News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

    Comment on this overview
Take Action (learn about relevant NGOs)


Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: UNISFA, Dinka Ngok traditional leaders meet over insecurity 10/23 SPLM-N suspends "political engagement" with Sudanese government 10/21 Juba regrets U.S. call to severe ties with Sudanese rebels 10/21 Two rival army generals dead after separate clashes in Upper Nile 10/19 South Sudan: More Than 50 Rebels Killed in Weekend Clashes 10/18 Congo's South Sudan Rebel Problem 10/18 South Sudan: Machar - 'Committed to the Peace Agreement' 10/18 South Sudan's second city scorched by renewed fighting 10/18 South Sudan's second city scorched by renewed fighting 10/18 South Sudan security sector leads in annual budget allocation 10/18 Fighting around South Sudan town of Malakal kills 56 - gov't 10/17 Fighting in Malakal kills 60, says South Sudan govt 10/17 Congo’s South Sudan rebel problem 10/17 60 killed as fighting surges in South Sudan 10/17 South Sudan army says 56 rebels killed in weekend fighting 10/17 South Sudan Army: More Than 50 Rebels Killed in Weekend Clashes 10/17 South Sudan conflict: Exiled Machar vows to return home 10/17 Sudan: IRIN - 'Sudan May Have Used Chemical Weapons in South Kordofan As Well' 10/17 Over 50 killed near South Sudan oil-rich town: army 10/16 Fighting around South Sudan town of Malakal kills 56: government 10/16 SPLM-IO says President Kiir’s rejection of Machar not surprising 10/16 Sudan’s dialogue didn’t achieve peace or national consensus: SPLM-N 10/15 Southern Liech security advisor killed in rebel attack 10/15 S. Sudan rivals trade accusations over Upper Nile clashes 10/15 Week of violence in South Sudan kills 60, government says 10/14 In South Sudan, Machar Says Party Wants Peace But Prepares for War 10/14 Agencies Complete Biometric Registration of Nearly 40,000 in Juba Displacement Sites 10/14 UN warns of more violence as tension rises in S. Sudan 10/13 Statement attributable to the Principal Public Information Officer, UNMISS, on Increased Incidents of Violence in South Sudan 10/12 South Sudan: Machar's Forces Blamed For Ugandan Bus Attack 10/12 South Sudan's never ending war 10/12 21 civilians killed, some burned to death by suspected rebels in S Sudan 10/11 South Sudan says rebels kill 21 civilians in ambush 10/10 South Sudan: Machar Entered Meeting With a Pistol - SPLA Boss 10/10 Top SPLA army General resigns from South Sudan government 10/10 South Sudan wants Machar-led rebels declared "terrorists" 10/09 U.S. military aid to South Sudan government criticized by opposition faction 10/09 Machar calls on UN Chief-designate to help resolve South Sudan conflict 10/09 Lifting Sudan’s sanctions is prerequisite to halt human trafficking- militia leader 10/08 Machar entered meeting with a pistol- SPLA boss 10/07 S. Sudan opposition’s call for armed resistance condemned 10/06 Machar dispatches SPLM-IO team to Washington for diplomacy 10/06 Machar rebels claim Sudanese rebels backing gov’t forces 10/06 Sudan, South Sudan agree to extend agreement on debt apportionment 10/06 Congo demands removal of S. Sudan rebels from territory: reports 10/04 South Sudan: Machar Not a Threat, Says Army Boss 10/04 SPLA denies presence of opposition fighters in Morobo 10/03 Machar not a threat, says army boss 10/03 Sudan government, SPLM-N end informal talks in Addis Ababa without agreement 10/02 SPLA-IO says its fighters control C. Equatoria’s Morobo county 10/02 The General With the Nine Bullets wounds: The Living Evidence of Patriotism in South Sudan. 10/01 Sudan, S. Sudan border commission approves demarcation documents 09/30 South Sudan army denies armed clashes in Morobo 09/30 South Sudan Presidency slams Machar over violent approach 09/29 South Sudan army chief reconciles with rebel commander 09/29 Machar presence in Sudan is temporary, says Sudan’s FM 09/28 East Africa: Tight Security As SPLA Launches Attack On Militia 09/28 South Sudan Condemns Machar's Threats of War 09/28 Uganda: Ugandans Still Missing in South Sudan 09/27 South Sudan’s envoy urges Khartoum to ban Machar’s activities 09/27 Tight security as SPLA launches attack on militia 09/27 South Sudan Urges Sudan, Neighbors Not to Let Opponent Launch Rebellion 09/27 S. Sudan army says repulsed rebel attacks near Bentiu 09/27 South Sudan: Riek Machar Calls for Armed Struggle 09/27 South Sudan’s Riek Machar Calls for Armed Struggle 09/26 Riek Machar issues war call from exile 09/26 South Sudanese army and rebels clash in oil-rich Unity state 09/25 Machar’s faction calls for armed resistance against “regime” in Juba 09/25 South Sudan rebel chief urges armed resistance against government 09/24 Salva Kiir discusses Sudan’s security deal with SPLM-N rebels 09/24 UNHCR condemns attacks on refugee settlement in S. Sudan’s Equatoria 09/22 South Sudan to dispatch officials to Sudan over security matters 09/22 The Sudanese government should investigate and prosecute those responsible for human rights violations 09/21 30 SPLM-IO members in Egypt defect to government 09/21 Sudan reiterates rejection for humanitarian access from abroad 09/20 Minnawi group urges Washington not to lift sanctions on Sudan 09/20 South Sudan: Elites Wined and Dined As the Country Burned 09/19 East Africa: South Sudanese Generals Splash Money in Uganda 09/19 Sudan: Misseriya, Hamar Conflict in West Kordofan Subsides 09/19 S. Sudan army claims UN peacekeepers harbouring rebels in Juba 09/19 Sudan threatens to close border with South Sudan within days 09/18 South Sudanese women continue to face violence 09/16 South Sudan president extends invitation to South African President 09/16 SPLM-IO leadership to meet in Khartoum: Spokesman 09/16 Our Position Is Neutral, the Fighting Is Between Two Brothers - Amb. Fesseha 09/15 EVENT: Sudan’s entrenched crises and & the role of the Human Rights Council 09/14 SPLM-IO blames government over renewed clashes in Wau 09/14 SPLM-N welcomes new ideas on humanitarian access as Khartoum downplays 09/13 South Sudan army denies responsibility for July clashes in Juba 09/13 Nearly 250,000 S. Sudanese living in Sudan: UNHCR 09/12 Sudan: The UN Has Failed Its Peacekeepers 09/12 SPLM-IO “appreciates” UN report implicating Kiir, Malong in Juba violence 09/11 SPLA denies top leadership involvement in July violence outbreak 09/11 The UN has failed its peacekeepers in S Sudan 09/10 South Sudan rebels get emergency UN aid in DR Congo 09/08 Al-Bashir announces release of child soldiers, vows to consider release of POWs 09/07 S. Sudan army ready to expel Sudanese rebels: spokesperson 09/07 EU denies funding Sudanese militia to combat illegal migration 09/06 SPLM-IO says Machar would not be soon in Juba, blames IGAD Plus 09/06 Senior SPLM-IO official says opposition to negotiate foreign force deployment 09/05