News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: SPLM-N says Khartoum continues to obstruct POWs handover 05/05 Tracking down South Sudan's missing 05/05 Sudan’s militia vow to intensify attacks on South Kordofan rebels 05/04 SPLM-N accuses government of orchestrating violence against Darfur students 05/03 South Sudanese rebels say made tactical withdrawal in Unity state 05/02 Khartoum says Juba withdrew army from contested border area 05/02 Juba rebels form federal units, elect Machar as commander 05/02 S. Sudanese army claim to have regained rebel-held areas 05/01 Sudanese government gives green light for POWs repatriation 05/01 Fear of South Sudanese rebels presence in Western Bahr el Ghazal 04/30 South Sudan rebels accuse government forces of new attacks 04/30 Resolutions of SPLM-IO meeting held in Pagak from 19 to 23 April 04/29 Sudan’s Bashir threatens to pursue rebels inside South Sudan territory 04/28 MSF warns of looming humanitarian disaster in Upper Nile state 04/28 S. Sudanese rebels “shoot” SPLA commander in Unity state 04/28 South Sudan: Nomads of War - Perpetual Displacements of South Sudanese Families in Upper Nile 04/27 Sudan: Rebels Claim Victory in South Kordofan 04/27 Uganda: UPDF Budget for South Sudan War Shoots Up By Shs 16.2bn 04/27 Sudan: President Dominates Boycotted Election 04/27 Sudan: Sudan Rebels Claim Repulsing Attack in Blue Nile 04/27 South Sudan: Perpetual Displacement as Conflict Continues 04/27 JEM fighters carry out new attacks in West Kordofan : rebel official 04/27 Fighting between South Sudanese rivals reaches Bentiu 04/27 SPLM-N rebels resume attacks on government troops : spokesperson 04/26 Rebels conference did not review top leadership – spokesman 04/25 South Sudan opposition leader kept under 'house arrest' 04/25 Joint rebel force attacks South Darfur town 04/25 MSF South Sudan: As violence re-erupts in Malakal town, more than 25,000 people are sheltering in Protection of Civilians site 04/24 MSF halts activities in S. Sudan's Malakal amid fighting 04/24 South Sudan Security Surrounds Opposition Leader’s House Overnight 04/24 South Sudan: Fighting Halts Urgent Aid Delivery, Says UN 04/24 SPLM-N fighters kill 18 government soldiers in Blue Nile : rebel spokesperson 04/24 South Sudan seeks political solution to Upper Nile clashes 04/24 South Sudan opposition leader says under 'house arrest' 04/24 South Sudan: Hostile Parties in South Sudan's Malakal Urged to Respect UN Personnel and Property 04/24 Fighting in South Sudan's Upper Nile drags into third day 04/23 Upper Nile gov’t vacates capital after heaving fighting 04/23 Aid groups express fear of renewed South Sudan fighting 04/22 Heavy fighting erupts in Upper Nile capital 04/22 South Sudan army deploys more troops to Malakal amid intense fighting 04/22 South Sudan Army Repels Rebel Attack 04/22 4 killed in S. Sudan army infighting 04/22 South Sudan: WFP Worried About Missing Staff in South Sudan, Warns Deteriorating Security Will Worsen Hunger 04/22 Heavy fighting in South Sudan oil town 04/22 South Sudan: Fear and tension in Malakal fighting 04/22 Rival pro-government troops clash in South Sudan's Malakal 04/22 South Sudan: More Displaced by Ongoing Fighting in Upper Nile State 04/22 South Sudan: More Displaced by Ongoing Fighting in Upper Nile State 04/22 UN food relief agency 'extremely worried' about missing staff in volatile South Sudan 04/22 UNMISS condemns fighting in Malakal 04/22 South Sudan: Fighting in Malakal town increases fear and tension in the civilian population in Upper Nile 04/22 Sudan: Observers Say Election Does Not Reflect 'Will of the People' 04/21 Sudan summons UK, US and Norway envoys over criticism of election 04/21 28 rebels killed in Upper Nile clashes: S. Sudan 04/21 Sudan: Opposition Forces Will Not Recognise Election Results 04/21 SPLM-N rebels say voter turnout is vote of no confidence 04/20 South Sudanese rebels’ leadership consults in Pagak 04/20 South Sudan: Bishop Calls On Rival Leaders to Avert Economic Collapse and Make Peace 04/20 POWs killed in Sudanese air raids in South Kordofan: rebels 04/18 Sudan newspaper quotes governor as saying rebels kill 136 04/18 SPLM-N hands over POWs list to prepare their release 04/17 Sudanese Antonov kills woman in fresh air attack in S. Kordofan: rebels 04/17 Sudan denies using cluster bombs in war areas 04/17 Rebel leaders in US for S. Sudan humanitarian conference 04/16 UNICEF Sudan condemns killing of 10 Children in S. Kordofan 04/16 Kiir, SPLM leadership discuss ways to achieve peace in South Sudan 04/15 Sudan Rebels Attempt to Disrupt Election 04/15 SPLM-IO rebels gather for consulations ahead of peace talks 04/15 Governor’s son defects to South Sudanese rebels 04/15 Four killed as SPLM-N rebels resume mortar attacks on Kadugli 04/15 SPLM-N rebels shell South Kordofan capital 04/14 South Sudanese warring parties may escalate fighting ahead of rainy season – report 04/14 South Sudan: UN official meets displaced people sheltering at protection sites in Malakal 04/14 Rebels in Sudan's Kordofan attack vote centres: official 04/14 Peacekeepers in S.sudan Commemorate Kwibuka21 04/13 Thousands newly displaced after renewed clashes in Upper Nile, South Sudan 04/13 SPLM-N shells South Kordofan town on elections day 04/13 S. Sudan rebels say government is preparing for major offensive 04/12 7 Things to Know About Sudan’s Elections 04/12 Central African Republic: Protesters Attack UN Base 04/11 Sudan's RSF destroys rebel camp in W. Kordofan state:report 04/11 How Sudan's general election works 04/11 Claims of fresh clashes between gov’t forces, SPLM-N rebels in Sudan’s Two Areas 04/11 South Sudan rebels say planned leadership meeting on course despite challenges 04/11 Rebels claim to shoot down Sudanese drone 04/10 Rwandan Peacekeepers in Abyei Commemorate Genocide 04/10 Sudan: Anti-Election Rallies Blocked, Students Detained in Khartoum 04/10 Senior army officer joins South Sudanese rebels 04/10 Sudan: Rebels Ambush Sudan Forces in Blue Nile 04/10 Juba’s proPaganda of two armies and danger of piecemeal solutions 04/10 Sudan prepares for elections amid opposition boycott 04/10 African Union undermines its own founding instruments 04/09 Sudan: Rebel Campaign Disrupts Election Efforts in South Kordofan 04/09 S. Sudan rebels deplore targeted killing of civilians in Malakal 04/08 W. Equatoria ramps up security after rebels claim new attack 04/08 SPLM-IO dismisses rumors of split within the rebels ranks and file - Spokesman 04/08 Image of Asia: Cambodian soldiers ready for UN mission 04/07 Sudan: Election Material Seized, Rebels Claim 04/07 Ethiopian opposition leader denies supporting South Sudan against rebels 04/06 SPLA-N rebels seize election material days before Sudan vote 04/06