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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
sudantribune.com South Sudanese army retakes Malakal from rebels: Aguer 05/25
allafrica.com Sudan: SPLM-N Says It Killed Troops When Repulsing Army in Blue Nile 05/25
modernghana.com South Sudan government claims back in control of key oil town 05/25
sify.com UN official in South Sudan urges accountability for human rights violations 05/24
sudantribune.com South Sudan army video clip over Melut is misleading: rebel spokesperson 05/23
sudantribune.com South Sudanese gov’t troops accused of gross human rights violations: report 05/23
sudantribune.com African Union renews call for arms embargo on South Sudan 05/23
sudantribune.com South Sudan army accused of killing top Western Equatoria official 05/23
sudantribune.com SPLM-N says it repulsed government attack in Blue Nile 05/22
allafrica.com Ethiopia: The UN Security Council repeats demands for South Sudan warring parties to engage meaningfully in the peace process 05/22
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels claim capture of Mundri town, officials deny 05/22
sudantribune.com Western diplomats call for immediate end of fighting in South Sudan 05/22
sudantribune.com China evacuates hundreds of oil workers from Paloch oilfields over fighting: TV 05/21
globalsecurity.org South Sudanese Army Claims Capture of Rebel Stronghold 05/21
wsj.com South Sudan Repels Oil-Field Attack 05/21
un.org UN condemns escalated fighting in South Sudan, deplores deaths of civilians in UN camp 05/20
enoughproject.org Human Rights Activist Launches Hunger Strike for South Sudan 05/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: SPLA General Headquarters Lashes Out At the Rebels for Persistently Violating the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement - 05/20
reuters.com Fighting continues near major South Sudan oilfield, U.N. asks for halt 05/20
modernghana.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on South Sudan 05/20
sify.com Ban condemns fighting in South Sudan, deplores deaths of civilians 05/20
sudantribune.com Four civilians killed in shelling of UN compound in Melut: UNMISS 05/20
sudantribune.com Children abducted, raped and killed in S. Sudan attacks: UNICEF 05/19
allafrica.com ICGLR Summit Slams SPLM-Io Rebel Actions 05/19
allafrica.com South Sudan: Children Killed, Abducted and Raped in South Sudan Attacks - Unicef 05/19
nation.co.ke South Sudan rebels ask oil firms to leave 05/19
sudantribune.com W. Bahr el Ghazal state governor marks five years term in office 05/19
allafrica.com South Sudan: UN Says 650,000 At Risk Due to Renewed Violence, As Security Council Threatens Sanctions 05/19
en.people.cn Sudan denies accusations that it backs rebels in South Sudan 05/19
sudantribune.com After Melut, South Sudanese rebels target main oilfields in Paloch 05/19
monitor.co.ug Ugandan army refutes claims of bombed UPDF aircraft in South Sudan 05/18
voanews.com UN Condemns Fighting in South Sudan 05/18
sudantribune.com South Sudan army stops offensive to capture rebel headquarters 05/18
modernghana.com S.Sudan army advances as UN warns over 650,000 at risk 05/18
diplomatie.gouv.fr South Sudan – Violence against the civilian population (18.05.15) 05/18
allafrica.com Africa: African Press Review 18 May 2015 05/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Where Bombs Rain Terror From the Sky While the World Looks the Other Way 05/18
wsj.com South Sudan Government Loses Ground to Rebels 05/18
voanews.com South Sudan General Quits Army, Overruns State Capital 05/18
sify.com South Sudan: UN says 650,000 at risk due to renewed violence 05/18
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels shoot down helicopter gunship 05/17
sudantribune.com Former SPLM detainees warn of South Sudan’s collapse 05/17
sudantribune.com UNSC condemn S. Sudan violence, renew threats for sanctions 05/17
sudantribune.com Ugandan army denies losing helicopter to South Sudan rebels 05/17
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO reportedly shut down Ugandan helicopter gunship in Malakal 05/17
en.people.cn UN Security Council slams renewed violence in S. Sudan 05/17
modernghana.com South Sudan rebels in major assault on key city of Malakal 05/16
nation.co.ke Machar forces in bid to seize town 05/16
sudantribune.com Food insecurity concerns hit war-ravaged South Sudan 05/16
sudantribune.com Sudan threatens to crush SPLM-N rebels militarily 05/16
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels claim capture of Malakal as gov’t declares defection of allied commander 05/16
voanews.com South Sudan Blames Rebels for ‘Fresh’ Fighting 05/16
globalsecurity.org South Sudanese rebels storm strategic northern town 05/16
nation.co.ke 3  hours ago South Sudan rebels in major attack on Malakal town 05/16
modernghana.com South Sudan rebels in major assault on key town of Malakal 05/16
sudantribune.com W. Bahr el Ghazal marks SPLM/A day amid low turnout 05/16
wsj.com South Sudan Army Battles for Key Oil Town 05/16
allafrica.com Repeating the Success Stories of Pre-Election Stage in the Remaining Two Phases 05/15
sudantribune.com IGAD accuses S. Sudan gov’t of launching full scale war against rebels 05/15
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese army using UN logos on military ferries: rebels 05/14
sify.com Untold suffering of South Sudanese people must end: UN envoy 05/14
allafrica.com Sudan: South Kordofan At a Standstill As Big Battles Loom 05/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: Chairperson's Statement On South Sudan 05/13
sudantribune.com US blames South Sudan gov’t for renewed fighting in Unity state 05/13
sudantribune.com Lakes state SPLM chairlady speaks against disrespect for women 05/13
dw.de UN: rapes and abductions as battle rages in South Sudan 05/12
allafrica.com South Sudan: 'No Military Solution' to Conflict, Says AU Head 05/12
france24.com UN report recounts child rapes, kidnappings in S. Sudan 05/12
sudantribune.com S. Sudan governors urged to enlighten communities on war 05/12
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels release lost NGOs staff from Juba 05/11
sudantribune.com Top rebel commanders blame SPLM-IO leadership for delayed military operation 05/10
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO has right to question Kiir’s legitimacy – rebels 05/10
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan govt says it is willing to work with ‘rebels’ 05/09
sudantribune.com US urges Sudanese rivals to cease hostilities, condemns attacks on Darfur peacekeepers 05/08
scoop.co.nz U.S. Condemns Violence in Sudan 05/08
sudantribune.com HRW calls for individual sanctions over childern humanitarian situation in S Kordofan 05/07
sify.com South Sudan: UN confirms influx of displaced seeking refuge at Mission base 05/07
sudantribune.com UN says over 500 displaced people arrive in Unity state 05/07
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels accuse Ethiopian governor of receiving bribe from Juba 05/07
sudantribune.com Machar’s rebel faction denies accusing Ethiopian governor 05/07
sudantribune.com Sudan’s defence minister vows to continue military campaign in S Kordofan 05/06
sudantribune.com SPLM-N says Khartoum continues to obstruct POWs handover 05/05
bbc.co.uk Tracking down South Sudan's missing 05/05
sudantribune.com Sudan’s militia vow to intensify attacks on South Kordofan rebels 05/04
sudantribune.com SPLM-N accuses government of orchestrating violence against Darfur students 05/03
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels say made tactical withdrawal in Unity state 05/02
sudantribune.com Khartoum says Juba withdrew army from contested border area 05/02
theeastafrican.co.ke Juba rebels form federal units, elect Machar as commander 05/02
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese army claim to have regained rebel-held areas 05/01
sudantribune.com Sudanese government gives green light for POWs repatriation 05/01
sudantribune.com Fear of South Sudanese rebels presence in Western Bahr el Ghazal 04/30
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels accuse government forces of new attacks 04/30
sudantribune.com Resolutions of SPLM-IO meeting held in Pagak from 19 to 23 April 04/29
sudantribune.com Sudan’s Bashir threatens to pursue rebels inside South Sudan territory 04/28
sudantribune.com MSF warns of looming humanitarian disaster in Upper Nile state 04/28
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels “shoot” SPLA commander in Unity state 04/28
allafrica.com South Sudan: Nomads of War - Perpetual Displacements of South Sudanese Families in Upper Nile 04/27
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Claim Victory in South Kordofan 04/27
allafrica.com Uganda: UPDF Budget for South Sudan War Shoots Up By Shs 16.2bn 04/27
allafrica.com Sudan: President Dominates Boycotted Election 04/27