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Turkey - PKK

Kurdish Separatist group active in Turkey. Also known as the KGK.


Kurdistan is a term used to describe areas traditionally inhabited by members of the Kurdish ethnic group in eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, and northern Syria. The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), now known as the People's Congress of Kurdistan or Kongra-Gel (KGK) was formed on November 27, 1978, with the stated goals of claiming rights for the Kurdish minority and independence from Turkey. The group began an armed insurgency in 1984. It is considered a terrorist organization by the US Department of State.

In 1999, when its leader Abdullah Ocalan was captured, the PKK said it would proceed with peaceful tactics. In 2004, the group declared an end to the ceasefire.

Recently, Iran has been conducting military operations against the Iranian wing of the PKK, the PJAK. Syria, however, has been accused of harboring and supporting PKK members, which may be linked to deteriorated relations between the two countries following Turkey's criticism of Syria's response to internal dissent.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 75.4 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
WFP Hunger Map: 2 % undernourished
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,200,000 IDPs
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Erdogan criticizes Swiss government over PKK rally 03/27 41 PKK terrorists killed in Turkey, northern Iraq 03/27 Ankara Calls Use of Banner Urging for Erdogan's Murder in Bern 'Unacceptable' 03/27 Turkey summons Swiss envoy over anti-Erdogan protest in Bern - Anadolu 03/25 Kurdish Artist Gets Three Years in Jail for Painting Turkish Forces' Destruction 03/25 Turkey Kills 6 PKK Militants in Northern Iraq 03/25 The race to Raqqa could cost Trump Turkey 03/25 Soldier martyred in PKK attack in southeast Turkey 03/23 Turkey Refuses to Work Alongside PKK, PYD in Raqqa Liberation - Deputy PM 03/23 One Turkish soldier killed, four wounded in clashes with Kurdish militants - army 03/23 Russia Deals Major Blow to Turkey's Syria Policy 03/23 Turkey Expects Russia to Close Syrian Kurds' Office in Moscow - Foreign Ministry 03/23 Battling IS, Kurdish Fighters Court Russia And US to Forge New Future 03/22 Russia Deals Major Blow to Turkey's Syria Policy 03/22 Amid tensions, Kurds celebrate spring festival in Turkey 03/21 Russia 'to train US-allied Kurds in Syria' 03/21 Kurdish Activists Arrested in Turkey Ahead of Nowruz Celebrations 03/20 Anger and frustration in Kurdish southeast to shape Turkey's referendum 03/20 Russia strikes deal with Syrian Kurds to set up base 03/20 Turkey 'Hears Footsteps of Fascism' Reviving in Germany – Deputy Prime Minister 03/20 Human Rights Watch Calls on Syrian Kurds and KRG to Release Political Prisoners 03/19 Turkey condemns Germany allowing terrorist PKK rally 03/19 Turkey's Erdogan decries Merkel over 'Nazi measures' as row thunders on 03/19 Displacement and insecurity in Diyarbakir 03/19 Turkey summons German envoy over Kurdish rally in Frankfurt 03/19 Ankara denounces pro-Kurdish demonstration in Germany 03/19 Turkey Threatens Another Rally In Germany, Escalating Tensions Further 03/19 Turkey summons German ambassador over Frankfurt PKK rally 'scandal' 03/19 Turkey Condemns PKK Rally in Germany 03/19 Kurds rally in Frankfurt for 'democracy in Turkey' 03/18 Thousands of Kurds protest against Turkey's Erdogan in Frankfurt 03/18 Turkey detains 740 suspects in operations against Kurdish militants - Anadolu 03/18 Kurdish supporters in Frankfurt protest against Erdogan 03/18 Thousands of Kurds Protest Against Erdogan in Germany 03/18 Kurdish supporters hold new year rally in Frankfurt 03/18 Germany Turkey: 30,000 Kurds in Frankfurt anti-Erdogan protest 03/18 Thousands of Kurds protest Turkey in Frankfurt 03/18 German media 'only marginally competent' in Turkey reporting 03/18 Thousands of Kurds protest Erdogan, Turkish referendum in Germany’s Frankfurt (PHOTOS, VIDEO) 03/18 Iraqi Kurdistan's President Urges PKK to Leave City of Sinjar 03/17 ‘Frau Hitler’: Turkish newspaper depicts Merkel as infamous Nazi dictator 03/17 Turkey Launches Anti-PKK Operation in Country's Eastern Tunceli Province 03/17 Merkel says does not intend to trade provocations with Turkey 03/16 Kurdish Internal Disputes Escalate Across Syria and Iraq 03/16 Explosion hits security convoy in southeast Turkey 03/15 The West's obsession with ISIS has not helped Syria 03/15 The US must heed Turkish concerns in Syria 03/15 Explosion on Highway Kills 2 Soldiers in Southeast Turkey 03/15 Two Turkish soldiers killed in southeast after Kurdish militants detonate mine: DHA 03/15 Two Turkish soldiers killed in southeast after Kurdish militants detonate mine - DHA 03/15 Kurdistan Worker’s Party Establishes Military Base Near Iraq’s Refugee Camp 03/15 Clashes Between Rival Iraqi Kurds Fuel Fears of Proxy War 03/14 Five Kurdish Militants Killed Fighting ISIS in Northern Syria 03/14 Turkish PM warns Europe against meddling in affairs 03/12 Turkey Eliminates Four PKK Militants in Country's Southeast 03/11 Turkish military says 71 Kurdish militants killed in Syria in last week 03/10 Turkey-PKK conflict 'has killed 2,000' since truce collapsed - UN 03/10 Germany bans over 30 Kurdish symbols, incl. flag of US-backed Syrian militia fighting ISIS – report 03/10 Turkey seeks to build Syrian military cooperation with Russia 03/10 UN Accuses Turkey of 'Serious' Abuses in Kurdish Region 03/10 UN report: Turkey guilty of 'serious' abuses in Kurdish region 03/10 Turkish Forces Eliminated 90 PKK, PYD Militants in Turkey, Syria Over 7 Days 03/10 Turkey Eliminates 19 PKK Militants Including Senior Commander 03/09 Turkey Wants Trump To Change Obama's Policies On Syria And A Failed 2016 Coup 03/09 Syria says Turkey shelled its forces, causing deaths 03/09 Turkey neutralizes 19 terrorists in its south-eastern provinces 03/09 Turkey warns US on Raqqah push with Kurdish help 03/09 Turkey ‘significantly’ stepping up spying in Germany – Berlin 03/08 Turkey: 10 PKK terrorists killed in anti-terror ops 03/08 Trump administration considers deploying up to 1,000 'reserve' troops for Islamic State fight 03/08 Turkey Detains US Consulate Employee Over Alleged Links to PKK for 2nd Time 03/07 Armed Forces Chiefs Meet in Turkey Over Syrian Kurdish Tensions 03/07 Syrian government forces take over positions from U.S.-backed militia in northern Syria: militia spokesman 03/06 Blog: Turkey Crackdown Chronicle: Week of March 5 03/06 Massive Security Operation Launched in Turkey's South-east 03/06 UN Says 66,000 Displaced in 5 Months in North Syria Fighting 03/05 Erdogan slams German towns for ‘aiding and abetting terror’ after Turkish rallies axed 03/04 Turkey’s Erdogan says arrested journalist is ‘German spy’ 03/04 Turkey's Erdogan says arrested journalist is 'German spy' 03/03 Erdogan says Yucel was a PKK plant with German support 03/03 Iraqi Kurds, PKK Fight Proxy Battle in North Iraq 03/03 Yazidis Flee Fighting Between Rival Kurdish Factions 03/03 Erdogan says Yucel was a PKK plant with German support 03/03 Erdogan says German journalist held in Turkey was agent and PKK member 03/03 Yezidis Call on Kurdish Parties to Fight ISIS, Not Each Other 03/03 Turkey Asks US to Force Kurd Fighters to Quit Syrian Town 03/03 Turkey-backed Kurds clash with PKK branch in N Iraq 03/03 'Turkey will hit PKK/PYD in Manbij unless it retreats' 03/03 Rival Kurdish groups clash in Iraq's Sinjar region 03/03 Intra-Kurdish clashes break out in Iraq's Sinjar region: security sources 03/03 US-allied militia agrees to hand villages to Syrian govt 03/02 Turkey asks US to force Kurd fighters to quit Syrian town 03/02 Turkey tells Kurds to leave Syria's Manbij or face attack 03/02 Turkey, Syrian rebels attack U.S.-backed militia : militia official 03/01 Turkish Forces Destroy 16 PKK Targets in Northern Iraq 03/01 Syrian Army Advance Opens New Link to Kurdish Areas 02/28 Turkey arrests German paper's reporter 02/28 Turkish Forces Kill Three PKK Militants in Mardin Province 02/28 Developments in North Syria Likely to Gain Steam as Pentagon Plays Its Cards 02/28 Turkey Strikes PKK Targets in Northern Iraq 02/28