Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles: Promote Off-Farm Employment in the Countryside 09/30 DRC - Just This Once, Joseph Kabila Should Listen to His Opposition 09/29 A project to ‘kickstart people’s sceptical reflex’ 09/27 UN Chief Presses Kabila On FDLR Disarmament 09/26 Africa in pictures: 19-25 September 2014 09/26 Kenya: NGO Slams Gun Misuse 09/26 U.S. urges probe over corpses found in Rwanda-Burundi border lake 09/25 Disarm Unconditionally, Regional Leaders Tell FDLR 09/25 DR Congo: Ban says recommitment to peace framework critical to addressing root cause of conflict 09/23 Akon Makes Stopover in Rwanda 09/22 Former Female Rebel Recounts Horrid Life Under FDLR 09/22 DR Congo: Ban says recommitment to peace framework critical to addressing root cause of conflict 09/22 VIDEO: Jude Law: "DRC gone off the radar" 09/21 Rwanda: Interview of Minister Louise Mushikiwabo On Contact Fm - Refugee Situation/Eastern DRC 09/18 Prosecution Investigations Delay Start of Ntaganda Trial 09/15 UN plans attack on DR Congo rebels 09/15 One of Four MSF Team Members Abducted in DR Congo Escapes 09/15 Rebel Group Wants Assurances to Hand Over Weapons 09/15 DRC Rebel Group Wants Assurances to Hand Over Weapons 09/14 UN could attack FDLR ahead of target date 09/13 In Pictures: DR Congo's dance battles 09/12 Central Africa: UN Diplomat Stresses Progress for Achievement of Peace in Great Lakes 09/11 Start Date for Ntaganda's ICC Trial to Be Known Soon 09/10 Rwanda: Rebel Group Digs in Ahead of Disarmament Deadline 09/07 FDLR fighters set conditions for surrender 09/06 ICC /DRC - ICC Has No Impact On Peace, Say Congolese Survey Respondents 09/04 German Delegation Calls On Chief Justice Rugege 09/03 MSF 'Delighted' By Escape of Kidnapped Nurse in Congo 09/02 DRC - Abducted MSF Team Member Found Unharmed 09/02 DRC: Abducted MSF Team Member Found Unharmed 09/01 Abducted MSF Staff Member Escapes, but Help Needed for Three Others Still Kidnapped 09/01 Rwandan Rebels Disarm But Future Uncertain 09/01 Doctors Without Borders hostage freed in DR Congo 08/31 Dar port the most expensive for EAC importers — report 08/30 UN Insists On Neutralization of FDLR 08/29 Rwanda: FDLR Generating U.S. $71 Million From Businesses With Wives of DRC Officers 08/29 Jody Shooting Kaleke Kasome Video With GNL Zamba in Uganda 08/29 Rwanda court delays verdict in 'attack plot' officer trial 08/29 Hope Deferred - Abrupt End to the Katanga Case Fails Victims 08/29 Burundi: Hounded From Home, Raped Congolese Woman Seeks Refugee in Burundi 08/28 Rwanda: UN - FDLR Is Abusing Disarmament Window 08/28 Rwanda: Disarming the FDLR, "top Priority" - Security Council 08/28 Rwanda: Ex-Child Combatants Rebuild Their Lives 08/28 Ruling in Lt Mutabazi Terror Trial Set for Tomorrow 08/28 Ranger in Virunga, Africa's oldest national park, seriously wounded by grenade blast 08/28 ICGLR Participation to the 34th Summit of SADC Heads of State and Government, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, 17-18 August, 2014 08/25 Sisters With a Message - Our Music Will Go Where Our Feet Can't Reach 08/25 Rwanda sacks senior police officers amid corruption allegations 08/23 Woman 'saw Congo colonel order rape' 08/22 Jinja Land Board faulted on land give away 08/21 Rwanda: Conflicting UN Figures On Rwandan Refugees in DR Congo 08/21 Burundi massacre victims denied justice 08/20 Rwanda: SADC Asks UN to Relocate FDLR 08/20 Africa Leaders urge UN to help relocate Rwandan Hutu rebels 08/19 Paul*, Gay Rights Campaigner - 'They Said I Was the Antichrist' 08/19 Congolese Refugee Turns to Business for Survival 08/19 Ex-rebels accuse DR Congo army of executing PoWs 08/18 Africa Leaders Urge UN to Help Relocate Rwandan Hutu Rebels 08/18 Pressure mounts on FDLR 08/18 3,000 victims of sexual violence in two DRC provinces 08/18 Abandoned Goma airport, Democratic Republic of the Congo, transformed into ideal playground 08/16 Southern Africa: SADC Won't Hesitate to Use Force - Official 08/16 ICGLR for Greater Exchange of Information on Negative Forces 08/15 President Jacob Zuma Leaves for South Africa 08/15 Heavy Battle in Mogadishu, As NISA and Amisom Forces Target Well-Armed Politicians 08/15 Rwanda: Military Action Against FDLR Long Overdue - Mushikiwabo 08/15 Peace, Security on Agenda for Leaders' Meeting 08/15 ICGLR Leaders Give Ultimatum to FDLR Forces to Surrender 08/15 Uganda President Leaves for Kampala 08/15 Central Africa: The ICGLR Executive Secretariat Hails the Strong Military Action Against ADF-Nalu 08/15 DR Congo launches new national airline 08/15 DRC war crimes trial ‘test case for military justice’ – UN 08/14 Burundi: No Justice Decade After Massacre 08/14 DR Congo war crimes 'test case' 08/14 Southern African Leaders to Meet in Zimbabwe 08/14 Central African Republic: New CAR Premier Kamoun - 'We Must All Work for Peace' 08/12 Israeli tycoon claims huge oil find in DR Congo 08/11 New CAR premier Kamoun: 'We must all work for peace' 08/11 Is Momentum Gathering Against FDLR Militia? 08/11 Obama's Summit and Feingold's Eureka 08/11 Courting Africa: US pledges $33b in trade deals with an eye on China 08/09 Think Progress Op-Ed:The Way to Bring A Lasting Peace In The Congo? Women. 08/08 Brutal, Conflict Minerals Smuggling General Escapes Justice 08/08 Despite Marked Progress in Democratic Republic of Congo, Conflict Will Persist If Remaining Armed Groups Do Not Lay Down Weapons, Security Council Told 08/08 Daily Beast Op-Ed: Obama's Africa Summit and the New Danger in Congo 08/08 Military threat key to push FDLR rebels in Congo to disarm -U.N. 08/08 DR Congo: despite improved security, situation remains 'fragile,' UN envoys warn 08/08 UN to Congolese Rebels - Disarm or Face Force 08/08 Military threat key to push FDLR rebels in Congo to disarm: U.N. 08/07 UN tells DRCongo rebels to disarm or face military action 08/07 UN to Congolese Rebels: Disarm or Face Force 08/07 DR Congo: Despite improved security, situation remains 'fragile,' UN envoys warn 08/07 FDLR Finally Gets the Message - Time Is Up 08/07 Youth Tennis Championships Underway 08/06 Rwanda: No Negotiations With FDLR, Says U.S. Envoy 08/06 Obama's Africa Summit and the New Danger in Congo 08/06 Life in an abandoned airport 08/06 Central Africa: Interview With Outgoing Africa Great Lakes Special Envoy Mary Robinson 08/06 US warns of 'military action' against Rwandan rebels in DRC 08/06 Remarks With Democratic Republic of the Congo President Joseph Kabila Before Their Meeting 08/05


After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.