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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
enoughproject.org The Unheard Voices of South Sudan: How The International Community Can Help Bring Peace 07/28
nation.co.ke South Sudan govt 'let soldiers loot, rape and kill' after peace deal - Amnesty 07/28
ekklesia.co.uk Violence fuels humanitarian crisis in South Sudan 07/28
irinnews.org Food on the frontlines 07/27
irinnews.org China’s dangerous double game in the Sudans 07/27
globalsecurity.org SPLM-IO Faction Moves to Replace First VP Machar 07/27
allafrica.com South Sudan: Suspense As New Vice-President Sworn in 07/27
voanews.com S. Sudan President Swears In New VP to Replace Machar 07/26
upi.com South Sudan president Salva Kiir replaces rival vice president 07/26
monitor.co.ug Riek Machar replaced as South Sudan vice-president 07/26
voanews.com South Sudan to Swear in New First Vice President 07/26
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO accuses President Kiir’s forces of fresh attacks 07/26
nation.co.ke Machar warns of new war after his sacking 07/26
sudantribune.com UN warns over replacement of Machar as First Vice President 07/26
voanews.com SPLM-IO Faction Moves to Replace First VP Machar 07/25
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan Opposition 'Deposes' Leader Riek Machar 07/25
sudantribune.com Advocacy group warns of “full-scale war” in S. Sudan 07/25
nation.co.ke S Sudan opposition 'deposes' leader Riek Machar 07/24
monitor.co.ug Here’s why a third voice is critical in solving the South Sudan conflict 07/23
monitor.co.ug S.Sudan’s Machar fires possible rival 07/23
sudantribune.com South Sudan says recent clashes a “failed” coup 07/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: Demonstrators Protest Outside UN Compound Without Incidents 07/21
allafrica.com East Africa: How Does South Sudan Cool Off, Move Forward? 07/21
monitor.co.ug Tribunal right way forward for S. Sudan 07/21
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rally in protest against regional troops 07/20
borglobe.com MANYANG ALUONG MATHIANG’S TESTIMONIAL: THANKSGIVING AND APPRECIATION FOR SUPPORTING OUR ELDER, FORMER TEACHER AND GUARDIAN, MAKER KUR JOK 07/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: How Does South Sudan Move Forward? 07/19
monitor.co.ug Six Ugandans held by S. Sudan rebels, negotiations to rescue them underway 07/19
sudantribune.com SPLM-N describes government cessation of hostilities as “mere bluff” 07/19
sudantribune.com President Kiir’s forces accused of violating ceasefire 07/19
irinnews.org How does South Sudan move forward? 07/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Leading Figure of National Congress in Abyei - Juba Requires Political Will 07/18
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army vows military offensives in Lou Nuer areas 07/18
monitor.co.ug South Sudan: Not yet Uhuru 07/16
theeastafrican.co.ke Who is arming Riek Machar’s soldiers and how? 07/16
sudantribune.com SPLM-N says government forces breached S. Kordofan truce 07/15
voanews.com South Sudan Cease-Fire Not Enough to Stop Violence: Analysts 07/15
sudantribune.com Mbeki’s visit to Sudan is postponed for two weeks : minister 07/15
huffingtonpost.com Who's behind South Sudan's return to fighting, if it isn't Kiir or Machar? 07/15
turkishweekly.net Falling though the cracks of peace: South Sudan's disconsolate fate 07/14
voanews.com Terror on the Road for People Fleeing South Sudan 07/14
allafrica.com Nigeria: South Sudan Seeks Nigeria's Assistance in Conflict Resolution 07/14
sudantribune.com SPLA spokesperson’s bodyguards killed in Juba 07/14
vancouversun.com In South Sudan, bodies are being counted as peace accord appears to unravel 07/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudanese Suffer From Siege On Western Nuba Mountains 07/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: A Strained Calm As Fighting Subsides 07/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: Ceasefire 'Largely Holding - ' UN Urges Safe Passage for Civilians Seeking Safety 07/13
sudantribune.com Latjor governor denies switching allegiance to SPLM-IO 07/13
somalilandpress.com Who’s behind South Sudan’s return to fighting, if it isn’t Kiir or Machar? 07/13
thisdaylive.com South Sudan Crisis: Envoy Urges Nigeria’s Intervention 07/13
ekklesia.co.uk UN urges safe passage for fleeing civilians in South Sudan 07/13
pbs.org Obama deploys 47 U.S. troops to South Sudan amid heavy fighting 07/13
allafrica.com Africa: African Press Review 12 July 2016 07/12
sudantribune.com S. African leaders call for end to S. Sudan violence 07/12
un.org South Sudan ceasefire ‘largely holding;’ UN urges safe passage for civilians seeking safety 07/12
sudantribune.com South Sudan’s opposition refutes rumoured death of top army officers 07/12
sudantribune.com S. Sudan denies ethnic killings occurred in recent clashes 07/12
borglobe.com How ‘false’ Facebook post caused death of 272 in South Sudan 07/12
sudantribune.com SPLA says repulsed rebel attack in Wau state 07/12
sudantribune.com Machar’s residence bombed during recent clashes in Juba: spokesperson 07/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Citizens in Juba Want Evacuation After Battle Subdued 07/12
nation.co.ke Envoy: Chaos sparked by text message about Machar 07/12
businessdailyafrica.com Thousands flee heavy fighting in Juba 07/11
allafrica.com South Sudan: UN Condemns Heavy Fighting in South Sudanese Capital, Urges Calm, Access to Displaced Civilians 07/11
appablog.wordpress.com Statement by the Secretary-General on South Sudan, New York, 8 July 2016 07/11
appablog.wordpress.com Security Council Press Statement on Fighting in Juba, South Sudan 07/11
appablog.wordpress.com The Chairperson of the AU Commission condemns the fighting in Juba on 8 July 2016 07/11
appablog.wordpress.com Statement by the Secretary-General on South Sudan 07/11
allafrica.com South Sudan: Juba Battles - Kiir, Machar Urged to Control Forces 07/11
allafrica.com South Sudan: Who's Behind Return to Fighting? 07/11
sudantribune.com South Sudanese warring parties declare ceasefire in Juba 07/11
allafrica.com South Sudan: The ICGLR Condemns the Resumption of Hostility in the Republic of South Sudan 07/11
euronews.com South Sudan's leaders announce ceasefire as UN calls for arms embargo on the country 07/11
sudantribune.com Heavy fighting resumes in Juba between rival South Sudanese forces 07/10
sudantribune.com South Sudan says situation calm in Juba after deadly clashes 07/10
dnaindia.com Death toll from fighting in South Sudan's Juba climbs to 272 people: Government source 07/10
rt.com S. Sudan Independence Day gun battles in capital claim over 100 07/10
un.org 'Appalled' by heavy fighting in Juba, Ban urges South Sudanese leaders to de-escalate hostilities 07/10
allafrica.com South Sudan: Gunfire Erupts Again in Juba 07/10
sudantribune.com UN Security Council condemns fighting in South Sudan capital 07/10
countervortex.org South Sudan: renewed war on independence day 07/10
en.people.cn South Sudan says 271 killed in Friday clashes amid renewed fighting 07/10
sudantribune.com South Sudan rival forces trade accusations over new clashes in Juba 07/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Uneasy Calm Shattered As Soldiers, Civilians Die in Juba Shootout 07/09
globalsecurity.org Ahead of South Sudan's fifth anniversary of independence, renewed violence draws UN concern 07/09
dnaindia.com South Sudan: Opposition military spokesperson states 115 soldiers killed in gunbattles 07/09
kbctv.co.ke At least 115 soldiers killed in South Sudan clashes 07/09
apanews.net Affrontements au S/Sud: Ban Ki-moon met en garde les responsables 07/09
csmonitor.com Renewed fighting threatens tentative peace in South Sudan 07/09
sudantribune.com Enough Project urges South Sudanese leaders to avoid violence 07/09
sudantribune.com President Kiir orders investigation into Juba deadly clashes 07/09
dw.com Amnesty: 'Dire human rights situation in South Sudan' 07/08
theeastafrican.co.ke Five killed as Kiir, Machar camps clash in tense Juba 07/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Eid El Fitr Blessings to Displaced in Darfur, Blue Nile 07/08
sudantribune.com Fighting erupts inside South Sudan’s Presidential Palace 07/08
sudantribune.com UN secretary general condemns fighting in Juba 07/08
sudantribune.com Heavy casualties reported on J1 clashes in Juba 07/08
aljazeera.com Exclusive: Fresh fighting in South Sudan forces exodus 07/07
sudantribune.com South Sudan’s top leaders call for calm after deadly clashes in Juba 07/07
sudantribune.com Deadly clashes between rival forces in Juba 07/07