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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: ISI brings LeT, Hizbul, Jaish together for attacks in J&K 11/26 Militants fight their way into army base in Indian Kashmir, officer says 11/25 Tanghdar attack: Army jawans gun down three terrorists; operation underway 11/25 J&K: One soldier killed in ongoing Kupwara encounter, several barracks gutted after oil dump catches fire 11/25 Militants storm Indian army post in Kashmir 11/25 India: Militants Attack Kashmir Base 11/25 Army base in northern India attacked by group of militants 11/25 Rebels attack Indian army camp in Indian Kashmir, wounding 2 11/25 Militants storm Indian army camp in Kashmir 11/25 Militants storm India Kashmir army camp 11/25 Kupwara encounter ends with 3 terrorists and one civilian dead, search operation on 11/25 4 Killed in Gunfight Between Indian Army and Militants in Kashmir 11/25 Several Killed In Attack On Army Base In Disputed Kashmir 11/25 Militants infiltrate army base in Kashmir; 4 killed in 6-hour battle 11/25 Lieutenant Colonel Pankaj Sharma dies of cardiac arrest during military exercise near Pokhran 11/24 Ex-aide calls Mehbooba a ‘sympathiser’ to anti-India forces, militants : November 24, 2015, 10:31 pm 11/24 Aamir’s ‘intolerance’ remark puny compared to Col. Mahadik’s sacrifice: Pawar 11/24 Pak flag hoisted on J&K CM Mufti Mohammad Sayeed`s ancestral home 11/24 Jawan killed, 4 injured in ongoing militant attack in J&K's Kupwara 11/24 J&K: One terrorist killed in encounter in Kupwara; combing operation continues 11/23 J&K: Suspected LeT overground worker arrested in Pulwama 11/23 ISI may help al-Qaida gain foothold in India 11/23 Jammu and Kashmir: One militant killed in encounter in Kupwara; massive combing operation underway 11/23 4 militants killed in two encounters in Kashmir 11/23 Army jawan killed in encounter with terrorists near LoC 11/23 How the Valley is changing 11/23 Soldier, four suspected rebels killed in Indian-held Kashmir 11/23 Kashmir family claims al-Qaeda operative killed in US drone attack in Pakistan is their son 11/22 J&K: Encounter on between security forces and terrorists in Handwara 11/22 J&K: Army officer injured in encounter with terrorists in Handwara 11/22 Indian army officer injured in shootout with militants in Kashmir 11/22 IS has no role in Kashmir: Lashkar 11/21 Zero tolerance for Daish in Pakistan: ISPR 11/20 J&K: 4 injured in grenade attack on CRPF team in Pulwama 11/20 Salman Khurshid defends `Pak lecture attacking PM Modi`, calls it `reasonable statement` 11/20 Zero tolerance for Islamic State in Pakistan: DG ISPR 11/20 No room for Daesh in Pakistan: army : November 21, 2015, 4:21 am 11/20 Col Mahadik to be cremated with military honours 11/19 Islamic State may join hands with Lashkar-e-Toiba to launch attacks in India, says Army 11/19 Army intensifies operations to flush out terrorists from Kupwara forest 11/19 Martyr Col Mahadik cremated, a nation salutes 11/19 Last rites of braveheart Colonel Santosh Mahadik, martyred while battling terrorists in J&K, performed in Satara 11/19 Last rites of braveheart Colonel Santosh Mahadik performed with full military honours 11/19 'We should not discount the ISIS threat in India' 11/19 Despite sheltering terrorists, Pak army chief claims to be anti-terror 11/19 Army chief calls for global response against terrorism 11/19 Nation pays homage to Col Mahadik who died fighting terrorists in Kashmir 11/18 Army pays tribute to Colonel Santosh Mahadik who was killed while battling terrorists in Kupwara, J&K 11/18 Indian army colonel killed during firefight with militants in Kashmir 11/17 J&K: Army Colonel killed in Kupwara encounter 11/17 AAJ SUBH WITH NUSRAT HARIS EP # 574-16th November-2015 11/17 Colonel critically injured in gunfight with LeT militants in Kashmir 11/17 Maha CM Fadnavis pays tribute to slain army colonel Santosh Mahadik 11/17 Army colonel killed in Kashmir encounter 11/17 Army pays tribute to Colonel martyred in J&K 11/17 Colonel's death stirs memories and queries 11/17 Deal with ISIS flag waiving in Kashmir seriously: Shiv Sena 11/16 For Mumbai, same sounds and sights 11/14 Chilli powder test for rebels 11/12 Striking Images Of A Vigilante Group Protecting India's Cows 11/11 The unwinding in the Kashmir Valley 11/07 India cracks down on Hurriyat leaders ahead of Modi visit 11/06 ISI engaging Indian Mujahideen terrorists to stoke communal tension: Intelligence agencies 11/06 Revealed: The reason behind appearance of ISIS flags in Kashmir 11/06 'ISI has asked IM operatives to desecrate shrines' 11/06 India’s goal is to deny Pakistan ‘strategic depth’ in Afghanistan: US report 11/04 Nuclear politics in South Asia : November 04, 2015, 5:44 am 11/03 300 terrorists waiting to cross LoC before snowfall; we're ready for them: Army 11/03 Why Pakistan allows jihadists to work in quake-hit areas 11/02 For regional peace: China ready to work with Pakistan, India against terrorism 11/02 Fewer civilians killed, but violence up in J&K 11/02 Mission: Madrassa modernization in militant hotbed 11/01 J&K: Suspected terrorists hurl grenade; two injured 10/31 Protests in Kashmir after India says top militant killed 10/30 Senior LeT militant commander shot dead in disputed Kashmir 10/30 Govt mulls women army for crime 10/30 Militant Leader Who Organized Attacks in Kashmir Valley Is Killed 10/29 LeT leader and Udhampur attack mastermind Abu Qasim killed in J&K encounter 10/29 Udhampur attack mastermind Abu Qasim killed in encounter in Kashmir 10/29 J&K: Top Lashkar commander & mastermind of Udhampur BSF convoy attack Abu Qasim killed in encounter 10/29 India claims top militant killed in Kashmir 10/29 Top Militant Behind Udhampur Attack Killed in India’s Kashmir Region 10/29 Lashkar commander and mastermind of Udhampur BSF convoy attack Abu Qasim killed in an encounter in J&K 10/29 India says top militant killed in disputed Kashmir region 10/29 India says top rebel leader killed in Kashmir fighting 10/29 'LeT leader' killed by police in India-held Kashmir 10/29 'Most wanted' militant shot 10/29 Osama bin Laden, Taliban were heroes for Pakistan: Pervez Musharraf 10/28 Pakistan trained Lashkar-e-Toiba; Osama bin Laden our hero: Pervez Musharraf 10/28 Thousands left homeless in Afghanistan-Pakistan earthquake 10/28 Pervez Musharraf owns up to Pakistan's role in terrorism; calls Osama Bin Laden a 'hero' 10/27 Taliban, Haqqani, Osama Bin Laden and Zawahiri were our heroes: Musharraf 10/27 October Earthquakes- a timeline 10/26 India open to peace talks, rules out third party role in Kashmir: MEA spokesperson Vikas Swarup 10/24 Modi must follow Vajpayee`s hand of friendship policy with Pakistan: Farooq Abdullah 10/24 India welcomes Pakistan pledge to fight militants, but still talks tough 10/23 Nawaz Sharif promises action against LeT 10/23 New Delhi rules out mediation on Kashmir 10/23 Indian brand of terrorists 10/22 US most relevant third party for Kashmir issue: Pak PM Nawaz Sharif 10/22