News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: South Sudan’s Riek Machar Calls for Armed Struggle 09/26 Machar’s faction calls for armed resistance against “regime” in Juba 09/25 South Sudanese army and rebels clash in oil-rich Unity state 09/25 South Sudan rebel chief urges armed resistance against government 09/24 Salva Kiir discusses Sudan’s security deal with SPLM-N rebels 09/24 UNHCR condemns attacks on refugee settlement in S. Sudan’s Equatoria 09/22 South Sudan to dispatch officials to Sudan over security matters 09/22 The Sudanese government should investigate and prosecute those responsible for human rights violations 09/21 30 SPLM-IO members in Egypt defect to government 09/21 Sudan reiterates rejection for humanitarian access from abroad 09/20 Minnawi group urges Washington not to lift sanctions on Sudan 09/20 South Sudan: Elites Wined and Dined As the Country Burned 09/19 East Africa: South Sudanese Generals Splash Money in Uganda 09/19 Sudan: Misseriya, Hamar Conflict in West Kordofan Subsides 09/19 S. Sudan army claims UN peacekeepers harbouring rebels in Juba 09/19 Sudan threatens to close border with South Sudan within days 09/18 South Sudanese women continue to face violence 09/16 South Sudan president extends invitation to South African President 09/16 SPLM-IO leadership to meet in Khartoum: Spokesman 09/16 Our Position Is Neutral, the Fighting Is Between Two Brothers - Amb. Fesseha 09/15 EVENT: Sudan’s entrenched crises and & the role of the Human Rights Council 09/14 SPLM-IO blames government over renewed clashes in Wau 09/14 SPLM-N welcomes new ideas on humanitarian access as Khartoum downplays 09/13 South Sudan army denies responsibility for July clashes in Juba 09/13 Nearly 250,000 S. Sudanese living in Sudan: UNHCR 09/12 Sudan: The UN Has Failed Its Peacekeepers 09/12 SPLM-IO “appreciates” UN report implicating Kiir, Malong in Juba violence 09/11 SPLA denies top leadership involvement in July violence outbreak 09/11 The UN has failed its peacekeepers in S Sudan 09/10 South Sudan rebels get emergency UN aid in DR Congo 09/08 Al-Bashir announces release of child soldiers, vows to consider release of POWs 09/07 S. Sudan army ready to expel Sudanese rebels: spokesperson 09/07 EU denies funding Sudanese militia to combat illegal migration 09/06 SPLM-IO says Machar would not be soon in Juba, blames IGAD Plus 09/06 Senior SPLM-IO official says opposition to negotiate foreign force deployment 09/05 UN expert urges Sudan to create conducive environment for dialogue 09/05 South Sudan: Machar Reaches Out to Rebels to Salvage Fortunes 09/05 South Sudan: Govt Consents to Deployment of UN Security Council-Mandated Regional Protection Force 09/05 Sudan: Memorial Protest Against War in Blue Nile 09/05 Khartoum renews call for humanitarian agreement in Sudan’s Two Areas 09/03 Rival South Sudanese forces clash on Juba-Torit road 09/02 Kenyatta tells Kiir South Sudanese need peace, not war 08/31 Court convicts 60 South Sudanese soldiers for murder 08/30 Chinese weapons being supplied to both sides of Sudan-South Sudan conflict 08/30 SPLM-IO says peace not possible with President Kiir 08/30 Uncertain future awaits troubled S. Sudan and sacked VP Machar 08/30 Trial of detained Christian pastors resumes in the Sudanese capital 08/29 Sudan’s opposition NCF underlines support for peace talks 08/28 SPLM-N urges U.S. envoy to raise case of detained pastors with Sudanese government 08/27 South Kordofan: The forgotten prisoners 08/27 South Sudan's Machar discharged from hospital in Khartoum 08/26 South Sudan’s Peace Agreement Faces Considerable Challenges on its First Anniversary 08/26 SPLA North tries to return POWs; claims they were blocked by Khartoum 08/26 South Sudan: 'Abstain From Politics,' Ex-Rebel Leader Told 08/25 The War the World Forgot 08/25 Former General Secretary Pagan Amum has Gone Amok 08/23 South Sudan asks for Khartoum technical assistance to resume oil production 08/23 Machar in Khartoum for “medical treatment”, says Sudan’s Minister of Information 08/23 Al Jazeera visits the war the world forgot in the Nuba Mountains in Sudan 08/22 Al Jazeera visits the war the world forgot in the... 08/22 Over 100 soldiers killed in South Sudan’s Jonglei state 08/22 Trial of Christian pastors begins in Khartoum 08/21 S.Sudan opposition leader Riek Machar flees country 08/18 South Sudan: Spokesman - Machar 'Evacuated' 08/18 South Sudan opposition leader Machar flees 08/18 South Sudan opposition leader Riek Machar has left country: spokesman 08/18 South Sudan rebel leader has fled country, spokesman says 08/18 South Sudan rebel leader flees country 08/18 South Sudan opposition leader flees county 08/18 South Sudan opposition leader Riek Machar flees to DRC 08/18 37,200 South Sudanese Sheltering in UN House Protection Site in Juba 08/17 Sudan: 'Khartoum Cause of Peace Talks Impasse' - Sudan Opposition 08/17 Over 37,000 S. Sudanese sheltering at UN House in Juba: IOM 08/16 Sudan: Hopes of Peace Dashed As Latest Negotiations Collapse 08/16 Sudan ceasefire talks collapse after less than a week 08/16 Sudan government says rebels are not serious about peace 08/15 Senior officials of Yei River state killed or wounded 08/15 SPLM-IO says President Kiir responsible for “collapse of peace agreement” 08/15 Delegation of People's Movement (Silent Majority) Holds Meetings in Addis Ababa 08/15 South Sudan: Killings, Rapes, Looting in Juba 08/15 SPLA announcement to reclaim looted items not sincere: owners 08/14 South Sudan cabinet approves integration of SPLA-IO forces 08/13 Internal Displaced Persons from Rii-randu are getting assistance in Yambio 08/13 Disagreement on humanitarian access jeopardizes talks on Sudan’s Two Areas 08/13 UN Security Council votes for third party foreign force to South Sudan 08/12 Clashes occur between South Sudanese rival forces between Lobonok and Rejaf East 08/12 Over 2,000 people displaced in S. Sudan’s Raga town 08/11 Analysts: Salvaging South Sudan Peace Agreement Faces Challenges 08/11 Sudan negotiating delegations accuse each other of attempting to torpedo peace talks 08/11 Government Delegation to the Negotiations in Addis Ababa Holds a Press Conference 08/11 President Kiir’s coup claim not true, a harmful plan: Spokesman 08/11 Sudan: Rebels Put Offer of One-Year Ceasefire 08/11 Sudanese gov’t delegation lash out at SPLM-N chief negotiator 08/10 Sudanese rebels reportedly agree to roadmap for peace 08/09 Sudanese rebels agree to AU peace proposal 08/09 More UN troops might not quell violence in S. Sudan - inquiry 08/09 Clashes around strategic Yei town between South Sudanese rival forces: Spokesperson 08/09 More UN troops might not quell violence in South Sudan, inquiry suggests 08/08 South Sudanese civilians fear the UN can't protect them from a massacre 08/06 UN inquiry finds peacekeepers failed to defend South Sudan base 08/06