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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
bombaynews.net 8 militants sneaked into India 4 of them killed Intelligence agencies 03/29
bombaynews.net 1811 stone-pelters granted amnesty in JK Sayeed 03/29
ibnlive.in.com Govt may decide tomorrow whether to continue pre-paid mobile 03/29
zeenews.india.com Construction of 39 BOPs along Indo-Pak border delayed 03/29
ibnlive.in.com 1,811 stone-pelters granted amnesty in J&K: govt 03/29
dawn.com 61 convicts executed since December 03/29
dnaindia.com Pakistan: Over 32,000 arrested in anti-terror operations since Peshawar carnage 03/28
dailytimes.com.pk 32,347 held in 28,826 operations by security forces across country : March 29, 2015, 4:01 am 03/28
tribune.com.pk Countrywide sweeps: 727 ‘hardcore terrorists’ arrested since December 24 03/28
tribune.com.pk Mirpur by-election: PPP holds final show ahead of polling day 03/27
ibnlive.in.com Vishal Bhardwaj dedicates National Awards win to Kashmiri Pandits, Anupam Kher calls it 'fraudish' 03/26
zeenews.india.com Security forces on high alert to thwart infiltration attempts: GOC Chinar Corps 03/25
bombaynews.net Jammu attacks Security beefed up in Pathankot Chamba 03/24
bombaynews.net 86.6 per cent more civilian casualties in JK in 2014 MHA 03/24
ibnlive.in.com BSF foils infiltration bids in Samba, Kathua 03/24
zeenews.india.com LeT, Hizbul terrorists attempting to infiltrate into J&K`s Samba, Kathua area: IB to MHA 03/23
zeenews.india.com Hafiz Saeed launches 'new movement' for implementing Sharia in Pakistan 03/23
ibnlive.in.com Stop cross-border infiltration: Mufti's message to Pakistan 03/23
rediff.com Issues with Pak can be resolved in terror-free atmosphere: PM 03/23
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Mufti has no role in solving Kashmir issue: Hurriyat 03/23
rediff.com Pakistan continues to bleed India 03/23
bombaynews.net Intelligence agencies warn of more infiltration bids near JK 03/23
dawn.com Two militants killed after attacking army camp in Kashmir 03/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Pak must control terrorism: Mufti Sayeed 03/22
bombaynews.net Mufti Sayeed condemns terror attacks in J-K calls it a conspiracy 03/22
rediff.com Don't cover anti-terror operations live: TV channels told 03/22
rediff.com Mufti terms attacks conspiracy, says even Pak victim' of terror 03/22
ibnlive.in.com Do not broadcast live anti-terrorist operations: I&B Ministry to TV channels 03/22
ibnlive.in.com Mufti asks Pak to control terrorists 03/22
ibnlive.in.com KASHMIR-LD MUFTI 2 LAST 03/22
bombaynews.net India doesnt need illegitimate interlocutor to talk to Pak Congress 03/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Rape accused shot dead in J&K CM's hometown 03/22
bombaynews.net IampB ministry issues advisory to TV channels on antiterror ops 03/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Attacks won’t be tolerated, Mufti warns Pak 03/22
zeenews.india.com Rein in militants, Mufti tells Pakistan 03/22
zeenews.india.com I&B ministry issues advisory to TV channels on anti-terror ops 03/22
sify.com Confident Pakistan holds first Republic Day parade in seven years 03/22
bombaynews.net Attack on army camp foiled 2 militants killed 03/22
dawn.com Six die in attack on Kashmir police station 03/21
bombaynews.net Panthers Party demands Governor rule in J-K 03/21
reuters.com Gun battle as militants attack India's Kashmir army camp 03/21
tribune.com.pk Time for Pakistan to give up the ‘jihadi’ option forever: Hussain Haqqani 03/21
rediff.com Mufti plays footsie with Pak, Modi watches haplessly:Cong 03/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K militants 'trying to raise their low morale' 03/21
bombaynews.net Militant attack in Jammu and Kashmirs Samba district one injured 03/21
bombaynews.net 2 terrorists killed during encounter with Army in Samba 03/21
bombaynews.net Army camp in Jammus Samba under militant attack reports 03/21
bombaynews.net Samba terror attack CPI M taunts PM Modi 03/21
zeenews.india.com J&K attacks militants` attempt to raise their low morale: Parrikar 03/21
zeenews.india.com Centre soft towards Pakistan, says Congress 03/21
sputniknews.com Three Injured in Attack on Army Camp in India – Police 03/21
bombaynews.net Samba terror attack part of continuous effort to destabilize J-K Defence Expert 03/21
dnaindia.com LIVE:Terror attack in Samba, 3 injured; gunbattle on 03/21
nzherald.co.nz Indian army kills 2 suspected Kashmiri rebels 03/21
dnaindia.com Centre soft towards Pakistan, alleges Congress 03/21
sanhati.com Chattisinghpora Pathribal and Brakpora: 15 Years Later 03/21
ibnlive.in.com Centre soft towards Pakistan, says Congress 03/21
ibnlive.in.com Attacks, an attempt by militants to raise their low morale: 03/21
dnaindia.com Political blame game: Mufti Sayeed plays footsie with Pakistan, Modi watches haplessly, says Congress 03/21
bombaynews.net JK attacks strengthen case for AFSPA 03/21
foxnews.com Police say militants storm Kashmir police station, kill 2 in gun battle near Pakistan border 03/20
zeenews.india.com Terror and talks can`t go hand-in-hand: BJP 03/20
bombaynews.net Pakistan must be told friendship militancy cant go together Ghulam Nabi Azad 03/20
voanews.com 2 Police Killed in Kashmir 03/20
edition.cnn.com Militants kill 2 in Kashmir 03/20
ibnlive.in.com Militants attack police station, 2 terrorists, 4 others killed 03/20
bombaynews.net Mufti promises to initiate process of scrapping AFSPA 03/20
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Encounter in Kathua ends, 2 security men dead; search for terrorists on 03/20
rediff.com 'Terrorists enter Kashmir via nullahs near border, carry out attacks' 03/20
independent.co.uk Kashmir shootings: Five dead, including two militants, during raid on Indian police station 03/20
turkishweekly.net 5 dead as militants, security forces clash in Kashmir 03/20
ibnlive.in.com We'll start gradual process of scrapping of AFSPA: J&K CM Mufti Mohammad Sayeed 03/20
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Terrorists attack police station in J&K, kill two cops; fighting on 03/20
telegraphindia.com Militants attack police station in J&K's Kathua district, shot dead after long battle 03/20
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Terror attack in J&K, 6 killed; encounter ends 03/20
reuters.com Militants attack Kashmir police camp, two dead: police 03/20
ibnlive.in.com Militants attack police station in J-K; 1 policeman killed 03/20
ibnlive.in.com Two killed as militants storm Kathua police station 03/20
ibnlive.in.com Militants attack Kathua Police Station, two killed, 9 injured 03/20
sputniknews.com Two Dead, Nine Injured in Attack on Police Station in India 03/20
bombaynews.net Rajnath instructs Home Secretary to actively monitor situation in Kathua 03/20
zeenews.india.com Rajnath instructs Home Secretary to `actively monitor` situation in Kathua 03/20
aljazeera.com Deadly attack on police station in Kashmir 03/20
nvonews.com President of India condemns terrorist attack on police station in Jammu & Kashmir 03/20
edition.cnn.com Militants raid Kashmir police station, kill 2 03/20
bombaynews.net Pilgrim critically injured in militant attack in Jammu and Kashmir 03/20
bombaynews.net Militants in Army fatigues storm JK thana 6 killed 03/20
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Militant attack in J&K's Samba dist, 1 injured 03/20
thehindu.com Terror attack in Samba, two militants killed 03/20
bombaynews.net Militants walked from across border Omar 03/20
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Terrorists hold hostages in Kathua police station, 2 security personnel killed, heavy ... 03/19
pragati.nationalinterest.in A change long overdue 03/18
zeenews.india.com Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi`s men training 60 youth for `special operations` 03/18
dailytimes.com.pk No hurdle in way of Zarb-e-Azb to be tolerated: Barjees : March 18, 2015, 10:26 pm 03/18
strategypage.com COUNTER-TERRORISM: BAT Out Of Pakistan 03/16
bombaynews.net Exiled Kashmiri leaders urge Pak to stop backing extremist elements 03/15
dawn.com Three halves of militancy 03/14
sky.com Pakistan Court Frees Mumbai Attacks Suspect 03/13
zeenews.india.com RSS mega conclave in Nagpur from today 03/13
bombaynews.net Another soldier gets life term in Machil fake encounter case 03/12