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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Burhan Wani's Encounter Was an Accident: J&K Deputy CM 07/30 Wani killing: Omar slams Nirmal's 'accident' remark 07/30 Infiltration bid foiled in Kupwara, 2 terrorists, 2 soldiers killed 07/30 Indian Army foils infiltration bid in Kupwara; 2 militants, 2 soldiers killed 07/30 PM Modi must begin campaign to free PoK: Baba Ramdev 07/30 Infiltration bid at Kupwara foiled, 2 militants, 2 soldiers killed 07/30 'Clueless' Mehbooba Mufti's ignorance over Burhan Wani led to Kashmir unrest: Congress 07/30 Curfew mostly lifted in Kashmir, but strike shuts down daily routine 07/30 Wani's presence wasn't know: J&K deputy CM 07/30 SC seeks report on 'ground realities' in J&K 07/29 Mehbooba must clarify why she wanted to give Burhan Wani a 'chance', says Congress 07/29 Indian minister to attend Saarc moot in Islamabad 07/29 Kashmir: Protestors defy curfew, clash with security forces 07/29 Not appropriate to judge Mehbooba Mufti's remark on Burhan Wani: Jitendra Singh 07/29 Indian police arrest Syed Ali Gilani in Srinagar 07/29 Rajnath discusses Kashmir situation with Mehbooba 07/29 Kashmir activist campaign shows Facebook CEO Zuckerberg shot in face 07/29 Kashmir, and the inheritance of loss 07/28 If forces knew it's Burhan, they would've given him a chance: Mehbooba 07/28 Pakistan's Hafiz Saeed managed the ISIS attack in Kabul that killed 80 people? 07/28 CM rues lost 'chance' 07/28 Rajnath to raise Pak's support to terror at SAARC 07/28 Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh to visit Pakistan in August for SAARC meet 07/28 'Pakistan will seek turmoil and violence in Kashmir' 07/28 Hafiz Saeed leaves Pakistan fuming, claims protests in Kashmir were fuelled by LeT 07/28 Terrorist captured in J&K`s Kupwara district is Pakistani national from Lahore: Report 07/27 Kashmir: 2,309 civilians and 3,550 security personnel injured so far in 2016 07/27 The words that amplify animosity over Kashmir dispute 07/27 Curfew imposed in Kashmir again, day after it was revoked 07/27 Kashmir unrest: Mobile Internet services restored in Jammu 07/26 Expert team formed to explore alternatives to pellet guns 07/26 Indian forces kill four Kashmiris in Kupwara, death toll reaches 64 07/26 Kashmir breathes easy after 17 days as curfew ends 07/26 Kashmir unrest: 7-member committee to explore alternatives to pellet guns 07/26 Cong asks Chidambaram to stick to party line on J&K 07/26 Graphic campaign puts violence in Kashmir in social media fore 07/26 Back on Facebook: Hamza Ali Abbasi calls Modi government ‘Zionist terrorist’ 07/26 1 militant captured, 4 killed in Kupwara 07/26 54 Islamic State supporters arrested so far in country: Centre 07/26 Curfew off, but Valley simmers 07/26 Army firm on AFSPA in disturbed areas 07/26 Pakistan needles India again; seeks independent probe into Burhan Wani's killing 07/26 10 things you should know about the Kargil War 07/26 Kargil war: How it all unfolded 07/26 Why Indian activist Irom Sharmila is ending her 16-year hunger strike 07/26 4 ways to tackle Islamic State's terror 07/25 Forces in held Kashmir urged not to use pellet guns against protesters 07/25 India Declares Pak 'No School-Going' Mission, Asks Staff Kids to Return 07/25 Don`t derail ties with India with controversial statements on Kashmir, Pak daily urges Islamabad 07/25 Sorry for pellet injuries, but can't help: CRPF 07/25 Violence in J&K, North East affecting `local` tourism: Mahesh Sharma 07/25 Kashmir unrest over Burhan Wani`s killing: Curfew lifted from these four districts - FULL DETAILS 07/24 dna Morning Must Reads: Sushma Swaraj hits back at Pak; ISIS behind Kabul blasts; missing IAF AN- 32 plane; and more 07/24 Kashmir unrest: Uneasy calm in Valley as curfew continues in 5 districts 07/24 India irked by Nawaz’s remarks on Kashmir 07/24 What a strong statement! Sushma Swaraj blasts Nawaz Sharif for delusional, dangerous Kashmir dream: READ top quotes 07/24 #Kashmir remark: Congress backs Sushma Swaraj for criticising Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif 07/24 Kashmir will never be part of Pakistan, says Swaraj 07/24 Don’t use pellet guns, Rajnath Singh tells security forces on Kashmir visit 07/24 India urges security forces to exercise restraint in Kashmir 07/24 Two more killed in held Kashmir 07/23 Soldier killed as Army foils infiltration bid 07/23 Rajnath Singh to visit violence-hit Kashmir today 07/23 Burhan-inspired posters surface in Kashmir 07/23 Kashmir Dream Won't Be Fulfilled: Sushma Swaraj Tells Pakistan 07/23 Demands for J&K should be under Constitutional Framework: BJP 07/23 Pak PM Nawaz Sharif's effigy burnt in Punjab 07/23 Kashmir will not become part of Pakistan 'even at the end of eternity': Sushma Swaraj to Nawaz Sharif 07/23 All of Kashmir belongs to India: Sushma's strong message to Pak PM 07/23 Sushma reacts on Nawaz’s victory speech in Kashmir 07/23 ‘Kashmir will never be part of Pakistan’: Full text of Sushma Swaraj’s stinging reply to Nawaz Sharif 07/23 Sushma Swaraj lashes out at Nawaz Sharif, says Pakistan will never succeed in making Kashmir a `terror hell` 07/23 Kashmir unrest: Cong decides not to meet Rajnath 07/23 Sushma slams Pakistan 07/23 Kashmir Pakistan’s pipe dream: Sushma 07/23 Kashmir unrest: Youth succumbs to injuries, death toll rises to 44 07/22 Stop inciting violence, India tells Pakistan 07/22 Kashmiri passenger allegedly beaten up on train for supporting 'Azadi movement' 07/22 Youth Succumbs to Injuries, Toll in Kashmir Rises to 44 07/22 Accept Syed Ali Shah Geelani`s 4-point Kashmir solution or face war: Hafiz Saeed warns India​ 07/22 Kashmir unrest: 'We would ensure that there is peace and development,' says BJP 07/22 Rajnath not to engage with separatists on J&K visit 07/22 SC to hear plea for governor's rule in J&K 07/22 Firing death blow to Valley peace push 07/22 Court raps TV 'hysteria' on Kashmir 07/22 Waiting for the day Kashmir becomes part of Pakistan: Nawaz Sharif 07/22 Petition in Pak court seeks registration of FIR against PM Modi 07/22 45 dead in 14 days: Curfew continues to paralyse Kashmir 07/22 Jammu and Kashmir: Focus shifts on the all parties meeting to break the unrest logjam 07/21 Kashmir: Not reachable! 07/21 How free is the Pakistan-administered Kashmir? 07/21 Terrorism in India is sponsored by Pak: Rajnath on Kashmir trouble 07/21 Rajnath Announces Panel to Look Into Alternatives to Pellet Guns 07/21 'Black Day' exposes Pak's longing for the territory of J&K: India 07/21 Pak's longing for territory of J&K exposed: India 07/21 How free is the Pakistan-administered Kashmir? 07/21 India warns Islamabad, says Pakistan must vacate its illegal occupation of PoK 07/21 Vacate PoK: India lashes out at Pak over Kashmir issue 07/21 India Asks Pakistan to Stop Misleading Kashmiris and Vacate POK 07/21 Govt reviewing pellet guns, Rajnath says & blames Pak for Kashmir trouble 07/21