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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
sudantribune.com Ceasefire monitoring team finally reach S. Sudan’s Yei town 11/30
sudantribune.com Outgoing peacekeeping chief says "no peace in S. Sudan" 11/29
allafrica.com South Sudan: Juba Agrees to UN Force Deployment 11/28
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels, UN Vow to Act Against Child Recruitment 11/28
allafrica.com Sudan: School Students Join Protest Against Sudan's Subsidy Cuts 11/28
sudantribune.com Trial of Czech journalist and pastors continues in Khartoum 11/28
dw.com South Sudan agrees to UN force deployment 11/26
sudantribune.com S. Sudan opposition condemns "massacre" by SPLA soldiers 11/26
huffingtonpost.com What vision will guide this important chapter in South Sudan's history? 11/25
sudantribune.com Sudanese army attacks SPLM-N positions in S. Kordofan: rebels say 11/24
allafrica.com South Sudan: New Abuse of Civilians by Both Sides 11/23
sudantribune.com Right body accuses South Sudan rival forces of abusing civilians 11/23
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army commander says ready for any option to end war 11/23
voanews.com Sudan Rebel Group Vows to End Child Recruitment 11/23
sudantribune.com S. Sudan’s Kiir travels to Equatorial Guinea for African-Arab summit 11/22
africa-newsroom.com Security Council Press Statement on the Ethnic Violence and the Situation in South Sudan 11/21
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO official says Machar in safe location 11/21
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels slam U.S. sanctions call for Machar 11/20
globalsecurity.org Security Council 'deeply alarmed' over escalation of ethnic violence in South Sudan 11/20
sudantribune.com SPLA-IO confirms release of 20 aid workers 11/19
un.org Security Council 'deeply alarmed' over escalation of ethnic violence in South Sudan 11/19
sudantribune.com U.S. proposes to sanction South Sudan’s Machar, Malong and Lueth 11/19
allafrica.com Sudan: 'A Guerrilla Movement With a Just Cause Can't Be Defeated' 11/18
aljazeera.com Dozen killed in South Sudan clashes 11/17
foxnews.com Wave of ethnic killings engulfs town in South Sudan 11/17
dailytrust.com.ng Dozen killed in violent clashes 11/17
sudantribune.com South Sudan official says rebel operating like "organized criminals" 11/17
sudantribune.com SPLA-IO rebels claim capture of three areas in S. Sudan 11/16
foxnews.com UN calls on Sudan and South Sudan to negotiate over Abyei 11/15
sudantribune.com U.N urges Sudan and S. Sudan to negotiate over Abyei 11/15
sudantribune.com SPLM-N fighters won’t be integrated into the Sudanese army: Bashir 11/15
sudantribune.com Sudan’s austerity measures meant to address impact of sanctions and civil war: Official 11/12
theeastafrican.co.ke UN laments low funding for South Sudan refugees 11/09
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO fighters repulses fresh attack in northern Upper Nile 11/09
sudantribune.com Ten civilians wounded in attack by gunmen on SPLA in Bentiu 11/08
monitor.co.ug Rebels assure Kenyans in South Sudan of their safety 11/08
theeastafrican.co.ke Rebels assure Kenyans in South Sudan of their safety 11/07
monitor.co.ug Kenya deports South Sudan rebel leader's spokesman 11/04
allafrica.com Sudan: UNAMID Welcomes Rebels' Extension of Ceasefire 11/04
sudantribune.com Government, rebels welcome dismissal of UNMISS force commander 11/02
sudantribune.com UN chief wants decision on South Sudanese rebels in DR Congo 10/31
sudantribune.com South Sudan’s new rebel group vows to oust President Kiir 10/31
sudantribune.com Sudan’s armed groups extend cessation of hostilities for six months 10/31
sudantribune.com Taban accuses Machar of conducting ’parallel cabinet meetings’ 10/31
sudantribune.com Presidential aide, UK ambassador discuss humanitarian access to Sudan’s Two Areas 10/30
sudantribune.com SPLA-IO claims capture of government troops in Mundri: spokesperson 10/30
allafrica.com South Sudan: At Least 30 Children Abducted by Rebels - Report 10/28
sudantribune.com Ethiopia and South Sudan sign anti-rebels’ security agreement 10/28
allafrica.com Uganda: South Sudan Refugees Back in Lamwo 10/27
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels say repulsed attack in E. Equatoria state 10/26
africa-newsroom.com 145 children released by armed groups in South Sudan 10/26
allafrica.com South Sudan: Child Soldiers Freed but Recruitment Heats up - UNICEF 10/26
bbc.co.uk South Sudan: 145 child soldiers released - Unicef 10/26
enoughproject.org Daily Maverick Op-ed: Sudan – Real and Imagined 10/26
monitor.co.ug South Sudan refugees back in Lamwo 10/26
dw.com Armed groups free 145 child soldiers in South Sudan 10/26
sudantribune.com Hundreds of school children abducted by armed group in Mundri east 10/26
sudantribune.com SPLM-N accuses police of using excessive force in Sennar State 10/25
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO denies claims of kidnapping Ugandan nationals for ransom 10/25
sudantribune.com President Kiir tells governors to stay in their states 10/25
theeastafrican.co.ke Juba to evict Sudanese rebels 10/25
sudantribune.com Rebels claim killing 11 S. Sudanese soldiers in Upper Nile 10/24
nation.co.ke Bulgaria and Israel fuelling S. Sudan war - report 10/24
sudantribune.com UNISFA, Dinka Ngok traditional leaders meet over insecurity 10/23
sudantribune.com SPLM-N suspends "political engagement" with Sudanese government 10/21
sudantribune.com Juba regrets U.S. call to severe ties with Sudanese rebels 10/21
sudantribune.com Two rival army generals dead after separate clashes in Upper Nile 10/19
allafrica.com South Sudan: More Than 50 Rebels Killed in Weekend Clashes 10/18
allafrica.com Congo's South Sudan Rebel Problem 10/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: Machar - 'Committed to the Peace Agreement' 10/18
nzherald.co.nz South Sudan's second city scorched by renewed fighting 10/18
foxnews.com South Sudan's second city scorched by renewed fighting 10/18
sudantribune.com South Sudan security sector leads in annual budget allocation 10/18
af.reuters.com Fighting around South Sudan town of Malakal kills 56 - gov't 10/17
theeastafrican.co.ke Fighting in Malakal kills 60, says South Sudan govt 10/17
irinnews.org Congo’s South Sudan rebel problem 10/17
monitor.co.ug 60 killed as fighting surges in South Sudan 10/17
globalsecurity.org South Sudan army says 56 rebels killed in weekend fighting 10/17
voanews.com South Sudan Army: More Than 50 Rebels Killed in Weekend Clashes 10/17
bbc.co.uk South Sudan conflict: Exiled Machar vows to return home 10/17
allafrica.com Sudan: IRIN - 'Sudan May Have Used Chemical Weapons in South Kordofan As Well' 10/17
sudantribune.com Over 50 killed near South Sudan oil-rich town: army 10/16
reuters.com Fighting around South Sudan town of Malakal kills 56: government 10/16
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO says President Kiir’s rejection of Machar not surprising 10/16
sudantribune.com Sudan’s dialogue didn’t achieve peace or national consensus: SPLM-N 10/15
sudantribune.com Southern Liech security advisor killed in rebel attack 10/15
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rivals trade accusations over Upper Nile clashes 10/15
reuters.com Week of violence in South Sudan kills 60, government says 10/14
globalsecurity.org In South Sudan, Machar Says Party Wants Peace But Prepares for War 10/14
africa-newsroom.com Agencies Complete Biometric Registration of Nearly 40,000 in Juba Displacement Sites 10/14
sudantribune.com UN warns of more violence as tension rises in S. Sudan 10/13
africa-newsroom.com Statement attributable to the Principal Public Information Officer, UNMISS, on Increased Incidents of Violence in South Sudan 10/12
allafrica.com South Sudan: Machar's Forces Blamed For Ugandan Bus Attack 10/12
irinnews.org South Sudan's never ending war 10/12
globalsecurity.org 21 civilians killed, some burned to death by suspected rebels in S Sudan 10/11
reuters.com South Sudan says rebels kill 21 civilians in ambush 10/10
allafrica.com South Sudan: Machar Entered Meeting With a Pistol - SPLA Boss 10/10
sudantribune.com Top SPLA army General resigns from South Sudan government 10/10
sudantribune.com South Sudan wants Machar-led rebels declared "terrorists" 10/09
sudantribune.com U.S. military aid to South Sudan government criticized by opposition faction 10/09