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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Indian Army now confirms Hizbul Mujahideen militant Tariq Pandit held 05/28 Confusion prevails over surrender of top aide of Hizb-ul-Mujahideen commander in Kashmir 05/28 Top aide of Hizb-ul-Mujahideen commander surrenders in Kashmir 05/28 Soldier, six ‘militants’ killed in held Kashmir 05/28 Jammu and Kashmir: Militant hideout busted in Rajouri, arms ammunition seized 05/28 Every Pandit in Kashmir faces identity crisis 05/28 Soldier kills four heavily-armed terrorists before being martyred 05/27 Army Jawan Kills 4 Terrorists in J&K Before Attaining Martyrdom 05/27 Army Guns Down 4 Terrorists at LoC in J&K, 1 Jawan Also Killed 05/27 4 terrorists, soldier killed in Nowgam encounter 05/27 Indian army: 6 rebels, 1 soldier killed in Kashmir fighting 05/27 Kashmir: Army foils infiltration bid on LoC, kills three militants 05/27 J&K: Gunbattle Breaks Out Between Security Forces, Terrorists 05/27 Gitmo clone plan in Kashmir 05/26 Army foils infiltration bid in Kupwara, 2 terrorists killed 05/26 Policeman killed in Indian-controlled Kashmir militant attack 05/26 J&K braces for 'hot' summer as infiltration surge 05/26 Jammu and Kashmir: Youth killed by suspected militants in Kupwara district 05/25 Policeman dies during attack on J&K leader 05/25 AFSPA should stay till police trained to contain insurgency: RSS 05/25 Terrorists attack NC leader's convoy, kill cop 05/25 NIA blames Jaish for J&K strikes 05/25 RSS Backs AFSPA, Calls Those Opposing It 'Anti-Nationals' 05/25 Soldier killed in Kashmir gun battle cremated with full honours 05/24 AFSPA must continue in northeast, says RSS 05/24 Indian Police Say Killed Pakistani Leader Of Kashmir Militant Group 05/24 Indian police say they've killed key Kashmiri rebel leader 05/24 Suspected rebels kill 2 policemen in Indian Kashmir attacks 05/23 Jammu & Kashmir: Maharashtra jawan lays down life fighting terror in Kupwara 05/23 Jammu and Kashmir: Top JeM commander among 2 militants killed 05/23 3 policemen shot dead in Srinagar 05/23 Two cops killed in terror attack in Srinagar 05/23 2 terror attacks in Srinagar leave 3 cops dead 05/23 Kashmir's tree of protest 05/23 Soldier wounded in gunfight in Kashmir dies 05/22 Internet services suspended in Kupwara in wake of encounter 05/22 Kashmir militants wage selfie war against Indian crackdown 05/22 Kupwara encounter: Injured jawan dies, internet services suspended 05/22 IS vows to avenge Babri, Kashmir, Gujarat, Muzaffarnagar in a video message 05/21 ISIS Releases Video of 'Indian' Terrorists, Vows to Avenge Killing of Muslims 05/21 5 terrorists killed, 2 jawans injured in encounter in Kupwara 05/21 Pakistan need not lecture India on its internal matters: MEA 05/20 Samajwadi Party a `one family party` sans ideology: BJP MP 05/18 Alarm bells for Lashkar, JeM as radicalised Indian Muslims getting inclined towards Islamic State 05/18 ‘Pathankot handler is no. 3 in JeM’ 05/18 Jammu and Kashmir: Two militants killed in separate encounters 05/17 Pathankot attack: Fresh Red Corner notice against Masood Azhar 05/17 Interpol issues fresh Red Corner Notice against Masood Azhar 05/17 18 or 10: Intelligence, troops quibble over number of terrorists who entered Kashmir in April 05/15 dna Morning Must Reads: Sushil Kumar fights for Rio berth; Aishwarya at Cannes; and more 05/15 Mocktale: Dawood is a law abiding terrorist-Pak 05/13 What Lalu's son thinks of Bihar road rage killing 05/11 Cheers! Liquor sale goes up in J&K despite a ban by militant groups, beer is the most favourite 05/11 Lance Naik Om Vir Singh martyred in Jammu and Kashmir`s Kupwara 05/11 Kashmir: Gunbattle between security forces and militants erupt in Kupwara forest 05/10 Ali Haider Gilani recovered from Afghanistan 05/10 Rebel hub spawns topper 05/10 After capital shift, agencies fear unrest in Srinagar 05/09 Protests erupt in Kashmir after militants’ killing 05/08 Kulgam: Suspected terrorists loot rifles from police picket 05/08 Kashmir: 3 Hizbul Mujahideen militants killed in encounter in Pulwama 05/07 Security forces gun down three terrorists in Kashmir`s Pulwama 05/07 Protests erupt in Pulwama after 3 terrorists killed 05/07 SHOCKING! Kashmir militants` new approach to dress like army personnel exposed in this daring video 05/07 Protests In Indian Kashmir After 3 Rebels Killed 05/07 Protests held in Indian Kashmir after 3 rebels are killed 05/07 Protests held in Indian Kashmir after 3 rebels are killed 05/07 Army trooper killed in encounter with militants near LoC 05/06 Arrested JeM terrorists were shown videos of alleged atrocities from J&K, Muzaffarnagar, Iraq 05/06 Jammu and Kashmir: Army jawan killed in encounter near LoC 05/06 Kashmir: Just 200 militants, but a vale of fears 05/01 Teams for Cricket Tourneys in Kashmir Named After Terrorists 05/01 BSF activates 'laser walls' along India-Pakistan border 04/28 'Laser walls' activated along India-Pak border to plug gaps in vigil 04/27 JKLF leader Amanullah Khan`s funeral today 04/27 Terrorist Camps Continue to Function in PoK: Mos Home 04/26 You can't be in denial about terrorism: India to Pak 04/26 Terror attacks, Kashmir figure at talks between foreign secretaries 04/26 India, Pakistan foreign secretaries meet in New Delhi 04/26 India Pushes Pakistan to Clamp Down on Terrorism 04/26 Militancy guru dead 04/26 India 'sedition' students suspended 04/26 India rebuts Pakistan's allegations on Balochistan 04/25 Jammu and Kashmir: Two militants killed by security forces in Kupwara, encounter still underway 04/21 dna Morning Must Reads: From live updates on West Bengal elections to Krunal Pandya proving his worth in IPL 2016 04/21 2 militants killed in gun battle in Kashmir 04/21 Govt worried as support for terror rises in J&K 04/19 Indian Defense Minister on a 'Ping-Pong Diplomacy' Mission to China 04/18 India Addresses China Over Imposing UN Sanctions on Kashmir Militant 04/18 OIC: a house divided 04/17 Turkish PM lauds Pakistan’s success in war against terrorism 04/16 Restrictions, shutdown continue in Kashmir 04/16 'Molest' town in lockdown, bunker vacant 04/16 Arab, ASEAN countries’ envoys briefed on RAW’s activities 04/15 New Generation of Militants Emerging in Kashmir 04/15 Handwara: Quell passions, institute inquiry, let things cool down 04/13 When babus, cops face a question of 'faith' 04/11 NIA issues red corner notice against JeM chief Maulana Masood Azhar 04/11 Kashmir dispute contributed to ‘jihadi’ sentiments in region: Ambassador Jilani 04/09 J&K police chafe at 'anti-national' tag 04/08