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Turkey - PKK

Kurdish Separatist group active in Turkey. Also known as the KGK.

Summary

Kurdistan is a term used to describe areas traditionally inhabited by members of the Kurdish ethnic group in eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, and northern Syria. The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), now known as the People's Congress of Kurdistan or Kongra-Gel (KGK) was formed on November 27, 1978, with the stated goals of claiming rights for the Kurdish minority and independence from Turkey. The group began an armed insurgency in 1984. It is considered a terrorist organization by the US Department of State.

In 1999, when its leader Abdullah Ocalan was captured, the PKK said it would proceed with peaceful tactics. In 2004, the group declared an end to the ceasefire.

Recently, Iran has been conducting military operations against the Iranian wing of the PKK, the PJAK. Syria, however, has been accused of harboring and supporting PKK members, which may be linked to deteriorated relations between the two countries following Turkey's criticism of Syria's response to internal dissent.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 75.4 Warning (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 5
WFP Hunger Map: 2 % undernourished
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,200,000 IDPs
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating BB
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
reuters.com Turkish military says kills 14 Kurdish militants in northern Iraq 04/29
bbc.co.uk Turkey 'wants empathy' 04/28
aljazeera.com Turkey's Diyarbakir struggles to rebuild 04/28
sputniknews.com US 'Deep Concern' Not a 'Fitting' Vague Reaction to Turkish Air Strikes on Kurds 04/27
sputniknews.com Puppet on Trump's String? 'Washington Will Determine Erdogan's Syria Policy' 04/27
aina.org Iraqi Parliament to Launch Investigation Into Turkish Airstrikes 04/27
sputniknews.com Military Branch of PKK Claims Responsibility for Killing Twelve Turkish Troops 04/27
dnaindia.com Mortar fire from Syrian government area hits Turkish military outpost - army 04/26
thejakartapost.com City Hall holds low-cost apartment creative economy exhibition 04/26
today.az Turkish jets kill senior PKK member in northern Iraq 04/26
cnn.com Erdogan shuns West with strikes and mass detentions 04/26
rt.com Ankara notified US ‘weeks’ before airstrikes on Kurdish-held areas in Syria & Iraq – Turkish FM 04/26
cnn.com Erdogan shuns West with strikes on US allies and mass detentions 04/26
cnn.com Erdogan shuns West with strikes on US allies and mass detentions 04/26
sputniknews.com Euphrates Shield 2.0? 'Turkey May Launch a Ground Operation in Iraq's Sinjar' 04/26
reuters.com Turkish warplanes kill six Kurdish militants in northern Iraq: army 04/26
sputniknews.com Turkish Airstrikes Kill Six PKK Militants in Northern Iraq - General Staff 04/26
sputniknews.com Turkey Hits Back at PACE Over Human Rights, Rule of Law Claims 04/26
voanews.com Turkish Military Says it Struck PKK Targets in Iraq, Syria 04/25
debka.com Turkish warplanes strike Kurdish PKK targets in Iraq 04/25
dnaindia.com Turkish military says struck PKK targets in Iraq's Sinjar, northeastern Syria 04/25
dnaindia.com At least 18 Kurdish YPG members killed in Turkish air strikes in Syria - monitor 04/25
sputniknews.com Turkish Military Confirms Airstrikes Against Kurdish YPG in Northern Syria, Iraq 04/25
dw.com Turkey carries out air strikes on 'Kurdish rebel positions' in Iraq, Syria 04/25
rt.com Turkey bombs Kurdish-held areas in Iraq & Syria, says ‘terrorists’ targeted 04/25
sputniknews.com Ankara 'Couldn't Have Struck Kurdish Positions Without US Coalition's Approval' 04/25
aljazeera.com Turkish raids target Kurdish groups in Iraq and Syria 04/25
rferl.org Turkish Military Strikes Suspected PKK Targets In Iraq, Syria 04/25
dw.com Turkey carries out air strikes on 'Kurdish rebel positions' in Iraq, Syria 04/25
sputniknews.com Turkey Cannot Fight PKK at Expense of Counter-Daesh Fight - US State Dept. 04/25
rferl.org U.S. 'Concerned' About Turkish Strikes On Kurdish Allies In Iraq, Syria 04/25
voanews.com Turkish Strike Leaves Syrian Kurdish Fighters Fuming 04/25
af.reuters.com Turkish military says struck PKK targets in Iraq's Sinjar, northeastern Syria 04/25
foxnews.com Turkey hits Kurdish areas in Iraq's Sinjar, northeast Syria 04/25
countervortex.org Iraq: Turkish air-strikes heighten contradictions 04/25
dw.com US expresses 'deep concern' over Turkish raids that killed Kurdish fighters in Syria, Iraq 04/25
globalsecurity.org Turkish Warplanes Hit Kurdish Targets on Iraqi-Syrian Frontier 04/25
voanews.com US Military Staff Visits Syrian Site Bombed by Turkey 04/25
globalsecurity.org Ankara to continue military operations in Iraq, Syria: Turkish president 04/25
globalsecurity.org 6 Iraqi Peshmerga forces killed as Turkey resumes anti-PKK bombing campaign 04/25
globalsecurity.org Kurds denounce deadly Turkish air raid in northern Iraq 04/25
globalsecurity.org Baghdad censures Turkey air raid in northern Iraq 04/25
cnn.com Turkish airstrikes kill US-backed Kurdish forces battling ISIS 04/25
sputniknews.com Syrian Kurds Urge UNSC to React to Turkish Airstrikes Against YPG in Syria 04/25
dnaindia.com Turkey's military says killed 70 militants in Iraq's Sinjar, northern Syria 04/25
debka.com Turkish warplanes strike Kurds in Iraq and Syria 04/25
bbc.co.uk Turkey air strikes kill Kurdish fighters in Syria and Iraq 04/25
telegraph.co.uk Turkey says it bombed Kurdish terrorists in Syria and Iraq but US Kurdish allies say they were hit 04/25
sputniknews.com PKK Armed Wing Attacks Turkish Soldiers on Iraqi Border 04/24
today.az 13 PKK terrorists killed in southeast Turkey operations 04/23
sputniknews.com Turkish Security Forces Kill 13 PKK Fighters in Country’s Southeast in 2 Days 04/22
aina.org Turkey Hits PKK Targets in Northern Iraq 04/22
dnaindia.com Two Turkish soldiers killed in clash with Kurdish militants - army 04/21
countervortex.org Hawks fear anarchist haven in Syria 04/21
sputniknews.com With Your Shield or On It: Iraq Says It Won't Allow Turkish Invasion 04/20
aljazeera.com Erdogan: Obama deceived us over PKK 04/19
rt.com ‘Controversial & unfair’: Turkish opposition files appeal for referendum annulment 04/19
reuters.com Trump promised Turkey's Erdogan close cooperation on Syria, Iraq, PKK: Turkish sources 04/18
sputniknews.com PKK Fighters Attack Ruling Party’s Campaign Bus in Eastern Turkey's Van Province 04/16
realclearworld.com Iran's Syrian Gambit 04/16
tribune.com.pk Kurdish militants kill guard in attack on Turkish politician 04/16
sputniknews.com Turkish PM Declares 'Yes' Vote Victory in Referendum as 99% of Votes Counted 04/16
cnn.com Turks vote on new powers for Erdogan 04/16
voanews.com Polls Show Tight Vote Expected in Turkey’s Controversial Referendum 04/15
aina.org Kurdish Militant Attack Kills Two in Turkey's Southeast 04/15
today.az PKK terrorists killed in southeast Turkey 04/14
globalsecurity.org Readout of Secretary Mattis' Bilateral Meeting with Turkish Minister of Defense Fikri Işık 04/14
aina.org Kurdish Militants Claim Responsibility for Turkey Tunnel Attack 04/13
foxnews.com Turkey detains 412 suspected Kurdish militants 04/13
aina.org How Kurds Could Tilt Turkey's Referendum 04/13
dnaindia.com Turkey: Kurdish rebels claim attack at police station 04/12
reuters.com Kurdish militants claim responsibility for Turkey tunnel attack 04/12
aaj.tv PKK claims deadly attack in Diyarbakir ahead of Turkey vote 04/12
sputniknews.com PKK Claims Responsibility for Terror Attack in Turkey's Diyarbakir 04/12
dw.com German reporter Yucel marries in Turkish jail 04/12
aaj.tv Explosion near police HQ in Turkey’s Diyarbakir: AFP 04/11
rferl.org 'Accidental' Blast Wounds Four At Turkish Police Compound 04/11
globalsecurity.org Over 10,000 PKK Fighters Neutralized in Turkey Since July 2015 04/10
aina.org Turkey Detains 14 Over Suspected Links to PKK and 'Terrorist Propaganda' 04/09
globalsecurity.org Baghdad to Oppose Any Turkey's Combat Operations on Iraqi Territory - Government 04/08
sputniknews.com High Stakes: Turkey's Raqqa Operation Depends on This Key Event 04/08
aina.org Turkish PM Says PKK Militants to 'Pay Price' for Damage in Southeast Turkey 04/08
sputniknews.com Turkish PM Says PKK Militants to 'Pay Price' for Damage in Southeast Turkey 04/07
aina.org Turkey Plans New Operations Against PKK in Northern Iraq 04/07
sputniknews.com Baghdad to Oppose Any Turkey's Combat Operations on Iraqi Territory - Government 04/07
reuters.com Turkey's Erdogan courts nationalists, Kurds alike with hard line on PKK 04/07
reuters.com Turkish warplanes strike Kurdish militants, eight killed: governor 04/06
voanews.com Erdogan Threatens New Military Incursions Targeting PKK 04/06
dw.com Former Bundesliga star handed suspended sentence for Kurdish 'terror propaganda' 04/06
globalsecurity.org Turkey plans military incursion into Iraq: Report 04/06
huffingtonpost.com The Looming End To The Western-Turkish Alliance 04/05
sputniknews.com Turkish Forces Kill 5 PKK Militants in Eastern Sirnak Province 04/04
rt.com Erdogan vows ‘good surprises’ & more Turkish ops in Syria as Euphrates Shield ‘ends’ 04/04
tribune.com.pk Eight killed in Turkish operation against Kurdish militants – governor 04/04
aina.org Erdogan Warns Iraqi Kurd Ties 'At Risk' Over Flag 04/04
foxnews.com Germany: Turkey grants consular access to detained reporter 04/03
dw.com Germany gains diplomatic access to detained journalist Yucel in Turkey 04/03
globalsecurity.org Erdogan calls on Kurds to vote yes in April referendum 04/03
reuters.com Textile company places rare bet on Turkey's Kurdish southeast 04/03
voanews.com Turkish President Courts Kurdish Vote 04/03