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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
rediff.com Three militants killed in encounter in Kashmir 09/02
ibnlive.in.com J&K: 3 terrorists killed in encounter with security forces in Pulwama 09/02
ibnlive.in.com Three Army personnel killed in mishap 09/02
ibnlive.in.com KASHMIR-LOC-TUNNEL 2 LAST 09/02
thekashmirwalla.com Three militants killed in South Kashmir 09/02
bombaynews.net Three guerrillas killed Kashmir gunfight ends 09/02
ndtv.com Encounter Between Militants, Security Forces in Pulwama, J&K 09/01
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Heavy firing underway between security forces and terrorists in Pulwama 09/01
ndtv.com Three Militants Killed in Encounter With Secuity Forces in J&K's Pulwama 09/01
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Heavy firing between security forces and terrorists in Pulwama 09/01
timesofindia.indiatimes.com UP, Bihar top in crimes on national highways 08/31
ibnlive.in.com ELECTIONS 2 LAST 08/31
ibnlive.in.com J&K: One soldier killed in an encounter with terrorists in Kupwara 08/30
nzherald.co.nz India says rebels kill 1 Indian soldier in Kashmir 08/30
ibnlive.in.com Lt Gen Subrata Saha meets Guv N N Vohra 08/30
ndtv.com One Jawan Killed, One Injured as Kupwara Encounter Ends 08/30
telegraphindia.com Border violations spark Arun tough talk 08/30
zeenews.india.com Terrorists waiting to cross into Rajasthan from Pakistan, alert issued 08/29
bombaynews.net Policeman shot by militants in Kashmir 08/29
atimes.com VIOLENCE IN KASHMIR Modi's muscle strains Indo-Pak talks 08/29
ibnlive.in.com Alert on Indo-Pak border after 15 terrorists infiltrate into Rajasthan's border districts 08/29
ndtv.com One Army Jawan Killed in Militant Encounter in Kupwara 08/29
stripes.com Pakistani premier denies asking army to mediate 08/29
stripes.com US: Too soon to evaluate Pakistan offensive 08/29
rediff.com Martyr's father seeks strong response to Pakistan's excesses on LoC 08/28
dnaindia.com Indian government looking to crack down on ISIS sympathisers 08/28
ibnlive.in.com Radio Sharda seeks to preserve the spirit of Kashmiriyat among Kashmiri Pandits 08/27
rediff.com J-K: Militant killed in encounter in Kupwara 08/26
ndtv.com Heaviest Cross-Border Firing Since 1971 War, Says Border Security Force Chief to NDTV 08/26
ndtv.com 'Achche Din?' Ask Families as Army Jawans Killed in Kashmir are Cremated 08/26
ibnlive.in.com Terror group ISIS using Indian Mujahideen to recruit poor Muslims in Kerala, TN, J&K: Sources 08/26
ibnlive.in.com KASHMIR-FIRING-BSF 2 LAST 08/26
zeenews.india.com ISIS recruiting Indian Muslim youths to fight in Iraq, Syria? 08/26
bombaynews.net Pakistani firing worst since 1971 war BSF 08/26
ibnlive.in.com Chinese satellite detects tunnels in Xinjiang, NKorean borders 08/26
zeenews.india.com Army jawan killed in encounter with militants in Kupwara 08/25
rediff.com 1 army trooper killed in encounter in Kashmir 08/25
ibnlive.in.com Kashmiri Pandits continue living in deplorable ghettos, yearn to return to homeland 08/25
ndtv.com 3 Jawans, 5 Militants Killed in Twin Encounters in J&K's Kupwara 08/25
aljazeera.com Kashmir gun battle leaves several dead 08/24
bombaynews.net Terrorists thrice seen near International Border BSF 08/24
ndtv.com Four Militants, Two Soldiers Killed in Encounter Near Line of Control 08/24
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Army jawan killed in encounter with militants in J&K 08/24
rediff.com Army jawan killed in encounter 08/24
ibnlive.in.com Kupwara: Army kills four terrorists in encounter, one jawan killed 08/24
ibnlive.in.com 4 militants, 1 jawan killed in encounter in J-K 08/24
ndtv.com Four Militants Killed, Two Soldiers Injured in Encounter Near Line of Control 08/24
bombaynews.net Four guerrillas two soldiers killed in Kashmir gunfights 08/24
ibnlive.in.com Armed militants spotted very close to IB on 3 occasions: BSF 08/24
bombaynews.net Soldier killed by guerrillas in Kashmir 08/24
bombaynews.net Major guerrilla hideout busted in Kashmir 08/24
zeenews.india.com Ragging a shameful practice: Markandey Katju 08/24
telegraphindia.com Border villagers evacuated in Jammu 08/24
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Army kills four terrorists in encounter, one jawan killed in Kupwara 08/24
ibnlive.in.com Militant hideout busted, Russian carbine, other weapons seized 08/24
bombaynews.net Three guerrillas one soldier killed in Kashmir gunfights 08/24
dailytimes.com.pk 'Ex-Indian PM wanted to contact militants' : August 23, 2014, 6:08 pm 08/23
zeenews.india.com `Manmohan wanted to contact Pakistani militants` 08/23
dailytimes.com.pk Pakistan suggests urgent army-level meeting to India after ceasefire violation : August 23, 2014, 7:25 pm 08/23
ibnlive.in.com Troops detect tunnel near forward post: Army 08/23
timesofindia.indiatimes.com IM uses songs, selfies to motivate cadre 08/23
rediff.com Jammu: Troops detect tunnel near forward post along Indo-Pak border 08/23
zeenews.india.com Indian Army finds 50-metre long tunnel near Pakistan border 08/23
dailytimes.com.pk India searching ‘Islamic State’ in held-Kashmir : August 22, 2014, 6:56 pm 08/22
bombaynews.net Fiction from troubled South Asia 08/22
thekashmirwalla.com Signs of Support in Kashmir for Islamic State Alarm Intel Agencies 08/22
ibnlive.in.com Setalvad earns social media wrath after tweeting picture of goddess Kali with ISIS terrorist 08/22
thekashmirwalla.com SOG party thrashes a family during night raid in South Kashmir 08/21
dnaindia.com New Israel Ambassador opens up on his focus areas 08/21
dnaindia.com Militant hideout unearthed, arms found 08/21
ndtv.com Two Militants Killed in Gunfight with Army 08/20
dnaindia.com China punishes 15 officials in Xinjiang for practicing faith 08/20
bombaynews.net Pakistan Defends Meeting With Kashmiri Separatists 08/20
turkishweekly.net Indian military kills militant in gunfight near Kashmir LoC 08/19
rferl.org India Calls Off Talks With Pakistan 08/19
rediff.com Militant shot dead near LoC in Kupwara 08/19
ndtv.com Militant Killed Near Line of Control in North Kashmir 08/19
ibnlive.in.com Despite cancellation of talks, Pak High Commissioner meets J&K separatists 08/19
ibnlive.in.com FIRING-BSF 2 LAST 08/19
bombaynews.net Militant killed near LoC in Kashmir 08/19
ibnlive.in.com Terrorists in Kolkata jail get mobile phones, Internet access for just Rs 1,000 per month: Report 08/19
ibnlive.in.com Despite talks cancellation, Pak HC goes ahead with meeting 08/18
foxnews.com India calls off talks with Pakistan over envoy's meeting with Kashmiri separatists 08/18
sify.com India calls off talks with Pakistan 08/17
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Terrorist attack in Pulwama, 2 BSF men killed 08/16
ibnlive.in.com 2 BSF men killed in militant attack outside IAF airfield in JK 08/16
rediff.com Militants open fire at BSF vehicle, 2 troopers killed, 4 injured 08/16
ibnlive.in.com J&K: 2 BSF soldiers killed in terrorist attack in Pulwama 08/16
thekashmirwalla.com In 6 days, five attacks by rebels in Kashmir; 6 killed, 13 injured 08/16
ibnlive.in.com Mobile services temporarily suspended in Kashmir Valley 08/15
zeenews.india.com Independence day celebrations peaceful across the country 08/15
ibnlive.in.com Independence Day celebrated peacefully in Kashmir valley 08/15
rediff.com PHOTOS: India gears up to celebrate its 67th Independence Day 08/14
bombaynews.net Kashmir Valley tense on Independence Day eve 08/14
ibnlive.in.com Pak says it is committed to having normal ties, India says talk and terror can't go hand and hand 08/14
dawn.com Modi’s Kashmir concerns 08/14
bombaynews.net Major Varadarajan to be given Ashoka Chakra posthumously 08/14
ndtv.com Major Mukund Varadarajan Awarded Ashok Chakra, the Highest Gallantry Award 08/14
bombaynews.net Situation in JampK has improved Defence ministry 08/14
ndtv.com Security Stepped up Across Kashmir Ahead of Independence Day 08/14