News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Chad President Meets With Darfur Rebel Leaders in Paris 10/05 South Sudan SPLM-IO urges UN to take lead in peace implementation 10/04 Scores killed as South Sudan factions resume fighting 10/03 South Sudan vice-president Igga meets Machar, Pagan in New York 10/03 S. Sudanese rebels urge UN to spearhead peace implementation 10/03 UNHRC ignores calls to monitor rights violations in Sudan, extends expert’s mandate 10/02 Juba warns full scale hostilities after fresh clashes with opposition forces in Unity state 10/02 South Sudan peace deal implementation behind schedule: minister 10/01 Sudanese army continues air raids in South Kordofan: SPLM-N rebels 09/30 AUPSC urges full implementation of South Sudan’s peace agreement 09/29 South Sudan rival forces trade accusations over fresh clashes in Unity state 09/29 South Sudan: A Way to Price Out War in South Sudan 09/28 Sudan: 'One Killed in Blue Nile Bombing' - Sudan Rebels 09/28 South Sudan army surveys eight withdrawal points outside Juba 09/26 At least four SPLA soldiers killed in Rumbek East ambush 09/25 South Sudan’s armed opposition denies attacks on government forces in Unity state 09/25 S. Sudan rebels vow to support probe on sexual violence 09/24 Sudanese president decrees amnesty for rebels and ceasefire 09/22 South Sudan sets date for withdrawal of Ugandan forces 09/22 Submission to the Universal Periodic Review of Sudan 2016 09/21 Sudan: SPLM-N Claims Killing Sudan's Platoons, Militias in Blue Nile 09/21 Sudanese president to issue decisions to enhance the national dialogue: NCP 09/21 South Sudan: Warring Juba Parties Agree to Kick Out Foreign Forces, Disagree On Police Unit 09/21 S. Sudan’s Jonglei state citizens commemorate World Peace Day 09/21 South Sudan armed opposition accuses government of further ceasefire violations 09/21 Central Equatoria regrets blockage of facts finding committee over clashes 09/19 Warring Juba parties agree to kick out foreign forces, disagree on police unit 09/19 SPLM-IO signed deal for sake of ending the war 09/19 Rebels have no option but to join the dialogue: Sudan’s Vice-President 09/19 Ambassador Buay congratulates South Sudanese diplomats for blocking sanctions 09/18 South Sudan army denies committing atrocities in Central Equatoria 09/18 SPLM-N rebels claim defeating government forces in Sudan’s Blue Nile 09/18 South Sudan helicopters attacked rebels: ceasefire monitors 09/17 South Sudan peace agreement 09/16 Museveni’s visit to Sudan good for peace 09/16 SLM-AW says not concerned by Sudanese rebels’ declaration on cessation of hostilities 09/16 S. Sudanese rebels claim over 40,000 people fled Unity state 09/16 Sudanese army conducts fresh air strike on rebel-areas in S. Kordofan: SPLM-N 09/16 Machar meets Museveni in Khartoum over South Sudan peace deal 09/16 SPLM-IO says Juba government continues attacks on their bases 09/13 South Sudan Rebels, Government to Attend Special UN Summit 09/13 Ceasefire: Is Juba mocking international community? 09/13 South Sudan denies attacks on rebel-held positions in Unity state 09/13 Sudanese army bombs and shells rebel-held areas in S. Kordofan: SPLM-N 09/13 13 killed as S. Sudan’s warring factions clash in Unity state 09/13 South Sudan: Why a Political Crackdown Accompanies a Peace Deal 09/12 South Sudan vows to engage global community over sanctions 09/12 South Sudan dispatches military commanders for ceasefire workshop 09/11 S. Sudanese army, rebels clash in Central Equatorial state 09/10 S. Sudan rebels legislative body ratifies IGAD compromise peace dea 09/10 Sudan: 'RSF Committed Horrific Crimes Against Civilians in Darfur' 09/10 South Sudan's parliament approves peace deal 09/10 South Sudanese parliament ratifies peace agreement with SPLM-IO 09/10 SPLM-IO accuses Juba of attempting to regain territories from opposition fighters 09/09 Lakes state lawmakers off for three-month recess 09/09 SRF rebels call on international envoys to support Sudan’s pre-dialogue meeting 09/09 South Sudan presidency denies Malakal town fell under rebel control 09/08 Sudan: War Keeps 3 Million Children From School - UNICEF 09/08 Juba forces accused of fresh attacks in S. Sudan’s Unity state 09/07 South Sudan army moves on rebel-held positions in Upper Nile despite ceasefire 09/07 Bashir urges Museveni to convince rebels to join Sudan’s dialogue process 08/10 South Sudanese rival forces trade accusations over fresh fighting 08/10 South Sudan rebel leader relieves and appoints more officials 08/10 South Sudan top rebel commander downplays disintegration of leadership 08/10 South Sudan warns of new rebellion over imposed peace deal 08/09 800 new South Sudanese refugees arrive in Abyei: OCHA 08/09 Sudanese rebels retake Blue Nile’s area - spokesperson 08/09 IGAD calls for participation of South Sudan opposition leadership in peace talks 08/08 The Era of Heroic Errors in South Sudan 08/07 South Sudan Peace Talks Hit Turbulence on First Day 08/07 South Sudan's Kiir threatens war over IGAD imposed peace deal 08/07 South Sudan: War, Oil and Politics Fuel Controversy in Unity State 08/06 S. Sudan opposition leader questions gov’t commitment to peace talks 08/06 Sudan: Sudan Keen to 'Bring the War in the Two Areas to a Definitive End' Through a Negotiated Solution 08/05 Nigeria: U.S. Lawmaker Tasks National Assembly On Chibok Girls 08/05 Sudan: Sudan's Attacks in South Kordofan 'Constitute War Crimes' 08/05 South Sudan says split within rebel leadership may delay peace agreement 08/05 Report: Civilian deaths rise in Sudan's South Kordofan 08/04 South Sudanese rebels accuse government of starving populations 08/04 Amnesty International says Sudanese forces committed war crimes, bombed 26 health facilities 08/04 Sudan accused of bombing civilians 08/04 Amnesty International: Sudanese government committed war crimes in South Kordofan 08/04 South Sudan says will unveil domestic peace deal with rebels 08/04 Amnesty International says Sudanese army committed “war crimes” in South Kordofan 08/04 AUHIP chief to meet Sudanese rebel leaders 08/04 Sudan committing war crimes in South Kordofan - Amnesty International 08/04 W. Bahr el Ghazal activists protest over IGAD’s peace proposal 08/04 Sudan says willing to suspend verdicts against rebels who join talks 08/03 South Sudan army says containing ethnic unrest in Western Equatoria 08/03 Sudan’s Bashir says determined to reach negotiated solution to Two Areas conflict 08/03 Sudanese presidency offers guarantees for rebels participating in the national dialogue 08/03 Sudan offers guarantees for rebels to attend Khartoum talks 08/03 Gov’t restrictions threaten aid operations in South Sudan: UN 08/03 Sudanese military bombings don’t spare civilians, aid workers 08/03 Juba delegation visits W. Equatoria state as nine dead in clashes 08/02 South Sudanese rebels accept demilitarisation of Juba: spokesperson 08/02 South Sudan army chief orders shoot to kill in Western Equatoria state 08/02 Civilians in South Sudan risk starvation after food blockage: report 08/01 SUDAN: Peace Now, Talk Later 08/01 South Sudanese president queries IGAD’s peace proposal 07/30