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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
allafrica.com Sudan: Darfur Displaced Condemn MUO Between Rebels and Musa Hilal 07/29
allafrica.com Sudan: Govt 'Ready' to Resume Peace Talks 07/29
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels launch new membership application form 07/29
allafrica.com Ethiopia Downplays Alleged Support for S. Sudanese Rebels 07/28
sudantribune.com South Sudan says it’s ready to resume peace talks with rebels 07/28
allafrica.com South Sudan: 140 Rebels, SPLA Killed in Latest South Sudan Fighting 07/27
sudantribune.com South Sudan expects UN Security Council visit in September 07/27
sudantribune.com Ethiopia downplays alleged support for S. Sudanese rebels 07/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Evidence Suggests Sudan Armed South Sudan Rebels 07/26
allafrica.com South Sudan: Warring Sides Welcome Resumption of Peace Talks 07/25
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan Peace Talks to Resume 07/25
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese army denies rift with allied ex-rebel leader 07/25
voanews.com 140 Rebels, SPLA Killed in Latest South Sudan Fighting 07/25
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Abandon Nasir Town After Heavy Fighting - UN 07/25
allafrica.com South Sudan: Government, Rebels to Resume Talks Next Week 07/25
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan peace talks to resume next week 07/24
sudantribune.com Rebels abandon Nasir town after heavy fighting: UN 07/24
sudantribune.com S. Sudan government, rebels to resume talks next week 07/24
voanews.com South Sudan Warring Sides Welcome Resumption of Peace Talks 07/24
sudantribune.com Number of South Sudanese refugees in Sudan set to double: UNHCR 07/24
allafrica.com South Sudan: Fresh Fighting, New Blame Game in South Sudan 07/23
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army commander warns against launching counter-offensive 07/23
sudantribune.com Upper Nile governor reshuffles state administration amid fighting in Nasir 07/23
allafrica.com Uganda: Rebels Delegation Not Received at Kampala's Entebbe Airport 07/22
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Say 100 SPLA Soldiers Killed in New Clashes 07/22
sudantribune.com S. Sudan accuses rebels of attacking Jonglei’s Ayod town 07/22
turkishweekly.net Sudan: SPLA claims to control Nasir; situation remains tense 07/22
voanews.com Fresh Fighting, New Blame Game in South Sudan 07/22
allafrica.com Africa: Hunger and Suffering Worsen As Conflicts Rage in Sudans 07/22
sudantribune.com Uganda and South Sudanese rebels blame meeting failure on poor communications 07/22
voanews.com South Sudan Rebels Say 100 SPLA Soldiers Killed in New Clashes 07/21
punchng.com S’Sudan rebels break ceasefire – UN 07/21
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rival Forces Claim Control of Nasir Town 07/21
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels delegation not received at Kampala’s Entebbe Airport 07/21
worldpoliticsreview.com As Talks Stall, South Sudan Conflict Grinds to Stalemate 07/21
tamilguardian.com UN accuses South Sudan rebels of breaking ceasefire 07/21
sudantribune.com S. Sudan accuses neighbours of “arming” rebels 07/21
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels dismiss corruption accusations, Machar spiritual powers 07/21
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Send High-Level Delegation to Meet President Museveni 07/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudanese Rebels Slam China's Conflicting Roles 07/19
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels wave to high profile growing calls for federalism 07/19
allafrica.com South Sudan: Conflict Forces Students Out of University 07/19
enoughproject.org Senators call for more U.S. action on Sudan 07/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Defends New Weapons Purchase 07/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Deserters Blamed As Fighting Rocks South Sudan State 07/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: Five Killed in Fighting in Sudans' Disputed Abyei Area 07/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: U.S. Official Pleads for End to South Sudan War, Says Aid Not Limitless 07/18
sudantribune.com Darfur’s Rizeigat tribe mediates between conflicting clans of Misseriya tribe 07/18
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels slam China’s conflicting roles in South Sudan 07/18
modernghana.com EMERGENCY RELIEFCOORDINATOR AND UNDER-SECRETARY-GENERAL FOR HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS, VALERIE AMOS STATEMENT TO THE PRESS SECURITY COUNCIL BRIEFING ON SUDAN/SOUTH SUDAN 07/17
sudantribune.com Over 300 armed youth in N. Bahr el Ghazal join S. Sudan rebels 07/17
sudantribune.com President Kiir calls for swift reconciliation in S. Sudan 07/17
allafrica.com Sudan: Rival Forces Trade Fresh Accusations Over Ceasefire Violations 07/17
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels accuse president of calling for tribal war 07/17
globalsecurity.org Army Deserters Blamed as Fighting Rocks South Sudan State 07/17
allafrica.com East Africa: UN Relief Chief Warns of Looming Disaster Amid Linked Crises in Sudan and South Sudan 07/17
voanews.com Death Toll Rises in New South Sudan Fighting 07/17
voanews.com Five Killed in Fighting in Sudans' Disputed Abyei Area 07/17
voanews.com South Sudan Army Defends New Weapons Purchase 07/17
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels shut down unofficial website: spokesperson 07/17
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rivals clashes leave over 60 dead in N. Bahr el Ghazal 07/17
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels slam EU sanctions against top commander 07/16
sudantribune.com Fresh fighting in S. Sudan's Unity state sparks panic 07/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Govt Acquires More Weapons Amid Rebel Protests 07/16
sudantribune.com Sudan steps up tribal reconciliations efforts in Darfur, Kordofan 07/16
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels disown fake website 07/16
un.org UN relief chief warns of looming disaster amid linked crises in Sudan and South Sudan 07/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Govt Troops Accused of Fresh Attack on Unity State 07/15
sudantribune.com Rebels say 15 government soldiers killed in attempted cattle raid 07/15
sudantribune.com Government troops accused of launching fresh attacks on Unity state 07/14
sudantribune.com Khartoum's newspapers issue conflicting reports on SPLM-N and ex-Janjaweed leader agreement 07/14
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Accused of Attacking SPLA Positions in Unity, Upper Nile States 07/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: Advocacy Groups Urge Rivals to Resume Talks 07/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Open to All Options for Democratic Change - Commander 07/12
theeastafrican.co.ke Juba faulted for paying lobbyists in Washington 07/12
allafrica.com Sudan: SPLM-N and Ex-Janjaweed Leader Sign Memo of Understanding 07/12
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels deny demanding ransom for Kenyan Pilot 07/12
theeastafrican.co.ke Leaders, rebels to blame for famine 07/12
sudantribune.com Leaders of two tribes sign a deal to stop bloody fighting 07/12
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Welcome EU Sanctions, Encourage Regional Sanctions 07/11
sudantribune.com Reconciliation of the top SPLM's leadership ends the war 07/11
sudantribune.com Rebels accused of attacking SPLA positions in Unity, Upper Nile states 07/11
voanews.com EU Sanctions South Sudan Militia Leader, Army Commander 07/11
voanews.com Fresh Fighting Rocks South Sudan Oil States 07/11
sudantribune.com Sudan’s SPLM-N and ex-Janjaweed leader sign a memo of understanding 07/11
sudantribune.com Advocacy groups urge S. Sudanese rivals to resume talks 07/11
sudantribune.com President Kiir to visit W. Bahr el Ghazal on Sunday 07/10
allafrica.com South Sudan: Displaced Face Worsening Conditions in Camps 07/10
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels welcome EU sanctions, encourage regional sanctions 07/10
sudantribune.com EU sanctions two South Sudanese military generals 07/10
doctorswithoutborders.org Sudan: Emergency in the Contested Area of Abyei 07/09
voanews.com Displaced S. Sudanese Face Worsening Conditions in Camps 07/09
doctorswithoutborders.org South Sudan: State of Emergency 07/08
modernghana.com Sudan political dialogue at 'dead end', says opposition chief 07/08
allafrica.com Helping South Sudanese Refugees Survive 07/07
allafrica.com Kiir Confers With Ethiopian Foreign Minister 07/05
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Accused of Killing Eight People in Warrap State 07/05
sudantribune.com SPLM-N warns against humanitarian crisis in Sudan's Nuba Mountains 07/05
sudantribune.com Another former SPLM detainee joins rebels 07/05
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels accused of killing 8 people in Warrap state 07/04