Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles: Rwanda: We can go it alone on FDLR 07/23 Armed group 'decapitates' victims in DRC attack 07/19 8 shot dead or decapitated in eastern Congo, group says 07/19 FDLR is on its deathbed, its demise would be a good thing 07/15 Peter Okoye threatens to sue twin brother for misrepresenting him 07/15 The Women’s Platform for peace and security in Africa’s Great Lakes region meets in Goma, DRC, call for a gr eater role in conflict resolution and peace building in the region 07/13 NBA Star Biyombo Expected in Kigali Today 07/13 Banro sets new production records at DRC gold mines 07/12 Peter Okoye Ignites Fresh P-Square Drama, Threatens to Sue Brother 07/09 Waning Interest in DR Congo 07/07 P Square to Get 'Personal' With Their Rwandan Fans Today 07/07 Democratic Republic of Congo – Attack in Oicha (04.07.16) 07/06 République démocratique du Congo – Attaque à Oicha (4 juillet 2016) 07/06 Twitter explodes over Scottish actress' account of Zambia 07/05 ARMOR: Robotic Vehicles Become Smarter and Deadlier 07/02 PROCUREMENT: Egypt Goes Retro To The Future 07/02 YEMEN: The State Of Spin And Sorrow 07/02 WARS UPDATE: The Bad Old Days Make A Comeback 07/01 MARINES: ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser 07/01 ATTRITION: China Struggles To Find Better Troops 07/01 CONGO: States Of Perpetual Unrest 06/30 WEAPONS: The Future of Sniping 06/30 ARMOR: Lessons Of Afghanistan Return To Iraq 06/30 PROCUREMENT: Sometimes Older Is Better 06/30 Region Seeks Improved Security On Northern Corridor Trade Route 06/28 FDLR Greatly Weakened By Attacks and Splits, Says UN 06/27 FDLR greatly weakened by attacks and splits, says UN 06/25 Congo volcano brings farmers rich soil but eruption threat 06/25 Democratic Republic of Congo arrests group over child rape 06/23 Rebel-Backed Charcoal Traffickers Destroy Swathes of Forest in Congo - Rights Group 06/21 Western Province Invites Commercial Banks for Investment 06/21 Charcoal Syndicate Destroying Swathes of Virunga Park 06/21 New Report: How an Illegal Charcoal Trade is Threatening Africa’s Oldest National Park 06/20 Western Province Invites Banks for Investment 06/20 Rwanda downplays division within rebel grouping 06/18 Deadly Clashes Hit DR Congo Camp for M23 Fighters 06/18 'Several dead' as army clashes with rebels in DR Congo 06/17 RDRC Peace Tournament for Ex-Combatants Kicks Off 06/17 Deadly clashes hit DR Congo base for ex-rebels 06/17 RDRC Peace Tournament for Ex-Combatants Kicks Off Today 06/16 Nine killed as Congo troops clash with ex-militia fighters: NGO 06/16 Kwibuka22 - Ten Teams to Grace Gisembe Memorial Tourney 06/16 UN-Congolese operation sees 29 Ugandan rebels killed 06/15 Jinja Hippos Retain Sevens Title As Buffaloes Threaten Boycott 06/15 China firms to fund Congo hydropower plant to lift mining output 06/14 Tanzanian Foreign Minister Urges World to Stamp Out FDLR, Genocide Ideology 06/13 Rwanda: Rwandan Rebel Group's Affection for Germany 06/08 Rwandan rebel group's affection for Germany 06/06 Kinshasa rally in support of DR Congo's Kabila draws thousands 06/04 Congo President Kabila gives M23 rebels concessions 06/04 IOC announces refugee team for Rio Olympics 06/03 Rwanda: Another Top FDLR Rebel Defects, Repatriated 06/03 Citizens Bear the Burden of Revenge Politics 06/01 Full-Scale Assault Launched Against Rwandan Rebels 05/29 Monusco and Kinshasa forces go after FDLR militia 05/28 The PSCF Guarantors welcome resumption of operations against FDLR, encourage strengthening of FARDC-MONUSCO cooperation and urge ex-FDLR to accept to repatriate to Rwanda without preconditions 05/27 DRC Opposition Says President is Working to Delay Elections 05/27 Rwanda: Police Extends Community Policing Awareness to Ex-Rebels 05/27 Protests Against Joseph Kabila Turn Deadly 05/27 Congo stone throwers kill policewoman 05/26 Police officer stoned to death, protester shot in Congo's Goma 05/26 Congo and UN campaign kills 23 rebels in North Kivu 05/26 Police officer stoned to death, protester shot in Congo's Goma 05/26 'Police officer and protesters killed' as demonstrations turn violent in DR Congo 05/26 Tensions soaring as DR Congo president turns up pressure on opposition 05/26 1 dead, dozens injured in the Congo amid violent demonstrations 05/26 Toxic gas beneath DRC lake threatens millions 05/26 Congo and UN campaign kills 23 rebels in North Kivu 05/26 Thousands take to the streets in DRC protests 05/26 Rights group: 2 aid workers kidnapped in eastern Congo 05/25 Major opposition rally banned in Congo after Kabila ruling 05/25 Mission Resumes to Rid DRC of Rebel Groups 05/24 Police deaths lead to Uganda, DRC tensions 05/24 First permanent infrastructure being built at new DRC tin mine 05/23 International Criminal Court: Africa is a target, not participant 05/20 Govt Threatens Refugee Camp Closure in North-Kivu 05/19 Collective punishment in Congo 05/18 KivuWatt to Double Rwanda's Energy Production By 2020 05/17 Kagame Sends Olive Branch to DR Congo Over Methane Gas 05/17 Congo police arrest at least four activists protesting massacres 05/14 Foreign Affairs Op-ed: Virunga's Charcoal Cartel 05/13 Govt Seeks Extradition of Genocide Suspect From DR Congo 05/13 Congolese Donate to Refugees in Germany 05/11 Congolese donate to refugees in Germany 05/10 Kidnap of IRC Staff Triggers Fears of Hutu Rebels Regrouping 05/09 République démocratique du Congo : les trois collaborateurs du CICR sont libres ! 05/09 Congo captures senior commander of Rwandan genocide-linked rebels 05/07 Senior commander linked to Rwandan genocide detained in Congo 05/07 Coalition, Crisis and Constitutional Chaos 05/06 Three Red Cross staff kidnapped in Congo are free: ICRC 05/06 Special Envoy Perriello Travel to Sweden and the Democratic Republic of the Congo 05/05 République démocratique du Congo : trois collaborateurs du CICR enlevés au Nord-Kivu 05/04 Red Cross suspends travel after workers kidnapped in DR Congo 05/04 Red Cross Workers Kidnapped in Congo by Suspected Rebels 05/04 One of Africa's most active volcanoes shows new signs of life 05/04 3 Red Cross employees abducted in eastern Congo 05/03 In pictures: Classic cars at Silverstone 04/29 Pizza, Free Wi-Fi and Peace 04/28 Pizza, free wi-fi and peace in DR Congo 04/27 DRC: Providing Care for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Ituri 04/25


After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.