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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Govt Decides to Provide Employment Opportunities to 50,000 Youth from J&K 08/24 Rajnath lands in Srinagar 08/24 Cops give in to social boycott threat, resigns 08/24 Big boost for PM Modi! US voices concerns over human rights situation in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir 08/24 For starters, ban the pellet gun 08/24 Rajnath Singh in Kashmir for Talks, Separatists Remain Under House Arrest 08/24 Rajnath in Kashmir; youth dies in fresh protests 08/24 Blog: The curious case of hyper-patriots 08/24 Grenade attacks on police party in Jammu and Kashmir`s Pulwama; 18 cops injured 08/24 Any talks on Kashmir must include Pakistan: Hurriyat Conference`s Mirwaiz Umar Farooq 08/24 Teenager killed in firing by security forces as Rajnath Singh visits Kashmir 08/24 Militants Hurl Two Grenades at Police, 9 Security Personnel Injured in Pulwama 08/24 Rs 5 Lakh Compensation to Victims of Cross-border Firing 08/24 Curfew lifted from parts of Srinagar 08/23 Rajnath Singh to Undertake Two-day Visit to Violence-hit Kashmir 08/23 Ahead of Rajnath's Kashmir Visit, Govt Unsure of Engaging With Separatists 08/23 Rajnath to visit Kashmir on Wed 08/23 Home Minister Rajnath Singh to visit Kashmir on Wednesday 08/23 Amidst tensions, HM Rajnath to visit troubled Kashmir Valley on Wednesday 08/23 46th day of curfew, curbs cripple life in IOK 08/23 Indian PM under pressure over Kashmir violence 08/23 Kashmir Unrest: Govt Puts the Ball in Separatists' Court for Talks 08/23 'Two parties involved' should resolve Kashmir: US 08/23 Govt has abandoned us, say demoralised J&K cops 08/22 No cops in 4 S Kashmir districts as protests rage 08/22 It's day 45 and Kashmir is still under lockdown 08/22 Indian army claims killing three militants in held Kashmir 08/22 Only 5% people behind trouble in valley: Mehbooba 08/22 'Curfew schools' 08/22 Three Suspected Militants Killed by Security Forces in Kashmir 08/21 Three ‘militants’ killed in IHK 08/21 'Pot calling the kettle black': Venkaiah hits out at Rahul for disharmony comment 08/21 INDIA: For peace, end impunity in Kashmir 08/21 Indian army kills 3 rebels in Kashmir fighting 08/21 Indian army kill three suspected ‘separatist’ in occupied Kashmir 08/21 Three militants killed in gunfight in Kashmir 08/21 J&K: As separatists unite, politics divides oppn 08/21 Army guns down 3 terrorists behind attack on BSF post 08/21 Curfew continues; normal life hit for 43rd day in Kashmir 08/20 Victims of clashes overwhelm hospital in held Kashmir 08/20 NIA to Probe Inflow of Funds in Jammu and Kashmir 08/20 Pakistan is continuously trying to create unrest in Kashmir: Rajnath Singh 08/20 Fired 3,500 pellets in 34 days; do you want us use rifles instead: CRPF to HC 08/19 Jammu and Kashmir: BSF camp attacked by militants, three security personnels injured 08/19 Curfew extended to several areas in Kashmir for 42nd day 08/19 What did Digvijaya Singh just call Kashmir? 08/18 Two soldiers, police officer killed in held Kashmir 08/18 Rajnath Singh reviews Kashmir situation 08/18 Amid calls for 'azadi' in Kashmir, 300 don Indian Army uniform 08/18 Brahamdagh Bugti is a traitor: Sanaullah Zehri 08/18 14-yr-old flees home to fight terror in J&K 08/18 Not Balochistan, Kashmir needs attention 08/17 dna Morning Must Reads: Terrorist threat looms over J&K valley; PV Sindhu reaches semis at Rio 2016; and more 08/17 REWIND: India in the last 24 hours 08/17 India ready to send top diplomat to Pakistan for talks on terrorism 08/17 2 soldiers, 1 cop killed in Baramulla 08/17 Pak close to being acknowledged an open state promoting terrorism: BJP 08/17 Militants ambush Indian army convoy in Kashmir, three dead 08/17 India ready to discuss ‘Kashmir’ with Pakistan 08/17 60 terrorists sneaked into J&K during unrest 08/17 India Ready For Pakistan Talks, U.N. Alarmed By Kashmir Violence 08/17 Two soldiers, one police officer killed in Indian-held Kashmir 08/17 India ready to send Jaishankar to Pak for talks -- but only on terrorism 08/17 Accounts of J&K residents used for terror funding? 08/17 Gilani says ongoing Intifada has unnerved India 08/17 Nine killed in held Kashmir on India’s Independence Day 08/16 Amid ongoing tension, Hafiz Saeed asks Pak military to send troops into Kashmir to teach India a 'lesson' 08/16 'Amnesty employees not behind anti-India slogans' 08/16 Preserving India's democracy is not Hindus' job alone 08/16 Game of diplomatic one-upmanship between India and Pakistan 08/16 Going to Pakistan same as ‘going to hell’, says Indian defence minister 08/16 India, China hold meet in Ladakh on Independence Day 08/16 Going to Pakistan is same as going to hell: Parrikar 08/16 Terror attack in Kashmir: 2 Armymen, 1 cop killed 08/16 Going to Pakistan is Same as Going to Hell: Manohar Parrikar 08/16 Four killed in new Kashmir violence 08/16 Five more protesters killed in Kashmir as Indian forces opened direct fire 08/16 142,335 suspects held, 1,808 terrorists killed under NAP 08/16 Impoverished Balochistan bleeds through a thousand cuts 08/16 Kashmir toll rises 08/16 Parrikar tags Pak as 'hell' 08/16 3 security personnel killed in terrorist attack in Kashmir 08/16 5 killed, dozens hurt in fresh J&K clashes 08/16 Final goodbye to CRPF officer killed in Srinagar attack on Independence Day 08/16 Going to Pakistan is like going to hell: Parrikar 08/16 Massive manhunt launched in J&K`s Samba after locals report about four armed terrorists in army fatigues 08/16 Parrikar equates Pakistan with hell 08/16 Manohar Parrikar lashes out at Pakistan, says going to Pak or to hell is the same thing 08/16 Army's Kashmir Corps commander briefs Governor on situation in the Valley 08/16 Kejriwal caught napping during PM Modi's speech 08/15 PM Modi Pokes Pakistan; Mentions PoK, Balochistan in Independence Day Speech 08/15 Kashmir unrest: Mehbooba Mufti urges Pak govt to come for discussion; says guns can't get us justice 08/15 Pak invites self-exiled Baloch leaders for talks 08/15 In I-Day speech, PM criticises Pakistan for glorifying terrorists 08/15 CRPF officer, 2 terrorists killed in Srinagar encounter 08/15 Militants stage Kashmir attacks as Modi gives annual address 08/15 Independence Day shooting in Kashmir leaves 10 police injured 08/15 Centre to blame for Kashmir's problems: Mufti 08/15 Rebels stage Kashmir attacks as Modi gives annual address 08/15 Major infiltration bid foiled by Indian Army; five militants gunned down in Kashmir - Know what happened 08/15