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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
sudantribune.com South Sudan asks for Khartoum technical assistance to resume oil production 08/23
borglobe.com Former General Secretary Pagan Amum has Gone Amok 08/23
sudantribune.com Machar in Khartoum for “medical treatment”, says Sudan’s Minister of Information 08/23
somalilandpress.com Al Jazeera visits the war the world forgot in the Nuba Mountains in Sudan 08/22
somalilandpress.com Al Jazeera visits the war the world forgot in the... 08/22
sudantribune.com Over 100 soldiers killed in South Sudan’s Jonglei state 08/22
sudantribune.com Trial of Christian pastors begins in Khartoum 08/21
france24.com S.Sudan opposition leader Riek Machar flees country 08/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: Spokesman - Machar 'Evacuated' 08/18
dw.com South Sudan opposition leader Machar flees 08/18
reuters.com South Sudan opposition leader Riek Machar has left country: spokesman 08/18
hosted.ap.org South Sudan rebel leader has fled country, spokesman says 08/18
foxnews.com South Sudan rebel leader flees country 08/18
aljazeera.com South Sudan opposition leader flees county 08/18
aljazeera.com South Sudan opposition leader Riek Machar flees to DRC 08/18
africa-newsroom.com 37,200 South Sudanese Sheltering in UN House Protection Site in Juba 08/17
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Khartoum Cause of Peace Talks Impasse' - Sudan Opposition 08/17
sudantribune.com Over 37,000 S. Sudanese sheltering at UN House in Juba: IOM 08/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Hopes of Peace Dashed As Latest Negotiations Collapse 08/16
theeastafrican.co.ke Sudan ceasefire talks collapse after less than a week 08/16
sudantribune.com Sudan government says rebels are not serious about peace 08/15
sudantribune.com Senior officials of Yei River state killed or wounded 08/15
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO says President Kiir responsible for “collapse of peace agreement” 08/15
allafrica.com Delegation of People's Movement (Silent Majority) Holds Meetings in Addis Ababa 08/15
allafrica.com South Sudan: Killings, Rapes, Looting in Juba 08/15
sudantribune.com SPLA announcement to reclaim looted items not sincere: owners 08/14
sudantribune.com South Sudan cabinet approves integration of SPLA-IO forces 08/13
sudantribune.com Internal Displaced Persons from Rii-randu are getting assistance in Yambio 08/13
sudantribune.com Disagreement on humanitarian access jeopardizes talks on Sudan’s Two Areas 08/13
sudantribune.com UN Security Council votes for third party foreign force to South Sudan 08/12
sudantribune.com Clashes occur between South Sudanese rival forces between Lobonok and Rejaf East 08/12
sudantribune.com Over 2,000 people displaced in S. Sudan’s Raga town 08/11
voanews.com Analysts: Salvaging South Sudan Peace Agreement Faces Challenges 08/11
sudantribune.com Sudan negotiating delegations accuse each other of attempting to torpedo peace talks 08/11
allafrica.com Government Delegation to the Negotiations in Addis Ababa Holds a Press Conference 08/11
sudantribune.com President Kiir’s coup claim not true, a harmful plan: Spokesman 08/11
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Put Offer of One-Year Ceasefire 08/11
sudantribune.com Sudanese gov’t delegation lash out at SPLM-N chief negotiator 08/10
foxnews.com Sudanese rebels reportedly agree to roadmap for peace 08/09
theeastafrican.co.ke Sudanese rebels agree to AU peace proposal 08/09
monitor.co.ug More UN troops might not quell violence in S. Sudan - inquiry 08/09
sudantribune.com Clashes around strategic Yei town between South Sudanese rival forces: Spokesperson 08/09
nation.co.ke More UN troops might not quell violence in South Sudan, inquiry suggests 08/08
stripes.com South Sudanese civilians fear the UN can't protect them from a massacre 08/06
monitor.co.ug UN inquiry finds peacekeepers failed to defend South Sudan base 08/06
sudantribune.com SPLA denies UN rape report, says soldiers arrested on looting charges 08/06
allafrica.com South Sudan: UN Accuses South Sudan Troops of Fuelling Violence 08/05
globalsecurity.org SPLA Committed Widespread Violations in July, UN Human Rights Chief Says 08/05
allafrica.com South Sudan: UN Accuses Troops of Committing Atrocities 08/05
globalsecurity.org South Sudan Soldiers Killed Civilians, Raped Women - UN Human Rights Chief 08/05
modernghana.com UN inquiry finds peacekeepers failed to defend South Sudan base 08/05
voanews.com S. Sudan Opposition Wants Regional Buffer Force in Juba 08/05
dw.com South Sudan to deploy protection force 08/05
africa-newsroom.com SPLA Committed Widespread Violations During and After July Fighting in South Sudan – Zeid 08/04
aljazeera.com UN accuses South Sudan troops of committing atrocities 08/04
dnaindia.com South Sudan security forces killed, raped civilians: UN 08/04
allafrica.com Africa: China's Dangerous Double Game in the Sudans 08/04
allafrica.com Sudan: The Sudanese Government's War of Attrition in South Kordofan 08/04
voanews.com SPLA Committed Widespread Violations in July, UN Human Rights Chief Says 08/04
globalsecurity.org South Sudan's government forces committed widespread violations in July fighting - UN 08/04
sudantribune.com UN says SPLA committed widespread violations during July fighting 08/04
sudantribune.com SPLA hints declaring war on SPLA-IO forces 08/03
globalsecurity.org Former Leader of S. Sudan's Ruling Party Seeks International Intervention 08/03
borglobe.com South Sudan’s opposition group slams global community 08/03
sudantribune.com Former minister wants S. Sudan under UN administration 08/03
allafrica.com Sudan: Bakri Calls On Gun-Holders to Stick Wisdom and to Join Peace Process 08/03
un.org Some 60,000 flee recent South Sudan violence, bringing exodus to 900,000 since 2013 – UN 08/02
sudantribune.com South Sudan army downplays ongoing fighting around Juba 08/02
voanews.com Former Leader of S. Sudan’s Ruling Party Seeks International Intervention 08/02
aljazeera.com South Sudan minister resigns, calls for Kiir to go 08/02
sudantribune.com Machar’s spokesperson says fighting continues around Juba, claims defeating Kiir forces 08/02
sudantribune.com Sudanese presidency urges S. Kordofan residents to hold contacts with rebels 08/02
sudantribune.com Renewed clashes a violation of S. Sudan peace deal: UN 08/01
allafrica.com South Sudan: Machar Fighters Threaten to Attack Juba 08/01
voanews.com South Sudan Appointed Delegation to UN Questioned 07/31
sudantribune.com Heavy fighting reported around Juba, as SPLA-IO claims closing in 07/31
monitor.co.ug Machar fighters threaten to attack Juba as fresh fighting breaks out 07/31
sudantribune.com Three senior officers of SPLA-IO defect to Taban Deng in Unity region 07/31
sudantribune.com SPLA soldiers pullout from Ngo Bagari county 07/29
sudantribune.com New South Sudan FVP tells Machar to stay in exile 07/29
allafrica.com South Sudan: Govt 'Let' Soldiers Kill, Loot After Peace Deal - Amnesty 07/28
enoughproject.org The Unheard Voices of South Sudan: How The International Community Can Help Bring Peace 07/28
ekklesia.co.uk Violence fuels humanitarian crisis in South Sudan 07/28
irinnews.org China’s dangerous double game in the Sudans 07/27
irinnews.org Food on the frontlines 07/27
globalsecurity.org SPLM-IO Faction Moves to Replace First VP Machar 07/27
allafrica.com South Sudan: Suspense As New Vice-President Sworn in 07/27
voanews.com S. Sudan President Swears In New VP to Replace Machar 07/26
upi.com South Sudan president Salva Kiir replaces rival vice president 07/26
monitor.co.ug Riek Machar replaced as South Sudan vice-president 07/26
voanews.com South Sudan to Swear in New First Vice President 07/26
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO accuses President Kiir’s forces of fresh attacks 07/26
nation.co.ke Machar warns of new war after his sacking 07/26
sudantribune.com UN warns over replacement of Machar as First Vice President 07/26
voanews.com SPLM-IO Faction Moves to Replace First VP Machar 07/25
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan Opposition 'Deposes' Leader Riek Machar 07/25
sudantribune.com Advocacy group warns of “full-scale war” in S. Sudan 07/25
nation.co.ke S Sudan opposition 'deposes' leader Riek Machar 07/24
monitor.co.ug Here’s why a third voice is critical in solving the South Sudan conflict 07/23
monitor.co.ug S.Sudan’s Machar fires possible rival 07/23