News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide
mobile

India - Kashmir

Pakistan - India conflict over Kashmir

Summary

As British rule came to an end in 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the predominantly Muslim states of Jammu and Kashmir, faced the choice of whether to join with India or Pakistan. After Pakistani soldiers invaded, he signed the Instrument of Accession with India. A UN-imposed ceasefire in 1948 called for troop withdrawals and elections to determine Kashmir's future, neither of which happened.

1965 and 1971 saw two more Indo-Pakistani wars, the latter resulting in the creation of the new state of Bangladesh out of eastern Pakistan.

The current insurgency arose in 1989, and its source is in dispute. Pakistan claims it is an uprising of local freedom fighters against Indian rule, while India claims that Pakistan arms and organizes the militants.

The Kashmir region has been subjected to human rights abuses from both Indian and militant forces throughout its history of turmoil. A series of protests, known as the 2010 Kashmir Unrest, demanded demilitarization of Jammu and Kashmir in reaction to human rights violations by Indian soldiers. Over 100 protestors were killed by police forces.

    Comment on this overview
 
Take Action (learn about relevant NGOs)

Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 72.9 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 300,000 IDPs very approx.
WFP Hunger Map: 21 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
bombaynews.net Mehbooba Mufti holds Farooq Abdullah responsible for sarpanchs murder in Kashmir 04/18
greaterkashmir.com Clashes in Palhallan, Bla 04/18
bombaynews.net Guerrillas kill sarpanch in Kashmir 04/18
rediff.com Sarpanch shot dead by militants in Kashmir 04/18
bombaynews.net Militants kill sarpanch after kidnapping him in Kashmir 04/18
greaterkashmir.com 800 militants killed during Omar’s rule: Er Rashid 04/17
greaterkashmir.com Shabir Shah condemns Mushtaq’s detention 04/16
ndtv.com Militant hideout busted in Kashmir 04/16
bombaynews.net Former JampK militants Pakistani wives hold protest 04/15
bombaynews.net Wont tolerate Chinese incursion or Pakistani infiltration Rajnath 04/15
greaterkashmir.com DGP says no militants from third country operate in JK 04/15
greaterkashmir.com Separatists sympathise with Ahmad Nagar families 04/15
bombaynews.net Two Pakistani militants killed in Soura Srinagar 04/14
dawn.com Two militants, 2 policemen killed in Kashmir 04/14
turkishpress.com Attack in Indian-held Kashmir leaves four dead 04/14
bombaynews.net Police tighten security in Kashmir to ensure peaceful general election 04/14
greaterkashmir.com 3 villages at loggerheads—all for bodies of militants 04/14
greaterkashmir.com Khrew, Pampore shut over killing of militants 04/14
greaterkashmir.com PDP no different from NC, says Hurriyat (G) 04/14
dawn.com Two killed in Srinagar clash 04/14
telegraphindia.com 20-hour gunfight 04/14
bombaynews.net Two militants killed in Kashmir gun battle 04/14
turkishpress.com Two militants killed in Indian-held Kashmir after an overnight gun battle 04/14
telegraphindia.com Militants kill cops in Valley 04/13
ndtv.com Militant attack on National Conference leader's house in Pulwama; 2 cops killed 04/13
rediff.com J-K: Two policemen killed as militants attack NC leader's house 04/13
bombaynews.net Militants kill two policemen in Pulwama district of Kashmir 04/13
ndtv.com Two suspected terrorists holed up in house near Srinagar 04/13
ndtv.com Two terrorists holed up in house near Srinagar, heavy firing on 04/13
bombaynews.net Militants kill two policemen in Kashmir 04/13
dailytimes.com.pk Four killed in attack on house of pro-India politician in IHK : April 14, 2014, 2:54 am 04/13
greaterkashmir.com Militants fled after firing at police naka 04/12
greaterkashmir.com 18 Kashmiris detained at Nepal border 04/12
zeenews.india.com 18 persons from PoK detained at Nepal border 04/12
greaterkashmir.com Army Chief arrives on 2-day visit to JK 04/11
bombaynews.net Army chief on two-day Kashmir visit 04/11
greaterkashmir.com NC will be no more after elections: Beigh 04/10
turkishpress.com Indian officers killed in 16-hour Kashmir firefight 04/09
dawn.com Five die in Kashmir clash ahead of polls 04/09
greaterkashmir.com Salahudin pays tributes to Maqbool Illahi 04/09
timesofindia.indiatimes.com J&K encounter: 3 security personnel, 2 terrorists killed 04/08
rediff.com JCO, two militants killed in encounter in Kupwara 04/08
tribune.com.pk Indian elections: Second leg of polls kicks off today 04/08
bombaynews.net Two guerrillas one army officer killed in Kashmir 04/08
bombaynews.net Two guerrillas one armyman killed in Kashmir gunfight 04/08
bombaynews.net Two guerrillas three security personnel killed in Kashmir gunfight 04/08
voanews.com Deadly Gunbattle Erupts in Indian-Kashmir 04/08
nzherald.co.nz Kashmir gunbattle kills 2 rebels, 3 Indian troops 04/08
bombaynews.net Major dies in accident during operation in Kashmir 04/07
bombaynews.net Two policemen injured in Kashmir gunfight 04/07
ndtv.com Army officer, two cops killed in encounter in J&K's Kupwara 04/07
ndtv.com Army officer, cop killed in fierce encounter in J&K's Kupwara 04/07
ibnlive.in.com J&K: Encounter in Kupwara, one policeman, terrorist dead 04/07
bombaynews.net Army police bust militant hideout in Kashmir 04/06
greaterkashmir.com 3 youth arrested in Soibug, 2 missing in Pulwama 04/04
jamestown.org Indian Investigations Reveal Funding System for Promoting Jihad in Kashmir 04/04
app.com.pk 8484 persons died in terror attacks during 2010-2013 04/04
telegraphindia.com Terror threat in letter to Welham 04/02
bombaynews.net People in Kashmir stage demonstration against Pakistan 04/01
greaterkashmir.com Combing operation launched in Kathua 04/01
greaterkashmir.com Several youth detained 04/01
greaterkashmir.com Never ‘yes’ to solution 03/31
greaterkashmir.com 22 years on, no trace of missing Budgam youth 03/31
bombaynews.net NC PDP criticize differences between Bhullar Afzal Guru cases 03/31
greaterkashmir.com NC undermined Kashmir’s autonomy: Sajad Lone 03/30
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Welham girls' school receives threat letter from IM vowing to 'avenge Muzaffarnagar' 03/30
zeenews.india.com Muslims for Modi and Modi for Muslims: Farooq Khan 03/29
greaterkashmir.com Court allows Army to file objections 03/29
bombaynews.net CPI condemns terror attack in Kathua 03/28
bbc.co.uk Kashmir 'militants' attack army camp 03/28
bombaynews.net Defence experts predict increase in militant attacks in Kashmir 03/28
timesofindia.indiatimes.com Terror attack in Kathua in J&K, 1 killed, 3 hurt 03/28
bombaynews.net Two guerrillas one civilian killed in Jammu terror attack 03/28
rediff.com J & K: Terrorists in Army uniform hijack car, kill one 03/28
dnaindia.com Jammu & Kashmir terror attack: 2 terrorists killed, say unconfirmed reports 03/28
bombaynews.net Militants in fatigues attack army camp in Kashmir shot dead 03/28
zeenews.india.com Congress dubs Modi as traitor, after he calls Antony a Pak agent 03/27
ndtv.com Terror attack in Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir; 1 killed, 3 injured 03/27
ndtv.com Militants strike terror in Jammu and Kashmir, hijack car, attack Army camp in Kathua 03/27
ibnlive.in.com Jammu: Two terrorists killed in encounter after twin terror attacks 03/27
zeenews.india.com Narendra Modi begins `Bharat Vijay` mission with `3 AKs` attack 03/26
zeenews.india.com Arvind Kejriwal slams Narendra Modi for calling him AK-49 03/26
zeenews.india.com Kejriwal slams Modi for calling him AK-49, using foul language 03/26
greaterkashmir.com Shutdown, protests in Tral against ‘excesses by forces’ 03/26
greaterkashmir.com Hizb, Hurriyat leaders mourn demise 03/26
telegraphindia.com Barb makes Arvind a big shot 03/26
zeenews.india.com Arun Jaitley commends security agencies for arresting IM terrorists 03/24
ibnlive.in.com IM operative Waqas tells how he became a terrorist, planned for blasts 03/24
greaterkashmir.com Victim families resolve to fight for justice 03/24
greaterkashmir.com Militants fire on Army patrol in Tral 03/24
ibnlive.in.com Delhi Police arrests 4 IM terrorists planning terror attack during LS polls 03/23
greaterkashmir.com Security tightened across Jammu ahead of Modi rally 03/23
ibnlive.in.com Delhi Police arrests 4 IM terrorists in Rajasthan 03/23
bombaynews.net President confers gallantry awards 03/23
zeenews.india.com Three officers honoured with Kirti Chakra 03/22
bombaynews.net Security tightened in Kashmirs border areas before elections 03/21
zeenews.india.com 2005 blasts: Two associates of LeT militant jailed for 5 yrs 03/21
bombaynews.net Modi rakes up soldiers beheading issue says Congress is answerable to people 03/20
greaterkashmir.com ‘HM disowns old man's killing' 03/17
telegraphindia.com More killed by beasts than militants in JandK 03/17