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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: 'Shouldn't have asked for surgical strikes' proof' 04/28 Editorial: Kashmir struggle intensifies 04/28 In Indian Kashmir, social media becomes a battleground 04/28 Terror Factory: Pakistan Keeps Launch Pads Ready in PoK 04/28 Centre asks JK govt to ensure SPO recruitment is free from political interference 04/28 Is Kulbhushan Jadhav already dead? 04/28 Captain among 3 killed in attack on army camp in Kashmir 04/27 Separatist leader Asiya Andrabi arrested in Kashmir 04/27 Summers in J-K won't be easy for security- Experts 04/27 Kupwara attack: Two terrorists killed, one escapes 04/27 Opinion: Modi's India is a bad example for Kashmiris 04/27 3 Indian soldiers, 2 suspected rebels killed in Kashmir 04/27 3 soldiers, 2 militants die in Kupwara 04/27 J&K: Army camp attacked, Captain, 2 soldiers dead 04/27 All-women battalion to tackle girl protesters 04/27 Army camp wake-up call 04/27 Suspected militants kill three soldiers in Indian Kashmir 04/27 Ominous protests after militant attack 04/27 Timeline: Deadliest `invasive` attacks on Indian security forces 04/27 'Fatigue in CRPF men in Chhattisgarh due to long posting' 04/27 Kashmir unrest: Separatist leader Asiya Andrabi arrested 04/27 Militants Kill Three Indian Soldiers in Dawn Attack on Kashmir Army Camp 04/27 Militants kill 3 Indian soldiers in attack on base in Kashmir 04/27 Kupwara Army camp attack: 3 Army men killed 04/26 150 militants waiting near LoC in PoK to infiltrate: Army 04/26 3 Indian soldiers, 2 suspected rebels killed in Kashmir 04/26 Why are human rights activists silent on Naxal attack: Venkaiah Naidu slams ‘double standards’ 04/25 Pakistan now sending terror ideologues to `brainwash` Kashmiri youths 04/25 Indian Army reached a new low in Kashmir: NYT on man tied to jeep 04/24 Militants kill PDP leader in Kashmir 04/24 Top ruling party leader shot dead in Indian-controlled Kashmir 04/24 Centre extending all support for tackling terror to J&K 04/24 PDP leader Abdul Gani shot dead by suspected militants in Pulwama 04/24 Terrorists kill PDP leader as violence spirals in Valley 04/24 Abuse at BITS, Pilani: Kashmir scholar 04/23 Budgam: 2 terrorists killed in encounter 04/22 Kashmir: Two terrorists killed in Budgam encounter 04/22 Jammu and Kashmir: Two terrorists gunned down by security forces in encounter 04/22 J-K | Budgam encounter: Two terrorists neutralised, gunbattle underway 04/22 Rajnath appeals to all states to ensure safety of Kashmiris 04/21 First IS conviction 04/21 SC told of bias against forces 04/20 Army gets a bad name in Kashmir and Manipur due to local biases in judicial process: AG tells SC 04/20 Cabinet approves leave encashment for soldiers 04/19 Now, plastic bullets to be used against stone-pelters in Kashmir 04/18 Gun-toting youths roam J&K streets 04/18 'Look at Army with pride, why so much noise over tying man to jeep in Kashmir’, asks AG Mukul Rohatgi 04/18 FIR lodged against Army for tying J&K man to jeep as ‘human shield’; CM Mufti calls for restraint by forces 04/17 DNA Morning Must Reads: Muslim law board calls for social boycott of those misusing triple talaq; and more 04/17 Plastic bullets for crowd control in Kashmir 04/17 Violence spikes in Indian Kashmir after video showing man tied to military vehicle goes viral 04/17 Violence spikes in Indian Kashmir after videos inflame tension 04/17 Kashmiri man tied to a jeep: Why the hyper-nationalists' bloodlust on social media is disturbing 04/16 J&K police asks personnel to avoid visiting home 04/16 Suspected terrorists kill lawyer in Kashmir 04/16 Ex-militant, lawyer shot dead in Kashmir 04/16 J&K Police ask personnel to avoid visiting their hometowns for next few months 04/16 Indian brutality in Kashmir: Army officers tie protester to front of jeep 04/15 Amid Kulbhushan Jadhav row, Pak arrests '3 RAW spies targeting CPEC' 04/15 Girish Chander Saxena: A spymaster who turned the game on its head in Kashmir 04/14 Pakistan exports to India grew despite tension: Report 04/14 Three RAW agents arrested in AJK 04/14 Lens on border drug threat 04/14 Pak promoting 'civil resistance' in Kashmir: MHA 04/13 Editorial: For freedom Kashmiris pay with blood 04/13 Kulbhushan episode an irrefutable proof of India’s involvement in terrorism: FO 04/13 J&K repoll: At 2%, voter turnout hits rock bottom 04/13 Lives half-lived: the hidden cost of Kashmir conflict 04/12 PUC lauds Saudi govt for ‘tackling Iranian pilgrims peacefully’ 04/12 India promoting terrorism, killing innocent Kashmiris: Sartaj 04/12 'Kashmiri youth have become the face of violence' 04/11 Indian Security Forces Kill Four Militants in Northern Kashmir 04/10 Army foils infiltration bid in Kashmir; 4 terrorists killed 04/10 Jammu and Kashmir: Four Pakistani terrorists killed by Indian Army in Kupwara`s Keran; operation underway 04/10 DNA Morning Must Reads: Security forces foil infiltration bid in J&K's Keran sector, IPL 2017; and more 04/10 'Working on secret crowd-control weapon for J&K' 04/10 'New 26/11-like attack by Pak-based terror groups could spark India’s fury' 04/10 Pakistan Condemns Killings in Clashes Over Election in India's Kashmir 04/10 Indian army says 4 suspected rebels killed in Kashmir 04/10 Indian army says killed four militants in gunfight in Kashmir 04/10 India has always relied on arms build-up instead of resolving Kashmir... 04/09 J&K: Infiltration bid foiled, 4 terrorists killed 04/09 Srinagar Lok Sabha bypoll: After 2014 defeat, NC President Farooq Abdullah looks to redeem himself 04/09 Srinagar braces for election 04/08 Valley pill: 'utmost harshness' 04/08 Mehbooba Mufti issues stern warning to millitants 04/08 Every Indian whose heart bleeds for nation has his prayers answered: Sehwag hails miraculous recovery of Chetan Cheetah 04/07 Rohingya muslims being trained as terrorists in India: BJD MP 04/06 Stones miss, message hits Mufti son 04/06 Family Values Fight Radicalization Among Muslim Youth - Indian Minister 04/06 CRPF's 'Cheetah' shot 9 times in Kashmir encounter leaves hospital 04/05 Was sure he would win battle against death, says Chetan Cheetah's wife 04/05 India mulls deporting up to 10,000 Rohingyas 04/05 Bandipora encounter hero CRPF commandant Chetan Cheetah conscious, wants to get back to duty 04/05 Chetan Cheeta's willpower helped him fight back AIIMS 04/05 Shot 9 times, Chetan Kumar Cheetah talks again 04/04 Will Kashmiri youth choose tourism over terrorism? 04/04 Peace neither in Pakistan`s mind nor in heart: Defence Expert 04/03 Scars too deep in Kashmir 04/03 J&K police seize mobiles with Pak contacts from Baramulla jail 04/03