News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: South Sudan: South Sudan's South - Conflict in the Equatorias 05/25 Investigate S. 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Kordofan rebels 05/05 South Sudan: Opposition Fighters Attack Soldiers 05/03 South Sudan: China Donates U.S.$ 550,000 to Support South Sudan Peace Process 05/03 South Sudan: Security Clause Now Harder to Implement 05/03 Security clause now harder to implement in South Sudan 05/02 Sudan: Security Frees Hostages From SPLM-N 05/02 China donates Sh55m to boost South Sudan peace process 05/01 SPLM-N acknowledges escape of government POWs in S Kordofan 05/01 British warning regarding security situation in Khartoum “exaggerated”: FM 04/30 Taban Deng has not resigned from SPLM-IO: Spokesperson 04/30 Sudan military plane crashes, five killed 04/30 Former rebels, ex-detainees in President Salva Kiir’s Cabinet 04/30 Sudan: Rebels Announce Unilateral Ceasefire 04/29 South Sudan forms transitional government of national unity 04/28 Sudan: 'Largest Defeat of Sudan Army in Years' 04/27 University student killed by government supporters in Khartoum 04/27 Riak Machar lives as South Sudan's greatest tragedy 04/27 S. Sudanese army, armed men clash in N. Bahr el Ghazal 04/27 South Sudan rebel general returns to Juba ahead of top chief 04/25 SPLM-N fighters repel new attacks in South Kordofan: Lodi 04/24 Stage set for return of South Sudan's Riek Machar 04/22 Sudan: Sudan Students Under State Security Siege 04/22 SPLA’s Malong says no amount of weapons will achieve regime change 04/21 Rebels ties with South Sudan prevent them from peace: official 04/21 Sudan: 'Govt Forces Defeated in Blue Nile, Chopper Downed in Kordofan' - Rebels 04/20 One student killed in clashes at University of Kordofan 04/19 Two people killed in Bor night shooting 04/18 Sudan: South Kordofan - Rebels 'Destroy' Military Garrison 04/18 Machar postpones long-awaited Juba return 04/18 British government warns citizens against traveling to S. Sudan 04/17 SPLM-N claims shooting down Sudanese chopper in S Kordofan 04/17 Sudan hopes new S. Sudanese gov’t implements peace agreement 04/16 Machar planned arrival in Juba shrouded in mystery 04/16 Fighting Reported in South Sudan Ahead of Former Rebel Leader's Return 04/16 Sudan: Three Dead, Ongoing Air Raids in South Korofan, Blue Nile 04/15 The Role of Ex-Rebel Parties in Building Peace 04/15 SPLM-N rebels claim destroying army garrison in South Kordofan 04/15 South Sudan’s official accuses SPLA-IO of looting cattle in Northern Liech state 04/15 Fighting Reported in South Sudan Ahead of Former Rebel Leader's Return 04/15 Rebel Leader's Arrival in Juba Next Week in Question 04/15 SPLM-N discusses governance and humanitarian issues in Tanzania 04/15 South Sudanese rival forces clash in Unity region 04/14 3, 420 S. Sudanese soldiers deployed outside Juba: official 04/13 Can South Sudan’s peace deal stick? 04/13 Sudan: South Kordofan Rebels Accuse Army of Licensing Foreign Gold Traders 04/12 Sudan: UNHCR Starts Moving 70,000 Refugees From Yida 04/12 Sudan: Khartoum, Juba Relations Strained Over Rebel Claims 04/11 PCA-II Entitled South Sudanese Citizens to Live in Peace, War and Justice 04/11 Sudan: South Kordofan - SPLM-N Kills 'Dozens' of Soldiers 04/11 SPLM-N accuses Sudanese army of indiscriminate bombardments in S. Kordofan 04/10 SPLM-N counter-arracks government forces in S. Kordofan 04/09 South Sudan: Security Council Renews Targeted Sanctions 04/09 Machar vows to resolve outstanding issues with President Kiir in Juba 04/09 SPLA launches military operations against SPLA-IO forces in Bahr el Ghazal 04/09 JMEC offers facilitation of first meeting between South Sudan’s rival leaders 04/07 UN Security Council renews sanctions against those blocking peace in South Sudan 04/07 Sudan: Rebels Seize Materiel in Battle With National Army 04/07 SPLM rebels claim new victories against gov’t troops in Sudan’s Two Areas 04/07 Burying refugees who die in the Calais 'Jungle' 04/06 SPLA admits attacking opposition forces around Wau 04/06 Boma state authorities call for security on roads 04/05 SPLM-N claims more victories in S. Kordofan and Blue Nile 04/03 Sudan: Students Wounded in Protest, Fighting in Sudan 04/01 SPLM-N forces defeat government troops in fresh clashes: spokesperson 04/01 Juba to sign final peace agreement with armed youth in WES 03/31 Sudan: One Killed, Two Injured As Fighting Continues in Nuba Mountains 03/30 SPLM-N retakes Ugab area in South Kordofan: spokesperson 03/30 UNMISS denies alleged failure to protect civilians in Malakal 03/30 UN chief welcomes signing by Sudanese Government of African Union roadmap agreement 03/30 UN chief urges Sudanese opposition to sign Roadmap Agreement 03/29 Sudan: SPLM-N Areas 'Liberated' by Sudan Army 03/29 UN chief welcomes signing by Sudanese Government of African Union roadmap agreement 03/29 Sudan: SPLM-N Report Major Govt. Attacks in South Kordofan 03/28 South Sudan: Inching Closer to a Unity Government 03/28 Opposition’s military spokesman lashes out at SPLA spokesperson 03/28 Sudan: Influx From South Sudan Refugees in Western Sudan 03/28 Sudanese army retakes strategic positions in S. Kordofan: official 03/28 Hospitals targeted across South Sudan 03/27