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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir


As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: 1 terrorist killed in encounter in Kashmir's Kupwara 12/18 Punjab governor, AJK president visit Peshawar : December 19, 2014, 3:45 am 12/18 In Jammu, Stones Hurled at BJP Leader Navjot Singh Sidhu's Cavalcade 12/18 J-K polls: Campaigning for final phase ends in Jammu 12/18 Militant killed in Kashmir gunfight 12/18 26/11 Mumbai terror attack accused Zaki-ur-Rehman-Lakhvi granted bail by anti-terror court in Pakistan 12/18 Encounter between militants, security forces in Kupwara in Jammu and Kashmir; one militant killed 12/18 Kashmir unites to denounce attack 12/17 Encounter Between Militants, Security Forces in Kupwara District of Jammu and Kashmir 12/17 Rebels hit outAt Pak attack 12/17 Security forces encounter militants in J&K 12/17 India condemns Pak school attack,it is "unspeakable brutality" 12/16 Militants changing tactics to sneak into India: Army 12/16 US alerts India of possible terror attack in Delhi, J&K 12/14 Pakistan slams Manohar Parrikar's comments on cross-border terrorism 12/14 US Warns India of Terror Threat Ahead of Obama Visit: Indian Ministry 12/14 More threats expected but ready to counter them: Parrikar 12/13 Pakistan slams Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar 12/13 Indian allegations, provocative statements not conducive to peace: FO 12/13 'Strong response' needed to counter militant attacks: Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar 12/12 The gathering storm 12/12 'Strong response' needed to counter terror attacks: Manohar Parrikar 12/12 Jawans in J and K need better winter clothing: Parrikar 12/12 Kidnapped Sarpanch Killed by Suspected Militants in Sopore 12/12 Jawans in Jammu and Kashmir need better winter clothing: Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar 12/12 Man injured in militant attack dies 12/12 Defence Minister to Review Security Situation in Jammu and Kashmir 12/11 Parrikar reviews security situation in J-K 12/11 Defence Minister Manohar Parikkar reviews security situation in Jammu and Kashmir 12/11 Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar Reviews Security Situation in Jammu and Kashmir 12/11 South Asia faces tranquility - or turmoil 12/11 Will Jobless Jihadis From Afghanistan Turn to India? 12/11 Assembly Elections: Jammu and Kashmir 12/10 Opposition wants Parrikar to stop chilling in Goa 12/10 Defence min to visit J-K tomorrow 12/10 Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar to Review Security Situation in Jammu and Kashmir 12/10 Stop 'Chilling' in Goa, Opposition Tells Defence Minister Parrikar 12/10 Over 21,000 terrorists killed in J&K since 1990 12/10 How social media is denting the army's image in Kashmir 12/09 J&K: Voting peaceful, 44% turnout till afternoon 12/09 PM wishes Sonia Gandhi on birthday 12/09 J & K poll: Valley votes in phase 3 amid tight security 12/09 POLL-4THLD J-K 2 LAST 12/09 Militant hideout smashed, arms recovered 12/09 Shoot or not to shoot? Army's dilemma in Kashmir 12/09 J&K: Uri replies to terrorists with 79% turnout 12/09 58 Per Cent Voter Turnout in 3rd Phase of Jammu and Kashmir Polls 12/09 58% voter turnout in third phase of J&K polls 12/09 Uri voters show no signs of nerves 12/09 Chrar cocks a snook at terror-trigger 12/09 58% turnout in third phase of J&K Assembly polls 12/09 Hafiz Saeed's Twitter Account Suspended 12/08 No hand in Kashmir attacks, says Pakistan 12/08 Tight security for Modi in Kashmir 12/08 India's Modi seeks to woo Kashmiri voters 12/08 Why young army officers in Uri camp are fuming 12/08 Army is fighting a war, and not terrorism, in J & amp;K 12/08 Jammu and Kashmir polls: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah among 144 candidates to vote on December 9 in Phase 3 12/08 India tightens security in Kashmir ahead of Modi speech 12/08 Probe ordered after police guns fail at martyrs cremation 12/08 5 Jailbirds May Be Planning Terror Strikes on Behalf of ISI: Sources 12/08 Fear returns to the Kashmir Valley 12/08 No hand in Kashmir attacks, says defiant Pakistan 12/08 PM pays tribute to Kashmir terror attack martyrs 12/08 Indias PM Visits Kashmir Amid Tight Security 12/08 Pakistan says no hand in Kashmir attacks 12/08 India, Pakistan Must Coordinate Anti-Terrorism Efforts: Russia 12/08 Army officer asks men to `not fall prey` to social media opinions 12/08 Pb govt ignored sacrifice of jawans killed in JK attacks: BJP 12/08 Punjab government ignored sacrifice of jawans killed in Jammu and Kashmir attacks: BJP 12/08 Modi takes political campaign to Kashmir separatist stronghold 12/08 Pakistan rejects India's allegations, rakes up Samjhauta blasts 12/08 Sonia Gandhi not to celebrate birthday in solidarity with J&K, Naxal attacks 12/08 BSF told to intensify vigil along India-Pak border 12/07 Congress 'shadow committees' launch attack on Narendra Modi government on Twitter 12/07 J&K attack: Terrorists belonged to LeT, trained to carry special operations, says Lt Gen ... 12/07 Terror strikes in Kashmir attack on democracy: Modi in Jharkhand 12/07 8-yr-old lights martyred Army officer's pyre 12/07 Cong 'shadow committees' launch attack on Modi govt on Twitter 12/07 MHA asks BSF to intensify vigil along Indo-Pak border 12/07 BSF told to tighten vigil on border with Pakistan 12/07 At Martyr's Funeral, an Outpouring of Grief 12/07 Sankalp cremated in Ranchi 12/07 J & K: Terrorists strike twice ahead of Modi's rally 12/07 Militants lob grenade in J&K, CISF jawan injured 12/07 India must destroy terror infrastructures on Pak soil: Muslim cleric 12/07 Terrorists in Kashmir were like Special Forces army 12/07 Centre has failed to protect security forces personnel: Azam Khan 12/07 Monitoring Kashmir situation on hourly basis says Parrikar 12/07 Militants lob grenade at polling booth, CISF jawan injured 12/07 PM to visit army cantonment to pay tributes to martyrs 12/07 J-K polls: Campaigning for 3rd phase ends 12/07 Centre has failed to protect security forces personnel, alleges Samajwadi Party leader Azam Khan 12/07 Army blames Lashkar for terror in Kashmir 12/07 Jammu and Kashmir polls: Campaigning for 3rd phase ends 12/07 Terrorists Unnerved by High Voter Turnout in Jammu and Kashmir: Manohar Parrikar 12/07 There will be counter-measures Parrikar on Kashmir terror 12/07 CISF Jawan Injured in Grenade Attack at Poll-Bound Pulwama in Jammu and Kashmir 12/07 Nobody Talks About Their Sacrifice, Say Families of Policemen Killed in Jammu and Kashmir Attacks 12/07 Campaigning for Third Phase of Jammu and Kashmir Polls Ends 12/07