Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

bbc.co.uk Militia fighters decapitate 40 police officers in DR Congo 03/25
aljazeera.com ICC set for first monetary awards to war crime victims 03/24
france24.com ICC awards Congo war crimes victims a symbolic $250 each 03/24
dw.com ICC orders damages for victims of Congolese warlord 03/24
dw.com ICC orders damages for victims of Congolese warlord 03/24
allafrica.com Rwanda: Govt Ready to Send Extra Troops to South Sudan 03/23
allafrica.com UN Rights Body Should Launch Commission of Inquiry Into Kasai Violence 03/23
allafrica.com Kamuina Nsapu Insurgency Adds to Dangers in DR Congo 03/22
allafrica.com UN Urges Govt to Implement December Political Deal 03/22
hrw.org UN Rights Body Should Launch Commission of Inquiry into Kasai Violence 03/22
telegraph.co.uk Dog survives after being thrown out of van onto busy motorway 03/14
hosted.ap.org UN chief seeks more police for Congo mission as violence up 03/11
businessdailyafrica.com Jalada mobile arts festival travels to five EA states this month 03/10
allafrica.com Uganda: UPDF Soldier Shot Dead in Fight With M-23 Rebels 03/04
dnaindia.com Congo opposition party expels top official in sign of infighting 03/04
allafrica.com Civilians Fleeing Eastern DR Congo Clashes 03/04
vanguardngr.com Late Congo opposition leader’s son named as successor 03/03
allafrica.com Ugandan Soldiers Killed, Injured in Clashes With M23 Rebels 03/03
dnaindia.com Suspected militiamen kidnap 5 workers at Banro's east Congo mine 03/02
monitor.co.ug Kisoro LC5 chairperson apologises to councillors 03/02
theeastafrican.co.ke Civilians fleeing eastern DR Congo clashes 03/01
allafrica.com Uganda Holds Dozens of Fleeing M23 Rebels After Congo Clashes 03/01
irinnews.org In support of Dodd-Frank conflict minerals regulation 02/28
theeastafrican.co.ke Barriers hurting cross-border trade 02/26
tamilguardian.com Court acknowledges crimes against humanity committed in Mutarule, DRC 02/24
allafrica.com Rwanda Refugees Quit Conflict in DRC 02/24
monitor.co.ug 16 killed in three days of DR Congo clashes 02/24
theeastafrican.co.ke Uganda holds dozens of fleeing M23 rebels after Congo clashes 02/24
monitor.co.ug Refugees flee clashes in DR Congo 02/24
enoughproject.org Seven Letters from Congolese Groups in Support of the U.S. Conflict Minerals Law 02/24
stripes.com 16 rebels killed in fighting with army in Congo's east 02/23
af.reuters.com Uganda holds dozens of fleeing M23 rebels after Congo clashes 02/23
monitor.co.ug Refugees flee fighting in DR Congo 02/23
globalsecurity.org Over two dozen civilians killed in DR Congo rebel attack 02/20
dw.com Militiamen kill 25 civilians in ethnic attack in DR Congo 02/19
modernghana.com 25 civilians killed in DR Congo ethnic attack 02/18
allafrica.com My Necktie Tricks With M23 Rebels and Why Kabila Should Leave Power 02/18
monitor.co.ug Four more M23 rebels arrested in Kisoro 02/17
allafrica.com Budget Minister Casts Doubt on 2017 Elections 02/17
monitor.co.ug My necktie tricks with M23 rebels and why Kabila should leave power 02/17
enoughproject.org The De Facto Embargo is Over: Record-High Conflict-Free Minerals Exports from Eastern Congo 02/16
allafrica.com East Africa: Uganda Moves to Expel Burundian Refugees 02/16
miningweekly.com African States wary of potential repeal of 'conflict minerals' rule 02/15
aljazeera.com The healing powers of football in the DRC 02/14
irinnews.org Who pays the hidden price for Congo’s conflict-free minerals? 02/13
hosted.ap.org Congolese music festival for peace draws tens of thousands 02/12
modernghana.com DR Congo war crimes trial resumes for ex-warlord Katanga 02/10
allafrica.com Africa: African Press Review 10 February 2017 02/10
allafrica.com Africa: DR Congo, Tanzania, Zambia and Burundi to Meet On Lake Tanganyika Oil 02/09
monitor.co.ug 750 M23 ex-combatants unaccounted for 02/09
allafrica.com Basketball - U-16 Girls' Team to Play Friendlies in Europe 02/08
msf.org DRC: Fighting measles in South Kivu 02/08
dnaindia.com Congo opposition demands new govt before repatriating leader's body 02/08
edition.cnn.com Former child soldiers start boxing school for Congo's youth 02/07
allafrica.com Fate of Former M23 Rebel Fighters Remains Unclear 02/07
allafrica.com Burundi: Presumed Rebels? 02/06
theeastafrican.co.ke Fate of former M23 rebel fighters remains unclear 02/06
allafrica.com Its Time for Amani Festival in Goma 02/06
appablog.wordpress.com Women’s Participation in Political and Peace Processes in the Great Lakes Region 02/06
appablog.wordpress.com Participation des femmes aux processus politiques et de paix dans la région des Grands Lacs 02/06
allafrica.com Rubavu-Based Uwamariya Makes Wine From Beetroot 02/03
dnaindia.com Congo rebel revival endangers elections - ambassador to U.N. 02/03
monitor.co.ug M23 leader escapes from UPDF base 02/03
allafrica.com Congo-Kinshasa: Congolese M23 Rebels Flee to Rwanda 02/01
globalsecurity.org Two Russian pilots, officer killed in helicopter crash in DR Congo 01/31
af.reuters.com UPDATE 1-Congo says M23 fighters captured downed air crew 01/31
upi.com Two Russian pilots, Congolese officer die in helicopter crashes 01/31
theeastafrican.co.ke Congolese M23 rebels flee to Rwanda 01/30
modernghana.com Congolese M23 fighters 'seek refuge in Rwanda' 01/30
voanews.com Sunday Deadline Looms for Deal on New DRC Government 01/27
allafrica.com Uganda Rebel Returns Add to Growing Headache for Kabila and Congo 01/27
allafrica.com Human Rights Watch Researcher Deported 01/24
foxnews.com Congo expels Human Rights Watch researcher a second time 01/23
allafrica.com Africa: African Press Review 23 January 2017 01/23
theeastafrican.co.ke Fear of return of M23 rebels now fuels tensions in eastern DRC 01/21
allafrica.com Fear of Rebels' Return Fuels Tensions 01/21
monitor.co.ug M23 men back at Bihanga barracks, army say 01/21
af.reuters.com UPDATE 1-Uganda detains more than 100 former M23 rebels sneaking to Congo 01/19
voanews.com Uganda Detains Scores of Ex-rebels Headed for DRC 01/19
monitor.co.ug Fleeing M23 rebels caught at Congo border, detained 01/19
dailytimes.com.pk Uganda admits scores of Congolese rebels escaped base 01/19
businessdailyafrica.com Exploring resilient Rwanda through a different lens 01/19
theeastafrican.co.ke Uganda finally admits scores of M23 rebels escaped base 01/19
reuters.com Uganda detains more than 100 former M23 rebels traveling to Congo 01/19
monitor.co.ug UN 'ready to engage' if Congo rebels invade 01/19
foxnews.com Uganda confirms hundreds of Congolese M23 rebels missing 01/19
allafrica.com Mani Martin to Sing for Peace at Amani Festival 01/18
theeastafrican.co.ke Uganda says former M23 Congolese rebels not welcome 01/17
af.reuters.com Uganda minister says Congo's former M23 rebels not welcome in Uganda 01/17
doctorswithoutborders.org DRC: The Alarming Consequences of Falsified Medicines 01/17
msf.org DRC: The alarming consequences of poor quality medicines 01/17
africa-newsroom.com The United Nations commits to support the Great Lakes region in finding durable solutions to the issue of South Sudanese disarmed elements present in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 01/16
af.reuters.com Congo govt says M23 rebel fighters cross over border from Uganda 01/16
monitor.co.ug Seven illegal guns impounded in Kisoro 01/16
modernghana.com Uganda military denies Congolese rebels left camp 01/16
sudantribune.com UN to support Great Lakes region on S. Sudan rebels 01/16
stripes.com Congo warns of armed ex-M23 rebels crossing border 01/15
af.reuters.com UPDATE 1-Congo govt says M23 rebel fighters cross over border from Uganda 01/15
modernghana.com Congolese M23 rebels cross over from Uganda, take village 01/15
monitor.co.ug Uganda scoffs at DR Congo over M23 rebels 01/15

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.