News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide
mobile

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

    Comment on this overview
 
Take Action (learn about relevant NGOs)

Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudanese Rebels Deny Recruiting Child Soldiers - Spokesperson 09/16
sudantribune.com Two Sudanese rebels convicted of killing Chinese oil workers executed 09/16
sudantribune.com Sudan - Colliding interests 09/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Cutting Corners in the Peace Process 09/15
sudantribune.com S. Sudan slaps travel ban on opposition parties’ leader 09/13
sudantribune.com Sudan backs ceasefire, but rules out cessation of hostilities 09/12
sudantribune.com South Sudan detains Ugandan community leader 09/12
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Holds Consultations in Doha On Darfur, Sudan's Dialogue 09/11
sudantribune.com Mbeki announces separate talks with Sudan rebels on cessation of hostilities 09/11
sudantribune.com Senior traffic officer gunned down in S. Sudan's Lakes state 09/11
modernghana.com Al Jazeera Exclusive: South Sudan Rebel Threatened UN Just Before Helicopter Shooting 09/11
sudantribune.com South Sudan Conflict: IGAD fights, mediates and negotiates 09/10
timeslive.co.za Mbeki sees 'big step' in efforts to end Sudan wars: Media 09/10
sudantribune.com 11 NGOs call for pressing Khartoum to stop bombing civilians 09/09
sudantribune.com AU committee launches probe into alleged war crimes in S. Sudan 09/09
modernghana.com Senior Sudan opposition figure freed after one month 09/09
sudantribune.com Sudan Democracy First Group: Art as resistance – art as resilience 09/09
allafrica.com Sudan: Women Fearful in South Sudan Camps 09/09
allafrica.com South Africa: Rebels Downplay China Troops' Deployment 09/08
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels dismiss alleged links with LRA 09/08
allafrica.com Sudan: NCP Says Dialogue Agreement an "Important Step" As SRF Sees "Qualitative Shift" 09/07
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebel Official Slams IGAD Peace Protocol 09/07
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels downplay China troops’ deployment 09/06
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebel official slams IGAD peace protocal 09/05
turkishweekly.net Sudan opposition parties agree to join dialogue 09/05
allafrica.com South Sudan: Calls for Immediate Arms Embargo On South Sudan 09/04
pulitzercenter.org Displaced by War, Thousands Living Underwater on U.N. Base in South Sudan 09/04
allafrica.com South Sudan: Igga Rules Out Standing Aside for Rebel Leader Machar 09/03
allafrica.com South Sudan: Former Detainees Say IGAD Proposal 'Unjust' 09/03
khaleejtimes.com Maktoum Foundation to build 10 water stations in Sudan 09/02
allafrica.com Cameroon: 'The People Will Overcome This Calamity' 09/02
sudantribune.com National peace and reconciliation conference kicks off in Wau 09/02
sudantribune.com Former South Sudan detainees say IGAD proposal “unjust” 09/02
sudantribune.com Rebel leaders meet with Sudan peace mediators in Addis Ababa 09/01
allafrica.com South Sudan: IGAD Chief Mediator Insists Rebels Signed Ceasefire Matrix 08/31
sudantribune.com IGAD chief mediator insists rebels signed ceasefire matrix 08/30
sudantribune.com Sudan says rebels rejected African Union invitation to resume talks on Two Areas 08/30
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels say president Kiir a “symbol of division” 08/29
sudantribune.com Rebels accuse IGAD mediation of bias amid talks’ adjournment 08/27
tamilguardian.com South Sudan rebels deny shooting down UN helicopter 08/27
allafrica.com South Sudan: Three Killed in UN Helicopter Crash 08/27
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan warring forces trade blame over UN helicopter crash 08/27
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels deny shooting down UN helicopter in Unity state 08/26
voanews.com 3 Killed in UN Helicopter Crash in South Sudan 08/26
allafrica.com Sudan's Rebels, Umma Party Invited to Addis Ababa 08/26
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan warring sides face 'punitive' sanctions 08/25
pulitzercenter.org South Sudan's Looming Disaster: Famine in the Wake of Civil War 08/25
sudantribune.com DUP leader, SRF rebels discuss Paris Declaration 08/24
sudantribune.com Sudanese official meets with opposition figure in Germany 08/24
sudantribune.com Peace mediators to consult Sudan rebels on national dialogue: Arman 08/24
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army claims rebels entered Unity state from Sudan 08/24
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Uncovers Rebel Plan for Major Military Offensive 08/23
sudantribune.com Machar to attend IGAD regional summit: Spokesperson 08/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Recruited Child Soldiers in Latest Fighting - HRW 08/22
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan Army Denies Recruiting Children 08/22
allafrica.com South Sudan: Ethnic Militias and the Shrinking State 08/22
pulitzercenter.org When Militiamen Rule 08/22
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army uncovers rebel plan for major military offensive 08/22
allafrica.com Uganda: South Sudanese Rebels Say Uganda Visit "Encouraging" 08/22
allafrica.com South Sudan: Does South Sudan's Peace Process Face Collapse? 08/21
voanews.com South Sudan Recruited Child Soldiers in Latest Fighting 08/21
allafrica.com Sudan: SRF Calls for International Pressure to Postpone Sudan Elections 08/21
allafrica.com South Sudan: War Veterans Planting for Peace 08/21
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels say Uganda visit “encouraging” 08/21
sudantribune.com South Sudan army denies recruiting children 08/21
sudantribune.com Juba's anti-Machar comment lacks spirit of recognition: rebel spokesperson 08/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: Journalist Released, Bakhita Radio Still Silent 08/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels 'Ready for Talks' 08/20
sudantribune.com SRF calls for international pressure to postpone elections in Sudan 08/20
voanews.com South Sudan Journalist Released, Bakhita Radio Still Silent 08/19
turkishweekly.net S. Sudan rebels stress commitment to peace talks 08/19
sify.com UN mission in South Sudan condemns 'sustained gunfire' near Bentiu base 08/19
allafrica.com The Endless Friction Next Door 08/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: The Dilemma of Peace and Accountability 08/18
allafrica.com Uganda: Rebels Delegation Arrives in Kampala 08/18
voanews.com South Sudan Journalist Detained, Radio Station Shut Down Over Report 08/18
sudantribune.com Sudanese presidency directs to end tribal fighting in West Kordofan 08/18
sudantribune.com South Sudan says rebel leader seeking support from Sudan 08/18
sudantribune.com Top US ambassador to leave S. Sudan post 08/18
sudantribune.com UN demand freedom of movement in S. Sudan 08/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Former Political Detainees Unveil Program for Reform 08/17
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rival Forces Trade Accusations Over Fresh Clashes 08/17
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels warn army to cease attacks or face reprisals 08/17
sudantribune.com Former S. Sudan political detainees unveil program for reform 08/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Peace Talks As Regional Leaders Postpone Meeting 08/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: IGAD Condemns New Fighting in South Sudan 08/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Repulses 'Heavy' Rebel Attack 08/16
sudantribune.com Heavy fighting breaks out in oil-rich state 08/15
allafrica.com Kenya: Three Dead in Fresh Clan Attacks in Mandera 08/15
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rival forces trade accusations over fresh clashes 08/15
pbs.org Fighting, waterborne disease plague South Sudanese displaced during rainy season 08/15
voanews.com IGAD Condemns New Fighting in South Sudan 08/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Can Artist Campaigns Help Reunite the Centre and the Periphery? 08/14
sudantribune.com Machar’s opposition group demands participation in IGAD summit on S. Sudan 08/14
allafrica.com South Sudan: Kerry On Failure of South Sudan Peace Talks 08/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: U.S Calls for Immediate Action On South Sudan 08/13
timeslive.co.za Senior Sudan opposition figure held after deal with rebels 08/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Rival Forces Trade Accusations Over Fresh Clashes 08/12
sudantribune.com Sudan’s NCP confirms detention of opposition senior official 08/12
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Claim Five Government Soldiers Killed Amid Fresh Fighting in Unity State 08/12