News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
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Sudan rebel official slams IGAD peace protocal 09/05 Sudan opposition parties agree to join dialogue 09/05 South Sudan: Calls for Immediate Arms Embargo On South Sudan 09/04 Displaced by War, Thousands Living Underwater on U.N. Base in South Sudan 09/04 South Sudan: Igga Rules Out Standing Aside for Rebel Leader Machar 09/03 South Sudan: Former Detainees Say IGAD Proposal 'Unjust' 09/03 Maktoum Foundation to build 10 water stations in Sudan 09/02 Cameroon: 'The People Will Overcome This Calamity' 09/02 National peace and reconciliation conference kicks off in Wau 09/02 Former South Sudan detainees say IGAD proposal “unjust” 09/02 Rebel leaders meet with Sudan peace mediators in Addis Ababa 09/01 South Sudan: IGAD Chief Mediator Insists Rebels Signed Ceasefire Matrix 08/31 IGAD chief mediator insists rebels signed ceasefire matrix 08/30 Sudan says rebels rejected African Union invitation to resume talks on Two Areas 08/30 S. Sudan rebels say president Kiir a “symbol of division” 08/29 Rebels accuse IGAD mediation of bias amid talks’ adjournment 08/27 South Sudan rebels deny shooting down UN helicopter 08/27 South Sudan: Three Killed in UN Helicopter Crash 08/27 South Sudan warring forces trade blame over UN helicopter crash 08/27 South Sudanese rebels deny shooting down UN helicopter in Unity state 08/26 3 Killed in UN Helicopter Crash in South Sudan 08/26 Sudan's Rebels, Umma Party Invited to Addis Ababa 08/26 South Sudan warring sides face 'punitive' sanctions 08/25 South Sudan's Looming Disaster: Famine in the Wake of Civil War 08/25 DUP leader, SRF rebels discuss Paris Declaration 08/24 Sudanese official meets with opposition figure in Germany 08/24 Peace mediators to consult Sudan rebels on national dialogue: Arman 08/24 S. Sudan army claims rebels entered Unity state from Sudan 08/24 South Sudan: Army Uncovers Rebel Plan for Major Military Offensive 08/23 Machar to attend IGAD regional summit: Spokesperson 08/23 South Sudan: Army Recruited Child Soldiers in Latest Fighting - HRW 08/22 South Sudan: South Sudan Army Denies Recruiting Children 08/22 South Sudan: Ethnic Militias and the Shrinking State 08/22 When Militiamen Rule 08/22 S. Sudan army uncovers rebel plan for major military offensive 08/22 Uganda: South Sudanese Rebels Say Uganda Visit "Encouraging" 08/22 South Sudan: Does South Sudan's Peace Process Face Collapse? 08/21 South Sudan Recruited Child Soldiers in Latest Fighting 08/21 Sudan: SRF Calls for International Pressure to Postpone Sudan Elections 08/21 South Sudan: War Veterans Planting for Peace 08/21 South Sudanese rebels say Uganda visit “encouraging” 08/21 South Sudan army denies recruiting children 08/21 Juba's anti-Machar comment lacks spirit of recognition: rebel spokesperson 08/20 South Sudan: Journalist Released, Bakhita Radio Still Silent 08/20 South Sudan: Rebels 'Ready for Talks' 08/20 SRF calls for international pressure to postpone elections in Sudan 08/20 South Sudan Journalist Released, Bakhita Radio Still Silent 08/19 S. Sudan rebels stress commitment to peace talks 08/19 UN mission in South Sudan condemns 'sustained gunfire' near Bentiu base 08/19 The Endless Friction Next Door 08/18 South Sudan: The Dilemma of Peace and Accountability 08/18 Uganda: Rebels Delegation Arrives in Kampala 08/18 South Sudan Journalist Detained, Radio Station Shut Down Over Report 08/18 Sudanese presidency directs to end tribal fighting in West Kordofan 08/18 South Sudan says rebel leader seeking support from Sudan 08/18 Top US ambassador to leave S. Sudan post 08/18 UN demand freedom of movement in S. Sudan 08/18 Sudan: Former Political Detainees Unveil Program for Reform 08/17 South Sudan: Rival Forces Trade Accusations Over Fresh Clashes 08/17 S. Sudan rebels warn army to cease attacks or face reprisals 08/17 Former S. Sudan political detainees unveil program for reform 08/16 South Sudan: Peace Talks As Regional Leaders Postpone Meeting 08/16 South Sudan: IGAD Condemns New Fighting in South Sudan 08/16 South Sudan: Army Repulses 'Heavy' Rebel Attack 08/16 Heavy fighting breaks out in oil-rich state 08/15 Kenya: Three Dead in Fresh Clan Attacks in Mandera 08/15 S. Sudan rival forces trade accusations over fresh clashes 08/15 Fighting, waterborne disease plague South Sudanese displaced during rainy season 08/15 IGAD Condemns New Fighting in South Sudan 08/15 Sudan: Can Artist Campaigns Help Reunite the Centre and the Periphery? 08/14 Machar’s opposition group demands participation in IGAD summit on S. Sudan 08/14 South Sudan: Kerry On Failure of South Sudan Peace Talks 08/13 South Sudan: U.S Calls for Immediate Action On South Sudan 08/13 Senior Sudan opposition figure held after deal with rebels 08/12 Sudan: Rival Forces Trade Accusations Over Fresh Clashes 08/12 Sudan’s NCP confirms detention of opposition senior official 08/12 South Sudan: Rebels Claim Five Government Soldiers Killed Amid Fresh Fighting in Unity State 08/12