.com DGMO speaks to Pak counterpart on terrorists' movement along 03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com No terrorists' movement on LoC, show us proof: Pak 03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com India conveys concern to Pak on LoC terrorists  03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Terrorist movement on rise along LoC: India to Pak 03/09
tribune.com.pk Homeward bound 03/09
dailytimes.com.pk Three killed in IHK firefight 03/09
stripes.com Teen, 2 rebels killed during fighting in Kashmir 03/09
aaj.tv Boy, two ‘militants’ killed in Indian Kashmir firefight 03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: 3 militants, civilian killed in 2 encounters 03/09
dnaindia.com Three militants killed in two encounters in Kashmir, civilian dead in crossfire 03/09
telegraphindia.com Valley bullet kills student 03/09
zeenews.india.com India Army conveys concern over terrorists along LoC 03/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com You too have families, J&K DGP warns terrorists  03/08
tribune.com.pk India deploys US-made surveillance drones along LoC 03/08
dnaindia.com Kashmiri's who glorify terrorists should learn from Saifullah's father: BJP leader 03/08
sputniknews.com India’s Counter-Terror Agency Frees Two Pakistani Boys Arrested for Uri Attack 03/08
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: Encounter underway in Pulwama 03/08
telegraphindia.com Kashmir rural polls to counter 03/08
dnaindia.com Gurmehar Kaur to be represented on screen? 03/08
timesofindia.indiatimes.com NIA releases two Uri terror attack suspects 03/08
telegraphindia.com Raid on officer home worries Valley police 03/07
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'Pak groups fund Kashmir terror through charity' 03/06
zeenews.india.com Pakistan-based terror groups fund terrorism in J&K through charity 03/06
sputniknews.com Pakistan-Based Groups Carried Out 2008 Mumbai Attacks - Ex-Security Advisor 03/06
dnaindia.com Pak-based terror groups fund terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir through charity: NIA 03/06
rediff.com War and Pakistan's 3rd front 03/06
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Kashmir blast: Three civilians injured in Sopore 03/05
khaleejtimes.com Policeman, two militants killed in Kashmir encounter 03/05
globalsecurity.org Firefight leaves three dead, several injured in Kashmir 03/05
nzherald.co.nz Fierce gunbattle in Indian Kashmir kills 3 combatants 03/05
rediff.com Tral: Slain constable had volunteered for op that claimed life 03/05
dailytimes.com.pk Three killed during 15-hour firefight in IHK 03/05
rediff.com 1 cop martyred, 2 terrorists killed in Tral encounter 03/05
dnaindia.com J&K: 14-hour-long encounter ends in Tral, two terrorists and one policeman killed 03/05
zeenews.india.com Bandipora encounter: CRPF personnel Chetan Cheeta`s medical condition remains critical 03/04
dnaindia.com J&K: Ops called off after militants manage to flee 03/04
telegraphindia.com Civilian death shows politics of protest 03/04
dnaindia.com J&K: Encounter underway in Tral, top militant commander believed to be trapped 03/04
telegraphindia.com Ahead of Indus talks, Punjab and J&K agree to resume work on Ravi dam 03/04
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Stone-pelters cock a snook at Army chief 03/04
dnaindia.com Jammu & Kashmir: Tral encounter continues, police constable Manzoor Ahmed killed fighting 03/04
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Tral gunfight: 1 cop martyred, 2 terrorists killed 03/04
timesofindia.indiatimes.com India may not engage with Pakistan in near future 03/04
news18.com Fierce Gunfight on in Kashmir, Protesters Clash With Security Forces 03/04
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 1 killed, 3 injured in J&K after police party attacked 03/03
zeenews.india.com Don`t make a joke of your father`s martydom: Pathankot attack martyr`s daughter to Gurmehar Kaur 03/03
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Pak created terror outfits, now 'monster' devouring it: India 03/01
rediff.com After bloodshed and violence, school bells finally ring in Kashmir 03/01
dnaindia.com Pellet guns in Jammu & Kashmir go up from 640 to 5,589 03/01
rediff.com Pakistan created terror outfits, now 'monster' devouring it: India 03/01
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Schools reopen in Kashmir after 8 months 03/01
zeenews.india.com Pakistan must vacate illegal occupation of Kashmir: India at United Nations 03/01
zeenews.india.com Pakistan created terror outfits against India, now `monster` devouring its own creator: India 03/01
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Terrorists devouring creator: India's jibe at Pak 03/01
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 8 Armymen sacked for cowardice to get pension 03/01
aaj.tv Pakistan, Russia agree to bolster military ties 02/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Army on shopping spree, commandos to get deadlier 02/28
telegraphindia.com Sehwag takes 'plain fun' cover, wrestlers wade in 02/28
telegraphindia.com Gunbattle that felled Gurmehar's father 02/28
news18.com 8 Months After Burhan Wani Encounter, Kashmiri Students Return to Classes 02/28
telegraphindia.com CRPF to continue use of pellet guns in Kashmir, but with built-in deflectors 02/27
telegraphindia.com CRPF new pellet rule 02/27
dailytimes.com.pk Farooq Abdullah’s statement termed an election stunt by APHC 02/26
dnaindia.com 'Govt should keep its promise': Macchil braveheart's kin seek Modi's help over compensation 02/25
zeenews.india.com Militants killing innocents will be neutralized: BJP 02/25
timesofindia.indiatimes.com No evidence against 'guides' of Uri attackers 02/25
dnaindia.com Army personnel visit Shopian encounter braveheart's family 02/25
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K: 'Promote moderates, crackdown on separatists' 02/25