News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

    Comment on this overview
Take Action (learn about relevant NGOs)


Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Ahead of polls, army seizes 18 AK-47 rifles and 5 pistols in J-K 11/23 18 AK-47 Rifles, 5 Pistols Recovered in Keran Ahead of Jammu and Kashmir Polls: Army 11/23 Fate of VDCs a major poll issue in Chenab valley 11/21 US watching Kashmir election process, no major complaints 11/21 3 militants killed in Tral encounter belong to LeT 11/21 Hundreds of Muslim Kashmiris pause to pray for suspected terrorist killed by Indian security services  11/21 Three Militants Killed in Attack on Police Party in Kashmir's Tral 11/20 India displays negative approach by terminating dialogue process: PM : November 20, 2014, 3:55 pm 11/20 Pakistan Will Talk to Kashmir Taliban Now Focus Attacks on Cities SC Removes CBI Director 11/20 Kashmir Council meeting: Struggle of Kashmiris is not terrorism, says PM 11/20 ‘Military operation against militants affected by India’ : November 19, 2014, 4:20 pm 11/19 Ex-Pakistan foreign minister hopes for Nawaz Sharif - Narendra Modi meeting in Nepal 11/19 Ex-Pak foreign minister hopes for Sharif-Modi meeting in Nepal 11/19 Myanmar national's arrest from Hyderabad takes al Qaeda threat to next level 11/18 ISIS trying to recruit people from India, need to ban the militant group: IB writes to MHA 11/18 Settle 10 lakh ex-servicemen in Kashmir Valley: Subramanian Swamy 11/17 Sangh mutes 'status' bluster in poll run-up 11/17 BSF Jawan Opens Fire Outside Omar Abdullah's Residence in Srinagar 11/16 Militants kill brother of slain Sarpanch 11/16 Army recovers two IEDs in Tangdhar 11/16 Aussie Brigadier does 14k push-ups to aid Indian soldier's son 11/16 Jammu and Kashmir What the Machil verdict means 11/16 Swamy finds Chidambaram`s suggestion to dilute AFSPA `idiotic` 11/15 Subramanian Swamy calls Chidambaram's suggestion to dilute AFSPA 'idiotic' 11/15 LeT goes local, Kashmiri recruits on the rise 11/15 Two rebels killed in Kashmir gun battle 11/14 China in PoK drill: BSF 11/14 Two militants civilian killed in Kashmir 11/14 Chinese train Pakistani soldiers along border with India 11/14 Two militants, civilian killed in encounter in Kashmir 11/14 J&K's Machil fake encounter: Army convicts 7 personnel, including commanding officer 11/13 Kashmir killings: Indian soldiers get life in jail for ‘fake encounter’ 11/13 Machil fake encounter: 7 armymen sentenced for life 11/13 Machil Fake Encounter Case: Seven Armymen Sentenced to Life 11/13 For Killing 3 in Kashmir and Branding Them 'Terrorists', 5 Armymen Get Life Term 11/13 Kashmir soldiers jailed for life 11/13 J&K's Machil fake encounter: 5 Armymen get life term for killing 3 youths 11/13 Colonel, major guilty of fake encounter 11/13 India jails soldiers for Kashmir killings 11/13 7 soldiers convicted for killing civilians in Indian-controlled Kashmir 11/13 Seven Indian soldiers get life in jail for Kashmir killings 11/13 Militants target BJP leader home 11/12 Government declares Kamatapur Liberation Organisation a banned terrorist group 11/11 Kashmir killings Army apology has not dampened public anger 11/11 Pakistan militants join ISIL terrorists 11/11 He Talked Like My Older Brother: Ex-Kashmiri Separatist Sajjad Lone on PM Modi 11/10 'No Discussion on Politics,' Says Former Kashmiri Separatist Sajjad Lone After Meeting PM Modi 11/10 'Good Taliban' and 'Bad Taliban.' A new dynamic inside Pakistan? 11/09 Centre to deploy over 51,000 troops for J&K, Jharkhand polls 11/09 Indian army admits mistake in killing 2 boys in Kashmir 11/09 'Good Taliban' and 'Bad Taliban.' New dynamic inside Pakistan? 11/09 India apology over Kashmir deaths 11/08 Girl, soldier killed in Pak firing 11/08 Kashmiri teens were killed by mistake, Indian army admits 11/08 Indian Army Accidentally Kills Two Teenagers in Kashmir 11/08 Indian army admits mistakes in shooting of teenagers in Kashmir 11/08 Indian army admits 'mistake' in killing two teenagers 11/08 Indian army admits killing Kashmir teenagers 11/07 Govt asks Jharkhand, J&K to beef up security for polls 11/07 Army admits firing by 'mistake' on youths 11/07 Maruti Car Skidded and Army Opened Fire, Says Jammu and Kashmir Government 11/06 BJP's azaadi pals 11/06 Tighter security drill for Modi after death threat 11/06 Intelligence input led to confusion firing on Kashmiri youths 11/05 Army must cooperate with police in youth killing probe Amnesty 11/05 Militants attack bunker in Jammu and Kashmir 11/04 Tension in Nowgam After Death of Civilians in Army Firing in Jammu and Kashmir 11/04 Two Injured After Militants Allegedly Fire at Bus in Jammu and Kashmir 11/04 Army orders inquiry into killing of 2 J&K youth 11/04 Pakistani terrorists may carry out attack on Kolkata port in West Bengal, warn intelligence agencies 11/04 Army firing kills two in Kashmir 11/03 KASHMIR-FIRING-GOVT 2 LAST 11/03 2 soldiers killed, 2 injured in militant attack in Kashmir 11/03 Budgam incident 'highly regrettable', fair inquiry to be done : Arun Jaitley 11/03 2 civilians killed, 2 injured in Army firing in Kashmir 11/03 Budgam incident 'highly regrettable': Jaitley 11/03 Car jumps barriers, 2 shot dead 11/03 India-Pakistan Relations: A Destructive Equilibrium 11/02 Hafeez Saeed asks LeT to recruit flood-affected Kashmiri youths 11/02 Lashker-e-Tayiba module busted in Kashmir 11/01 81 militants killed in Kashmir Valley this year 11/01 LeT module busted in Kashmir 11/01 J&K: Srinagar Police busts LeT sleeper cell, 2 terrorists arrested 10/31 China-Afghanistan decide to crackdown on Xinjiang militants 10/30 3 suspected rebels, army officer killed in gunbattle in Indian-held Kashmir 10/29 India & Pakistan 10/29 3 rebels, army officer killed in Indian Kashmir 10/29 Two more guerrillas killed in Kashmir gunfight 10/29 Three Militants Killed in Encounter in J&K's Handwara 10/29 China-Afghanistan decide to crackdown on Xinjiang militants 10/29 Lt Gen Sarath Chand takes over command of Gajraj 4 Corps 10/28 Police to ensure free and fair elections in Jammu: DIG 10/28 Terrorist killed in encounter with security forces in J-K 10/28 Border violations: BJP exploiting situation to win Kashmir elections, says Aziz 10/27 8 LeT militants arrested in Kashmir Valley 10/27 BJP takes on Bilawal Bhutto asks him to focus on burning issues of Pakistan 10/27 LeT recruitment module busted eight held in Kashmir 10/26 India will not be allowed to build bunkers on Working Boundary Sartaj 10/24 Army to procure jammer to thwart radio, cell phone IED attacks 10/24 Fierce gunbattle in Kashmir between security forces and militants 10/24