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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
allafrica.com South Sudan: Opposition Figures Defect to Kiir Administration 01/19
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rival forces deny committing human rights abuses 01/19
voanews.com South Sudanese Opposition Figures Defect to Kiir Administration 01/18
sudantribune.com Envoys fail to convince SPLM-N to accept U.S. humanitarian proposition 01/17
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels deny meeting youth league leaders 01/17
un.org Killings, rapes in South Sudan continued 'unabated' after July 2016 violence, UN reports 01/16
sudantribune.com UN to support Great Lakes region on S. Sudan rebels 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Sudan Govt. Declares Ceasefire to Appease U.S.' - Opposition 01/16
modernghana.com Sudan extends ceasefire in 3 conflict areas 01/15
sudantribune.com Sudanese government extends ceasefire for six months 01/15
allafrica.com South Sudan: Numbers Die in Violence Near Refugee Camp 01/13
sudantribune.com Sudan’s SPLM-N delegation meets mayor of Oslo 01/13
voanews.com Activists Abroad Seek Path to Peace in South Sudan 01/13
sudantribune.com South Sudan army collects over 1200 weapons in Juba 01/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Rebels Accuse Army of Attacking Blue Nile 01/11
sudantribune.com Sudanese rebels won’t meet government in Paris: Arman 01/10
sudantribune.com Humanitarian situation in Leer worsens after official’s dismissal 01/09
sudantribune.com Another rebel commander shot dead in war-torn South Sudan 01/07
sudantribune.com South Sudan army denies clashes with rebels in E. Equatoria 01/04
allafrica.com East Africa: Tanzanian Pilot Freed By South Sudanese Rebels 01/04
bbc.co.uk Losing faith 01/04
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels release Tanzanian pilot 01/02
reuters.com Sudan's Bashir announces one-month ceasefire extension 01/01
sudantribune.com Sudan urges Juba to expel rebel groups from its territory 01/01
sudantribune.com S. Sudan celebrates New Year without major security breach 01/01
sudantribune.com Sudan’s president extends ceasefire for one month 12/31
sudantribune.com FVP Gai to visits Wau over SPLM-IO containment sites 12/29
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s Kiir protests global isolation over ongoing conflict 12/27
sudantribune.com Machar calls for an internationally brokered process to review S. Sudan peace deal 12/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Songs and Sanctions Help Regreen Sudan's Desert Villages 12/23
sudantribune.com Sudan allocates $1,8 billion for defense in 2017 12/23
sudantribune.com Ugandan leader calls for early elections in war-torn South Sudan 12/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: Three Years Into Conflict, Humanitarian Needs Continue to Rise - UN 12/22
businessdailyafrica.com Cybercrime attacks that hit headlines in 2016 12/21
sudantribune.com Sudanese security service files new charges against Czech journalist and pastors 12/19
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan may renegotiate peace agreement for stability 12/18
nation.co.ke WHO likely to shut down health facilities as cash crunch persists 12/18
modernghana.com Cash crunch closing WHO clinics in Sudan war zones 12/17
doctorswithoutborders.org Why Is MSF Working in South Sudan? 12/16
sudantribune.com Children recruited into S. Sudanese conflict passes 17,000: UN 12/16
globalsecurity.org South Sudan opposition welcomes president's call for national dialogue 12/16
un.org Number of children recruited into South Sudanese conflict passes 17,000 – UNICEF 12/15
cnn.com Is genocide looming in South Sudan? 12/15
sudantribune.com S. Sudan Riek Machar under house arrest in Pretoria : report 12/13
sudantribune.com Humanitarian trucks not attack by the SPLA: OCHA 12/12
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO diplomat: World can’t turn ‘a blind eye’ to S.Sudan 12/12
sudantribune.com Sudan threatens to use “other options” to end war in Darfur and Two Areas 12/11
sudantribune.com South Sudan army chief of staff cautions foreign diplomats 12/10
sudantribune.com South Sudanese soldeiers warned against agression 12/10
sudantribune.com South Sudanese army claims in control of Yei town 12/06
allafrica.com Darfuri Refugees Return From Chad to West Darfur 12/05
sudantribune.com U.S “alarmed" by violence in S. Sudan’s Equatoria region 12/05
sudantribune.com South Sudan requests Khartoum to shut down rebel offices 12/05
sudantribune.com Last group of POWs released by JEM arrive in Khartoum 12/02
sudantribune.com SPLA denies defection of 300 soldiers to rebels 12/02
sudantribune.com Ceasefire monitoring team finally reach S. Sudan’s Yei town 11/30
sudantribune.com Outgoing peacekeeping chief says "no peace in S. Sudan" 11/29
allafrica.com South Sudan: Juba Agrees to UN Force Deployment 11/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels, UN Vow to Act Against Child Recruitment 11/28
allafrica.com Sudan: School Students Join Protest Against Sudan's Subsidy Cuts 11/28
sudantribune.com Trial of Czech journalist and pastors continues in Khartoum 11/28
dw.com South Sudan agrees to UN force deployment 11/26
sudantribune.com S. Sudan opposition condemns "massacre" by SPLA soldiers 11/26
huffingtonpost.com What vision will guide this important chapter in South Sudan's history? 11/25
sudantribune.com Sudanese army attacks SPLM-N positions in S. Kordofan: rebels say 11/24
allafrica.com South Sudan: New Abuse of Civilians by Both Sides 11/23
sudantribune.com Right body accuses South Sudan rival forces of abusing civilians 11/23
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army commander says ready for any option to end war 11/23
voanews.com Sudan Rebel Group Vows to End Child Recruitment 11/23
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s Kiir travels to Equatorial Guinea for African-Arab summit 11/22
africa-newsroom.com Security Council Press Statement on the Ethnic Violence and the Situation in South Sudan 11/21
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO official says Machar in safe location 11/21
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels slam U.S. sanctions call for Machar 11/20
globalsecurity.org Security Council 'deeply alarmed' over escalation of ethnic violence in South Sudan 11/20
sudantribune.com SPLA-IO confirms release of 20 aid workers 11/19
un.org Security Council 'deeply alarmed' over escalation of ethnic violence in South Sudan 11/19
sudantribune.com U.S. proposes to sanction South Sudan’s Machar, Malong and Lueth 11/19
allafrica.com Sudan: 'A Guerrilla Movement With a Just Cause Can't Be Defeated' 11/18
aljazeera.com Dozen killed in South Sudan clashes 11/17
foxnews.com Wave of ethnic killings engulfs town in South Sudan 11/17
dailytrust.com.ng Dozen killed in violent clashes 11/17
sudantribune.com South Sudan official says rebel operating like "organized criminals" 11/17
sudantribune.com SPLA-IO rebels claim capture of three areas in S. Sudan 11/16
foxnews.com UN calls on Sudan and South Sudan to negotiate over Abyei 11/15
sudantribune.com U.N urges Sudan and S. Sudan to negotiate over Abyei 11/15
sudantribune.com SPLM-N fighters won’t be integrated into the Sudanese army: Bashir 11/15
sudantribune.com Sudan’s austerity measures meant to address impact of sanctions and civil war: Official 11/12
theeastafrican.co.ke UN laments low funding for South Sudan refugees 11/09
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO fighters repulses fresh attack in northern Upper Nile 11/09
sudantribune.com Ten civilians wounded in attack by gunmen on SPLA in Bentiu 11/08
monitor.co.ug Rebels assure Kenyans in South Sudan of their safety 11/08
theeastafrican.co.ke Rebels assure Kenyans in South Sudan of their safety 11/07
monitor.co.ug Kenya deports South Sudan rebel leader's spokesman 11/04
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Welcomes Rebels' Extension of Ceasefire 11/04
sudantribune.com Government, rebels welcome dismissal of UNMISS force commander 11/02
sudantribune.com UN chief wants decision on South Sudanese rebels in DR Congo 10/31
sudantribune.com South Sudan’s new rebel group vows to oust President Kiir 10/31
sudantribune.com Sudan’s armed groups extend cessation of hostilities for six months 10/31
sudantribune.com Taban accuses Machar of conducting ’parallel cabinet meetings’ 10/31
sudantribune.com Presidential aide, UK ambassador discuss humanitarian access to Sudan’s Two Areas 10/30