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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Floods damage 50 km border fencing along LoC, IB in JK 09/21 FLOODS-FENCING 2 LAST 09/21 Floods damage 50 Kms border fencing along LoC, IB in JK 09/21 National Conference Worker Shot Dead in Kashmir 09/21 I will take back entire Kashmir from India: Bilawal Bhutto 09/20 200 Heavily Armed Militants Waiting Across Line of Control: Indian Army 09/20 Four militants killed in gunbattle with security forces 09/20 200 heavily armed militants waiting across LoC: Army 09/20 J&K: Four Lashkar-e-Toiba terrorists gunned down 09/20 Four militants killed in Jammu and Kashmir 09/20 Four Militants Killed in Encounter With Security Forces 09/20 Prime Minister Modi Says Al Qaeda 'Delusional' To Think India's Muslims Will Follow 09/19 India's Modi Calls Al-Qaida's Plans For His Country 'Delusional' 09/19 PM says al-Qaeda holds no appeal for India Muslims 09/19 Indian prime minister says al-Qaida holds no appeal for Indian Muslims 09/19 Scotland’s referendum stirs Kashmiri demands for plebiscite 09/19 PM Narendra Modi Says Al Qaeda Will Fail in India 09/19 Indian media: Scottish referendum 09/19 Scotland’s referendum stirs Kashmiri demands for vote : September 19, 2014, 3:31 am 09/18 PM says al-Qaida holds no appeal for India Muslims 09/18 Two Militants Killed in Encounter in Kashmir 09/17 Two militants killed in encounter along LoC 09/17 7 Must Reads: Barack Obama orders US airstrikes in Syria against Islamic State; Death toll in Kashmir floods crosses 215; and more 09/11 Indian Army turns saviour, wins the praise of flood-hit Kashmiris, but will the perception change? 09/10 Al Qaeda’s India chief ‘highly respected’ 09/10 Three militants killed in Kashmir 09/10 Militant killed in encounter in North Kashmir 09/09 J&K: Three terrorists killed in an encounter with Army along the LoC 09/09 Terrorist gunned down in Kashmir 09/09 Raheel calls on Khattak 09/09 Jammu and Kashmir Floods: Damage to Border Fencing Raises Security Concerns 09/08 Shia outfit announces Rs 5 crore bounty for ISIS chief's head 09/08 Army fully prepared to foil any infiltration bid: GOC 09/07 After Syria and Iraq, Islamic State makes inroads in South Asia 09/07 Big FM's Big Chennaiite Awards honour unsung heroes of Chennai 09/07 US Launches Airstrikes on Islamic State Group Around Iraq's Haditha Dam 09/07 India: Qaeda sees fertile ground for sectarian war 09/06 India on Edge - Indian Muslims Reject al-Qaida Call for Jihad 09/06 Indian Muslim leaders condemn al-Qaeda video, say will never buy terrorist propaganda 09/06 Al-Qaeda wants to portray Indian PM Narendra Modi as enemy of Islam, says US counter-terror expert 09/05 Modi watch out: 'Al Qaeda wants to portray PM as enemy of Islam' 09/05 Four Hyderabad Students Planned to Fight With ISIS: Police 09/05 Al-Qaida wants to portray Modi as enemy of Islam: US analyst 09/05 Seven Minute Guide to Peace and Prosperity in Pakistan 09/05 The angry youth of Kashmir won't accept al-Qaeda 09/05 Will Al-Qaida Find Followers In India? 09/05 The Irrawaddy: Top government official downplays al-Qaeda threat to Burma 09/05 Al-Qaeda India wing: IB issues alert in all states as sources say video appears authentic 09/04 Al-Qaeda wants to portray PM Modi as enemy of Islam, says US counter-terror expert 09/04 India on alert as al-Qaeda claims new terror group on the subcontinent 09/04 Army jawan's body cremated 09/04 States on Alert after Al Qaeda Announces Indian Wing: 10 Latest Developments 09/04 Al Qaeda launches drive for jihad in India 09/04 India uneasy over new Al Qaeda branch in South Asia 09/04 Foreign Media on Al Qaeda's Announcement of India Branch 09/04 Deutsche Welle: Al Qaeda’s Zawahri announces new Asia wing 09/04 Al Qaeda announces India wing, renews loyalty to Taliban chief 09/03 Al Qaeda's Zawahri announces new Asia wing 09/03 OMAR-PAK 2 LAST 09/02 Three Army personnel killed in mishap 09/02 Three militants killed in encounter in Kashmir 09/02 Three militants killed in South Kashmir 09/02 J&K: 3 terrorists killed in encounter with security forces in Pulwama 09/02 Three guerrillas killed Kashmir gunfight ends 09/02 Top militant commander among three killed in Kashmir gunfight 09/02 World Briefing: India: Militants Are Killed in Shootout in Kashmir 09/02 KASHMIR-LOC-TUNNEL 2 LAST 09/02 Encounter between militants, security forces in Pulwama 09/01 J&K: Heavy firing underway between security forces and terrorists in Pulwama 09/01 Three Militants Killed in Encounter With Secuity Forces in J&K's Pulwama 09/01 J&K: Heavy firing between security forces and terrorists in Pulwama 09/01 UP, Bihar top in crimes on national highways 08/31 ELECTIONS 2 LAST 08/31 J&K: One soldier killed in an encounter with terrorists in Kupwara 08/30 India says rebels kill 1 Indian soldier in Kashmir 08/30 Lt Gen Subrata Saha meets Guv N N Vohra 08/30 One Jawan Killed, One Injured as Kupwara Encounter Ends 08/30 Border violations spark Arun tough talk 08/30 Terrorists waiting to cross into Rajasthan from Pakistan, alert issued 08/29 Policeman shot by militants in Kashmir 08/29 VIOLENCE IN KASHMIR Modi's muscle strains Indo-Pak talks 08/29 Alert on Indo-Pak border after 15 terrorists infiltrate into Rajasthan's border districts 08/29 One Army Jawan Killed in Militant Encounter in Kupwara 08/29 Pakistani premier denies asking army to mediate 08/29 US: Too soon to evaluate Pakistan offensive 08/29 Martyr's father seeks strong response to Pakistan's excesses on LoC 08/28 Indian government looking to crack down on ISIS sympathisers 08/28 Radio Sharda seeks to preserve the spirit of Kashmiriyat among Kashmiri Pandits 08/27 J-K: Militant killed in encounter in Kupwara 08/26 Heaviest Cross-Border Firing Since 1971 War, Says Border Security Force Chief to NDTV 08/26 'Achche Din?' Ask Families as Army Jawans Killed in Kashmir are Cremated 08/26 Terror group ISIS using Indian Mujahideen to recruit poor Muslims in Kerala, TN, J&K: Sources 08/26 KASHMIR-FIRING-BSF 2 LAST 08/26 ISIS recruiting Indian Muslim youths to fight in Iraq, Syria? 08/26 Pakistani firing worst since 1971 war BSF 08/26 Chinese satellite detects tunnels in Xinjiang, NKorean borders 08/26 Army jawan killed in encounter with militants in Kupwara 08/25 1 army trooper killed in encounter in Kashmir 08/25 Kashmiri Pandits continue living in deplorable ghettos, yearn to return to homeland 08/25 3 Jawans, 5 Militants Killed in Twin Encounters in J&K's Kupwara 08/25