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Sudan - south

Conflict between autonomous South Sudan and northern government.

Summary

From SmallWarsJournal.com: Southern Sudan - The Four Theses:

Even before Sudan first gained its independence, in 1956, a separatist insurgency has existed in Southern Sudan. The root causes of this struggle - economic marginalization and political disenfranchisement - have never been adequately resolved. Twice this insurgency has boiled over into all-out civil war. The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was the result of an international effort aimed at ending the period of conflict known as the Second Sudanese Civil War, a conflict which lasted from 1983 - 2005. The CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Given that the root causes were the same, this conflict was really just a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War (1955 - 1973). However, unlike the first iteration, the Second Sudanese Civil War featured considerable regional support for the opposing belligerents. In effect, the Second Sudanese Civil War was as much an interstate war by proxy as it was an intrastate conflict.

The CPA provided for a level of autonomy for Southern Sudan (with a regional capital in Juba), and established the framework for a government of national unity (located in the country's capital, Khartoum). The CPA succeeded in all these respects. But like so many other well-intentioned efforts, the CPA carried the seeds of its own destruction - a 'poison pill.' In this case, the 'poison pill' is a key provision of the CPA that sets a date for Southern Sudan to hold a referendum on its future status - full union within Sudan, albeit with considerable autonomy, or independence. According to the terms of the CPA, the referendum was set to be held six years to the day following the signing of the CPA. Since the CPA was signed on January 9th, 2005; the referendum is set for January 9th, 2011.

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Stats:

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index: 113 Alert (worst is 120)
HIIK Conflict Barometer 2008: 4
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Global Statistics : 1,935,000 IDPs
WFP Hunger Map: 26 % undernourished
Economist Intelligence Unit Sovereign Ratings: Rating C
International Crisis Group Crisis Watch: Unchanged
News up to:
theeastafrican.co.ke If Machar’s forces attack, I will fight back in self-defence, says Kiir 03/28
modernghana.com Sudan rebels attack garrison, kill dozens 03/28
sudantribune.com South Sudanese government dismisses capture of Ayod by rebels 03/28
modernghana.com Clashes displace thousands in Sudan's Kordofan 03/27
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels claim capture of strategic town in Jonglei 03/27
sudantribune.com Top South Sudan youth leader defects to rebels 03/26
sudantribune.com S. Sudan downplays defection of top youth leader 03/26
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO rebels accuse Juba of unconstitutional term extension 03/26
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels claim 38 government soldiers killed on battle field 03/26
sudantribune.com SPLM-N holds S. Sudan’s gov’t responsible for the death of senior officer 03/26
theeastafrican.co.ke Rebels say Parliament flouted rules to extend Kiir's term 03/25
allafrica.com Sudan: South Kordofan, Sudan - "Peace is Our Only Option" 03/24
sudantribune.com Justifying the fallacy of bashing both sides in S. Sudan conflicts 03/24
modernghana.com Fifteen months of civil war in South Sudan 03/24
sudantribune.com South Sudanese warring parties clash around Bentiu town 03/23
modernghana.com Sudan rebels say they attacked Blue Nile army garrison 03/22
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels lambaste president Kiir’s speech 03/22
sudantribune.com Five thousands South Sudanese flee to Sudan in one week 03/21
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels repulse multiple attacks by gov’t forces: spokesperson 03/20
huffingtonpost.com Four Proposals To Tackle the Growing Militarization of Schools 03/19
sudantribune.com Sudan will not give up 14-Mile to South Sudan : Bashir 03/19
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels say 13 killed in ambush on government troops 03/19
voanews.com Population Under Pressure in South Sudan Opposition Territory 03/19
sudantribune.com SPLM-IO accuses S. Sudan gov’t of backing Ethiopian rebels 03/18
sudantribune.com British envoy says "concerned" by rebel attacks on civilians in S. Kordofan 03/17
sudantribune.com African mediators to convene soon Sudan’s dialogue preparatory meeting 03/16
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army capture rebel-held town in Upper Nile 03/16
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rival forces trade accusations over intensified fighting 03/16
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rival forces clash in Upper Nile town 03/15
allafrica.com Sudan: Rebels Kill Scores in South Kordofan 03/14
allafrica.com Nigeria: Army Discovers Bomb Factory 03/14
monitor.co.ug Museveni backing reactionary force – Machar spokesperson 03/14
sudantribune.com SPLM-N rebels say military attacks aim to support elections boycott 03/13
modernghana.com Sudan rebel offensive to disrupt elections: spokesman 03/13
reuters.com Sudan rebels say they have begun armed campaign to derail elections 03/13
turkishweekly.net S. Sudan opposition urges talks between govt, rebels 03/13
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels’ brief exiled citizens on peace talks 03/13
turkishweekly.net Sudan blocking return of stranded workers: SPLM-N 03/12
sudantribune.com Sudan army repels new rebel attack in South Kordofan: spokesperson 03/12
sudantribune.com Bashir pledges to make peace top priority in his new term 03/11
sudantribune.com Sudanese army bombard civilian areas in S. Kordofan: SPLM-N 03/11
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels refute claims of defections to government 03/11
sudantribune.com Amum’s sister abandons rebellion, returns to Juba 03/10
sudantribune.com Traditional leader escapes from Juba, meets SPLM-IO leader in Addis Ababa 03/10
sudantribune.com US diplomat, UNMISS chief visit Upper Nile state 03/10
sudantribune.com S. Sudan army to transform into a professional force 03/09
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels dismiss claims of division in leadership 03/09
sudantribune.com EU envoy meets Sudanese women, calls to implement provisions on sexual offences 03/09
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels claim "tactical" withdrawal from Upper Nile area 03/08
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels call on AU to publish leaked report 03/07
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese army captures town from opposition forces 03/07
modernghana.com UN Sudan humanitarian chief urges Darfur conflict solution 03/06
sudantribune.com South Sudan condemns deadly clashes in Abyei 03/05
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rival leaders fail to strike peace deal as rebels insist on reforms 03/05
allafrica.com South Sudan: Security Council, Adopting Resolution 2206 (2015), Lays Groundwork for Targeted Sanctions in South Sudan Should Peace Deal Fail 03/04
aljazeera.com Soaked in oil: The cost of war in South Sudan 03/04
globalsecurity.org South Sudan general summoned over child soldiers recruitment 03/03
modernghana.com S.Sudan summons general accused of mass child soldier recruitment 03/03
sputniknews.com No South Sudan Children Released Amid Reports of Child Soldier Recruitment 03/03
sudantribune.com Denmark provides $2.3 million for humanitarian needs in Sudan 03/02
sudantribune.com Bashir vows to achieve peace in Sudan this year 03/01
sudantribune.com South Sudanese peace talks moving slowly despite dateline – rebels 03/01
independent.co.uk Hundreds of boys 'kidnapped and forced into becoming child soldiers' in South Sudan 03/01
sudantribune.com South Sudanese rebels to push for political reforms 03/01
sputniknews.com Hundreds of Abducted Sudanese Boys to Be Sent to Frontlines 02/28
allafrica.com South Sudan: Security Council Extends UN Peacekeeping Force in Abyei Through July 2015 02/27
un.org Security Council extends UN peacekeeping force in Abyei through July 2015 02/26
globalsecurity.org South Sudan Ruling Party to Accused Coup-Plotters: Come Back 02/26
voanews.com South Sudan Ruling Party to Accused Coup-Plotters: Come Back 02/25
sudantribune.com UN Security Council considers sanctions on South Sudan 02/25
voanews.com Fighting in Sudan's South Kordofan Fuels Mass Displacement 02/25
allafrica.com Sudan: Govt. Forces Rape, Wreak Havoc in South Kordofan 02/24
csmonitor.com South Sudan abductions set back efforts to end use of child soldiers 02/24
sudantribune.com Rebel-appointed NBeG governor renews calls for reforms 02/24
sudantribune.com SPLM-N claims to overrun SAF garrison near S. Kordofan capital 02/24
bbc.co.uk South Sudan's struggle for schools hit by abductions 02/24
voanews.com New Fighting Sends Surge of Refugees to Sudan's Border Region 02/23
globalsecurity.org UNICEF condemns abduction of children by armed group in South Sudan 02/23
sputniknews.com Britain Not Doing Enough to Protect Children in War 02/23
sudantribune.com Three people killed by unknown gunmen in East Darfur 02/23
sudantribune.com S. Sudan rebels assign senior officers, establish more counties 02/23
sudantribune.com Equatorian top rebel leader lambastes position of home governors 02/22
edition.cnn.com 89 kids abducted in school raid 02/22
cnn.com Armed groups raid school, abduct 89 kids 02/21
bbc.co.uk Gunmen seize South Sudan boys 02/21
upi.com Dozens of boys abducted by South Sudan armed forces 02/21
independent.co.uk Armed militia abduct 89 boys in South Sudan as they sit exams 02/21
aljazeera.com South Sudan armed group abducts scores of boys 02/21
cnn.com Armed groups raid school, abduct 89 children, U.N. says 02/21
dw.de UNICEF: Dozens of boys abducted in South Sudan 02/21
reuters.com Gunmen abduct 89 boys in war-torn South Sudan: U.N. 02/21
huffingtonpost.com Militants Kidnap Dozens Of Young Boys In South Sudan: UNICEF 02/21
allafrica.com South Sudan: Scores of Boys Abducted 02/21
voanews.com UNICEF: Armed Men Abduct at Least 89 Boys in South Sudan 02/21
sudantribune.com UNICEF condemns child abductions by S. Sudan armed groups 02/21
sudantribune.com UN demands accountability for human right abuses in S. Sudan 02/21
dalje.com UN says gunmen abduct dozens of boys in South Sudan 02/20
sudantribune.com South Sudan rebels downplay Lul’s defection 02/20
aljazeera.com Sudan's ongoing war and suffering 02/19
sudantribune.com S. Sudanese rebels refute defection of their forces in Akobo 02/18