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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
dnaindia.com DG CRPF to visit Jammu and Kashmir to take stock of situation in Pampore attack 06/26
dnaindia.com Kashmir: Two militants killed in ongoing encounter in Baramulla 06/26
dnaindia.com 'Let’s enjoy Iftar': JD(U) slams Pakistan envoy Abdul Basit's reaction to Pampore attack 06/26
dawn.com Eight Indian security men, two militants killed in Kashmir 06/26
telegraphindia.com 8 CRPF men die in attack 06/25
zeenews.india.com Masked men raise Pakistan, ISIS flags in Kashmir; stones pelted at policemen 06/25
voanews.com 8 Killed in Rebel Attack on Police Convoy in Kashmir 06/25
rediff.com 8 CRPF jawans, 2 terrorists killed in encounter in Pampore 06/25
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir: Police busts Hizbul Mujahideen module, arrests three terrorists 06/25
news18.com J&K: Mehbooba Mufti Wins Anantnag Seat by Over 11,000 Votes 06/25
sputniknews.com Kashmir Militants Kill Eight, Injure 20 Indian Police Officers in Ambush 06/25
reuters.com Eight Indian police officials dead, 20 injured in Kashmir militant attack 06/25
telegraphindia.com 8 CRPF men, 2 militants killed in Kashmir encounter 06/25
news18.com 8 CRPF Men Killed, 24 Injured as Terrorists Ambush Bus 06/25
dnaindia.com Pampore: 'Deeply anguised' by the attack, Rajnath Singh 'prays for speedy recovery of injured' 06/25
rediff.com Kashmir: Army guns down 7 terrorists in 24 hours 06/24
news18.com Six Terrorists Killed in an Encounter With Security Forces in Kashmir 06/24
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir: Seven militant killed in Kupwara, IED detected in Srinagar 06/24
zeenews.india.com Our entire defence mechanism is India-specific, says top Pakistani military official 06/23
dailytimes.com.pk ‘Granting India access to NSG will be discriminatory’ 06/23
zeenews.india.com Brave jawans gun down six militants in encounters in Kashmir`s Kupwara - Know gunbattle details 06/23
rediff.com 3 terrorists killed in encounter in Kashmir 06/23
news18.com Top LeT Commander Arrested By J&K Police, Search Operations Continue 06/21
telegraphindia.com Top LeT militant arrested 06/21
zeenews.india.com Gunfight in Kashmir after top LeT commander`s arrest 06/20
timesofindia.indiatimes.com PDP lull in bypoll hints at a Mehbooba storm 06/20
rediff.com 1 militant killed in encounter in Kashmir 06/19
telegraphindia.com Islamabad test for Mehbooba in Anantnag 06/19
news18.com J&K: One Terrorist Killed in Gun Battle With Security Forces 06/19
zeenews.india.com Govt to use technology to secure borders: Rajnath Singh 06/19
dnaindia.com Centre plans to make Amarnath Yatra a grosser for the locals 06/18
dnaindia.com Pakistan, anti-national elements may disrupt Amarnath Yatra: Deputy CM Nirmal Singh 06/18
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir: Militant killed in encounter in Bomai 06/17
news18.com Terrorist killed in Kashmir During Fresh Gunfight 06/17
rediff.com Clashes in Kashmir after security forces kill two terrorists 06/17
rediff.com J & K: 4 militants, 1 soldier killed in ongoing encounter in Kupwara 06/16
punchng.com Soldier, four rebels die in Indian Kashmir gun battle 06/16
foxnews.com 5 suspected rebels, 2 Indian soldiers die in Kashmir clashes 06/16
zeenews.india.com Soldier martyred, four terrorists killed as Army foils infiltration bid along LoC 06/16
stripes.com Bangladesh crackdown: more than 14,000 arrests, yet machete attacks continue 06/16
rferl.org Five Pakistani Rebels, Two Indian Soldiers Killed In Kashmir Clashes 06/16
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir: Army foils infiltration bid in Tangdhar, two militants killed 06/16
news18.com Two Grenade Attacks in Shopian in Kashmir, Two Civilians Hurt 06/15
news18.com One Terrorist Killed, Soldier Succumbs to Injuries in Kashmir Gunbattle 06/15
telegraphindia.com Gunfight 06/15
zeenews.india.com Amarnath Yatra: Intelligence agencies warn of terror strike, MHA assures security 06/14
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Encounter in J&K's Kupwara, soldier injured 06/14
rediff.com Infiltration bid foiled near LoC, 5 soldiers injured; gunfight on 06/14
bbc.co.uk 'Walls of hatred' 06/14
rediff.com Terrorist, woman killed in attack on CRPF camp in Udhampur 06/13
rediff.com Four policemen injured in militant attack in Kulgam 06/12
news18.com Three Policemen Injured in Suspected Terrorist Attack in Kashmir 06/12
zeenews.india.com ISIS wants Kashmir under its caliphate, not Pakistan: NIA chargesheet reveals 06/11
dw.com Al Qaeda's Zawahiri backs new Taliban chief Akhundzada 06/11
dw.com Al Qaeda's Zawahiri backs new Taliban chief Akhundzada 06/11
timesofindia.indiatimes.com IS wants Kashmir under caliphate, not Pakistan 06/10
rediff.com Terrorists using 'calculator' to avoid surveillance by army 06/06
news18.com Army Corners Terrorists in Handwara forests in J&K, Gun Battle on 06/06
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 9 security men killed in last 10 days in J&K 06/06
news18.com Army Launches Operation Against Terrorists in Kashmir 06/05
rediff.com Anantnag attack: Terrorist identified on CCTV is local youth who joined LeT 06/05
news18.com Terrorists Using 'Calculator' to Avoid Surveillance by Army 06/05
rediff.com 2 cops shot dead in second attack within 24 hours in Kashmir 06/04
thehindu.com Militants kill two policemen in Anantnag district 06/04
news18.com Bijbehara Attack an Attempt to Subvert Peace Efforts: J&K CM 06/04
telegraphindia.com Attack in Mehbooba poll run-up 06/04
nzherald.co.nz Kashmir villagers rise up, foil rebel-hunting Indian troops 06/03
foxnews.com Kashmir rebels ambush Indian paramilitary soldiers; 2 killed 06/03
rediff.com Attack on BSF convoy: Mehbooba questions Pak's love for Kashmir 06/03
rediff.com 3 BSF men killed, 4 injured in ambush by terrorists in Kashmir 06/03
zeenews.india.com Indian Army now confirms Hizbul Mujahideen militant Tariq Pandit held 05/28
zeenews.india.com Confusion prevails over surrender of top aide of Hizb-ul-Mujahideen commander in Kashmir 05/28
zeenews.india.com Top aide of Hizb-ul-Mujahideen commander surrenders in Kashmir 05/28
dawn.com Soldier, six ‘militants’ killed in held Kashmir 05/28
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir: Militant hideout busted in Rajouri, arms ammunition seized 05/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Every Pandit in Kashmir faces identity crisis 05/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Soldier kills four heavily-armed terrorists before being martyred 05/27
news18.com Army Jawan Kills 4 Terrorists in J&K Before Attaining Martyrdom 05/27
news18.com Army Guns Down 4 Terrorists at LoC in J&K, 1 Jawan Also Killed 05/27
rediff.com 4 terrorists, soldier killed in Nowgam encounter 05/27
foxnews.com Indian army: 6 rebels, 1 soldier killed in Kashmir fighting 05/27
dnaindia.com Kashmir: Army foils infiltration bid on LoC, kills three militants 05/27
news18.com J&K: Gunbattle Breaks Out Between Security Forces, Terrorists 05/27
telegraphindia.com Gitmo clone plan in Kashmir 05/26
rediff.com Army foils infiltration bid in Kupwara, 2 terrorists killed 05/26
turkishweekly.net Policeman killed in Indian-controlled Kashmir militant attack 05/26
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K braces for 'hot' summer as infiltration surge 05/26
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir: Youth killed by suspected militants in Kupwara district 05/25
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Policeman dies during attack on J&K leader 05/25
zeenews.india.com AFSPA should stay till police trained to contain insurgency: RSS 05/25
rediff.com Terrorists attack NC leader's convoy, kill cop 05/25
telegraphindia.com NIA blames Jaish for J&K strikes 05/25
news18.com RSS Backs AFSPA, Calls Those Opposing It 'Anti-Nationals' 05/25
zeenews.india.com Soldier killed in Kashmir gun battle cremated with full honours 05/24
timesofindia.indiatimes.com AFSPA must continue in northeast, says RSS 05/24
rferl.org Indian Police Say Killed Pakistani Leader Of Kashmir Militant Group 05/24
foxnews.com Indian police say they've killed key Kashmiri rebel leader 05/24
foxnews.com Suspected rebels kill 2 policemen in Indian Kashmir attacks 05/23
dnaindia.com Jammu & Kashmir: Maharashtra jawan lays down life fighting terror in Kupwara 05/23
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir: Top JeM commander among 2 militants killed 05/23