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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
sudantribune.com South Sudanese president queries IGAD’s peace proposal 07/30
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels establish more economic institutions in controlled areas 07/30
sudantribune.com South Sudan’s rebels receive from AU copy of report on atrocities 07/30
sudantribune.com South Sudan’s SPLM forms committees to study IGAD peace proposal 07/29
sudantribune.com S. Sudan says African Union inquiry found ’no evidence of genocide’ 07/29
reuters.com Sudan summons EU diplomat over statement on humanitarian needs 07/28
allafrica.com S Sudan, Democracy and Somalia Must Feature in Potus Agenda 07/27
sudantribune.com SPLM-N calls on Obama to press Khartoum for peace and democracy in Sudan 07/27
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels to consult in Pagak on IGAD-Plus peace proposal: spokesperson 07/26
sudantribune.com Dok-Nuer call for immediate actions on atrocities committed in Unity state 07/26
sudantribune.com US president calls on South Sudan warring parties to end war 07/25
sudantribune.com Africa Union’s PSC to study report on atrocities committed in South Sudan 07/25
reuters.com U.N. asks South Sudan to allow aid flows on Nile 07/25
dnaindia.com United Nations asks South Sudan to allow aid flows on Nile 07/25
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebel leader wants Uganda investigated over war 07/24
enoughproject.org Daily Beast Op-Ed: How Obama Can Stop South Sudan’s War 07/24
allafrica.com South Sudan: Fighting Stops Aid Reaching Starving South Sudan Children - Charity 07/24
voanews.com African Union Finally Releases Report on South Sudan Atrocities 07/24
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO protests against non-invitation to AU’s PSC meeting on report of atrocities 07/24
sudantribune.com South Sudan army halts use of river transport over insecurity 07/23
turkishweekly.net South Sudanese government slammed for human rights abuses 07/23
reuters.com Fighting stops aid reaching starving South Sudan children: charity 07/23
doctorswithoutborders.org South Sudan: Urgent Humanitarian Access Needed in Upper Nile State 07/23
sudantribune.com South Sudan accuses foreign powers of blocking peace deal 07/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan - PoC Sites Extended 07/22
timeslive.co.za South Sudan rebel leader fires top commanders 07/22
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels say military reshuffle normal 07/22
sudantribune.com South Sudan peace talks set to resume this week 07/20
sudantribune.com South Sudan army denies presence of rebels around Juba 07/20
sudantribune.com South Sudan government says peace agreement emerges with rebels 07/19
sudantribune.com Darfur rebel leader signs anti-extremism document in Paris 07/19
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels establish more institutions, appoint officials 07/17
sudantribune.com South Sudan hopeful of peace deal with rebels at next talks 07/16
globalsecurity.org Security Council extends UN peacekeeping force in Abyei through December 2015 07/15
sudantribune.com Sudan summons South Sudan ambassador over hostile media campaign 07/15
sudantribune.com South Sudanese businessman denies appointment by rebels 07/15
pambazuka.net Deferred constitutionality, constitutional crisis and South Sudan’s compromise demo(n)cracy 07/15
sify.com Abeyi: Security Council extends UN peacekeeping force through Dec 2015 07/14
sudantribune.com South Sudanese army deny brutalising Mundari youth 07/14
sudantribune.com 8 died in clashes around Juba as CES condemns brutality of S. Sudan army 07/13
turkishweekly.net Khartoum reinforces S. Sudan border to secure oil facilities 07/13
sudantribune.com Sudan holds SPLM-N rebels responsible for failure of peace talks 07/11
globalsecurity.org S. Sudan Presidential Mandate Extension - Constitutional? 07/11
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels dismiss alleged fragmentation of the country 07/11
voanews.com S. Sudan Presidential Mandate Extension - Constitutional? 07/10
allafrica.com South Sudan: In Paul Malong's Kingdom - Politics On the Periphery 07/10
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rights activist urges leaders to end violence 07/10
allafrica.com South Sudan: Little to Celebrate On South Sudan's Fourth Anniversary 07/09
dw.com Opinion: South Sudan - mired in misery after four years of independence 07/09
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels say president Kiir a challenge to the world 07/09
allafrica.com South Sudan: S Sudan in Crisis As Independence Celebrations Commence 07/09
allafrica.com South Sudan: Citizens Have Every Right to Overthrow Govt - Machar 07/09
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels warn civilians to evacuate from border town 07/08
voanews.com UNHCR: S. Sudan Fighting Displaces Over 2 Million 07/07
sudantribune.com SPLM-N rebels reiterate calls for new peace process in Sudan 07/07
voanews.com Making Music, Fleeing Bombs: New Film on Sudan’s Internal Refugees 07/06
sudantribune.com South Sudan army vows hot pursuit of rebels after retaking Malakal town 07/06
sudantribune.com South Sudan embassy in Kenya accuses UN of alleged “bias” 07/06
modernghana.com South Sudan army retakes town from rebels 07/06
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese army recapture Upper Nile capital 07/06
sudantribune.com Former detainees vow commitment to reunifying SPLM leadership 07/06
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army accused of destroying Duk county hospital 07/05
sudantribune.com Bul-Nuer fights for govt against other Nuer communities in Unity state - report 07/05
modernghana.com South Sudan promises probe into claims girls raped, burnt alive 07/05
sudantribune.com US condemns SPLM-N attack on civilians in South Kordofan 07/05
dalje.com South Sudanese army announces capture of key town from rebels 07/05
sudantribune.com Sudanese rebels form new college student body 07/05
sudantribune.com Rubkotna county youth disown defected army general 07/04
scoop.co.nz South Sudan: UN deplores deadly attack 07/03
punchng.com We are ready probe alleged rights abuses -S’Sudan 07/02
voanews.com UN: Rebels in South Sudan Attack Civilian Refugee Camp 07/02
doctorswithoutborders.org South Sudan: Civilians Shot in Malakal 07/02
modernghana.com South Sudan Attack against UNMISS and adoption of sanctions at the UN Security Council (July 1 2015) 07/02
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels appoint Johnson Olony’s official as governor of Fashoda state 07/02
sudantribune.com UN imposes sanctions on South Sudanese six generals 07/02
sudantribune.com UN sanctions will not affect military operations against rebels : officials 07/02
sudantribune.com UN deplore deadly attacks as tension rises in S. Sudan 07/02
sify.com South Sudan: UN deplores deadly attack as tensions in country simmer 07/02
sudantribune.com Western Equatoria state condemns South Sudan army crackdown 07/01
globalsecurity.org UN Report Alleges South Sudan Army Raped, Killed, Looted 07/01
sudantribune.com Western Bahr el Ghazal state SPLM leadership discusses insecurity 07/01
sudantribune.com UNMISS condemns shooting of IDPs in Malakal 07/01
sudantribune.com Johnson Olony’s forces declare merger with SPLM-IO 07/01
aljazeera.com UN: South Sudan army raped girls and burned them alive 06/30
sudantribune.com Stray bullet hits infant in Upper Nile state clash 06/30
telegraph.co.uk South Sudan's military 'gang-raped then burned women alive' in hunt for rebels 06/30
scmp.com South Sudan army raped then burned girls alive: UN 06/30
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels say no differences among Equatorian opposition leaders 06/30
sudantribune.com S. Sudan admits losing strategic town of Malakal to rebels 06/30
sudantribune.com UN documents atrocities committed by South Sudan army in Unity state 06/30
sify.com New levels of 'brutality' in South Sudan, says UN rights report 06/30
news2.onlinenigeria.com South Sudan Army Defiled Girls And Burned Them Alive - UN 06/30
voanews.com UN Report Alleges South Sudan Army Raped, Killed, Looted 06/30
aljazeera.com Abyei, a non-state entity of post-war Sudanese divide 06/30
mg.co.za South Sudan army raped, burnt girls alive - UN report 06/30
msf.org South Sudan: MSF resumes activities in Melut 06/29
wsj.com Rebels Recapture South Sudan’s Oil Hub Malakal 06/29
doctorswithoutborders.org South Sudan: Restoring Water Supply for 20,000 People 06/29
sudantribune.com South Sudanese army and rebels contest control of Farajalla in W. Bahr el Ghazal 06/29
sudantribune.com Rebels claim recapture strategic Malakal town in Upper Nile 06/28