News aggregator for armed conflict worldwide

Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.


From Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

    Comment on this overview
Take Action (learn about relevant NGOs)


Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to: UN base in South Sudan attacked by ‘peaceful’ mob, dozens dead 04/18 Rebels aided by foreign mercenaries in S. Sudan's Bentiu: SPLA 04/17 Heavy fighting in South Sudan, refugees flee 04/17 South Sudan: Officials Blame Bureaucratic Bungling for Fall of Bentiu Town 04/17 SPLM-N rebels deny SAF recapture of eastern S. Kordofan 04/17 Why Is the World Abandoning South Sudan? 04/17 S. Sudan army says repulsed rebel attempt to overrun Renk county 04/17 Sudan: Massive Mobilization of Armed Forces in the Nuba Mountains 04/16 South Sudan: Opposition Says It Has Seized Bentiu - Again 04/16 Former deputy defence minister says S. Sudan will never be the same 04/16 Rebels claim killing hundreds including top army general in Bentiu 04/16 Sudanese army clears rebels from eastern S. Kordofan: spokesperson 04/16 S. Kordofan's eastern mountains 'rebels-free': Sudan 04/16 Fighting in S. Sudan's Bentiu; U.N. shelters 9000 04/15 South Sudan army, rebels battle for control of Unity state’s Bentiu 04/15 South Sudan: Army Denies Attacking Rebels in Unity State 04/15 Africa: 'No News From Malakal' 04/15 Human Security Alert: Massive Mobilization of Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) in the Nuba Mountains 04/15 Abyei: Peace cannot be achieved through partial solutions 04/15 Sudan denies training South Sudan rebels 04/15 South Sudan Opposition Says it Has Seized Bentiu - Again 04/15 South Sudan: ANC Joins South Sudan Peace Process 04/15 Rebels Dismiss Alleged Arrest of Their Leaders in Ethiopia 04/14 Heavy fighting erupts in South Sudan’s Unity state 04/14 64,000 S. Sudanese refugees in Sudan: UN 04/14 Intra-SPLM dialogue postponed: Source 04/14 Rebellion is declining in Darfur, says Sudan’s defence minister 04/14 U.N. envoy arrives in Sudan for peace talks 04/14 S. Sudan army denies attacking rebels in Unity state 04/14 Sudan: Govt Ready for Deal on Blue Nile, S. Kordofan 04/13 South Sudan: Rebels Accuse Egypt of Supplying Arms Govt 04/13 Sudanese government and SPLM-N rebels to resume talks next week 04/13 South Sudan rebels deny rejection of interim government proposal 04/13 Lawmakers tell Upper Nile governor, ministers to return to Malakal 04/12 Khartoum ready to reach a deal on Sudan’s Two Areas, negotiator 04/12 South Sudan: Politician Declares Innocence in Alleged Coup Plot 04/12 Rebels accuse Egypt of supplying arms to S. Sudan government 04/12 S. Sudanese rebels dismiss alleged arrest of their leaders in Ethiopia 04/12 IGAD ceasefire monitors commence operations in South Sudan 04/12 South Sudan Politician Declares Innocence in Alleged Coup Plot 04/11 South Sudan: UN Mission Reaffirms Commitment to Protecting Civilians At Bases 04/10 South Sudan army claims withdrawal from Manyo county was tactical 04/10 South Sudan's former detainees call for interim leadership 04/10 South Sudan: UN Commitment to Protecting Civilians at Bases 04/09 South Sudan: UN mission reaffirms commitment to protecting civilians at bases 04/09 South Sudan: Man Loses Everything, but Finds Peace Most Important 04/09 Former South Sudan army commander denies link to coup attempt 04/08 SPLM former detainees excluded from South Sudan peace talks 04/07 S. Sudan opposition boycotts intra-SPLM dialogue 04/07 Jonglei: Duk commissioner denies youth involvement in Twic East raid 04/07 Sudan: Bashir, Kiir Meet to Protect Oilfields 04/06 S. Sudanese rebels blame armed youth over Jonglei's Twic East killings 04/05 South Sudan: South Sudan Denies U.S. Charge It Is Obstructing Peace Process 04/05 Two dead from leftover ordnance in Sudan's Kordofan: UN 04/05 Leaders of South Sudan, Sudan to meet in Khartoum 04/05 Machar says differences with Kiir not a power struggle 04/05 SPLM-N rebels reiterate demand for comprehensive solution in Sudan 04/04 New Report: Sudan's Tortured Peace Process 04/04 Sudan: Clearing the Way Ahead - Landmines in Sudan 04/04 From a Former Child Soldier, Why We Must End the Violence in South Sudan 04/03 Clearing the way ahead - landmines in Sudan 04/03 Jonglei: 5 killed and 2 injured in Twic East raid 04/03 Sudan: Sudanese Civil Society Say There Is No Shortcut to National Dialogue 04/03 Jonglei deputy governor and commissioner sworn in 04/02 South Sudan Treason Hearing Adjourned Again 04/01 South Sudan ethnic hatred spurs rebel leader Machar's White Army 04/01 Sudan’s DUP calls for establishing a national transitional government 03/31 UN warns South Sudan in 'spiralling humanitarian crisis' 03/31 Uganda: Uganda's Forgotten War 03/31 SUDAN: Rebels Refuse To Even Discuss Peace 03/30 S. Sudan army thwarts rebel attack on Malakal 03/29 Uganda’s forgotten war 03/29 More witnesses testify against S. Sudanese treason suspects 03/28 INTERVIEW: Top official from Juba university joins South Sudan rebels 03/28 S. Sudan rebels to boycott peace talks over Uganda's new role 03/28 S. Sudan president vows to lead “genuine reconciliation” 03/28 Africa: Republic of South Sudan - A Laughing Stock in Africa 03/28 S. Sudanese express mixed reactions over interim arrangements 03/28 South Sudan Government, Rebels Resume Talks 03/27 Bombed and Burned: Darfuri Civilians Flee East Jebel Marra En Masse 03/27 South Sudan: Anne Itto - 'South Sudan Is Not a Written Off Case' 03/27 MSF Races Against Time to Provide Assistance to South Sudanese Refugees 03/26 South Sudanese rebels advance in Jonglei 03/26 Uganda: 'Ugandans in South Sudan Are No Angels' 03/26 N. Bahr el Ghazal politicians lobby President Kiir over gubernatorial successor 03/26 Jonglei: Twic East in panics should rebels advance to Poktap and Payuel in Duk County 03/26 Anne Itto: 'South Sudan is not a written off case' 03/26 Disabled South Sudanese soldiers stage protest over unpaid salaries 03/25 South Sudan drops preconditions ahead of peace talks with rebels 03/25 South Sudan judiciary and the fate of 4 detained SPLM leaders 03/25 South Sudan: Army, Rebels Battle Over Key Oil-Rich Town 03/25 South Sudan: Security Conducts House Search for Weapons in Juba 03/25 South Sudan: Government Officially Delivers Protest Letter to IGAD 03/24 S. Sudan army, rebels battle over key oil-rich town 03/24 Security conducts house search for weapons in Juba 03/24 S. Sudanese rebel youths oppose forces from IGAD states 03/23 South Sudan: Prosecutor Claims Plot to Topple Govt 03/22 Jonglei’s Duk county calls for government protection from rebels 03/22 Still Waiting for the Bonanza: The Oil Business in South Sudan after 2005 03/21 South Sudan refugees return to fight as peace talks drag 03/21