Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles: Rwanda: RNP Recovers Stolen Congolese Vehicle, Arrests Three 11/24 Who Will End the FDLR Menace? 11/23 Group: Up to 80 killed by suspected Ugandan rebels in Congo 11/22 Congo's army hunts assailants after attack in east 11/22 Congo's army pursues assailants after attack in east that civil society says killed dozens 11/22 FDLR rebels in recruitment drive ahead of UN offensive 11/22 Habyarimana former aide back in the dock 11/22 Up to 80 people killed by suspected rebels in eastern Congo: group 11/21 At least nine killed in DR Congo's restive east 11/21 Group: Up to 80 Killed by Suspected Ugandan Rebels in Congo 11/21 Rwandan Rebels Regroup 11/21 Judgement in Lubanga's Appeal to Be Announced December 1 11/20 Tour Du Rwanda Update - Valens Ndayisenga Comes Eighth in Stage Three After Finish Line Fall 11/20 Infant Chimpanzee Rescued From Poachers Now Safe 11/20 Rwanda: Sever FDLR Economic Lifelines - Rights Group 11/19 Seven Steps to End FDLR Impunity in DR Congo 11/19 Evacuation of Ebola Patient to the United States 11/18 IOM Re-Assesses Displacement in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo 11/18 Deadly Militia FDLR Regrouping in Congo 11/18 Community Worker Wins 2014 Coventry Peace Prize Award 11/18 Seven ideas to help end the FDLR rebel group in Congo 11/18 Violence Rages in Southeastern DRC 11/18 DR Congo sentences Ndala killers 11/18 FDLR Strike Must Be Lethal 11/17 Officer sentenced to death in Congo military court 11/17 Eagles Held Hostage Inside Stade Municipal Omnisport 11/17 Five sentenced to death over killing of DR Congo colonel 11/17 In Pictures: DR Congo's deadly volcano 11/16 Sam Mugumya arrest: Is it more than meets the eye? 11/15 Child's Play With a Serious Message for Teenagers in Eastern Congo 11/14 DRC - TV Journalist's Leg Amputated Following a Targeted Shooting Attack 11/13 CONGO: UN Agrees To Use More Violence Against Violence 11/12 Deadly DR Congo protests after UN troops accused of killing 11/11 DR Congo denies arrest of Mugumya 11/11 UN Welcomes Sentencing Former Militia Commander in DRC 11/10 Militia Leader Kakwaku Sentenced for War Crimes 11/10 Mysterious killings in east Congo prompt anger at U.N. and army 11/09 DR Congo: UN official applauds sentencing of militia leader for war crimes 11/09 FDLR strikes loom as UN says ‘no further delay’ 11/08 DR Congo court gives rebel turned general 10 years for war crimes 11/07 DR Congo's M23 rebels warn of new conflict risk 11/07 FDLR Must Be Crushed By Force of Arms After January Deadline - UN 11/07 The 8th Joint Forum ICGLR/OECD/ the United Nations Group of Experts On DRC Opens Proceedings in Kinshasa 11/06 Kobler: 'We cannot be in every village in the DRC' 11/06 A decade after Congo wars, rape remains a weapon 11/05 DRC minister appeals for calm after unrest 11/05 DR Congo: UN mission says police arrest more than 200 suspected of recent attacks 11/05 DR Congo makes arrests over killings 11/05 Army clashes for second day with rebels in east DR Congo 11/04 Life in Goma just got sweeter 11/03 Lucha - Youth Movement in Congo Demands Social Justice 11/03 DR Congo troops, suspected Ugandan rebels clash in volatile east 11/03 Army clashes with 'rebels' blamed for DR Congo massacres 11/03 At least eight more killed in bloodsoaked DRCongo region 11/02 Violent protest after eight more killed in eastern DR Congo 11/02 Kigali alleges ‘hidden agenda’ to protect FDLR 11/01 Congo crowd kills man, eats him after militant massacres: witnesses 10/31 Meet Niyoyita, Rwanda's Gospel Comedy Sensation 10/31 14 People Killed in Democratic Republic of Congo Machete Attack: NGO 10/30 LUCHA: Youth movement in Congo demands social justice 10/30 TV Cameraman Badly Hurt in Targeted Goma Shooting 10/29 Scores feared dead in DRC flooding 10/29 Somali Military Court Executes Two for Journalist's Murder 10/28 Govt to Import 430MW to Boost Energy Capacity 10/28 Rwanda: FDLR Has Two Months to Disarm - Monusco Chief 10/28 Security Forces Start Operations in Hawlwadaag 10/28 Somali Lawmaker Survives Assassination Attempt 10/28 War Planes Strike Parts of Lower Jubba 10/28 FDLR 'Disarmament' Process Sluggish, Deadline Ignored 10/28 Scores feared dead in DR Congo flood disaster 10/28 Rwanda U23 to Play Goma Volleyball Side in Friendly 10/27 Three Suspected Drug Traffickers Arrested 10/27 UN Envoy to Congo Urges Action amid Renewed Killings by Local Rebel Group 10/27 The DRC and Its Neighbourhood - the Political Economy of Peace 10/24 CONGO: Victims Turn On Peacekeepers 10/24 UN Mission Comes Under Attack, Steps Up Security 10/23 Congo ex-militia boss insists on innocence at ICC appeal 10/22 ICGLR, SADC Ministers Reiterate Military Action Against FDLR 10/22 Sakharov human rights award for 'Dr Miracle' leading Congo's war on mass rape 10/22 DRC ex-militia leader pleads innocence at ICC 10/22 Democratic Republic of the Congo - ICRC Concerned By Violence Against Civilians in North Kivu 10/22 African rivalries weaken U.N. hand against rebels in Congo 10/22 DR Congo: UN Mission Comes under Attack, Steps up Security 10/22 UN Envoy Praises Efforts of SADC/ICGLR Countries Stabilizing DRC 10/21 Former Premier Threatens to Sue Local Newspaper Over Defamation 10/21 Let's Not Take Our Security for Granted 10/21 UN Special Envoy Leaves Luanda 10/21 Angola - SADC and ICGLR Ministers Reiterate Ultimatum Given to FDLR to Disarm 10/21 Foreign Minister Hails Importance of Luanda ICGGLR/SADC Meeting 10/21 Congolese doctor who helps rape victims wins top EU prize 10/21 Democratic Republic of the Congo: ICRC concerned by violence against civilians in North Kivu 10/21 Central Africa: African Ministers Ready to Order Attack on Rwandan Rebels 10/21 Congo ex-militia boss insists on innocence at ICC appeal 10/21 Brave healer of DR Congo's most horrific wounds 10/21 No Progress in FDLR Disarmament - Says Ambassador Espírito Santo 10/20 Ambush Against the ICGLR Expanded Joint Verification Mechanism in Ruzizi Plain 10/20 UN surveillance drone crashes in eastern DR Congo 10/20 Democratic Republic of the Congo: ICRC concerned by violence against civilians in North Kivu 10/20 Defence Minister and U.S Envoy Talk About Great Lakes Region 10/20 Military Chiefs Review Eastern DR Congo Security 10/20


After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.