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Turkey - PKK

Kurdish Separatist group active in Turkey. Also known as the KGK.


Kurdistan is a term used to describe areas traditionally inhabited by members of the Kurdish ethnic group in eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, and northern Syria. The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), now known as the People's Congress of Kurdistan or Kongra-Gel (KGK) was formed on November 27, 1978, with the stated goals of claiming rights for the Kurdish minority and independence from Turkey. The group began an armed insurgency in 1984. It is considered a terrorist organization by the US Department of State.

In 1999, when its leader Abdullah Ocalan was captured, the PKK said it would proceed with peaceful tactics. In 2004, the group declared an end to the ceasefire.

Recently, Iran has been conducting military operations against the Iranian wing of the PKK, the PJAK. Syria, however, has been accused of harboring and supporting PKK members, which may be linked to deteriorated relations between the two countries following Turkey's criticism of Syria's response to internal dissent.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 75.4 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
WFP Hunger Map: 2 % undernourished
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,200,000 IDPs
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Turkish military says kills 14 Kurdish militants in northern Iraq 04/29 Turkey 'wants empathy' 04/28 Turkey's Diyarbakir struggles to rebuild 04/28 US 'Deep Concern' Not a 'Fitting' Vague Reaction to Turkish Air Strikes on Kurds 04/27 Puppet on Trump's String? 'Washington Will Determine Erdogan's Syria Policy' 04/27 Iraqi Parliament to Launch Investigation Into Turkish Airstrikes 04/27 Military Branch of PKK Claims Responsibility for Killing Twelve Turkish Troops 04/27 Mortar fire from Syrian government area hits Turkish military outpost - army 04/26 City Hall holds low-cost apartment creative economy exhibition 04/26 Turkish jets kill senior PKK member in northern Iraq 04/26 Erdogan shuns West with strikes and mass detentions 04/26 Ankara notified US ‘weeks’ before airstrikes on Kurdish-held areas in Syria & Iraq – Turkish FM 04/26 Erdogan shuns West with strikes on US allies and mass detentions 04/26 Erdogan shuns West with strikes on US allies and mass detentions 04/26 Euphrates Shield 2.0? 'Turkey May Launch a Ground Operation in Iraq's Sinjar' 04/26 Turkish warplanes kill six Kurdish militants in northern Iraq: army 04/26 Turkish Airstrikes Kill Six PKK Militants in Northern Iraq - General Staff 04/26 Turkey Hits Back at PACE Over Human Rights, Rule of Law Claims 04/26 Turkish Military Says it Struck PKK Targets in Iraq, Syria 04/25 Turkish warplanes strike Kurdish PKK targets in Iraq 04/25 Turkish military says struck PKK targets in Iraq's Sinjar, northeastern Syria 04/25 At least 18 Kurdish YPG members killed in Turkish air strikes in Syria - monitor 04/25 Turkish Military Confirms Airstrikes Against Kurdish YPG in Northern Syria, Iraq 04/25 Turkey carries out air strikes on 'Kurdish rebel positions' in Iraq, Syria 04/25 Turkey bombs Kurdish-held areas in Iraq & Syria, says ‘terrorists’ targeted 04/25 Ankara 'Couldn't Have Struck Kurdish Positions Without US Coalition's Approval' 04/25 Turkish raids target Kurdish groups in Iraq and Syria 04/25 Turkish Military Strikes Suspected PKK Targets In Iraq, Syria 04/25 Turkey carries out air strikes on 'Kurdish rebel positions' in Iraq, Syria 04/25 Turkey Cannot Fight PKK at Expense of Counter-Daesh Fight - US State Dept. 04/25 U.S. 'Concerned' About Turkish Strikes On Kurdish Allies In Iraq, Syria 04/25 Turkish Strike Leaves Syrian Kurdish Fighters Fuming 04/25 Turkish military says struck PKK targets in Iraq's Sinjar, northeastern Syria 04/25 Turkey hits Kurdish areas in Iraq's Sinjar, northeast Syria 04/25 Iraq: Turkish air-strikes heighten contradictions 04/25 US expresses 'deep concern' over Turkish raids that killed Kurdish fighters in Syria, Iraq 04/25 Turkish Warplanes Hit Kurdish Targets on Iraqi-Syrian Frontier 04/25 US Military Staff Visits Syrian Site Bombed by Turkey 04/25 Ankara to continue military operations in Iraq, Syria: Turkish president 04/25 6 Iraqi Peshmerga forces killed as Turkey resumes anti-PKK bombing campaign 04/25 Kurds denounce deadly Turkish air raid in northern Iraq 04/25 Baghdad censures Turkey air raid in northern Iraq 04/25 Turkish airstrikes kill US-backed Kurdish forces battling ISIS 04/25 Syrian Kurds Urge UNSC to React to Turkish Airstrikes Against YPG in Syria 04/25 Turkey's military says killed 70 militants in Iraq's Sinjar, northern Syria 04/25 Turkish warplanes strike Kurds in Iraq and Syria 04/25 Turkey air strikes kill Kurdish fighters in Syria and Iraq 04/25 Turkey says it bombed Kurdish terrorists in Syria and Iraq but US Kurdish allies say they were hit 04/25 PKK Armed Wing Attacks Turkish Soldiers on Iraqi Border 04/24 13 PKK terrorists killed in southeast Turkey operations 04/23 Turkish Security Forces Kill 13 PKK Fighters in Country’s Southeast in 2 Days 04/22 Turkey Hits PKK Targets in Northern Iraq 04/22 Two Turkish soldiers killed in clash with Kurdish militants - army 04/21 Hawks fear anarchist haven in Syria 04/21 With Your Shield or On It: Iraq Says It Won't Allow Turkish Invasion 04/20 Erdogan: Obama deceived us over PKK 04/19 ‘Controversial & unfair’: Turkish opposition files appeal for referendum annulment 04/19 Trump promised Turkey's Erdogan close cooperation on Syria, Iraq, PKK: Turkish sources 04/18 PKK Fighters Attack Ruling Party’s Campaign Bus in Eastern Turkey's Van Province 04/16 Iran's Syrian Gambit 04/16 Kurdish militants kill guard in attack on Turkish politician 04/16 Turkish PM Declares 'Yes' Vote Victory in Referendum as 99% of Votes Counted 04/16 Turks vote on new powers for Erdogan 04/16 Polls Show Tight Vote Expected in Turkey’s Controversial Referendum 04/15 Kurdish Militant Attack Kills Two in Turkey's Southeast 04/15 PKK terrorists killed in southeast Turkey 04/14 Readout of Secretary Mattis' Bilateral Meeting with Turkish Minister of Defense Fikri Işık 04/14 Kurdish Militants Claim Responsibility for Turkey Tunnel Attack 04/13 Turkey detains 412 suspected Kurdish militants 04/13 How Kurds Could Tilt Turkey's Referendum 04/13 Turkey: Kurdish rebels claim attack at police station 04/12 Kurdish militants claim responsibility for Turkey tunnel attack 04/12 PKK claims deadly attack in Diyarbakir ahead of Turkey vote 04/12 PKK Claims Responsibility for Terror Attack in Turkey's Diyarbakir 04/12 German reporter Yucel marries in Turkish jail 04/12 Explosion near police HQ in Turkey’s Diyarbakir: AFP 04/11 'Accidental' Blast Wounds Four At Turkish Police Compound 04/11 Over 10,000 PKK Fighters Neutralized in Turkey Since July 2015 04/10 Turkey Detains 14 Over Suspected Links to PKK and 'Terrorist Propaganda' 04/09 Baghdad to Oppose Any Turkey's Combat Operations on Iraqi Territory - Government 04/08 High Stakes: Turkey's Raqqa Operation Depends on This Key Event 04/08 Turkish PM Says PKK Militants to 'Pay Price' for Damage in Southeast Turkey 04/08 Turkish PM Says PKK Militants to 'Pay Price' for Damage in Southeast Turkey 04/07 Turkey Plans New Operations Against PKK in Northern Iraq 04/07 Baghdad to Oppose Any Turkey's Combat Operations on Iraqi Territory - Government 04/07 Turkey's Erdogan courts nationalists, Kurds alike with hard line on PKK 04/07 Turkish warplanes strike Kurdish militants, eight killed: governor 04/06 Erdogan Threatens New Military Incursions Targeting PKK 04/06 Former Bundesliga star handed suspended sentence for Kurdish 'terror propaganda' 04/06 Turkey plans military incursion into Iraq: Report 04/06 The Looming End To The Western-Turkish Alliance 04/05 Turkish Forces Kill 5 PKK Militants in Eastern Sirnak Province 04/04 Erdogan vows ‘good surprises’ & more Turkish ops in Syria as Euphrates Shield ‘ends’ 04/04 Eight killed in Turkish operation against Kurdish militants – governor 04/04 Erdogan Warns Iraqi Kurd Ties 'At Risk' Over Flag 04/04 Germany: Turkey grants consular access to detained reporter 04/03 Germany gains diplomatic access to detained journalist Yucel in Turkey 04/03 Erdogan calls on Kurds to vote yes in April referendum 04/03 Textile company places rare bet on Turkey's Kurdish southeast 04/03 Turkish President Courts Kurdish Vote 04/03