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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
globalsecurity.org Hundreds Reportedly Killed or Injured in S. Sudan Attacks 06/28
sudantribune.com New Wau governor rejects description of “a madman” 06/27
sudantribune.com South Sudanese authorities impose curfew in Wau town 06/27
appablog.wordpress.com Statement by the Spokesperson on Sudanese Government’s announcement of a four-month unilateral cessation of hostilities 06/27
appablog.wordpress.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman of the Secretary-General on South Sudan 06/27
voanews.com Hundreds Reportedly Killed or Injured in S. Sudan Attacks 06/27
sudantribune.com Armed youth, South Sudan army clash in Gbudue state 06/26
globalsecurity.org UN Sets Up Security Cordon to Shield Civilians Amid South Sudan Fighting 06/26
sudantribune.com UN mission in South Sudan opens gate for civilians fleeing violence in Wau 06/26
allafrica.com South Sudan: Ban Concerned Over Escalation of Violence 06/26
sputniknews.com UN Chief Concerned About Fighting in South Sudan, Boosts Peacekeeper Force 06/25
sudantribune.com SPLM-N accuses Sudanese government of obstructing POWs transfer 06/25
un.org South Sudan: Ban concerned over escalation of violence 06/25
sudantribune.com Procedural measures delay release of POWs in Sudan’s Two Areas 06/24
sudantribune.com Greater Dok Nuer Community is under attack 06/24
allafrica.com South Sudan: UN to Send Home Peacekeepers for South Sudan Inaction 06/23
sudantribune.com Sudan’s dialogue welcomes international efforts to bring opposition on board 06/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: UN Says Action Will Be Taken On Probe Into Malakal Violence 06/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: Special Investigation Into Malakal Violence Completed, Says UN 06/22
globalsecurity.org Government of Sudan's Declaration of a Cessation of Hostilities 06/22
af.reuters.com U.N. reaction to Malakal violence in South Sudan marred by confusion 06/22
sudantribune.com Machar’s office dismisses accusation over occupation of office by Dok Nuer 06/22
sudantribune.com HRW calls on UN to release report on Malakal IDPs incident in South Sudan 06/22
sudantribune.com Riek Machar’s discrimination of the Nuer 06/22
un.org South Sudan: UN peacekeeping chief says action will be taken on probe into Malakal violence 06/22
foxnews.com MSF says UN failed to protect civilians in South Sudan 06/21
un.org South Sudan: Special investigation into Malakal violence completed, says UN 06/21
sudantribune.com U.S. welcomes gov’t unilateral cessation of hostilities in Sudan’s Two Areas 06/21
reuters.com U.N. reaction to Malakal violence in South Sudan marred by confusion 06/21
sudantribune.com UN completes special investigation into Malakal violence 06/21
borglobe.com The Transitional Government of National Unity: Will it survive the Tasks and Challenges? 06/21
sudantribune.com SPLM-N’s acceptance of peace roadmap essential to resume Two Areas talks : Khartoum 06/19
allafrica.com Sudan: Bashir Declares Ceasefire in Blue Nile, South Kordofan 06/19
sudantribune.com Armed opposition dismiss links to Lol state attack 06/18
aljazeera.com Sudan declares ceasefire in two southern states 06/18
modernghana.com Bashir declares ceasefire in Blue Nile, South Kordofan: Sudan army 06/17
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO says peace is priority not return to violence 06/17
sudantribune.com ScOP leader travels to Addis Ababa for Sudan Call meeting 06/16
sudantribune.com Sudanese government awaits outcome of international pressures on opposition: minister 06/15
sudantribune.com South Sudan army says “bandits” repulsed from Lol state capital 06/15
allafrica.com South Sudan: Fragile Economy Threatens Nascent Peace Gains - Experts 06/14
sudantribune.com “Sudan Call” meeting shrouded in mystery amid conflicting statements from its leaders 06/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Blue Nile Refugees Flee Fighting to South Sudan Camp 06/13
sudantribune.com Rival forces clash in South Sudan’s Central Equatoria state 06/12
sudantribune.com “Sudan Call” to discuss joint position on African peace roadmap: SPLM-N 06/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Bakri Renews Call On North Sector to Join Peace and Building Process 06/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Five Years On, Refugees Still Fleeing Conflict in South Kordofan, UN Reports 06/09
sudantribune.com Machar refutes alleged appeal with President Kiir to scrap justice mechanism 06/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Control of Kilgo, Blue Nile Disputed by Sudan and Rebels 06/06
nation.co.ke S Sudan in Khartoum talks over pending issues 06/05
dailytimes.com.pk Khartoum, Juba resume talks on thorny issues 06/05
somalilandpress.com Boys with Guns: A Thought on the South Sudan Peace Deal 06/05
sudantribune.com SPLM-N says Sudanese army just captured “external points” of Kilgu area 06/04
globalsecurity.org Sudan: Five years on, refugees still fleeing conflict in South Kordofan, UN reports 06/04
standardmedia.co.ke UNHCR decries death of refugee in South Sudan camp - 3 hours ago 06/04
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s Kiir directs governors to welcome SPLM-IO officials 06/04
somalilandpress.com Boys with Guns: A Thought on the South Sudan Peac... 06/04
sudantribune.com Mbeki agrees to discuss “Sudan Call” reservations on Roadmap Agreement: NUP 06/03
voanews.com Sudanese Still Fleeing South Kordofan, 5 Years Into War 06/03
un.org Sudan: Five years on, refugees still fleeing conflict in South Kordofan, UN reports 06/03
sudantribune.com SPLM-N rebels ambush government soldiers in S. Kordofan 06/03
sudantribune.com Thousands fleeing S. Kordofan’s fighting continue to arrive in South Sudan: UNHCR 06/03
sudantribune.com SPLM-N says alarmed by deployment of RSF militiamen in Sudan’s Blue Nile 06/02
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Repulse Attack As RSF Militia Reinforce Blue Nile 06/02
sudantribune.com Sudanese government, rebels dispute control of Blue Nile’s Kilgu area 06/02
allafrica.com Sudan: South Kordofan Rebels Repulse Military Attack 05/31
huffingtonpost.com The International Embrace of Khartoum's Genocidal Regime 05/31
allafrica.com Sudan: Saf Launches Limited Attack On Rebels From Al Azrak 05/31
sudantribune.com SPLM-N to release 40 Sudanese POWs and detainees soon 05/30
sudantribune.com Ugandan troops accused of redeploying back into South Sudan 05/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Khartoum Bombs South Kordofan Civilians 05/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Is the UN Failing Sudanese Refugees in Unity State? 05/27
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan prisoners being 'tortured' in shipping containers -Amnesty 05/27
globalsecurity.org Joint Statement on Aerial Bombardment in South Kordofan and De Facto Expulsion of OCHA Head 05/27
sputniknews.com South Sudan Must End Violence Against Civilians - Troika 05/27
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan's South - Conflict in the Equatorias 05/25
sudantribune.com Investigate S. Sudan army over torture, killings, says rights body 05/25
sudantribune.com Seven killed, scores injured on Juba—Nimule highway 05/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Baby Killed in Bombing in Heiban, South Kordofan 05/24
sudantribune.com South Sudan’s VP James Wani tells troops to watch out in readiness 05/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Nuba Conflict Intensifies as Rains Arrive 05/23
sudantribune.com President Kiir says does not want another war 05/23
allafrica.com East Africa: 'South Sudan Leaders Should Be Punished for War Crimes' 05/23
sudantribune.com Machar’s Sunday prayer in ethnic Dinka church attracts controversy 05/22
foxnews.com Sudanese media say tribal clashes leave dozens dead in south 05/20
allafrica.com Sudan: 38 Dead in West Kordofan Tribal Clash 05/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan Peace Faces New Challenges 05/20
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels 'Repulse Attacks' in Nuba Mountains 05/20
sudantribune.com South Sudan armed men clash with Sudanese rebels in Bahr el Ghazal 05/17
sudantribune.com Local official bans foreign music in Yambio radio 05/16
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO accuses SPLA of attacking its forces in Unity region 05/15
sudantribune.com Lol youth warn against Awan’s interferences in their state 05/14
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Claim 32 Troops Killed in South Kordofan Battle 05/13
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO pushes for speedy implementation of peace agreement 05/12
sudantribune.com Sudan expects U.S. Congress to denounce rebels’ rejection to sign peace roadmap 05/10
sudantribune.com New rebel group formed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal state 05/10
sudantribune.com UN to train South Sudan army in combating sexual violence 05/09
sudantribune.com Dr. Machar should take a preemptive strike against his IO enemies 05/06
sudantribune.com Sudanese army vows to carry out more attack on S. Kordofan rebels 05/05
allafrica.com South Sudan: Opposition Fighters Attack Soldiers 05/03