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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
sudantribune.com US condemns renewed military clashes in S. Sudan's Unity state 10/31
allafrica.com South Sudan: State Dept. On Violence in South Sudan's Unity State 10/31
allafrica.com Sudan: President Bashir Orders Army to Launch Decisive Attack to End Rebellion 10/30
allafrica.com South Sudan: Back to War - Again 10/30
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels repulse government’s attempt to retake Bentiu: spokesperson 10/30
sify.com South Sudan: Ban condemns renewed violence between opposing factions 10/30
sudantribune.com IGAD mediators urge S. Sudan rebels to immediately cease hostilities 10/30
modernghana.com U.S. Condemns Violence in South Sudan's Unity State 10/30
crisisgroup.org Conflict Alert: Looming Military Offensives in South Sudan 10/29
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir orders army to launch decisive attack to end rebellion 10/29
voanews.com Fighting in Bentiu Leaves Control of S. Sudan Oil Town Unclear 10/29
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels claim control over Bentiu as government denies 10/29
voanews.com One Killed in Clashes at UN Camp in South Sudan 10/28
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rival Forces Clash Over Control of Oil-Rich Town 10/28
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s rival forces clash over control of oil-rich town 10/27
reuters.com Fighting erupts again in South Sudan; each side blames the other 10/27
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Calls for Withdrawal of Ugandan Troops 10/26
sudantribune.com Death toll hits 59 as fresh clashes erupt in Lakes state 10/25
voanews.com Sudanese Bishop Urges End to Attacks on Civilians 10/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Asked Beijing Not to Sell Weapons to Juba 10/25
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels renew calls for withdrawal of Ugandan troops 10/25
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels asked Beijing not to sell weapons to Juba 10/24
sudantribune.com Nuer community in Uganda declares support for opposition movement 10/24
voanews.com UN: Rape Used as Weapon of War in S. Sudan Conflict 10/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: Ateny Wek Ateny - 'It Is the People of South Sudan Who Decide' 10/23
dw.de Ateny Wek Ateny: 'It is the people of South Sudan who decide' 10/22
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels deny endorsing Kiir's party leadership 10/22
voanews.com South Sudan Warring Parties Admit Responsibility for 'Civil War' 10/21
theeastafrican.co.ke Kiir, Machar accept 'responsibility' for civil war 10/21
voanews.com Official: S. Sudan President, Rebel Leader to Meet in Tanzania 10/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: Nation At 'Crossroads' As It Seeks to Combat Sexual Violence, Says UN Official 10/20
sify.com South Sudan at 'crossroads' as it seeks to combat sexual violence, says UN official 10/20
sudantribune.com South Sudan’s rival factions sign framework agreement in Tanzania 10/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: Aid Worker Abducted At Gunpoint in South Sudan - UN Agency 10/20
radiodabanga.org International staff barred from Blue Nile aid assessment 10/19
modernghana.com Gunmen seize UN worker in war-torn South Sudan 10/17
modernghana.com Gunmen hold two UN workers in war-torn South Sudan 10/17
sudantribune.com SPLM-N rebels say not date yet determined to resume talks on Sudan’s Two Areas 10/17
allafrica.com Peace, Stability in S. Sudan, Somalia Progressing 10/16
allafrica.com Tanzania: Mount Tanzania to Mediate in South Sudan 10/16
allafrica.com Tanzania: Tanzania to Mediate in South Sudan 10/16
allafrica.com Ethiopian PM and UNMISS Chief Discuss S. Sudan Crisis 10/15
allafrica.com South Sudan: President Salva Kiir - Commander-in-Chief - Image vs. Reality 10/15
allafrica.com South Sudan: Security Council Extends UN Peacekeeping Force in Abyei Through February 2015 10/15
sudantribune.com South Sudan denies executing soldiers of Nuer ethnicity 10/15
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Envoy Tells Warring Parties to End Sexual Violence 10/14
sudantribune.com Ethiopian PM and UNMISS chief discuss S. Sudan crisis 10/14
sudantribune.com Security Council extends UN force in Abyei till February 2015 10/14
un.org Security Council extends UN peacekeeping force in Abyei through February 2015 10/14
allafrica.com Tanzania: Rebel Delegation in Tanzania for Talks With Ruling Party 10/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Deny Lack of Compromise in Peace Negotiations 10/13
enoughproject.org Famine Looms in South Sudan as "The Good Lie" Debuts in Theaters 10/13
sudantribune.com UN envoy tells S. Sudan’s warring parties to end sexual violence 10/13
scoop.co.nz South Sudan: Steps to Tackle Widespread Sexual Violence 10/13
modernghana.com UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict Concludes First Mission to South Sudan with Agreement with Government 10/13
un.org South Sudan: UN envoy, Government agree on steps to tackle widespread sexual violence 10/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Claim Killing Ugandan Soldiers in Upper Nile 10/12
sudantribune.com Jonglei governor calls for peace at grassroots level 10/12
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebel delegation in Tanzania for talks with ruling party 10/12
sudantribune.com S. Sudan downplays “fall in days” if Ugandan troops withdraw 10/12
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels deny lack of compromise in peace negotiations 10/12
sudantribune.com Sudan's Misseriya reject Ngok Dinka diplomatic campaign to promote Abyei referendum 10/11
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels say killed Ugandan soldiers in Upper Nile - Spokesperson 10/11
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army warns of “decisive” military action against rebels 10/11
allafrica.com South Sudan: Fresh Fighting Resumes 10/11
sudantribune.com Fresh fighting resumes between S. Sudanese rival forces 10/10
sudantribune.com Sudanese army says ready to crash rebellion in South Kordofan 10/10
allafrica.com Sudan: Desperation in the Caves of Delami County 10/10
allafrica.com South Sudan: Upper Nile Diary - Atrocities, Federalism and the Shilluk 10/08
sudantribune.com Senior rebel general denies defecting to government 10/08
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Say Change of Peace Talks Venue Unnecessary 10/08
sudantribune.com SRF rebels say resolved to unify Sudanese opposition forces 10/08
sudantribune.com Sudan chief negotiator reaffirms commitment to African peace plan 10/07
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels say change of peace talks venue unnecessary 10/07
allafrica.com South Sudan: Peace Talks Halted to Consult Principle Rivals 10/05
sudantribune.com IGAD halts S. Sudan peace talks to consult principal rivals 10/04
allafrica.com South Sudan: Amid Ongoing Tensions, UN Confirms Situation Back to Normal at Protection Site 10/03
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Accuse Government Troops of Fresh Attacks 10/03
un.org South Sudan: amid ongoing tensions, UN confirms situation back to normal at protection site 10/02
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Deny Receiving Military Support From Sudan 10/02
sudantribune.com Officials say 3m grant misappropriated in Jonglei 10/02
scoop.co.nz South Sudan: UN Confirms Situation Back to Normal 10/02
sudantribune.com Germany hosts workshop for Sudanese rebels 10/01
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels deny wanting IGAD chief mediator replaced 10/01
voanews.com A Journey Through 'Life and Death' in South Sudan 10/01
allafrica.com Sudan: Three Killed, 15 Injured as Army Soldiers Clash 10/01
strategypage.com SUDAN: China Applies Pressure 09/30
sudantribune.com South Sudan optimistic of peace deal with rebels 09/30
sudantribune.com Three killed, 15 injured as S. Sudan army soldiers clash 09/30
allafrica.com South Sudan: Government Agrees to Federal System With Rebels 09/29
allafrica.com Uganda: Army General Leaves Uganda Due to Fear 09/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Juba Accuses Opposition of Pursuing Tribal Agenda 09/29
sudantribune.com South Sudanese government agrees to federal system with rebels 09/27
sudantribune.com Sudan’s 2nd VP witnesses signing of tribal reconciliation deal in W. Kordofan 09/27
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese army general flees Uganda amid safety fears 09/26
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan Deploys Troops Along Border With Sudan 09/26
sudantribune.com Juba accuses opposition of pursuing tribal agenda 09/26
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army vows not to back down against rebels 09/25
sudantribune.com Rebels urge UN assembly to address South Sudan crisis 09/25
sudantribune.com South Sudan deploys troops along border with Sudan 09/25