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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
sudantribune.com Peace monitors tell S. Sudan army to cease attacks in Upper Nile 04/28
sudantribune.com South Sudan army gains control of rebel headquarters in Upper Nile 04/28
allafrica.com Sudan: UN Workers Caught in Sudan Crossfire 04/26
modernghana.com South Sudan forces launch new offensive: UN 04/26
allafrica.com Sudan: Nuba Mountains Refugees Switch South Sudanese Camps 04/26
allafrica.com South Sudan: Accountability for Rights Abuses 'More Important Than Ever,' - UN Official 04/25
un.org South Sudan’s political process ‘not dead’ but needs ‘resuscitation’ – UN envoy 04/25
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s Kiir appoints Rebecca Garang to the National Dialogue 04/25
monitor.co.ug South Sudan hosting rebels to 'extend war' in Sudan, says security agency 04/25
scoop.co.nz OHCHR Press Briefing Notes - South Sudan, Maldives 04/25
sudantribune.com Khartoum renews accusations over Juba’s support to rebels but SPLM6N denies 04/25
sudantribune.com Sudanese intelligence accuses Kiir on chairing rebel meeting 04/25
africa-newsroom.com Accountability for rights abuses in South Sudan 'more important than ever,' says senior UN official 04/25
reuters.com Sudan accuses South Sudan president of meeting rebels 04/24
modernghana.com S.Sudan hosting rebels to 'extend war' in Sudan: security 04/24
un.org Accountability for rights abuses in South Sudan 'more important than ever,' says senior UN official 04/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: There Are No Clear Winners in War 04/21
aljazeera.com There are no clear winners in South Sudan's war 04/20
monitor.co.ug South Sudan rebel army chiefs surrender to UPDF 04/19
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s Raja town attack claimed 74 lives: officials 04/19
allafrica.com East Africa: 3,500 South Sudan Refugees in Uganda Relocated 04/17
sudantribune.com U.N urges S. Sudan’s warring factions to protect civilians 04/17
sudantribune.com Government militia accused of killing tribesmen in North Kordofan 04/17
sudantribune.com Dinka Bor demand return of children and cattle to avert tribal war against Murle 04/17
allafrica.com South Sudan: Fighting in Raga Kills At Least 14 People 04/16
allafrica.com Sudan: North Kordofan Governor Attempts to Reconcile Kababish, Hamar 04/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Fresh Fighting Erupts Across Nation 04/15
sudantribune.com Rebels claim defeating South Sudanese army in several areas 04/15
sudantribune.com SPLA chief of staff in Bahr el Ghazal for military operations 04/15
africa-newsroom.com Restraint urged on warring parties in South Sudan as violence escalates 04/15
globalsecurity.org South Sudan Rebels Allied With Machar Take Control of Raja 04/15
aljazeera.com 14 killed in new fighting in South Sudan 04/15
voanews.com South Sudan Rebels Allied With Machar Take Control of Raja 04/14
allafrica.com East Africa: More Refugees Enter Uganda As Fighting Rages in South Sudan 04/14
monitor.co.ug In Pajok, South Sudan: 'We buried Jacob, Paul and Amos' 04/13
allafrica.com Uganda: Businessman Shot Dead By Suspected South Sudanese Rebels 04/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: Children Bearing the Brunt of Refugee Crisis 04/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Kordofan Arms Collection Marred by Violence, Abuse 04/13
allafrica.com Sudan: Health in Times of War - Lwere Hospital in the Nuba Mountains 04/13
sudantribune.com South Sudan Vice President calls to release political detainees 04/13
modernghana.com In Pajok, South Sudan: 'We buried Jacob, Paul and Amos' 04/12
allafrica.com South Sudan: Soldiers Killed in South Sudan Ambush 04/12
sudantribune.com Peace only viable to the conflict in South Sudan: Museveni 04/12
aljazeera.com S Sudan refugee children 'living life no child should' 04/11
allafrica.com Uganda: Office of the Prime Minister to Relocate 3,000 Refugees 04/11
nation.co.ke Deadly fighting erupts in S.Sudan 04/11
sudantribune.com Civilians flee homes in Wau, death toll rises higher 04/11
sudantribune.com South Sudan President urges calm in Wau after death of top army generals 04/11
sudantribune.com S. Sudan governor faints after brother killed in clashes with rebels 04/11
allafrica.com Sudan: State of Emergency in Kordofan After Tribal Clashes 04/10
africa-newsroom.com Note to Correspondents on the situation in Wau 04/10
sudantribune.com Two South Sudan army generals killed in clashes with rebels 04/10
monitor.co.ug OPM to relocate 3,000 refugees 04/10
sudantribune.com U.N says prevented from accessing S. Sudan town 04/09
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army recaptures Bagari town from rebels 04/08
dw.com German charity delivers medical care in remote Sudan war zone 04/07
sudantribune.com SPLM-N holds government responsible for tribal clashes in Kordofan 04/07
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Denies Blocking UN Convoy in Troubled Town 04/07
sudantribune.com South Sudan army denies blocking UN access to Pajok 04/06
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Calm' After Kordofan Tribal Violence 04/06
sudantribune.com Rebeca Garang seeks regional intervention to stop war in S. Sudan 04/06
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Kills 16 in Town on Uganda Border - Witnesses 04/05
sudantribune.com South Sudanese army kills 16 in border town: reports 04/05
allafrica.com Sudan: Over 50 Dead in Kordofan Tribal Clashes 04/05
voanews.com Witnesses: South Sudan Army Kills 16 in Town on Uganda Border 04/04
sudantribune.com 36 killed in tribal clashes in North Kordofan 04/04
dnaindia.com Refugees recount South Sudan attack: "If you ran, you got shot" 04/04
allafrica.com South Sudan: Botswana's Mogae Asks Machar to Announce Ceasefire 04/03
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Vow to Stop Oil Production 04/03
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s President Kiir installs unwanted new Ruweng governor 04/03
allafrica.com Sudan: Warring Parties Release Prisoners 04/01
sudantribune.com Machar and Mogae hold talks in South Africa 04/01
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO rebels say aid workers were killed by government 03/31
voanews.com Rebels Vow to Stop South Sudan Oil Production 03/31
sudantribune.com Ruweng community threatens war over giving state to SPLM-IO 03/31
dnaindia.com South Sudanese rebels say freeing seized foreign oil workers 03/30
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebel leader accuses IGAD of reneging on peace deal 03/29
kbctv.co.ke S. Sudanese rebels claim responsibility for border town attack 03/28
allafrica.com South Sudan: UN Opens New Relief Corridor to South Sudan 03/28
un.org Children suffer grave violations in Sudan’s conflict – UN reports 03/27
allafrica.com Sudan: SPLM-N Leaders Pay Visit to Contain Tension in South Kordofan 03/27
allafrica.com Uganda: How Museveni, Bashir Struck Deal to Release Sudanese Soldiers 03/25
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels themselves from Kampala-based faction 03/25
monitor.co.ug South Sudan refugees flock Uganda as fighting intensifies 03/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan Needs Peace As Much As Food 03/21
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels kidnap Pakistani engineer 03/21
irinnews.org South Sudan needs peace as much as food 03/20
sudantribune.com 18 SPLA soldiers defect to rebels in W. Bhar el-Ghazal: official 03/18
voanews.com New South Sudan Rebel Group Gains Supporters 03/17
reuters.com South Sudan government to blame for famine, still buying arms: U.N. report 03/17
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels deny presence of NAS forces in Equatoria region 03/16
sudantribune.com Greater Equatoria opposition governors call for united resistance 03/15
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels downplay “negative force” calls 03/15
allafrica.com Sudan: SPLM-N Releases 127 Detainees in Goodwill Gesture 03/14
sudantribune.com AU chairperson welcomes POWs by Sudan and SPLM-N 03/12
sudantribune.com S. Sudan wants its armed opposition labelled a “negative force” 03/12
allafrica.com South Sudan: Soldiers Accused of Village Rampage 03/10
foxnews.com Cholera reaches South Sudan's second-largest city, UN says 03/10
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels capture two Indian oil workers 03/10
voanews.com UN: Cholera Reaches South Sudan's Second-largest City 03/10