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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
sudantribune.com Sudan welcomes Troika continued support for peace process in the country 02/18
scoop.co.nz South Sudan: Senior UN human rights official condemns 02/17
africa-newsroom.com Senior United Nations Human Rights Official Condemns Deplorable Rights Situation in South Sudan, Calls for Perpetrators to be Held to Account 02/17
allafrica.com South Sudan: Troops Accused of Mass Rape 02/17
globalsecurity.org South Sudan Cabinet Minister Resigns, Joins Rebels 02/17
globalsecurity.org Atrocities will end in South Sudan only when perpetrators 'face consequences' - UN rights official 02/17
un.org South Sudan: UN deplores lack of information on 20,000 people displaced in Upper Nile 02/16
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army says controls former rebel-held territory 02/16
sudantribune.com Upper Nile: U.N concerned over 20,000 civilians in wilderness 02/16
aljazeera.com Atrocities prompt mass exodus on South Sudan border 02/15
modernghana.com UNICEF launches $110 mn appeal for Sudan children 02/15
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rival factions clash in Bieh state 02/15
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s first daughter decries suffering of civilians 02/14
allafrica.com South Sudan: General Quits Over 'Ethnic Cleansing' Regime 02/13
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese IDPs oppose re-deployment of Kenyan peacekeepers 02/12
monitor.co.ug Top South Sudan general resigns, attacks Kiir 02/12
dw.com South Sudan general quits over 'ethnic cleansing' regime 02/12
dw.com South Sudan general quits over 'ethnic cleansing' regime 02/12
sudantribune.com Sudan’s NUP calls to investigate killing of S. Kordofan herders 02/12
sudantribune.com Sudan’s NCP accuses SPLM-N of killing S. Kordofan herders 02/11
ekklesia.co.uk UN mission concern over escalation of conflict in South Sudan 02/10
un.org Fighting reaches 'worrying proportions' in South Sudan's north-east – UN mission 02/09
africa-newsroom.com Upper Nile Operations worrying 02/09
sudantribune.com Sudan’s NCP displeased with SPLM-N refusal of US humanitarian proposal 02/09
sudantribune.com Sudan, S. Sudan border commission to meet in April 02/08
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rival forces claim control of Upper Nile town 02/08
sudantribune.com Militias of Bashir’s Regime and the Proxy War (1) 02/08
allafrica.com Sudan: SPLM-North Sector Splinter Group Signs National Document 02/07
sudantribune.com South Sudan president sacks Abyei chief administrator 02/06
tribune.com.pk Fed up teachers: Teachers to stage protest outside Chief Minister House 02/06
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels warn of humanitarian catastrophic in Unity state 02/05
modernghana.com Sudan president accuses Egypt of backing opponents 02/05
sudantribune.com South Sudan army denies using Egyptian air force in rebel areas 02/04
globalsecurity.org South Sudan opposition accuses Egypt of attacking its positions 02/04
sudantribune.com MSF calls for humanitarian access in S. Sudan’s Upper Nile state 02/04
africa-newsroom.com South Sudan: Fleeing civilians cut off from emergency healthcare in Wau Shilluk 02/03
allafrica.com South Sudan: Fresh Fighting Flares Up 02/02
allafrica.com South Sudan: Fresh Clashes Near South Sudan's Oil Hub of Malakal 02/01
sudantribune.com Government-citizens relations two way traffic: S. Sudan MP 02/01
globalsecurity.org UN mission in South Sudan 'deeply concerned' by clashes between Government and opposition forces 01/31
theeastafrican.co.ke Fresh clashes near South Sudan's oil hub of Malakal 01/31
appablog.wordpress.com Press statement on Malakal 01/30
allafrica.com South Sudan: Report Accuses South Sudan Military of Massive Graft 01/30
un.org UN mission in South Sudan ‘deeply concerned’ by clashes between Government and opposition forces 01/30
sudantribune.com Government forces and SPLM-IO clash in Upper Nile State 01/30
sudantribune.com Cease hostilities, U.N tell S. Sudan’s warring factions 01/29
sudantribune.com South Sudan rival forces resume fighting in Upper Nile region 01/27
sudantribune.com South Sudan claims former SPLA chief of staff joined rebels 01/26
monitor.co.ug It’s in Uganda’s interest to keep supporting South Sudan peace efforts 01/26
sudantribune.com South Sudan army, rebels clash in Upper Nile state: official 01/26
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels in Kenya in Fear of Deportation 01/26
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan rebels in Kenya in fear of deportation 01/25
sudantribune.com South Sudan army denies clashed with rebels in Equatoria region 01/25
sudantribune.com Opposition military officers defect to join FVP Taban Deng 01/24
sudantribune.com British special envoy discusses Sudan peace and humanitarian situation 01/23
sudantribune.com SPLM-N rebels say they have no fighters in South Sudan 01/22
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels say killed 6 pro-government forces 01/22
huffingtonpost.com Civil Lawsuit On Behalf Of Sudanese Victims Brought Against BNP Paribas In U.S. Federal District Court 01/21
sudantribune.com SPLM-N denies rejection U.S. humanitarian proposition 01/20
sudantribune.com African Union to verify Juba is no longer harbouring Sudanese rebels 01/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: Opposition Figures Defect to Kiir Administration 01/19
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rival forces deny committing human rights abuses 01/19
voanews.com South Sudanese Opposition Figures Defect to Kiir Administration 01/18
sudantribune.com Envoys fail to convince SPLM-N to accept U.S. humanitarian proposition 01/17
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels deny meeting youth league leaders 01/17
un.org Killings, rapes in South Sudan continued 'unabated' after July 2016 violence, UN reports 01/16
sudantribune.com UN to support Great Lakes region on S. Sudan rebels 01/16
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Sudan Govt. Declares Ceasefire to Appease U.S.' - Opposition 01/16
modernghana.com Sudan extends ceasefire in 3 conflict areas 01/15
sudantribune.com Sudanese government extends ceasefire for six months 01/15
allafrica.com South Sudan: Numbers Die in Violence Near Refugee Camp 01/13
sudantribune.com Sudan’s SPLM-N delegation meets mayor of Oslo 01/13
voanews.com Activists Abroad Seek Path to Peace in South Sudan 01/13
sudantribune.com South Sudan army collects over 1200 weapons in Juba 01/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudan Rebels Accuse Army of Attacking Blue Nile 01/11
sudantribune.com Sudanese rebels won’t meet government in Paris: Arman 01/10
sudantribune.com Humanitarian situation in Leer worsens after official’s dismissal 01/09
sudantribune.com Another rebel commander shot dead in war-torn South Sudan 01/07
sudantribune.com South Sudan army denies clashes with rebels in E. Equatoria 01/04
allafrica.com East Africa: Tanzanian Pilot Freed By South Sudanese Rebels 01/04
bbc.co.uk Losing faith 01/04
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels release Tanzanian pilot 01/02
reuters.com Sudan's Bashir announces one-month ceasefire extension 01/01
sudantribune.com Sudan urges Juba to expel rebel groups from its territory 01/01
sudantribune.com S. Sudan celebrates New Year without major security breach 01/01
sudantribune.com Sudan’s president extends ceasefire for one month 12/31
sudantribune.com FVP Gai to visits Wau over SPLM-IO containment sites 12/29
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s Kiir protests global isolation over ongoing conflict 12/27
sudantribune.com Machar calls for an internationally brokered process to review S. Sudan peace deal 12/24
allafrica.com Sudan: Songs and Sanctions Help Regreen Sudan's Desert Villages 12/23
sudantribune.com Sudan allocates $1,8 billion for defense in 2017 12/23
sudantribune.com Ugandan leader calls for early elections in war-torn South Sudan 12/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: Three Years Into Conflict, Humanitarian Needs Continue to Rise - UN 12/22
businessdailyafrica.com Cybercrime attacks that hit headlines in 2016 12/21
sudantribune.com Sudanese security service files new charges against Czech journalist and pastors 12/19
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan may renegotiate peace agreement for stability 12/18
nation.co.ke WHO likely to shut down health facilities as cash crunch persists 12/18
modernghana.com Cash crunch closing WHO clinics in Sudan war zones 12/17
doctorswithoutborders.org Why Is MSF Working in South Sudan? 12/16
sudantribune.com Children recruited into S. Sudanese conflict passes 17,000: UN 12/16