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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
independent.co.uk Hundreds of boys 'kidnapped and forced into becoming child soldiers' in South Sudan 03/01
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels to push for political reforms 03/01
sudantribune.com South Sudanese peace talks moving slowly despite dateline – rebels 03/01
sudantribune.com Bashir vows to achieve peace in Sudan this year 03/01
sputniknews.com Hundreds of Abducted Sudanese Boys to Be Sent to Frontlines 02/28
allafrica.com South Sudan: Security Council Extends UN Peacekeeping Force in Abyei Through July 2015 02/27
un.org Security Council extends UN peacekeeping force in Abyei through July 2015 02/26
globalsecurity.org South Sudan Ruling Party to Accused Coup-Plotters: Come Back 02/26
voanews.com South Sudan Ruling Party to Accused Coup-Plotters: Come Back 02/25
sudantribune.com UN Security Council considers sanctions on South Sudan 02/25
voanews.com Fighting in Sudan's South Kordofan Fuels Mass Displacement 02/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Govt. Forces Rape, Wreak Havoc in South Kordofan 02/24
csmonitor.com South Sudan abductions set back efforts to end use of child soldiers 02/24
sudantribune.com Rebel-appointed NBeG governor renews calls for reforms 02/24
sudantribune.com SPLM-N claims to overrun SAF garrison near S. Kordofan capital 02/24
bbc.co.uk South Sudan's struggle for schools hit by abductions 02/24
voanews.com New Fighting Sends Surge of Refugees to Sudan's Border Region 02/23
globalsecurity.org UNICEF condemns abduction of children by armed group in South Sudan 02/23
sputniknews.com Britain Not Doing Enough to Protect Children in War 02/23
sudantribune.com Three people killed by unknown gunmen in East Darfur 02/23
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels assign senior officers, establish more counties 02/23
sudantribune.com Equatorian top rebel leader lambastes position of home governors 02/22
edition.cnn.com 89 kids abducted in school raid 02/22
cnn.com Armed groups raid school, abduct 89 kids 02/21
bbc.co.uk Gunmen seize South Sudan boys 02/21
upi.com Dozens of boys abducted by South Sudan armed forces 02/21
independent.co.uk Armed militia abduct 89 boys in South Sudan as they sit exams 02/21
aljazeera.com South Sudan armed group abducts scores of boys 02/21
cnn.com Armed groups raid school, abduct 89 children, U.N. says 02/21
dw.de UNICEF: Dozens of boys abducted in South Sudan 02/21
reuters.com Gunmen abduct 89 boys in war-torn South Sudan: U.N. 02/21
huffingtonpost.com Militants Kidnap Dozens Of Young Boys In South Sudan: UNICEF 02/21
allafrica.com South Sudan: Scores of Boys Abducted 02/21
voanews.com UNICEF: Armed Men Abduct at Least 89 Boys in South Sudan 02/21
sudantribune.com UNICEF condemns child abductions by S. Sudan armed groups 02/21
sudantribune.com UN demands accountability for human right abuses in S. Sudan 02/21
dalje.com UN says gunmen abduct dozens of boys in South Sudan 02/20
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels downplay Lul’s defection 02/20
aljazeera.com Sudan's ongoing war and suffering 02/19
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels refute defection of their forces in Akobo 02/18
voanews.com Riek Machar's South Sudan Rebel Group Fractures 02/18
un.org UN mission chief welcomes commitment to ensure accountability for sexual violence in South Sudan 02/18
sify.com South Sudan's Government commits to combat sexual violence: UN 02/18
sudantribune.com UNISFA chief vows to promote dialogue on Abyei issue 02/17
voanews.com UN Peacekeepers' Plane Shot at in Sudan's Southern Kordofan 02/17
allafrica.com South Africa: SPLM-N Delegation Meets With South Africa's Top Officials 02/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Measles Outbreak in Unity State Triggers Mass Vaccination Campaign 02/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Government Forces Recruiting Child Soldiers - Both Sides Should Stop Using Children Across Conflict Area 02/16
allafrica.com Sudan: Bombings Exceed 3,000 in the Nuba Mountains 02/16
hrw.org South Sudan: Government Forces Recruiting Child Soldiers 02/16
aljazeera.com South Sudan's warring forces 'recruiting children' 02/16
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Deputy Chief, Top Sudan Official Meet in New York, Discuss Peace, Security Issues 02/16
sudantribune.com Late Garang’s widow decries deferral of AU report on conflict 02/16
dw.de HRW: South Sudan's military still recruiting children 02/16
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese army, rebels accused of forceful recruitment of child soldiers 02/15
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO rebels describe as “irrational” Juba arguments on leadership structure 02/15
allafrica.com South Sudan: Why South Sudan's Children Are Fighting Again 02/13
un.org UN deputy chief, top Sudan official meet in New York, discuss peace, security issues 02/13
globalsecurity.org Villagers Accuse Sudan Military of Intense Bombing Campaign 02/13
nvonews.com UN urges Sudan to allow UNAMID to investigate “mass rape” 02/13
sudantribune.com Measles outbreak in Unity state triggers mass vaccination campaign 02/13
doctorswithoutborders.org South Sudan: Health Care on the Frontline 02/12
modernghana.com Mzee Kiir Mayardit, The Unchosen One 02/12
huffingtonpost.com Video Report Sheds Light On Fierce Fighting In Sudan 02/12
globalsecurity.org Why South Sudan's children are fighting again 02/12
sudantribune.com South Sudanese warring parties trade fresh accusations 02/11
sudantribune.com Greater Pibor raiders blamed for latest killings 02/10
dw.de Fighting breaks out in South Sudan days after the truce deal 02/10
sudantribune.com SPLM-N rebels claims to kill four gov’t soldiers in Blue Nile 02/10
aljazeera.com South Sudan rebels shell oil-rich town of Bentiu 02/10
sudantribune.com SPLM youth in Aweil town protest “unconstitutional” changes 02/10
reuters.com Fighting erupts in two South Sudan states days after latest truce 02/10
sudantribune.com Just how disorganised the Equatorian militias of South Sudan are 02/09
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels appoint more officials 02/09
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Say Federalism Remains Top Governance Choice 02/09
sudantribune.com Uganda deploys extra 7,000 troops in S. Sudan: Rebels 02/09
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army accuses rebels of new military offensive 02/09
reuters.com Three Sudanese aid workers killed: government official 02/08
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels say federalism remains top governance choice 02/08
sudantribune.com South Sudanese political parties caution over peace deal 02/08
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels want Ethiopian troops jointing UN peacekeepers 02/07
jurist.org UN: rights violations in South Sudan continue, warring parties close to peace deal 02/06
aljazeera.com South Kordofan civilians killed in Sudan army shelling 02/06
allafrica.com Sudan: No Peace, No Justice - How the African Union Is Failing S. Sudan 02/06
modernghana.com S.Sudan fighters carried out a 'month of rape': UN 02/06
allafrica.com Sudan: 500 Refugees Flee South Kordofan Per Week - UNHCR 02/06
sudantribune.com Sudanese government mulls over Mbeki‘s proposals for peace process 02/05
allafrica.com Africa: South Sudan - Healthcare On the Frontline 02/05
sudantribune.com 11 killed, eight wounded in Lakes state clash 02/05
allafrica.com Africa: South Sudan - Thousands of Newly Displaced in Northern Bahr El Ghazal in Desperate Need of Humanitarian Support 02/05
sudantribune.com 500 refugees flee South Kordofan per week : UNHCR 02/05
sudantribune.com MSF warns of dire situation for displaced in N. Bahr el Ghazal 02/04
msf.org South sudan: Healthcare on the frontline 02/04
allafrica.com South Sudan: Surge in Sudanese Refugees Pushes Camp Capacity to Limit, Warns UN 02/02
allafrica.com Africa: Fresh Blood From Old Wounds 02/02
dw.de Bulgarian UN contractors freed in Sudan 02/01
reuters.com Sudan rebels free Bulgarian aid workers: ministry 02/01
punchng.com South Sudan frees six Bulgarians 02/01
foxnews.com UN food agency says 6 Bulgarian contractors in helicopter crew missing in Sudan 'released' 02/01
news.com.au Sudan rebels free Bulgaria UN chopper crew 02/01