News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: South Sudan president reappoints ex-rebel leader as VP 02/12 President Kiir calls on new FVP Machar to report to Juba within 7 days 02/12 SPLA-IO senior military staff receive UN workshop in Ethiopia 02/10 Books not bombs for Sudan refugees 02/10 South Sudanese governor warns opposition MPs against war rhetoric 02/10 Khartoum renews call for Washington to press rebels to join national dialogue 02/09 S. Sudan legislators warn of war over land disputes in Upper Nile state 02/09 Sudan: Mahmoud Calls On German Government to Press SPLM-North Into Serious Negotiations 02/08 SSNLM forces in Western Equatoria state deny defection to SPLA-IO 02/08 Juba hopes outstanding issues with Khartoum be resolved “as a package” 02/07 Arrow Boys defect to SPLA-IO in Western Equatoria state 02/07 Sudan appeals for US and Germany to pressure rebels to engage in “serious talks” 02/07 Right groups ignoring crimes committed in S. Sudan: SPLM-IO 02/06 Honest tribute to Bishop Santo Pio of Juba Archdiocese 02/05 South Sudan Bill limits foreign aid workers 02/04 Abyei’s army defectors rejoin South Sudanese military 02/03 South Sudan’s rebel leader: ‘I am a hero. I am a victim.’ 02/02 Sudan: Rebels Claim Victory Over Govt. Forces in Blue Nile 02/02 S. Sudan rebels accuse gov’t forces of using chemical weapons 02/01 Bishop slams South Sudan leaders 02/01 South Sudan troops accused of suffocating 50 people in container 02/01 South Sudan internal peace dialogue makes no progress 01/31 Sudan: Air Force Bombs Villages in Blue Nile 01/31 Juba downplays defection to SPLM-N of Abyei’s military unit 01/29 Africa: Survey Reveals Views On Truth, Justice and Healing 01/29 South Sudan rival forces withdraw troops from “hot spot areas” 01/29 Sudan opens border with South Sudan for first time since 2011 secession 01/27 UK calls for formation of S. Sudan’s transitional government without delay 01/27 Bashir’s regime intends to reproduce itself, but not genuine in Sudan’s dialogue: SPLM-N 01/26 South Sudan’s Kiir, Machar should face sanctions: UN experts 01/26 South Sudan, rebels fail to form transitional government 01/25 Machar and Museveni discuss future of peace in South Sudan 01/25 Sudan: 'Govt. Represses Darfuris in Jebel Marra' - Sudan Opposition 01/25 South Sudan, Rebels Fail to Form Transitional Government 01/24 Informal talks on Sudan’s Two Areas collapse, as parties trade accusations 01/23 Wau state deputy governor takes oath of office 01/22 Fresh fighting erupts in S. Sudan’s Western Equatoria state 01/21 Sudan: Conflict Looms As Mass Government Troops Assemble 01/21 Sudan: Popular Congress Party, Reform Now, Condemn New Darfur Violence 01/19 Mabior Garang says no return to war in South Sudan 01/19 Youth in Yambio call to end conflict and fight HIV/AIDS 01/18 Chollo community says SPLM-IO’s MPs nomination unfair 01/15 Sudan: Govt, Rebels to Hold Talks in Berlin 01/15 South Sudan former detainees nominate Deng Alor for foreign affairs position 01/15 Jonglei state pastoralists ordered to leave Equatoria after deadly clashes 01/13 S. Sudanese students welcome Kiir’s apology, demand accountability 01/13 Sudanese presidential aide expects to reach agreement with rebels soon 01/13 Sudan: Rebels to Join Darfur Negotiation Rounds 01/12 The fate of South Sudan: power struggles from within 01/12 Thousands welcome Wau state governor and deputy 01/12 Sudan: 'Barrel Bombs Destroy Farms in Sudan's Blue Nile' 01/11 South Sudan: Rebels Not Satisfied With Power-Sharing Deal, but Accept It, Says Spokesman 01/09 South Sudan: Sudanese People's Liberation Movement Resolves Conflict 01/09 Sudanese army raids SPLM-N area in Blue Nile: spokesperson 01/09 South Sudan's peace deal is a 'result of external pressure' 01/08 Sudan: Sudan OCHA Bulletin 1 - 185,000 South Sudanese Refugees in Sudan 01/08 Sudan pushed two SPLA dissidents to instigate fighting in Abyei: Hillary Clinton email 01/08 South Sudan rebels welcome Kiir's decision to form joint transitional government 01/08 Sudan: Rebel Leader Mocks Sudan's Ceasefire Extension 01/08 Ramaphosa in South Sudan to ease tensions 01/07 President Kiir apologises for the December 2013 war 01/07 South Sudanese Parties Agree to Share Cabinet Slots 01/07 Juba massacre survivor calls for justice and forgiveness 01/07 Two killed as cattle keepers, farmers clash in Wau state 01/07 South Africa: Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa Arrives in South Sudan Ahead of SPLM Extraordinary Convention 01/07 Sudan: President Al-Bashir Affirms Government Effort to Realize Peace, Put End to War 01/07 Sudan lost $7 billion due to border shut down with S. Sudan: official 01/05 South Sudan: Impasse Persists On Securing Peace 01/04 Bashir: Khartoum is keen about peace in S. Sudan 01/04 AU to broker talks between Sudan opposition and gov't 01/04 Sudan rebels attack army garisson in restive southern state 01/04 Sudan rebels attack army garrison in South Kordofan 01/04 Sudan: SPLM-N Rebels 'Destroy South Kordofan Military Garrison' 01/04 Sudanese government and Darfur rebels to hold informal discussions 01/04 Armed group in Eastern Equatoria rejects appointment of 28 state governors 12/30 Sudan: Blue Nile Rebels Claim Ambush On Sudan Forces 12/30 SPLM-N rebels ambush government soldiers in Blue Nile 12/29 South Sudan: Senior Officers Deployed Child Soldiers - NGO 12/28 South Sudan minister claims SPLM made big political achievements 12/26 SPLM-N and SCoP to boycott any “non inclusive” pre-dialogue meeting 12/26 South Sudan’s break-away rebels sign MoU with Juba government 12/26 South Sudanese armed opposition leader condemns appointment of 28 governors 12/25 JMEC convenes meeting in Juba over transitional government formation 12/24 South Sudan Army Backs Peace Accord’s Security Arrangement 12/24 South Sudan army divided over Juba town withdrawal plan 12/24 Machar calls on South Sudanese people to consolidate peace 12/24 A plea to Mogae and Kiir to avert GRSS’ invective financial economy 12/23 Sudan: Growing Expectations of Sudan Govt.-Rebel SPLM-N Peace Deal 12/23 Sudan’s spy-chief claims that Juba agreed to abandon Darfur rebels 12/22 South Sudan president directs free movement of SPLM-IO advance team members 12/22 South Sudan’s JMEC chairman calls on parties to expedite peace implementation 12/22 South Sudan: Rebel Leaders Return to South Sudan Pledging Peace 12/22 S. Sudan welcomes members of SPLM-IO advance team 12/21 UK applauds arrival of SPLM-IO advance team to Juba 12/21 Rebel leaders return to South Sudan pledging peace 12/21 SPLM-N rebels repulse fresh government attack in Blue Nile: spokesperson 12/20 Majak Agot calls for calm over Juba church attack on Rebecca Nyandeng 12/19 South Sudan: UN Peacekeeping Force Extended in Abyei 12/19 South Sudan: On the Brink of Renewed War 12/17 South Sudanese army accused of new attacks in Western Equatoria 12/17