Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

euronews.com Thousands flee Burundi amid second day of pre-election violence 04/27
theeastafrican.co.ke Ex-M23: Honour peace deal or we take up arms 04/25
foxnews.com 3 people working for the United Nations kidnapped in Eastern Congo, UN says 04/24
allafrica.com Rwanda: Voluntary Repatriation of Ex-M23 Rebels Starts 04/24
bbc.co.uk UN workers kidnapped in DR Congo 04/24
nzherald.co.nz UN: 3 contracted workers kidnapped in eastern Congo 04/24
modernghana.com Three members of UN mission kidnapped in eastern DR Congo: UN source 04/23
foxnews.com International court judges push back start of Congolese militia leader's war crimes trial 04/22
nzherald.co.nz ICC postpones start of Congolese militia leader's trial 04/22
voanews.com Resettlement an Option for Displaced People in DRC 04/22
treehugger.com 12 really cool random things about planet Earth 04/22
nzherald.co.nz Congo says soldiers repelled invading Rwandan troops 04/22
allafrica.com UN Mission Condemns 'Murderous' Attack On Civilians in North-Eastern DR Congo Town 04/20
allafrica.com Goma - in Fear of Molten Lava 04/20
nzherald.co.nz Immigrants describe threats in South Africa 04/19
globalsecurity.org DRC Approves New Plan to Stabilize North Kivu 04/18
slate.fr A Kavumu, petite ville du Congo, des dizaines de petites filles se font violer 04/18
sify.com UN mission condemns murderous attack on civilians in DR Congo town 04/17
modernghana.com Martin Kobler, Head of MONUSCO, condemns the murderous attack on civilians in Matiba 04/17
allafrica.com State Dept. On Detention of Youth Activists in DRC 04/17
allafrica.com Detention of Youth Activists in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 04/17
dw.de Goma: In fear of molten lava 04/17
un.org UN mission condemns ‘murderous’ attack on civilians in north-eastern DR Congo town 04/17
voanews.com DRC Approves New Plan to Stabilize North Kivu 04/17
punchng.com Rwandan rebels kidnap 37 in DR Congo 04/17
modernghana.com Billion dollar wildlife and gold trade fuelling DR Congo war: UN 04/17
allafrica.com Call for Detained Activists to Be Released 04/16
modernghana.com Toll from DR Congo machete attack rises to 19 04/16
scoop.co.nz Detention of Youth Activists in Congo 04/16
modernghana.com Human Rights Watch urges DR Congo to free seven activists 04/16
reuters.com Congo illegally detained, tortured pro-democracy activists: HRW 04/16
strategypage.com CONGO: Crucifixion And Islamic Terror Show Up 04/16
isn.ethz.ch Eastern DR Congo (DRC): Security Provision in the Context of Continuous Conflict and Militarisation 04/15
voanews.com Doubts Persist About Mass Grave in DRC 04/15
hrw.org DR Congo: Release 7 Detained Democracy Activists 04/15
allafrica.com Kwibuka21 - for FDLR, It's 21yrs of Genocide Ideology, Revisionism 04/14
apanews.net Un collectif d'organisations de défense des droits humains demande la libération des "activistes pro-démocratie détenus en secret" en RD Congo 04/13
voanews.com Rights Groups: DRC Must Free Pro-democracy Activists 04/13
monitor.co.ug Banyamulenge cultural leader kidnapped in Uganda 04/11
voanews.com DRC Red Cross Denies Involvement in Mass Burial 04/10
nation.co.ke 59 minutes ago Hutu rebels kill 9 DRC soldiers 04/08
voanews.com DRC Opposition Protests Exclusion of Youth Vote 04/08
voanews.com Group: Congo Police Arrest 5 Democracy Activists 04/08
allafrica.com Genocide Survivor and Former Street Kid Starts Orphanage 04/08
nzherald.co.nz Rwandan leader complains of rebels in neighboring Congo 04/07
theeastafrican.co.ke Paul Kagame complains of inaction on Rwandan rebels in DRC... again 04/07
reuters.com Congo police arrest five pro-democracy activists: group 04/07
miningweekly.com Banro reports record Q1 output from DRC gold mines 04/06
modernghana.com DR Congo's non-violent reformers feel state's iron fist 04/05
modernghana.com DR Congo's 'Mama Parity' fights for women's role in politics 04/05
theeastafrican.co.ke Lack of UN support, harsh terrain frustrate clampdown on FDLR rebels 04/04
allafrica.com DRC Anglicans Training Young People to Be "Tools of Peace" 04/03
allafrica.com Obama Wants Answers From Kabila Over Rebels 04/02
modernghana.com Readout of the President's Call with President Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of the Congo 04/01
allafrica.com Political and Business Motives Suspected in Radio Station's Closure 04/01
voanews.com DRC Army Putting Pressure on FDLR 04/01
news2.onlinenigeria.com Yale University study shows important smartphone metals running out 03/31
reuters.com South Africa extends Congo troop deployment to end of March 2016 03/31
modernghana.com DR Congo's 'lucky' city that fortune forgot 03/31
allafrica.com New Mandate for Monusco Is Inconsequential - Experts 03/30
voanews.com Congo Official: DRC Will Not Accept UN ‘Neo-colonization’ 03/30
theeastafrican.co.ke Delayed talks, military action: FDLR is here for the long run 03/30
apanews.net L'ONU renouvelle pour un an le mandat de sa mission en RDC 03/26
allafrica.com Kagame in Dar es Salaam As Rwanda-Tanzania Relations Ease 03/26
reuters.com No U.N. troop cut in Congo until progress against Rwandan rebels 03/26
nzherald.co.nz UN draft on Congo would cut peacekeeping force by 2,000 03/25
allafrica.com Hospital Sees Rise in Rape of Girls As Young As 18 Months 03/25
reuters.com Congolese hospital sees rise in rape of girls as young as 18 months 03/24
apanews.net Un hôpital ougandais refuse de prendre en charge des malades du choléra venus de la RDC 03/23
allafrica.com ICC 'Terminator' Trial to Scene of the Crime? 03/23
bbc.co.uk Day in pictures: 23 March 2015 03/23
modernghana.com Hidden DR Congo museum safeguards endangered tradition 03/22
strategypage.com CONGO: Greed Conquers All 03/22
reuters.com Slow start revives doubts about Congo campaign against Rwandan rebels 03/22
modernghana.com Hutu rebels melt into forest in face of DRCongo offensive 03/22
modernghana.com Film salutes doctor treating rape victims in DR. Congo 03/21
allafrica.com Hague Judges Propose Opening Trial in Congo 03/21
globalsecurity.org UN envoy outlines progress in DR Congo from 'shattered' country to 'proud nation' 03/20
voanews.com UN Confirms Working With Suspected DRC Human Rights Abusers 03/20
nzherald.co.nz International court judges recommend starting trial in Congo 03/19
un.org UN envoy outlines progress in DR Congo from ‘shattered’ country to ‘proud nation’ 03/19
foxnews.com International Criminal Court judges recommend starting militia leader's trial in Congo 03/19
panorama.am Violence erupts between army and rebels in DR Congo 03/19
reuters.com Congo frees musicians arrested at pro-democracy meeting 03/19
modernghana.com Several DR Congo activists freed: lawyer 03/19
voanews.com DRC Frees Musicians Arrested at Pro-Democracy Event 03/19
reuters.com U.N. peacekeepers previously supported blacklisted Congo generals 03/19
aljazeera.com DRC calls for end to UN peacekeeping mission 03/19
allafrica.com Mighty Warriors Confident 03/19
bbc.co.uk DR Congo to expel African activists 03/18
modernghana.com Detained DR Congo protesters released 03/18
hrw.org DR Congo: Mass Arrests of Activists 03/18
cpj.org Journalists detained, beaten in Democratic Republic of Congo 03/17
allafrica.com ICGLR Is Just a Talking Shop 03/17
bbc.co.uk DR Congo demonstrators arrested 03/17
spiegel.de The German Road: Congo Project Shows Pitfalls of Development Aid 03/16
allafrica.com World Bank Approves Funds to Improve the Goma International Airport 03/16
bbc.co.uk US defends DR Congo activism event 03/16
bbc.co.uk DR Congo seeks gorilla park change 03/13
allafrica.com Six Jailed for Life Over Musanze Terror Attacks 03/13

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.