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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
turkishweekly.net Tribal clashes kill at least 130 in Sudan 11/28
voanews.com Tribal Clashes Kill at Least 130 in Sudan 11/27
reuters.com At least 133 killed in tribal clashes in Sudan: tribe leader 11/27
bbc.co.uk Sudan clashes kill more than 100 11/27
sudantribune.com UN declines transporting S. Sudanese rebels for consultations 11/27
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels accuse government of renewed hostilities 11/27
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebel delegation meets Museveni in Kampala 11/27
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels dismiss alleged membership in UN compounds 11/26
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels refute formation of separate movement for Equatorians 11/26
voanews.com South Sudan Opposition Alleges New SPLA Attacks 11/26
strategypage.com SUDAN: Peace In Our Time 11/25
sudantribune.com S. Sudan political leaders demand peaceful end to conflict 11/25
sudantribune.com Sudan's NCP says talks with Darfur rebels are limited to ceasefire 11/25
sudantribune.com SPLM-N launches attacks against Sudanese army positions in Blue Nile state 11/24
allafrica.com South Sudan: Situating Transitional Justice in the Context of South Sudan 11/24
sudantribune.com Sudan calls on Darfur rebels to embrace contentious Doha framework document 11/23
sudantribune.com Sudanese civil society groups support African efforts for comprehensive solution 11/22
sudantribune.com Sudan rebels says satisfied from SPLM-N positions and prepared for Darfur talks 11/22
sudantribune.com South Sudan diplomats defect to SPLM-IO rebels 11/21
ndtv.com UN Pleads for Release of Abducted Staff in South Sudan 11/20
sudantribune.com WFP demands safe release of staff abducted in S. Sudan 11/20
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels downplay reconciliation talks between government and former detainees 11/19
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels say not targeting VP Wani Igga 11/19
sudantribune.com W. Bahr el Ghazal cabinet briefed at peace talks 11/18
sudantribune.com Sudan’s national dialogue mechanism asks Ghandour to prepare for talks with rebels 11/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: Scores Injured as IDPs Clash in Upper Nile State - UN 11/18
timeslive.co.za Sudan and rebels end talks, mediators hopeful of positive deal 11/18
globalsecurity.org Sudan government and rebels suspend peace talks 11/18
sudantribune.com Scores injured as IDPs clash in Upper Nile state: UN 11/17
globalsecurity.org South Sudan warring rivals in Ethiopia for peace talks 11/16
sudantribune.com South Sudanese journalist freed after three days in detention 11/16
sudantribune.com Rival S. Sudan forces begin training on implementing ceasefire 11/16
sudantribune.com SPLM-N, gov't delegations trade accusation of stalling talks over Sudan Two Areas 11/15
sudantribune.com Sudanese army rules out military confrontation with South Sudan 11/15
timeslive.co.za Sudan warplanes bomb South Sudan border zones: reports 11/14
radiodabanga.org Youth in West Kordofan protest motorcycle ban 11/14
sudantribune.com Bullying Darfur 11/13
globalsecurity.org US Welcomes Sudan Peace Talks 11/13
voanews.com US Welcomes Sudan Peace Talks 11/12
modernghana.com Sudan meets with rebels amid 'urgent' ceasefire plea 11/12
sudantribune.com Troika countries call for commitment to Sudan peace process 11/11
stripes.com S. Sudanese rivals trade accusations of fresh ceasefire violations 11/11
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rejects proposal to scrap vice-president post 11/11
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Accuse Govt of Fresh Violations 11/10
sudantribune.com SPLM-N, NUP condemn alleged mass rape in Darfur, call for swift international action 11/09
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels accuse government of fresh violations 11/09
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rivals to Command Separate Armies During Transition 11/08
sudantribune.com Talks on Darfur truce to be held despite absence of some rebels: official 11/07
allafrica.com South Sudan: Snapshots of a Divided Country 11/07
ekklesia.co.uk UN Security Council condemns outburst of violence in South Sudan 11/06
sudantribune.com UNSC condemns renewed violence in South Sudan, threatens sanctions 11/06
sudantribune.com Juba optimistic of possible peace deal with rebel forces 11/06
sudantribune.com UN expresses concerns over violence inside IDP camps in South Sudan 11/05
un.org South Sudan: Security Council strongly condemns outburst of deadly violence, urges peace 11/05
sify.com UN Mission extracts 30 civilians from airstrip in South Sudan as violence continues 11/05
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels accuse government of pretext to harm IDPs 11/04
allafrica.com Sudan: Face to Face - On the Frontlines of the Country's Civil War 11/04
sudantribune.com S. Sudan relief agency deplores clashes in Kenyan refugee camp 11/04
sudantribune.com Pro-Juba forces attack rebel positions – spokesman 11/04
voanews.com South Sudan Army, Rebels Clash in Upper Nile State 11/03
allafrica.com South Sudan: Security Situation Remains Tense 11/03
scoop.co.nz Mission extracts 30 civilians from airstrip in South Sudan 11/02
allafrica.com South Sudan: IGAD Envoys Condemn the Latest Military Actions By SPLM/a-in-Opposition Forces in South Sudan 11/02
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Says in 'Full' Control of Bentiu Town 11/01
crisisgroup.org CrisisWatch N°135 11/01
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels accuse government of arrests, torture 11/01
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan faces threat of a new war 11/01
globalsecurity.org UN Mission extracts 30 civilians from airstrip in South Sudan as violence continues 11/01
globalsecurity.org South Sudan: Ban condemns renewed violence between opposing factions 10/31
sify.com UN Mission extracts 30 civilians from airstrip in South Sudan as violence continues 10/31
allafrica.com South Sudan: S. Sudan Rebels Repulse Government's Attempt to Retake Bentiu - Spokesperson 10/31
allafrica.com South Sudan: State Dept. On Violence in South Sudan's Unity State 10/31
allafrica.com South Sudan: US Condemns Renewed Military Clashes in S. Sudan's Unity State 10/31
allafrica.com Sudan: IGAD Mediators Urge S. Sudan Rebels to Immediately Cease Hostilities 10/31
allafrica.com Sudan: President Bashir Orders Army to Launch Decisive Attack to End Rebellion 10/30
allafrica.com South Sudan: Back to War - Again 10/30
sify.com South Sudan: Ban condemns renewed violence between opposing factions 10/30
modernghana.com U.S. Condemns Violence in South Sudan's Unity State 10/30
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels repulse government’s attempt to retake Bentiu: spokesperson 10/30
sudantribune.com IGAD mediators urge S. Sudan rebels to immediately cease hostilities 10/30
crisisgroup.org Conflict Alert: Looming Military Offensives in South Sudan 10/29
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir orders army to launch decisive attack to end rebellion 10/29
voanews.com Fighting in Bentiu Leaves Control of S. Sudan Oil Town Unclear 10/29
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels claim control over Bentiu as government denies 10/29
voanews.com One Killed in Clashes at UN Camp in South Sudan 10/28
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rival Forces Clash Over Control of Oil-Rich Town 10/28
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s rival forces clash over control of oil-rich town 10/27
reuters.com Fighting erupts again in South Sudan; each side blames the other 10/27
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Calls for Withdrawal of Ugandan Troops 10/26
sudantribune.com Death toll hits 59 as fresh clashes erupt in Lakes state 10/25
voanews.com Sudanese Bishop Urges End to Attacks on Civilians 10/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Asked Beijing Not to Sell Weapons to Juba 10/25
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels renew calls for withdrawal of Ugandan troops 10/25
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels asked Beijing not to sell weapons to Juba 10/24
sudantribune.com Nuer community in Uganda declares support for opposition movement 10/24
voanews.com UN: Rape Used as Weapon of War in S. Sudan Conflict 10/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: Ateny Wek Ateny - 'It Is the People of South Sudan Who Decide' 10/23
dw.de Ateny Wek Ateny: 'It is the people of South Sudan who decide' 10/22
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels deny endorsing Kiir's party leadership 10/22
voanews.com South Sudan Warring Parties Admit Responsibility for 'Civil War' 10/21