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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Srinagar Police busts LeT sleeper cell, 2 terrorists arrested 10/31
afghanistannews.net China-Afghanistan decide to crackdown on Xinjiang militants 10/30
foxnews.com 3 suspected rebels, army officer killed in gunbattle in Indian-held Kashmir 10/29
frontline.in India & Pakistan 10/29
nzherald.co.nz 3 rebels, army officer killed in Indian Kashmir 10/29
bombaynews.net Two more guerrillas killed in Kashmir gunfight 10/29
ndtv.com Three Militants Killed in Encounter in J&K's Handwara 10/29
ibnlive.in.com China-Afghanistan decide to crackdown on Xinjiang militants 10/29
ibnlive.in.com Lt Gen Sarath Chand takes over command of Gajraj 4 Corps 10/28
ibnlive.in.com Police to ensure free and fair elections in Jammu: DIG 10/28
ibnlive.in.com Terrorist killed in encounter with security forces in J-K 10/28
tribune.com.pk Border violations: BJP exploiting situation to win Kashmir elections, says Aziz 10/27
bombaynews.net 8 LeT militants arrested in Kashmir Valley 10/27
bombaynews.net BJP takes on Bilawal Bhutto asks him to focus on burning issues of Pakistan 10/27
bombaynews.net LeT recruitment module busted eight held in Kashmir 10/26
bombaynews.net India will not be allowed to build bunkers on Working Boundary Sartaj 10/24
ibnlive.in.com Army to procure jammer to thwart radio, cell phone IED attacks 10/24
bombaynews.net Fierce gunbattle in Kashmir between security forces and militants 10/24
bombaynews.net Terrorism a threat to India when Pak is frustrated says defence expert 10/23
bombaynews.net Separatists call for shutdown in Kashmir to protest PM Modis visit 10/23
ibnlive.in.com Policeman shot dead in Kashmir in house 10/23
ndtv.com Security Beefed Up in Kashmir Ahead of Prime Minister's Visit 10/22
dawn.com IS militants, Al Qaeda not yet a threat: India 10/21
reuters.com India warns Pakistan of more pain in Kashmir fighting 10/21
dnaindia.com Moderate Hurriyat leader makes Mirwaiz Umar Farooq it to world's 500 most influential Muslim list 10/20
bombaynews.net Guerrilla hideout busted in Jammu and Kashmir 10/20
zeenews.india.com Army Chief tells commanders to assess security situation 10/18
bombaynews.net Maintain pressure on terrorists for peaceful Kashmir polls Indian Army chief 10/18
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Maintain pressure on terrorists for peaceful Kashmir polls: Army chief 10/18
telegraphindia.com Army option vs Maoists on table 10/17
ibnlive.in.com IED blast injures two soldiers in Srinagar 10/16
rediff.com 2 jawans injured in IED blast in Kashmir 10/16
ndtv.com ISIS, Al Qaeda Threat to India Real, Says National Security Guard Chief 10/16
rediff.com Army jawan killed in encounter in Kashmir 10/13
zeenews.india.com Army jawan killed in J&K encounter 10/13
ndtv.com Army Jawan Killed in Encounter With Militants in Kupwara, Jammu and Kashmir 10/13
thediplomat.com Haider: Shakespeare in Kashmir 10/12
in.reuters.com Indian general says fewer militants entering Kashmir 10/12
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Devendra Pathak: The soldier who keeps Pak in check 10/11
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Bardhaman blast: NIA probe leads to J&K, Tamil Nadu, Kerala 10/11
dnaindia.com Why India's recent response to Pakistan's ceasefire violation is a welcome change 10/11
sify.com US has Pakistan fatigue 10/08
sify.com India, Pakistan not ready to back down: daily 10/08
zeenews.india.com `Pakistan extremely keen to cross border to create disturbance` 10/07
ibnlive.in.com 2,000 terrorists across LoC waiting to infiltrate: Army 10/07
csmonitor.com Rebels without a cause? In Kashmir, returning militants left dangling 10/07
dnaindia.com Attempts to stop screening of 'Haider' in Vadodara thwarted by police 10/07
strategypage.com INDIA-PAKISTAN: Played And Paid By China 10/07
telegraphindia.com Militant 'blowback' looms on border 10/07
reuters.com Indian-Pakistan fighting kills nine civilians, three militants 10/06
ndtv.com Our Armed Forces Are Fully Ready, Warns Defence Minister After Pakistan Firing: 10 Developments 10/06
bombaynews.net Soldier killed in Kashmir blast laid to rest with military honours army promises action 10/06
telegraphindia.com Shells rain death, then sweets follow 10/06
ibnlive.in.com 3 terrorists killed, Army foils infiltration bid along LoC 10/06
rediff.com Militant outfits in Pak desperate to disrupt JK polls, says army 10/05
ibnlive.in.com Militant outfits in Pak desperate to disrupt JK polls: Army 10/05
bombaynews.net Security forces bust militant hideout at Bhaderwah in Kashmir 10/05
ndtv.com Pakistan Violates Ceasefire Again, Fires at Indian Posts in J&K's Poonch 10/05
ibnlive.in.com Army jawan killed, another injured in landmine blast at LoC 10/04
ibnlive.in.com 14 militants killed by Army in September 10/04
dnaindia.com Army wiped out 14 militants in backdrop of worst Jammu and Kashmir floods 10/04
thehindu.com Haider: Between text and texture 10/03
bombaynews.net Hizbul guerrilla killed in Kashmir gunfight 10/03
ibnlive.in.com 'Haider' review: Solid, well-acted movie that deserves your time 10/02
dailytimes.com.pk Bilateral dialogue on Kashmir ‘undermines’ UN resolutions: FO : October 03, 2014, 2:50 am 10/02
bombaynews.net Haider - a powerful revenge saga 10/01
dnaindia.com One militant killed in encounter in Jammu and Kashmir's Kupwara 09/30
tamilguardian.com Modi attracts thousands on historic visit to the US, calls for global front against terrorism 09/28
reuters.com India's Modi wants Pakistan talks without 'terrorism' shadow 09/27
nzherald.co.nz India PM says serious about peace with Pakistan 09/27
dw.de Indian PM Modi prepared for Kashmir talks with Pakistan 09/27
rferl.org India Calls On Pakistan To Show 'Seriousness' For Talks 09/27
ibnlive.in.com Srinagar: Terrorists open fire at CRPF bunker, kill one 09/26
bombaynews.net Four guerrillas held in Kashmirs Baramulla 09/26
sify.com World leaders give their annual speeches at the UN 09/26
ibnlive.in.com Unmanned Aerial Vehicles deployed to trace terrorists in Uttar Pradesh 09/25
rediff.com Floods damage 50 km border fencing along LoC, IB in JK 09/21
ibnlive.in.com Floods damage 50 Kms border fencing along LoC, IB in JK 09/21
ibnlive.in.com FLOODS-FENCING 2 LAST 09/21
ndtv.com National Conference Worker Shot Dead in Kashmir 09/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com I will take back entire Kashmir from India: Bilawal Bhutto 09/20
ndtv.com 200 Heavily Armed Militants Waiting Across Line of Control: Indian Army 09/20
rediff.com Four militants killed in gunbattle with security forces 09/20
zeenews.india.com 200 heavily armed militants waiting across LoC: Army 09/20
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Four Lashkar-e-Toiba terrorists gunned down 09/20
bombaynews.net Four militants killed in Jammu and Kashmir 09/20
ndtv.com Four Militants Killed in Encounter With Security Forces 09/20
huffingtonpost.com Prime Minister Modi Says Al Qaeda 'Delusional' To Think India's Muslims Will Follow 09/19
npr.org India's Modi Calls Al-Qaida's Plans For His Country 'Delusional' 09/19
usatoday.com PM says al-Qaeda holds no appeal for India Muslims 09/19
foxnews.com Indian prime minister says al-Qaida holds no appeal for Indian Muslims 09/19
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Scotland’s referendum stirs Kashmiri demands for plebiscite 09/19
ndtv.com PM Narendra Modi Says Al Qaeda Will Fail in India 09/19
bbc.co.uk Indian media: Scottish referendum 09/19
dailytimes.com.pk Scotland’s referendum stirs Kashmiri demands for vote : September 19, 2014, 3:31 am 09/18
sify.com PM says al-Qaida holds no appeal for India Muslims 09/18
ndtv.com Two Militants Killed in Encounter in Kashmir 09/17
rediff.com Two militants killed in encounter along LoC 09/17
dnaindia.com 7 Must Reads: Barack Obama orders US airstrikes in Syria against Islamic State; Death toll in Kashmir floods crosses 215; and more 09/11
ibnlive.in.com Indian Army turns saviour, wins the praise of flood-hit Kashmiris, but will the perception change? 09/10