News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Sudan: Specialists and Experts Call On Rejecting Armed Movements to Join National Dialogue 11/27 The Sudanese rebels’ national agenda is causing local harm 11/26 Sudan arrests opposition figures over new alliance : November 26, 2015, 11:36 am 11/26 South Sudan awaits return of Rebecca Garang after years in exile 11/26 Sudan security arrests three opposition figures, alliance says 11/25 Sudanese gov’t accuses rebels of seeking to use ceasefire for political reasons 11/25 Sudan: Peace Talks Suspended After Aid Delivery Deadlock 11/24 Sudan peace talks in Addis break without deal 11/24 Sudanese army to raise the state of alert in war areas 11/24 South Sudan Troops Begin Withdrawal from Juba 11/24 SPLM-N chief negotiator calls for international support to humanitarian access 11/22 South Sudan raids rebels camp on Juba – Nimule highway 11/21 Gov’t, SPLM-N to hold decisive meeting on Sudan’s Two-Areas 11/21 SPLM-N claims repelling fresh government attack in Blue Nile 11/20 Negotiations On Two Areas Begin in Addis Ababa 11/20 Sudan gov’t accuses AUHIP of backing SPLM-N’s position 11/20 President Mbeki: Innocent as the wolf of Joseph’s blood! (3-3) 11/19 SPLA/IO forces tactically withdrew in Unity state: official 11/19 W. Equatoria authorities say Ezo county calm after clashes 11/19 Sudan: Sudanese Rebels' National Agenda Is Causing Local Harm 11/19 Khartoum says ready for humanitarian deal with SPLM-N rebels 11/18 Sudan: Tense Talks Over Nuba Conflict As Fighting Season Looms 11/18 Switzerland donates $3 million for humanitarian needs in Sudan 11/18 South Sudan: Overcrowding & sub-standard living conditions 11/18 South Sudan: Influx of South Sudan Refugees to Ethiopia Has Declined Sharply 11/18 Unity state government condemns SPLM/IO "violation" of ceasefire 11/18 South Sudan rebels and government say each side violated peace deal 11/17 Armed opposition accuses S. Sudanese gov’t of renewed attacks 11/17 Civilians storm barracks, kill a soldier in E. Equatoria state 11/16 Twic East county civilians call for military support 11/16 EU vows to support Hybrid Court on South Sudan 11/15 SPLA-IO welcomes Arrow Boys to its fighting force 11/14 Influx of S. Sudan refugees to Ethiopia sees sharp decline 11/14 South Sudanese rebels refute Twic East attack claims 11/14 UAE warns its nationals against hunting in Sudan’s war areas 11/13 Kiir asks officials to be ready to leave positions for SPLM-IO nominees 11/13 South Sudan says not ready to receive SPLM-IO advance team 11/12 UN envoy commends South Sudanese opposition commanders' plan to prevent rape 11/11 Sudan: African Union to Host Fresh Sudan Peace Talks in Addis Ababa 11/11 Addis Ababa meeting to discuss rebels participation in Sudan’s dialogue: official 11/11 UN welcomes SPLA-IO action plan to combat sexual violence in war 11/11 Talks on cessation of hostilities in Sudan to be held on 18 to 19 November: AU 11/10 UN envoy commends South Sudanese opposition commanders’ plan to prevent rape 11/10 South Sudan: United Nations Special Representative welcomes SPLA-IO action plan to combat rape in war and undertakings by Commanders 11/10 Sudan: The Revolutionary Front - Comrades in Squabble 11/10 Five SPLA soldiers killed, 11 others injured in Lakes state 11/09 Pro-government militias accused of mass abductions in Unity state 11/08 450 IDPs fled Juba to join rebellion: minister 11/07 South Sudan opposition group to enter Juba in mid Nov 11/04 IGAD says security agreement officially ends S. Sudan war 11/03 SPLM-N rebels ambush government troops on Blue Nile 11/03 South Sudan: United States Condemns Seizure of UN Barge By Opposition Forces in South Sudan 11/02 Rebels free UN hostages in South Sudan 11/02 Sudan’s army reiterates readiness for permanent ceasefire 11/02 South Sudan Rebels Release UN Contractors 11/02 Sudanese UNISFA staff go on strike demanding to be paid in US dollars 11/02 Mini preparatory meeting to be held after talks with Sudan’s rebels : AU 10/31 AU Report Documents Rebel Atrocities in South Sudan 10/30 Sudan: Sudanese Defence Minister Answers to Parliament On Darfur Conflict 10/30 Rebels abduct 12 UN contractors in South Sudan 10/30 SPLM-N claims repelling fresh government attack in Sudan’s Blue Nile state 10/30 South Sudan rebels seize UN contractors 10/30 South Sudan dismisses AU inquiry report on "state policy" killings 10/29 South Sudan rebels detain 12 UN contractors 10/29 Warring South Sudan factions used media to incite public- Report 10/29 War crimes, forced cannibalism in S. udan conflict: AU 10/28 War crimes, forced cannibalism in S. Sudan conflict: AU 10/28 South Sudan's Rebels Sign Minutes of Transitional Security Arrangements 10/28 AU Report Accuses South Sudan Warring Parties of War Crimes 10/28 S. Sudan President in South Africa 10/25 SPLM-N accuses Khartoum of proposing to hosting Syrian refugees in return for money 10/25 SPLM-IO accuses government of mass killing and abduction of civilians 10/25 Malakal: City that vanished in S/Sudan 10/25 Malakal: The city that vanished in South Sudan 10/24 Western Bahr el Ghazal government accuses opposition SPLA-IO of attacking villages 10/23 Dozens killed, 8 others wounded in Jonglei state cattle raid 10/22 Sudan: President Al-Bashir Renewed the Government's Commitment to Dialogue 10/22 Sudan: Sudanese Govt. 'Willing to Meet Rebels in Addis Ababa' 10/21 Sudan govt accepts invitation to talks with rebels 10/21 U.S. welcomes SRF unilateral truce, urges reciprocity from Khartoum 10/21 S. Sudan opposition youths say UPDF pull out will aid peace implementation 10/21 South Sudan's displaced women hold communities together 10/20 Mayom intellectuals warn of violence over S. Sudan’s new states 10/19 S. Sudanese army rescuee 50 from rebels in Western Equatoria 10/19 Sudan’s rebel groups declare month-month unilateral cessation of hostilities 10/18 Sudan expresses willingness to allow humanitarian access to the Two Areas 10/18 Risking political tensions, South Sudan ruling party dissolves leadership secretariat 10/17 Sudan: Sudan's War On Women and Girls 10/17 South Sudan: Ruling party's leadership secretariat dissolved 10/17 SPLM-IO accuses government of attacks in Unity state 10/15 SPLM-IO warns of collapse of peace deal over new states 10/14 Sudan: Sudan's International Capital Diplomacy 10/14 600 displaced in clashes between SPLA and armed militias in Mundri 10/12 S. Sudanese fellow urges citizens to prioritise national interests 10/11 DUP discusses ceasefire with Sudanese rebels: spokesperson 10/11 Bashir launches Sudan dialogue boycotted by opposition 10/10 Sudan's Bashir urges rebels to resume talks, only one notable group shows up 10/10 South Sudan Repartition Could Split Country Yet Again 10/08 SPLM-N calls on Turabi to advise Khartoum to accept genuine dialogue in Sudan 10/07 South Sudan opposition claims further attacks by government forces in Unity state 10/07