Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

turkishweekly.net 250 DR Congo separatists killed since mid-May: MONUSCO 07/04
reuters.com Hague judges give warlord's lawyers more time to prepare 07/03
foxnews.com International Criminal Court judges delay start of Congo militia leader's war crimes trial 07/03
apanews.net Afflux des réfugiés burundais dans la région des Grands Lacs 07/02
voanews.com Amnesty Blasts Congo-Brazzaville Over Mass Expulsions 07/02
allafrica.com Bishops Condemn Insecurity in the Country 07/01
voanews.com UN Calls for Wider Police Deployment in DRC 07/01
allafrica.com Mazembe Share Spoils With Visiting Hilal 06/29
allafrica.com Orlando Pirates Seal Rare Win in Dolisie 06/29
allafrica.com Burundi: Political Unrest Turns Deadly in Burundi 06/29
voanews.com DRC to Offer Training for Former Child Soldiers, Sex Abuse Victims 06/29
allafrica.com More Sambaza Fish, Please 06/29
modernghana.com Five civilians and three soldiers killed in DR Congo rebel raid 06/27
allafrica.com Regional Countries Sign Deal to Extract Kivu Methane Gas 06/26
msf.org DRC: Vaccinating 42,000 children for measles 06/26
miningweekly.com Proposed European law to intensify war against conflict minerals 06/26
doctorswithoutborders.org MSF Vaccinates 42,000 Children Against Measles in DRC 06/26
aljazeera.com Magazine: Mother Justice - waging a war on rape 06/26
timeslive.co.za 127,000 Burundians flee amid unrest: UN 06/26
reuters.com Rwandans protest as spy chief faces London court on war crimes charges 06/25
allafrica.com Construction of Rwf4 Billion FERWAFA Hotel Starts July 06/24
voanews.com UN: DRC Rebel Group Weakened in Joint Operation 06/24
allafrica.com How Ex-FDLR Militiaman Turned Around His Fortune 06/24
allafrica.com Ease Access to Finance for Women 06/24
allafrica.com The United Nations World Refugee Day 06/23
globalsecurity.org Unrest Reported at Congo Camp for Ex-militiamen 06/23
voanews.com Catholic Church in DRC Defends Role in Paying Teachers 06/23
nation.co.ke 13 minutes ago KISIA: It is time the world took up its share of the refugee burden 06/23
voanews.com Unrest Reported at Congo Camp for Ex-militiamen 06/22
msf.org Tanzania: Burundi & Congo refugees get cholera vax 06/22
allafrica.com Top Humanitarian Photo Prize Awarded for Reportage of Rape Trials in Democratic Republic of the Congo 06/22
allafrica.com Cycling - Angola At Top of 3rd Edition of Tour Du Congo 06/19
allafrica.com FC Platinum Off to DRC 06/19
allafrica.com Crumbling Goma University Stands Up to the State 06/18
allafrica.com Congo-Brazzaville: Art's Start - Brazzaville Calling for Change 06/18
allafrica.com Respect Your Constitutions or Risk Unrest - EALA Warns Presidents 06/18
allafrica.com Isonga Eliminate AS Kigali in Peace Cup 06/18
allafrica.com Rwanda 2017 - You Simply Do Not Change a Winning Team 06/18
allafrica.com A Day With Gorilla 'Warriors' 06/18
allafrica.com USAID, DFID Partner to Advance Girls' Education Worldwide 06/18
allafrica.com Zambia: Nation Embraces Over 300 Burundi Refugees Following Unrest 06/18
allafrica.com Fugitive Still At Large 06/18
allafrica.com Police FC to Sign New Players for Next Season 06/18
allafrica.com 2017 Debate - My Reflections 06/18
allafrica.com Rwanda Reaps Early Benefits of Digital Migration 06/18
allafrica.com Ballore - Africa Logistics Management, Staff Honour Genocide Victims 06/18
allafrica.com Prime Unveils Funeral Insurance Cover for Low-Income Earners 06/18
allafrica.com U-16 Basketball Team Coaches Sign Contract 06/18
allafrica.com Law to Regulate Oil Exploration, Production in Offing 06/18
allafrica.com Holy Month of Ramadhan Begins 06/18
allafrica.com A Mother's Triple Joy After a Long Wait for a Baby 06/18
allafrica.com Burundian Refugees in Urban Centres Register 06/18
dw.de Crumbling DR Congo’s Goma University stands up to the State 06/17
allafrica.com Africa: Using Technology to Chart the 'Unmapped World' 06/17
doctorswithoutborders.org Caring for Mothers and Victims of Violence in Boga, DRC 06/17
apanews.net La CPI programme pour juillet les déclarations d'ouverture du procès Bosco Ntaganda 06/17
voanews.com Former Congo Rebel Leader's ICC Trial to Start in July 06/16
foxnews.com International Criminal Court trial of former Congo rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda to start July 7 06/16
reuters.com NGOs demand release of detained pro-democracy activists in Congo 06/15
reuters.com Trial of Congolese warlord Ntaganda to be held in The Hague 06/15
voanews.com Rights Groups, DRC Lawmakers Call for ‘Filimbi’ Activists’ Release 06/15
reuters.com U.N. deploys troops, helicopters to back Congo in fight with rebels 06/10
stripes.com Congo army, UN take on rebel group in northeast 06/10
allafrica.com South Africa: 'Burundian Refugee - 'We Thought That We Would Be Exterminated If We Stay" 06/09
miningweekly.com Banro lifts Twangiza reserves 59%, extends mine life to 14 yrs 06/08
allafrica.com Rwanda Plans to Triple Power Output 06/08
nzherald.co.nz Clarification: Congo-Unrest story 06/05
scoop.co.nz DR Congo: UN voices support for Government offensive 06/05
voanews.com Hidden Treasures for Congo Coffee Tasters 06/05
allafrica.com 12 Teams Qualify for This Year's All Africa Volleyball Games 06/04
allafrica.com Man Killed After Car Plunges Into Lake Kivu 06/04
foxnews.com US diplomat urges Congo, UN to join forces in fight against rebels in east 06/04
af.reuters.com Congo forces arrest suspected leader of Goma airport attack 06/04
stripes.com US diplomat urges Congo, UN to join forces against rebels 06/04
modernghana.com DR Congo court jails 46 civilians for sex crimes 06/04
un.org DR Congo: UN voices support for Government offensive against militia 06/04
af.reuters.com Congo forces arrest suspected leader of Goma airport attack 06/03
voanews.com Filmmaker Puts Congo Mining Firms on 'Trial' 06/03
modernghana.com Gunmen launch deadly raid on airport depot in DR Congo 06/02
economist.com Q&A: Lynsey Addario : Photographic memories 06/02
allafrica.com Lawyer Dares DRC General to Prove Claims 06/02
reuters.com Gunmen attack airport in east Congo, at least one soldier dead 06/02
voanews.com Gunmen Slay at Least 6 in Airport Assault in East Congo 06/02
enoughproject.org Congolese Members of Parliament to Obama: Appoint a Senior-Level U.S. Envoy to Congo Now 06/01
allafrica.com Kayibanda Passionate About Preserving Rwandan Culture 06/01
voanews.com DRC Asks US to Name New Envoy to Great Lakes Region 05/29
allafrica.com As Families Flee Burundi, Rwandan Red Cross Welcomes Them With Food and First Aid 05/28
allafrica.com U16 Basketball - Buhake Confident Despite Losing Two Games 05/27
allafrica.com Africa: Africa's Youth Wasted in Refugee Camps 05/27
aljazeera.com Africa's youth wasted in refugee camps 05/26
huffingtonpost.com Georgianne Nienaber: Vindicating the Ways of God to Man in Gihembe Refugee Camp 05/25
allafrica.com Al-Shabab Storms Kenyan Village Near Garissa 05/25
allafrica.com Yemenis Fleeing to Somaliland 'Struggle for Survival' 05/25
allafrica.com War Against Al-Shabaab Falters Over Money Deals 05/25
allafrica.com Repatriation of Dadaab Camp's Somali Refugees to Continue 05/25
allafrica.com Bombers' Trial Sheds Light on East Africa's Terror Matrix 05/25
allafrica.com KDF 'Aiding' Sh22 Billion Illegal Charcoal Trade-UN 05/25
allafrica.com Muslim Preacher Linked to Al-Shabaab Terror Freed On Bail 05/25
allafrica.com South Sudan: Currency Collapse, Famine Loom in South Sudan 05/25
allafrica.com Somali Soldiers Killed MP Yusuf, Says Security Ministry 05/25

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.