Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

globalsecurity.org US Orders Families of Government Personnel to Leave Troubled DRC 09/30
france24.com US orders government personnel families to leave DR Congo 09/30
foxnews.com Families of US government personnel ordered to leave Congo amid unrest 09/30
allafrica.com Open Letter to Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma - Appeal for Urgent Action to Stop Violence in DRC 09/30
dw.com US orders families of government personnel in DR Congo to leave 09/29
nzherald.co.nz Families of US personnel ordered to leave Congo amid unrest 09/29
sudantribune.com Over 15,000 South Sudanese refugee flee to DRC 09/28
allafrica.com Mobile Courts Deliver Justice to Remote Areas 09/27
allafrica.com Kabila Election Gamble Leads Congo Into Crisis 09/27
allafrica.com Refugee Exodus From Burundi Sparks Concerns 'Overstretched' Neighbours Will Not Cope 09/27
allafrica.com Rwanda: 4.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills One, Injures Over 20 09/26
allafrica.com DR Congo Cracks Down on Gold Smugglers 09/26
aljazeera.com DRC: Mobile courts deliver justice to remote areas 09/26
theeastafrican.co.ke DR Congo cracks down on gold smugglers 09/24
irinnews.org Kabila election gamble leads Congo into crisis 09/23
bbc.co.uk Deadly clashes in DR Congo city of Kananga 09/23
allafrica.com Violence Further Complicates National Dialogue 09/23
dw.com Congolese opposition suspends dialog 09/23
myaccount.nytimes.com U.N. Criticizes Congo for Response to Deadly Unrest 09/22
theeastafrican.co.ke DR Congo unrest ends with official death toll at 32 09/22
allafrica.com DR Congo Traders Assured of Better Port Services 09/22
voanews.com DRC Violence Further Complicates National Dialogue 09/22
voanews.com Internet Blackouts, Elections Increasingly Linked in African Countries 09/22
reuters.com Congo opposition calls for new sanctions on leaders for protest deaths 09/21
kbctv.co.ke Congo death toll hits 44 in anti-Kabila unrest -rights group 09/21
thejakartapost.com Street clashes, election protests in Congo kill at least 44 09/21
aljazeera.com Protesters killed as anti-government demos erupt in DRC 09/20
allafrica.com Prevailing Peace Hands Rubavu, Goma Renewed Hope 09/20
pri.org Chaos in Congo after elections are postponed 09/20
rt.com Up to 50 killed, police officer ‘burned alive’ during anti-govt protests in Congo 09/19
allafrica.com DR Congo Army Rescued Kidnapped Drivers 09/19
dnaindia.com Congo: 17 dead after anti-government march turns violent in Kinshasa 09/19
theeastafrican.co.ke Congolese rebel leader Ntaganda on 12th day of hunger strike 09/19
foxnews.com Congo's electoral commission formally requests vote delay 09/17
allafrica.com Rebels Demand Millions to Release Kenyan, Tanzanian Drivers 09/16
allafrica.com Several Tanzanian Drivers, Trucks Kidnapped in Congo 09/16
allafrica.com East Africa: Four Tanzania Trucks Torched, Drivers Taken Hostage in DRC 09/16
foxnews.com Congo's justice minister says unity government possible 09/15
reuters.com Congolese warlord on hunger strike says he is 'ready to die' 09/13
monitor.co.ug Government traded Mugumya for M23 rebels, says FDC 09/09
monitor.co.ug Police arrest suspected M23 rebel, recover two guns 09/08
voanews.com UN Firefighters Under Threat in DRC 09/05
voanews.com DRC Political Dialogue Stalls Over Opposition Demands 09/03
theeastafrican.co.ke DR Congo ready for talks on Lake Tanganyika oil and gas prospects 08/28
globalsecurity.org Lynching of 2 Women in DRC Fuels Worries Over Rising Ethnic Tensions 08/27
allafrica.com Two Women Lynched, Set on Fire as Ethnic Tensions Flare 08/26
allafrica.com Rwanda, DR Congo Farmers Agree Deal to Ease Trade 08/26
economist.com The richest, riskiest tin mine on Earth 08/25
mg.co.za Crowd lynches and burns two Hutu women 'militants' in east of DR Congo 08/25
allafrica.com Anti-Kabila Strike 'Cripples' Kinshasa - Report 08/24
allafrica.com Buffaloes Win Thousand Hills Rugby Seven Festival 08/24
voanews.com Two Women Lynched, Set on Fire in Congo as Ethnic Tensions Flare 08/24
allafrica.com Karongi District Has Many Investment Opportunities 08/23
bbc.co.uk DR Congo elections: Opposition strike cripples Kinshasa 08/23
voanews.com Few Opposition Parties Join in DRC Election Talks 08/23
voanews.com Congo Opposition Strikes to Call for Kabila to Step Down 08/23
allafrica.com Machar Seeks Treatment in DR Congo 08/22
globalsecurity.org DR Congo accuses 6 rebels of killing civilians 08/21
foxnews.com Congo begins hearing against 6 rebels in insecure east 08/20
aljazeera.com Hundreds on trial for civilian massacres in DR Congo 08/20
nzherald.co.nz Congo begins hearing against 6 rebels in insecure east 08/20
globalsecurity.org DRC Sees 2nd Day of Protests Against Massacres 08/18
allafrica.com Two Killed in Anti-government Protest in Eastern Congo, Police Say 08/18
allafrica.com Rwandan Businesses Eye DR Congo Market 08/18
appablog.wordpress.com Security Council press statement on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 08/17
allafrica.com Rwanda's Private Sector Federation to Organize Trade Mission in Goma in DR Congo 08/17
globalsecurity.org Security Council strongly condemns killings in eastern DR Congo, calls for government probe 08/17
voanews.com Two Killed in Anti-government Protest in Eastern Congo, Police Say 08/17
appablog.wordpress.com Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Ravina Shamdasani on Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 08/16
appablog.wordpress.com Déclaration attribuable au porte-parole du Secrétaire général sur République démocratique du Con go (RDC) 08/16
appablog.wordpress.com Daily Press Briefing – August 15, 2016: DRC, Zambia, South Sudan 08/16
globalsecurity.org UN condemns 'appalling' attack on civilians in eastern DR Congo 08/16
allafrica.com DR Congo Authorities Arrest FDLR Commander 08/16
africa-newsroom.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 08/16
africa-newsroom.com Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Ravina Shamdasani on Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 08/16
csmonitor.com Suspected rebels kill at least 36 civilians in eastern Congo 08/16
un.org UN condemns 'appalling' deadly attack on civilians in eastern DR Congo 08/15
apanews.net Tueries au Nord-Kivu : deuil national de trois jours en RDC 08/15
allafrica.com Kagame and Kabila Meet, Back Stronger Bilateral Ties 08/15
globalsecurity.org 51 killed with machete in DR Congo over weekend: Civil society groups 08/15
nation.co.ke Civil society groups put Dr Congo machete attack death toll at 51 08/15
globalsecurity.org DR Congo declares 3-day national mourning after massacre 08/15
foxnews.com Pope decries silence on lasting conflicts not in headlines 08/15
allafrica.com Kagame, Kabila Discuss Trade and Security 08/15
nzherald.co.nz Congo rebels kill at least 36 after attack 08/14
dnaindia.com At least 30 civilians massacred in east Democratic Republic of Congo: Army 08/14
aljazeera.com Scores 'hacked to death' in machete attack in DR Congo 08/14
foxnews.com Suspected rebels kill at least 36 civilians in eastern Congo 08/14
bbc.co.uk DR Congo rebels blamed for 30 civilian deaths 08/14
france24.com At least 30 killed in DR Congo massacre 08/14
upi.com Scores hacked to death in Democratic Republic of Congo 08/14
dw.com Ugandan rebels accused of massacring dozens of villagers in DR Congo 08/14
telegraph.co.uk Motorist banned for driving six miles on the motorway in the wrong direction  08/12
theeastafrican.co.ke Seven dead in troubled east DR Congo 08/08
foxnews.com Rebels kill at least 7 civilians in eastern Congo: Official 08/08
voanews.com Congo Rebels Kill 8 Civilians in Mounting Ethnic Violence 08/08
globalsecurity.org Armed groups kill 14 in DR Congo's troubled east 08/08
allafrica.com Kabila, Museveni Agree On Boosting Trade, Security 08/05
foxnews.com Congo, Uganda leaders agree on sharing intel to fight rebels 08/04
money.cnn.com France riskier for businesses than Haiti? 08/03

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.