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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Yakub Memon hanging: J&K MLA reveals he met Tiger Memon in PoK 07/31 J&K: Terrorists fire at police check post; 3 policemen, cab driver hurt 07/31 Tiger was worried that ISI might kill Yakub: Kashmir lawmaker spills the beans 07/31 Militants attack police party in J-K, 3 cops injured: Mi 07/31 BSF opens fire after noticing suspicious movements on the border with Pakistan 07/31 BSF troopers fire after noticing suspicious movement on Pakistan border 07/31 Home Ministry to hold high-level meet today over ISIS threat 07/31 Met Tiger Memon in PoK after '93 blasts: Cong MLA 07/31 Valley MLA's Tiger tale 07/30 Gurdaspur attack magnifies armour shortage scare 07/29 India Watchful of Rohingya, Fearing Radicalization by Pakistan Militants 07/29 Ajmer Dargah holds Pak responsible for Gurdaspur terror attack 07/29 Grenade attack on Amarnath route 07/29 Notorious terrorist commander killed in Pakistan 07/29 Gurdaspur attack condemned 07/28 Terrorist hideout busted in Kupwara district in Kashmir 07/28 Another attack, another blow to India-Pakistan peace efforts 07/28 In India, bloody police station siege ends 07/27 Terrorists attack Gurdaspur police station, 16 killed, 4 terrorists still holed up 07/27 Live | Gurdaspur terror attack: At least eight killed, seven injured; operation underway; PM Modi meets top ministers 07/27 Punjab attack eerily similar to Jammu attacks: Omar Abdullah 07/27 Punjab police station attack leaves at least five dead 07/27 Terrorists in Army uniform attack police station in Punjab`s Gurdaspur; 3 killed 07/27 Suspected rebels attack bus, police station in India 07/27 Gurdaspur terrorists sneaked in from Pakistan 07/27 'Kashmir' militants in deadly standoff with Indian army at police station 07/27 Deadly Attack on Police Station in Northern India 07/27 Had doubts that Pak will do some mischief: SAD 07/27 At least 7 dead after gunmen attack police, bus station in India 07/27 10 killed in India as militants attack police station, bus 07/27 Gurdaspur terror attack: Militants likely part of LeT or Jaish-e-Mohammed, says MHA 07/27 Punjab attack: Was Amarnath Yatra real target? 07/27 6 killed in terror attack in northern India 07/27 Terror at the border 07/27 Suspected rebels attack bus, police station in India, wounding 6 07/26 Grenade attack in Anantnag, 1 killed, 6 hurt 07/25 Hizbul Mujahideen disowns faction; more attacks in India-held Kashmir 07/24 Grenade attack on mobile showrooms in Srinagar 07/24 Militants lob grenades into showrooms of Aircel, Vodafone in Srinagar 07/24 New Kashmiri jihadist group adopts extreme violence, internet propaganda 07/24 'Lashkar and Pak army recruit from same pool of educated youth' 07/24 Militants asks Kashmiri girls to observe purdah or face consequences 07/24 Attacks on cellphone shops in Srinagar 07/24 J&K: Gunbattle on for over 15 hours to flush out terrorists holed up near Keran along the LoC 07/23 Villains in Saif Ali Khan-Katrina Kaif starrer 'Phantom' modelled on 26/11 terrorists 07/23 Militant group disowns splinter faction in Indian Kashmir 07/23 Militant group disowns splinter faction in Indian-controlled Kashmir 07/23 CORRECTED-UPDATE 2-Militant group disowns faction; more attacks in Indian Kashmir 07/23 Abdullah ‘confirms’ funding to Hurriyat, Hizb by RAW : July 22, 2015, 1:10 pm 07/22 Kashmir: Former India spy chief raises storm with memoir accusations 07/22 Exchanging terrorists for Mufti`s daughter compromised national interest: Farooq 07/22 Tension in Kashmir after Hindu group burns Muslim flag 07/22 Militant group disowns splinter faction in Indian-controlled Kashmir 07/22 India, Pakistan exchange gunfire, not sweets on Eid 07/21 Indian intelligence services warn of rise in terror activities in Kashmir 07/21 Hafiz Saeed warns Pakistan govt over Kashmir issue 07/21 Hafiz Saeed warns Pakistan govt over friendship with India 07/21 Indian corps commander warns 'elements in Pakistan' of 'unexpected damage' 07/21 Several Kashmiri youths recruited by terrorist organisations: Intelligence agencies 07/20 Reports of infiltration bid, high vigil along LoC 07/20 Army General warns of new tragedy in Kashmir 07/19 Faultlines: Jammu and Kashmir 07/18 Talking tough with Pakistan 07/17 Why peace with Pakistan is difficult, if not impossible 07/16 BSF jawan injured after Pakistan violates ceasefire yet again 07/15 Terrorists kill retired police officer in Kashmir 07/15 Ufa talks: India unperturbed by Pak statement 07/14 Pakistan says it shot down Indian drone near disputed border 07/14 Pakistan helped secure Taliban talks, but Afghan mistrust lingers 07/14 Militant killed by Army in Poonch district 07/13 Tech savvy militants unleash a new psychological warfare on social media 07/13 Jammu and Kashmir: Militant killed as army foils infiltration bid along LoC 07/13 Talks sans Kashmir issue with India impossible: Aziz 07/13 Indian army kills 'three militiants' in Kashmir 07/13 Pakistan asks India for more evidence on Mumbai attacks 07/13 Army guns down Pakistani militant along LoC, recovers arms, radio and mines 07/13 Another infiltration bid along LoC foiled 07/13 Infiltration bid foiled, 3 militants killed along LoC 07/12 Three militants killed in Kashmir clash with Indian troops 07/12 Musharraf harps on India's 'high-handedness' 07/12 Three infiltrators killed by Army in J&K 07/12 PTI critical of Nawaz-Modi meeting 07/12 No dialogue without Kashmir issue, says Pakistan 07/12 India and Pakistan, neighbors with checkered past, to discuss combatting terrorism 07/10 A S Dulat on Rediff Chat: 'Getting back PoK is not likely' 07/09 Indian Army foils infiltration bid in Jammu and Kashmir 07/07 Hizb chief Salahuddin still wants to come back: Dulat 07/05 Security forces conduct search operations in Uri, no casualty 07/05 Former RAW chief suggests interaction with ISI 07/05 Former RAW chief AS Dulat's revelations: Who is Syed Salahuddin? 07/05 Rivals Pakistan, India to start process of joining China security bloc 07/05 Ex-Raw chief admits funding Kashmiri militants to counter ISI : July 04, 2015, 2:06 pm 07/04 Government has made sure ISIS doesn't gain foothold in India: BJP 07/04 Indian troops claim killing three armed men in Kashmir 07/04 Militants and Soldier Are Killed in Kashmir Gun Battle, Indian Officials Say 07/04 India funded militants in Kashmir to counter ISI, says ex-RAW chief 07/04 Zeal for Kashmir insurgency wanes 07/04 Ominous signs: Islamic State trying to gain foothold in PoK, India Army says 07/03 'Goof up' by Vajpayee govt in Kandahar fuels row 07/03 Salahudin got son medical seat with IB help: Dulat 07/03