Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles: Security Council press statement on the Democratic Republic of the Congo 12/01 DR Congo: Ban condemns attack on UN base, calls for perpetrators to be brought to justice 12/01 Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Democratic Republic of the Congo 12/01 République démocratique du Congo – Attaque meurtrière au Nord-Kivu (30 novembre 2015) 12/01 More than 20 missing after boat capsizes on Congo's Lake Kivu 11/30 Report: Clashes between govt., rebels kill 30 in Congo 11/30 Fighting in Congo between army and rebels kills at least 30 11/30 At least 12 killed in attack by Ugandan rebels in Congo 11/30 Ugandan rebels 'launch deadly attack' in DR Congo 11/30 DR Congo: Ban condemns attack on UN base, calls for perpetrators to be brought to justice 11/30 One killed, 22 missing after boat sinks on DR Congo's Lake Kivu 11/30 Report: Clashes Between Government, Rebels Kill 30 in Congo 11/30 Report: Clashes between govt., rebels kill 30 in Congo 11/30 UN: Ugandan Rebel Attack Leaves 24 Dead in DRC 11/30 Police fire tear gas on crowd of mourners in eastern Congo 11/28 Russia's Kamaz Trucks Donated to Support WFP Operations in DRC 11/25 What if Black Friday were Conflict-Free? 11/24 Rwanda, DRC in Deal to Manage L. Kivu Methane Gas Exploration 11/23 DR Congo Refugees Cross Into Uganda 11/23 Rwanda will ‘talk’ to Burundi over FDLR after current crisis 11/21 Kabila Seeks Mugabe Help to Retain Power 11/21 DR Congo refugees cross into Uganda 11/21 South Africa Sacks UN Peacekeepers in DR Congo 11/19 Rwanda: Respond to Terror With Courage, Not Fear 11/19 Congo’s export to the NBA returns home to Sign his US$6m Contract 11/19 S Africa sacks UN Congo peacekeepers over curfew breach 11/19 Kabila seeks Mugabe help to retain power 11/19 Senate Votes to Allow Third Term for Kagame 11/18 Congolese troops raped 14 women in three days, says U.N. office 11/18 Congo police fire teargas at stone-throwing students 11/18 Rwandan senate votes to allow President Kagame a third term 11/17 Rwanda: Terror Is the Same in Paris, Garissa or Kigali and Must Be Fought the Same Way 11/17 Rwandan Senate votes to allow President Kagame more time in office 11/17 The ICGLR Audit Committee On Natural Resources Concludes Its 8th Meeting and Training Workshop 11/16 Rwanda Is Ready to Make CHAN a Success - Kagame 11/16 Both sides of South Sudan's civil war have recruited thousands of minors to fight 11/13 Kabila in Harare for Mugabe Talks Amid DRC Protests 11/13 What Is France 24 Agenda On Rwanda? 11/11 Healing After Sexual Violence in Democratic Republic of the Congo 11/10 Police Clash With Opposition Protesters in Congo Mining Hub 11/10 Resettled People in DRC Lack Agricultural Tools, Seeds 11/10 Security Council Calls for Total Neutralization of Foreign, Local Armed Groups in East 11/10 DR Congo: Security Council calls for total neutralization of foreign, local armed groups in east 11/09 The Quest for Peace Leadership - Remembering Archbishop Munzihirwa 11/09 Oil confirmed under Africa's oldest wildlife park Virunga: DRC govt 11/06 La mise en examen de Lamine Diack et la politique au menu des quotidiens sénégalais 11/05 DR Congo Opposition Protests Delay in Elections, Extension of Term Limits 11/03 DRC Army Colluding With Rebel Groups - UN 11/03 NGO Workers Kidnapped for Ransom 11/03 Internally Displaced Leave Camps, Return Home in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo 11/03 DR Congo opposition protests delay in elections, extension of term limits 11/02 14 humanitarian workers kidnapped in eastern Congo: United Nations 11/02 Fourteen humanitarian workers kidnapped in eastern Congo 11/02 DRC Government Spokesman Denies Election Delay Report 11/01 14 aid workers kidnapped in eastern DR Congo: employer 11/01 UN Calls for New Strategy Against ADF Rebels, 'Bandits' in DRC 10/30 Democratic Republic of the Congo Builds Integrated Border Management Capacity 10/30 Congo opposition cancels Friday protest in referendum row 10/30 Rwandan Rebels Total 5,000, Claims Defector 10/29 ICGLR Calls for Respect to the Nairobi Declaration of 12th December, 2013 On M23 10/28 Clinging onto power in Africa - Nguesso the latest example 10/27 Concerns Raised Over Resignation of Electoral Commission President 10/27 Opposition in Congo Brazzaville Rejects Referendum Result 10/27 Stay-at-home protest paralyses DR Congo towns after rebel attack 10/26 Congo-Brazzaville: Nation Votes On Presidential Third Term Limit 10/25 Congolese in tense vote on President Sassou Nguesso’s bid to extend rule 10/25 US Wants DRC to Take 'Concrete Steps' Toward Elections 10/24 Congolese in tense vote on longtime leader's bid to extend rule 10/24 Congo opposition calls off protest 10/23 UK Condemns North Kivu Attacks 10/22 Brazzaville Protests President's Attempt to Extend Rule 10/21 Congo protesters tear-gassed ahead of referendum 10/21 Deadly clashes in Congo Brazzaville as protesters defy crackdown 10/20 Peacekeeping Missions Are Aspirin - What We Need Is Antibiotics 10/20 Burundian Journalist Arrested in Democratic Republic of Congo 10/20 Violence breaks out in Congo's capital Brazzaville ahead of controversial referendum 10/20 Burundian journalist arrested in Democratic Republic of Congo 10/19 UK condemns North Kivu attacks 10/19 Ensure protection of children during and after unrest to mitigate refugee crisis 10/18 Rwanda wise to decline Burundi’s ‘invitation’ for a confrontation 10/16 DRC Could Attract More Tourists, Says Travel Firm 10/16 Campaign Reminds Congo: Handwashing Saves Lives 10/15 Cross-Border Cooperation in Suppressing Media Coverage 10/15 Gary Barker, Ph.D.: Healing After Sexual Violence in Democratic Republic of the Congo 10/14 Six killed in new DR Congo attacks blamed on Uganda rebels 10/14 DRC Electoral Body Pleads Lack of Funds 10/13 Tanzania: A modernizing land of natural wonder and opportunity 10/13 Burundi: Cracks Widen Within Burundi's Army 10/13 Ugandan rebels kill eight civilians in DR Congo 10/13 Six killed in new DR Congo attacks blamed on Uganda rebels 10/13 Women tell UN to give them a seat at peace table 10/13 Magistrates Discuss Dual Jurisdiction of Military and Civilian Courts Over International Crimes in DRC 10/12 War drives 'alarming' global hunger 10/12 Rebels kill at least 7 civilians in attacks in eastern Congo, civil society groups say 10/12 UN Mission Looking Forward to Full Cooperation with DRC Army 10/12 DRC Mulls Implications of President Kabila's Speech 10/09 Vol inaugural de deux avions de la compagnie nationale Congo Airways 10/09 Another Triumph for Rwanda's Spirit, Unity 10/09 Japan and UN Support Reintegration of Child Soldiers in Eastern DRC 10/09 Five DR Congo civilians killed in UN helicopter attack on rebels 10/08


After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.