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India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
news18.com Burhan Wani's Encounter Was an Accident: J&K Deputy CM 07/30
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Wani killing: Omar slams Nirmal's 'accident' remark 07/30
rediff.com Infiltration bid foiled in Kupwara, 2 terrorists, 2 soldiers killed 07/30
dnaindia.com Indian Army foils infiltration bid in Kupwara; 2 militants, 2 soldiers killed 07/30
dnaindia.com PM Modi must begin campaign to free PoK: Baba Ramdev 07/30
telegraphindia.com Infiltration bid at Kupwara foiled, 2 militants, 2 soldiers killed 07/30
dnaindia.com 'Clueless' Mehbooba Mufti's ignorance over Burhan Wani led to Kashmir unrest: Congress 07/30
telegraphindia.com Curfew mostly lifted in Kashmir, but strike shuts down daily routine 07/30
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Wani's presence wasn't know: J&K deputy CM 07/30
timesofindia.indiatimes.com SC seeks report on 'ground realities' in J&K 07/29
dnaindia.com Mehbooba must clarify why she wanted to give Burhan Wani a 'chance', says Congress 07/29
dawn.com Indian minister to attend Saarc moot in Islamabad 07/29
rediff.com Kashmir: Protestors defy curfew, clash with security forces 07/29
dnaindia.com Not appropriate to judge Mehbooba Mufti's remark on Burhan Wani: Jitendra Singh 07/29
app.com.pk Indian police arrest Syed Ali Gilani in Srinagar 07/29
thehindu.com Rajnath discusses Kashmir situation with Mehbooba 07/29
upi.com Kashmir activist campaign shows Facebook CEO Zuckerberg shot in face 07/29
tribune.com.pk Kashmir, and the inheritance of loss 07/28
rediff.com If forces knew it's Burhan, they would've given him a chance: Mehbooba 07/28
zeenews.india.com Pakistan's Hafiz Saeed managed the ISIS attack in Kabul that killed 80 people? 07/28
telegraphindia.com CM rues lost 'chance' 07/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Rajnath to raise Pak's support to terror at SAARC 07/28
zeenews.india.com Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh to visit Pakistan in August for SAARC meet 07/28
rediff.com 'Pakistan will seek turmoil and violence in Kashmir' 07/28
zeenews.india.com Hafiz Saeed leaves Pakistan fuming, claims protests in Kashmir were fuelled by LeT 07/28
zeenews.india.com Terrorist captured in J&K`s Kupwara district is Pakistani national from Lahore: Report 07/27
dnaindia.com Kashmir: 2,309 civilians and 3,550 security personnel injured so far in 2016 07/27
tribune.com.pk The words that amplify animosity over Kashmir dispute 07/27
rediff.com Curfew imposed in Kashmir again, day after it was revoked 07/27
dnaindia.com Kashmir unrest: Mobile Internet services restored in Jammu 07/26
rediff.com Expert team formed to explore alternatives to pellet guns 07/26
dailytimes.com.pk Indian forces kill four Kashmiris in Kupwara, death toll reaches 64 07/26
rediff.com Kashmir breathes easy after 17 days as curfew ends 07/26
zeenews.india.com Kashmir unrest: 7-member committee to explore alternatives to pellet guns 07/26
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Cong asks Chidambaram to stick to party line on J&K 07/26
dw.com Graphic campaign puts violence in Kashmir in social media fore 07/26
tribune.com.pk Back on Facebook: Hamza Ali Abbasi calls Modi government ‘Zionist terrorist’ 07/26
telegraphindia.com 1 militant captured, 4 killed in Kupwara 07/26
rediff.com 54 Islamic State supporters arrested so far in country: Centre 07/26
telegraphindia.com Curfew off, but Valley simmers 07/26
telegraphindia.com Army firm on AFSPA in disturbed areas 07/26
dnaindia.com Pakistan needles India again; seeks independent probe into Burhan Wani's killing 07/26
dnaindia.com 10 things you should know about the Kargil War 07/26
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Kargil war: How it all unfolded 07/26
csmonitor.com Why Indian activist Irom Sharmila is ending her 16-year hunger strike 07/26
rediff.com 4 ways to tackle Islamic State's terror 07/25
dawn.com Forces in held Kashmir urged not to use pellet guns against protesters 07/25
news18.com India Declares Pak 'No School-Going' Mission, Asks Staff Kids to Return 07/25
zeenews.india.com Don`t derail ties with India with controversial statements on Kashmir, Pak daily urges Islamabad 07/25
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Sorry for pellet injuries, but can't help: CRPF 07/25
zeenews.india.com Violence in J&K, North East affecting `local` tourism: Mahesh Sharma 07/25
zeenews.india.com Kashmir unrest over Burhan Wani`s killing: Curfew lifted from these four districts - FULL DETAILS 07/24
dnaindia.com dna Morning Must Reads: Sushma Swaraj hits back at Pak; ISIS behind Kabul blasts; missing IAF AN- 32 plane; and more 07/24
rediff.com Kashmir unrest: Uneasy calm in Valley as curfew continues in 5 districts 07/24
aaj.tv India irked by Nawaz’s remarks on Kashmir 07/24
zeenews.india.com What a strong statement! Sushma Swaraj blasts Nawaz Sharif for delusional, dangerous Kashmir dream: READ top quotes 07/24
dnaindia.com #Kashmir remark: Congress backs Sushma Swaraj for criticising Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif 07/24
dawn.com Kashmir will never be part of Pakistan, says Swaraj 07/24
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Don’t use pellet guns, Rajnath Singh tells security forces on Kashmir visit 07/24
reuters.com India urges security forces to exercise restraint in Kashmir 07/24
dawn.com Two more killed in held Kashmir 07/23
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Soldier killed as Army foils infiltration bid 07/23
zeenews.india.com Rajnath Singh to visit violence-hit Kashmir today 07/23
tribune.com.pk Burhan-inspired posters surface in Kashmir 07/23
news18.com Kashmir Dream Won't Be Fulfilled: Sushma Swaraj Tells Pakistan 07/23
news18.com Demands for J&K should be under Constitutional Framework: BJP 07/23
dnaindia.com Pak PM Nawaz Sharif's effigy burnt in Punjab 07/23
dnaindia.com Kashmir will not become part of Pakistan 'even at the end of eternity': Sushma Swaraj to Nawaz Sharif 07/23
rediff.com All of Kashmir belongs to India: Sushma's strong message to Pak PM 07/23
dailytimes.com.pk Sushma reacts on Nawaz’s victory speech in Kashmir 07/23
dnaindia.com ‘Kashmir will never be part of Pakistan’: Full text of Sushma Swaraj’s stinging reply to Nawaz Sharif 07/23
zeenews.india.com Sushma Swaraj lashes out at Nawaz Sharif, says Pakistan will never succeed in making Kashmir a `terror hell` 07/23
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Kashmir unrest: Cong decides not to meet Rajnath 07/23
telegraphindia.com Sushma slams Pakistan 07/23
tribune.com.pk Kashmir Pakistan’s pipe dream: Sushma 07/23
rediff.com Kashmir unrest: Youth succumbs to injuries, death toll rises to 44 07/22
dawn.com Stop inciting violence, India tells Pakistan 07/22
dnaindia.com Kashmiri passenger allegedly beaten up on train for supporting 'Azadi movement' 07/22
news18.com Youth Succumbs to Injuries, Toll in Kashmir Rises to 44 07/22
zeenews.india.com Accept Syed Ali Shah Geelani`s 4-point Kashmir solution or face war: Hafiz Saeed warns India​ 07/22
dnaindia.com Kashmir unrest: 'We would ensure that there is peace and development,' says BJP 07/22
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Rajnath not to engage with separatists on J&K visit 07/22
telegraphindia.com SC to hear plea for governor's rule in J&K 07/22
telegraphindia.com Firing death blow to Valley peace push 07/22
telegraphindia.com Court raps TV 'hysteria' on Kashmir 07/22
zeenews.india.com Waiting for the day Kashmir becomes part of Pakistan: Nawaz Sharif 07/22
zeenews.india.com Petition in Pak court seeks registration of FIR against PM Modi 07/22
rediff.com 45 dead in 14 days: Curfew continues to paralyse Kashmir 07/22
dnaindia.com Jammu and Kashmir: Focus shifts on the all parties meeting to break the unrest logjam 07/21
rediff.com Kashmir: Not reachable! 07/21
dw.com How free is the Pakistan-administered Kashmir? 07/21
rediff.com Terrorism in India is sponsored by Pak: Rajnath on Kashmir trouble 07/21
news18.com Rajnath Announces Panel to Look Into Alternatives to Pellet Guns 07/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com 'Black Day' exposes Pak's longing for the territory of J&K: India 07/21
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Pak's longing for territory of J&K exposed: India 07/21
dw.com How free is the Pakistan-administered Kashmir? 07/21
zeenews.india.com India warns Islamabad, says Pakistan must vacate its illegal occupation of PoK 07/21
rediff.com Vacate PoK: India lashes out at Pak over Kashmir issue 07/21
news18.com India Asks Pakistan to Stop Misleading Kashmiris and Vacate POK 07/21
telegraphindia.com Govt reviewing pellet guns, Rajnath says & blames Pak for Kashmir trouble 07/21