News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: Hundreds of boys 'kidnapped and forced into becoming child soldiers' in South Sudan 03/01 South Sudanese rebels to push for political reforms 03/01 South Sudanese peace talks moving slowly despite dateline – rebels 03/01 Bashir vows to achieve peace in Sudan this year 03/01 Hundreds of Abducted Sudanese Boys to Be Sent to Frontlines 02/28 South Sudan: Security Council Extends UN Peacekeeping Force in Abyei Through July 2015 02/27 Security Council extends UN peacekeeping force in Abyei through July 2015 02/26 South Sudan Ruling Party to Accused Coup-Plotters: Come Back 02/26 South Sudan Ruling Party to Accused Coup-Plotters: Come Back 02/25 UN Security Council considers sanctions on South Sudan 02/25 Fighting in Sudan's South Kordofan Fuels Mass Displacement 02/25 Sudan: Govt. Forces Rape, Wreak Havoc in South Kordofan 02/24 South Sudan abductions set back efforts to end use of child soldiers 02/24 Rebel-appointed NBeG governor renews calls for reforms 02/24 SPLM-N claims to overrun SAF garrison near S. Kordofan capital 02/24 South Sudan's struggle for schools hit by abductions 02/24 New Fighting Sends Surge of Refugees to Sudan's Border Region 02/23 UNICEF condemns abduction of children by armed group in South Sudan 02/23 Britain Not Doing Enough to Protect Children in War 02/23 Three people killed by unknown gunmen in East Darfur 02/23 S. Sudan rebels assign senior officers, establish more counties 02/23 Equatorian top rebel leader lambastes position of home governors 02/22 89 kids abducted in school raid 02/22 Armed groups raid school, abduct 89 kids 02/21 Gunmen seize South Sudan boys 02/21 Dozens of boys abducted by South Sudan armed forces 02/21 Armed militia abduct 89 boys in South Sudan as they sit exams 02/21 South Sudan armed group abducts scores of boys 02/21 Armed groups raid school, abduct 89 children, U.N. says 02/21 UNICEF: Dozens of boys abducted in South Sudan 02/21 Gunmen abduct 89 boys in war-torn South Sudan: U.N. 02/21 Militants Kidnap Dozens Of Young Boys In South Sudan: UNICEF 02/21 South Sudan: Scores of Boys Abducted 02/21 UNICEF: Armed Men Abduct at Least 89 Boys in South Sudan 02/21 UNICEF condemns child abductions by S. Sudan armed groups 02/21 UN demands accountability for human right abuses in S. Sudan 02/21 UN says gunmen abduct dozens of boys in South Sudan 02/20 South Sudan rebels downplay Lul’s defection 02/20 Sudan's ongoing war and suffering 02/19 S. Sudanese rebels refute defection of their forces in Akobo 02/18 Riek Machar's South Sudan Rebel Group Fractures 02/18 UN mission chief welcomes commitment to ensure accountability for sexual violence in South Sudan 02/18 South Sudan's Government commits to combat sexual violence: UN 02/18 UNISFA chief vows to promote dialogue on Abyei issue 02/17 UN Peacekeepers' Plane Shot at in Sudan's Southern Kordofan 02/17 South Africa: SPLM-N Delegation Meets With South Africa's Top Officials 02/16 South Sudan: Measles Outbreak in Unity State Triggers Mass Vaccination Campaign 02/16 South Sudan: Government Forces Recruiting Child Soldiers - Both Sides Should Stop Using Children Across Conflict Area 02/16 Sudan: Bombings Exceed 3,000 in the Nuba Mountains 02/16 South Sudan: Government Forces Recruiting Child Soldiers 02/16 South Sudan's warring forces 'recruiting children' 02/16 Sudan: UN Deputy Chief, Top Sudan Official Meet in New York, Discuss Peace, Security Issues 02/16 Late Garang’s widow decries deferral of AU report on conflict 02/16 HRW: South Sudan's military still recruiting children 02/16 S. Sudanese army, rebels accused of forceful recruitment of child soldiers 02/15 SPLM-IO rebels describe as “irrational” Juba arguments on leadership structure 02/15 South Sudan: Why South Sudan's Children Are Fighting Again 02/13 UN deputy chief, top Sudan official meet in New York, discuss peace, security issues 02/13 Villagers Accuse Sudan Military of Intense Bombing Campaign 02/13 UN urges Sudan to allow UNAMID to investigate “mass rape” 02/13 Measles outbreak in Unity state triggers mass vaccination campaign 02/13 South Sudan: Health Care on the Frontline 02/12 Mzee Kiir Mayardit, The Unchosen One 02/12 Video Report Sheds Light On Fierce Fighting In Sudan 02/12 Why South Sudan's children are fighting again 02/12 South Sudanese warring parties trade fresh accusations 02/11 Greater Pibor raiders blamed for latest killings 02/10 Fighting breaks out in South Sudan days after the truce deal 02/10 SPLM-N rebels claims to kill four gov’t soldiers in Blue Nile 02/10 South Sudan rebels shell oil-rich town of Bentiu 02/10 SPLM youth in Aweil town protest “unconstitutional” changes 02/10 Fighting erupts in two South Sudan states days after latest truce 02/10 Just how disorganised the Equatorian militias of South Sudan are 02/09 South Sudan rebels appoint more officials 02/09 South Sudan: Rebels Say Federalism Remains Top Governance Choice 02/09 Uganda deploys extra 7,000 troops in S. Sudan: Rebels 02/09 S. Sudan army accuses rebels of new military offensive 02/09 Three Sudanese aid workers killed: government official 02/08 South Sudanese rebels say federalism remains top governance choice 02/08 South Sudanese political parties caution over peace deal 02/08 S. Sudan rebels want Ethiopian troops jointing UN peacekeepers 02/07 UN: rights violations in South Sudan continue, warring parties close to peace deal 02/06 South Kordofan civilians killed in Sudan army shelling 02/06 Sudan: No Peace, No Justice - How the African Union Is Failing S. Sudan 02/06 S.Sudan fighters carried out a 'month of rape': UN 02/06 Sudan: 500 Refugees Flee South Kordofan Per Week - UNHCR 02/06 Sudanese government mulls over Mbeki‘s proposals for peace process 02/05 Africa: South Sudan - Healthcare On the Frontline 02/05 11 killed, eight wounded in Lakes state clash 02/05 Africa: South Sudan - Thousands of Newly Displaced in Northern Bahr El Ghazal in Desperate Need of Humanitarian Support 02/05 500 refugees flee South Kordofan per week : UNHCR 02/05 MSF warns of dire situation for displaced in N. Bahr el Ghazal 02/04 South sudan: Healthcare on the frontline 02/04 South Sudan: Surge in Sudanese Refugees Pushes Camp Capacity to Limit, Warns UN 02/02 Africa: Fresh Blood From Old Wounds 02/02 Bulgarian UN contractors freed in Sudan 02/01 Sudan rebels free Bulgarian aid workers: ministry 02/01 South Sudan frees six Bulgarians 02/01 UN food agency says 6 Bulgarian contractors in helicopter crew missing in Sudan 'released' 02/01 Sudan rebels free Bulgaria UN chopper crew 02/01