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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Rebels gun down top counterinsurgency officer in Indian-ruled Kashmir, police chief says 10/08 Militant hideout busted, arms cache recovered in J&K 10/08 Police: Rebels kill top counterinsurgency officer in Kashmir 10/08 'Laptop' killed 10/07 Police officer gunned down in Kashmir 10/07 Film: Bollywood explores gritty themes 10/06 Pak according status of `independent soldier` to terrorists: Shiv Sena 10/06 'Enter Pakistan and eliminate terrorism from its roots' 10/06 Four Indian soldiers killed in Kashmir 10/06 4 jawans, terrorist killed in twin encounters in Kupwara 10/05 Kupwara encounter: One militant killed, operation underway 10/05 How can there be peace if Pakistan uses terror against us? 10/05 4 Army jawans killed in J&K; encounter on 10/05 More youths take to militancy as violence flares in Kashmir 10/05 Four Indian Soldiers, Three Militants Killed In Kashmir Clashes 10/05 4 Indian soldiers, 3 rebels killed in Kashmir fighting 10/05 Pakistan is paving path to their own destruction by sponsoring terrorism: Nirmal Singh 10/05 2 militants killed, jawan hurt in J&K encounter 10/04 ISI training terrorists in several terror camps in PoK: Intelligence Bureau 10/04 Indian soldier injured, two militants killed in Kashmir shootout 10/04 Two Jaish-e-Mohammad terrorists killed in Kashmir encounter 10/04 US lawmaker sponsors resolution in Congress to welcome Nawaz 10/04 NIA court to frame charges against Hizb-ul-Mujhahideen chief on Oct 8 10/03 India-Pakistan talks only if BJP goes: Pakistani daily 10/03 India-Pak talks only if BJP goes: Pak daily 10/03 India rejects Pakistan's four-point peace plan on Kashmir : October 02, 2015, 12:21 pm 10/02 Rashtriya Rifles turns 25 today 10/01 India hits back at Nawaz Sharif, says de-militarising Kashmir not the answer but de-terrorising Pakistan is 10/01 India blasts Pakistan after Sharif's UN speech; tells it to vacate PoK 10/01 India hits back after Nawaz Sharif`s speech, says Pakistan a victim of its own policies of breeding terrorism 10/01 India rebuts Kashmir initiative from Pakistan's Sharif 10/01 Wasim urges Modi to revive Indo-Pak cricketing ties 10/01 Pakistan's Sharif urges formalized Kashmir truce with India 10/01 India rejects Pakistan peace plan; calls for revival of terrorism talks 10/01 India looks bad rebuffing Pakistan peace overture 10/01 Wasim Akram urges Prime Minister Narendra Modi to revive Indo-Pak series 10/01 India flays Pakistan, calls it a victim of its own policies of breeding & sponsoring terrorists, asks it to vacate PoK 10/01 Wasim Akram urges Modi to revive Indo-Pak cricket ties 10/01 Pakistan an occupier, must vacate PoK: India 10/01 Want good relations with India but can’t compromise on honour: COAS : October 02, 2015, 5:02 am 10/01 ‘De-terrorise’ Pakistan, India replies to Nawaz : October 02, 2015, 4:56 am 10/01 India Rejects Pakistan's Four-Point Peace Plan On Kashmir 10/01 Pakistan militant Naved`s judicial custody extended 09/30 India responds to Nawaz Sharif's U.N. speech 09/30 De-terrorising Pakistan will bring peace: India hits back at PM Nawaz Sharif 09/30 Former terrorist Hashim Qureshi backs protests in PoK, says Pakistani forces are no better than British colonialists 09/30 India calls Pakistan 'prime sponsor of terrorism', asks it to vacate PoK 09/30 'To de-militarize Kashmir not the answer, to de-terrorize Pakistan is' 09/30 'ISIS has generated lot of interest in Assam' 09/29 US backs need for mechanism to monitor LoC violations 09/29 15-20 terrorists may have entered Punjab from Pak; Delhi on terror radar 09/28 ISI mobilizes terrorists for attack on India 09/28 ISI mobilising jihadi, Sikh militants for possible strikes 09/28 Huge haul of arms and ammunition recovered in Kishtwar in J&K 09/28 ‘It is Hindu nationalists who turned Kashmiris against India’ 09/26 Pak to UN: India plans to raise wall along LoC 09/25 Kashmir clashes leave 12 injured 09/25 Police fire tear gas to quell anti-India protests in Kashmir 09/25 Police fire tear gas to quell anti-India protests in Kashmir 09/25 Pak complains to UN about India's plan to build wall along LoC 09/25 Tense Eid in Kashmir as clashes break out between youth, police 09/25 Pakistan to raise Indian role in terror in UNGA : September 24, 2015, 3:30 am 09/23 ALERT! Pakistan`s ISI trying to revive Jaish-e-Mohammad, planning more attacks in India 09/22 India turns to Israel for armed drones 09/22 Around 1150 terrorists in training camps in Pakistan, PoK: Army 09/22 Encounter between terrorists and security forces in Kashmir 09/22 dna must read: From govt exempting social media apps from purview of encryption policy to Priyanka Chopra's Quantico contest 09/22 Unmanned war: Stung by Pakistan’s Burraq, India eyes Israeli Herons 09/22 Mumbai attacks: India, US urge Pakistan to bring perpetrators to justice 09/22 India turns to Israel for armed drones as Pakistan, China build fleets 09/21 LeT may be planning attacks on Indian cities, Army units, security establishments: Reports 09/21 J&K: Geelani calls for bandh over horrific killing of 3-year-old child by terrorists in Sopore 09/20 Gunmen kill man, son in held Kashmir 09/20 Separatists' strike shuts down Srinagar 09/20 3-year-old injured in militant attack in Kashmir dies 09/19 Indian army claims killing five in Kashmir 09/19 Bullet-riddled body of Hizbul militant found 09/19 Hizbul commander`s body recovered in Kashmir 09/19 Gunmen kill father and toddler in Indian-controlled Kashmir 09/19 Father and toddler killed in Indian-held Kashmir : September 20, 2015, 4:33 am 09/19 Syed Ali Shah Geelani gives shutdown call in Kashmir over Sopore killing 09/19 Ultras kill former militant, injure his 3-year-old son 09/18 What if India 'takes out' Hafiz Saeed, Dawood? 09/18 Infiltration bid foiled in Gurez sector of J&K, 4 terrorists killed 09/18 Revealed! Pics of Udhampur terrorists; NIA announces reward for their arrest 09/18 Infiltration bid foiled in Kashmir, 2 terrorists killed 09/18 J&K: Terrorists kill former terrorist, injure his 3-year-old son in Sopore 09/18 Indian army kills five near Pakistan border in held Kashmir 09/18 'Two dead' in Kashmir violence 09/17 Protest strike over mysterious killings of 3 young men shuts down Indian-ruled Kashmir 09/16 Protest shuts Kashmir after mysterious killings of 3 men 09/16 Protest shuts India-held Kashmir after mysterious killings of 3 men 09/16 Kashmir shuts down to protest killing of 3 men 09/16 Jammu and Kashmir: Bullet-ridden bodies of two Lashkar-e-Islam militants found strewn in orchard 09/15 LoC violations : India continues firing despite recent promises of peace 09/15 India violates LoC ceasefire despite recent promises of peace: ISPR 09/14 Terror vs terror: 3 youths found dead in J&K 09/14 Hizbul Mujahideen becomes most dominant terror group in J&K 09/13 Army pays tribute to two jawans killed in Kupwara encounter 09/12 Pakistan,India agree to lower border tensions 09/12