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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
allafrica.com South Sudan: IGAD Chief Mediator Insists Rebels Signed Ceasefire Matrix 08/31
sudantribune.com IGAD chief mediator insists rebels signed ceasefire matrix 08/30
sudantribune.com Sudan says rebels rejected African Union invitation to resume talks on Two Areas 08/30
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels say president Kiir a “symbol of division” 08/29
sudantribune.com Rebels accuse IGAD mediation of bias amid talks’ adjournment 08/27
tamilguardian.com South Sudan rebels deny shooting down UN helicopter 08/27
allafrica.com South Sudan: Three Killed in UN Helicopter Crash 08/27
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan warring forces trade blame over UN helicopter crash 08/27
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels deny shooting down UN helicopter in Unity state 08/26
voanews.com 3 Killed in UN Helicopter Crash in South Sudan 08/26
allafrica.com Sudan's Rebels, Umma Party Invited to Addis Ababa 08/26
theeastafrican.co.ke South Sudan warring sides face 'punitive' sanctions 08/25
pulitzercenter.org South Sudan's Looming Disaster: Famine in the Wake of Civil War 08/25
sudantribune.com DUP leader, SRF rebels discuss Paris Declaration 08/24
sudantribune.com Sudanese official meets with opposition figure in Germany 08/24
sudantribune.com Peace mediators to consult Sudan rebels on national dialogue: Arman 08/24
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army claims rebels entered Unity state from Sudan 08/24
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Uncovers Rebel Plan for Major Military Offensive 08/23
sudantribune.com Machar to attend IGAD regional summit: Spokesperson 08/23
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Recruited Child Soldiers in Latest Fighting - HRW 08/22
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan Army Denies Recruiting Children 08/22
allafrica.com South Sudan: Ethnic Militias and the Shrinking State 08/22
pulitzercenter.org When Militiamen Rule 08/22
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army uncovers rebel plan for major military offensive 08/22
allafrica.com Uganda: South Sudanese Rebels Say Uganda Visit "Encouraging" 08/22
allafrica.com South Sudan: Does South Sudan's Peace Process Face Collapse? 08/21
voanews.com South Sudan Recruited Child Soldiers in Latest Fighting 08/21
allafrica.com Sudan: SRF Calls for International Pressure to Postpone Sudan Elections 08/21
allafrica.com South Sudan: War Veterans Planting for Peace 08/21
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels say Uganda visit “encouraging” 08/21
sudantribune.com South Sudan army denies recruiting children 08/21
sudantribune.com Juba's anti-Machar comment lacks spirit of recognition: rebel spokesperson 08/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: Journalist Released, Bakhita Radio Still Silent 08/20
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels 'Ready for Talks' 08/20
sudantribune.com SRF calls for international pressure to postpone elections in Sudan 08/20
voanews.com South Sudan Journalist Released, Bakhita Radio Still Silent 08/19
turkishweekly.net S. Sudan rebels stress commitment to peace talks 08/19
sify.com UN mission in South Sudan condemns 'sustained gunfire' near Bentiu base 08/19
allafrica.com The Endless Friction Next Door 08/18
allafrica.com South Sudan: The Dilemma of Peace and Accountability 08/18
allafrica.com Uganda: Rebels Delegation Arrives in Kampala 08/18
voanews.com South Sudan Journalist Detained, Radio Station Shut Down Over Report 08/18
sudantribune.com Sudanese presidency directs to end tribal fighting in West Kordofan 08/18
sudantribune.com South Sudan says rebel leader seeking support from Sudan 08/18
sudantribune.com Top US ambassador to leave S. Sudan post 08/18
sudantribune.com UN demand freedom of movement in S. Sudan 08/18
allafrica.com Sudan: Former Political Detainees Unveil Program for Reform 08/17
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rival Forces Trade Accusations Over Fresh Clashes 08/17
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels warn army to cease attacks or face reprisals 08/17
sudantribune.com Former S. Sudan political detainees unveil program for reform 08/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Peace Talks As Regional Leaders Postpone Meeting 08/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: IGAD Condemns New Fighting in South Sudan 08/16
allafrica.com South Sudan: Army Repulses 'Heavy' Rebel Attack 08/16
sudantribune.com Heavy fighting breaks out in oil-rich state 08/15
allafrica.com Kenya: Three Dead in Fresh Clan Attacks in Mandera 08/15
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rival forces trade accusations over fresh clashes 08/15
pbs.org Fighting, waterborne disease plague South Sudanese displaced during rainy season 08/15
voanews.com IGAD Condemns New Fighting in South Sudan 08/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Can Artist Campaigns Help Reunite the Centre and the Periphery? 08/14
sudantribune.com Machar’s opposition group demands participation in IGAD summit on S. Sudan 08/14
allafrica.com South Sudan: Kerry On Failure of South Sudan Peace Talks 08/13
allafrica.com South Sudan: U.S Calls for Immediate Action On South Sudan 08/13
timeslive.co.za Senior Sudan opposition figure held after deal with rebels 08/12
allafrica.com Sudan: Rival Forces Trade Accusations Over Fresh Clashes 08/12
sudantribune.com Sudan’s NCP confirms detention of opposition senior official 08/12
allafrica.com South Sudan: Rebels Claim Five Government Soldiers Killed Amid Fresh Fighting in Unity State 08/12
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rival forces trade accusations over fresh clashes 08/11
allafrica.com Sudan: 'Two Sudanese Soldiers Killed in Blue Nile' - SPLA-N 08/11
sudantribune.com Rebels claim five government soldiers killed amid fresh fighting in Unity state 08/11
sudantribune.com S. Sudan says IGAD allowed bi-lateral negotiations with rebels 08/10
sudantribune.com Senior South Sudan military official joins rebels 08/10
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese political parties object restriction from peace talks 08/09
allafrica.com South Sudan: Regional Bloc to Blame for Stalling Talks, Says Rebel Negotiator 08/08
hrw.org report released today 08/08
allafrica.com Sudan: Sudanese Court Upholds Death Sentences Against Rebel Leaders 08/08
sudantribune.com Who benefits from senseless war of South Sudan? 08/08
radiodabanga.org 'Two Sudanese soldiers killed in Blue Nile': SPLA-N 08/08
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels refute IGAD claims of non-participation in peace talks 08/07
allafrica.com South Sudan: South Sudan's New War - Abuses By Government and Opposition Forces 08/07
voanews.com South Sudan: UN, Aid Agencies Pull Out of Maban County 08/07
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Say Ready for Direct Negotiations With Juba 08/06
en.ria.ru Killing of Aid Workers in South Sudan Could Constitute War Crimes - UNSC 08/06
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army concedes delayed payments caused desertions 08/06
allafrica.com South Sudan: IGAD Mediators Urge Rebels to Rejoin Negotiating Table 08/06
sudantribune.com South Sudan on the brink of humanitarian tragedy: UN official 08/06
dailytrust.com.ng In Sudan war zone: Here today, gone tomorrow 08/05
allafrica.com South Sudan: After Killing of Aid Worker in Bunj, UN Calls for Militias to Be Reined in 08/05
sudantribune.com Rebels say ready for direct negotiations with Juba 08/05
allafrica.com South Sudan: Clashes Push South Sudan War Toward Northern Rebels 08/05
allafrica.com South Sudan: Leaders Resume Talks to End Fighting As Famine Looms 08/05
sudantribune.com IGAD mediators urge S. Sudan rebels to rejoin negotiating table 08/05
voanews.com More Aid Workers Killed in South Sudan 08/05
stripes.com 6 aid workers targeted, killed in South Sudan 08/05
allafrica.com WFP Chief Warns of Africa Food Shortages 08/04
allafrica.com Sudan: SPLM Official Joins Rebellion Amid Crackdown in N. Bahr El Ghazal 08/04
voanews.com S. Sudan Leaders Resume Talks to End Fighting as Famine Looms 08/04
globalsecurity.org S. Sudan Leaders Resume Talks to End Fighting as Famine Looms 08/04
africanpress.me UNMISS condemns killing of humanitarian worker in Bunj, Upper Nile State 08/04
un.org South Sudan: After killing of aid worker in Bunj, UN calls for militias to be reined in 08/04
africanpress.me Commonwealth Games 2014: South Africa and Kenya Shine 08/04