Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles: Rights group: 2 aid workers kidnapped in eastern Congo 05/25 Major opposition rally banned in Congo after Kabila ruling 05/25 Mission Resumes to Rid DRC of Rebel Groups 05/24 Police deaths lead to Uganda, DRC tensions 05/24 First permanent infrastructure being built at new DRC tin mine 05/23 International Criminal Court: Africa is a target, not participant 05/20 Govt Threatens Refugee Camp Closure in North-Kivu 05/19 Collective punishment in Congo 05/18 KivuWatt to Double Rwanda's Energy Production By 2020 05/17 Kagame Sends Olive Branch to DR Congo Over Methane Gas 05/17 Congo police arrest at least four activists protesting massacres 05/14 Foreign Affairs Op-ed: Virunga's Charcoal Cartel 05/13 Govt Seeks Extradition of Genocide Suspect From DR Congo 05/13 Congolese Donate to Refugees in Germany 05/11 Congolese donate to refugees in Germany 05/10 Kidnap of IRC Staff Triggers Fears of Hutu Rebels Regrouping 05/09 République démocratique du Congo : les trois collaborateurs du CICR sont libres ! 05/09 Congo captures senior commander of Rwandan genocide-linked rebels 05/07 Senior commander linked to Rwandan genocide detained in Congo 05/07 Coalition, Crisis and Constitutional Chaos 05/06 Three Red Cross staff kidnapped in Congo are free: ICRC 05/06 Special Envoy Perriello Travel to Sweden and the Democratic Republic of the Congo 05/05 République démocratique du Congo : trois collaborateurs du CICR enlevés au Nord-Kivu 05/04 Red Cross suspends travel after workers kidnapped in DR Congo 05/04 Red Cross Workers Kidnapped in Congo by Suspected Rebels 05/04 One of Africa's most active volcanoes shows new signs of life 05/04 3 Red Cross employees abducted in eastern Congo 05/03 In pictures: Classic cars at Silverstone 04/29 Pizza, Free Wi-Fi and Peace 04/28 Pizza, free wi-fi and peace in DR Congo 04/27 DRC: Providing Care for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Ituri 04/25 DRC: Mambasa project provides care to rape survivors 04/25 DRC: Reaching Survivors of Sexual Violence in Ituri 04/25 This cozy diplomacy portends bright future for Dar-Kigali relations 04/23 New Market to Boost Cross Border Trade With DR Congo 04/21 The Will to Confront Genocidal Forces Has More Than Increased 04/19 RDF Says Situation Under Control After Repulsing FDLR 04/18 Car bomb kills three in DR Congo 04/16 UN Agency Urges Parties to Ensure Rights of People Displaced Amid Violence in Eastern DR Congo 04/15 DRC - MSF to Resume Medical Assistance in the Mweso Health Zone After 4 Months Absence 04/15 A country where toilets are a sign of hope 04/15 In pictures: DR Congo’s disabled couriers ‘abandoned’ by government 04/14 UN agency urges parties to ensure rights of people displaced amid violence in eastern DR Congo 04/14 Tanzania: Govt to Investigate Possible Abuse by its Peacekeepers in DRC 04/14 DRCongo: concerns for thousands of people who fled violence in Mpati area, North Kivu 04/13 Fresh Fighting Drives Displacement in Eastern Regions 04/13 RDCongo : inquiétudes pour des milliers de personnes fuyant les violences à Mpati au nord-Kivu 04/13 UN 'deeply concerned' for 35,000 displaced people in DR Congo 04/13 DRCongo: concerns for thousands of people who fled violence in Mpati area, North Kivu 04/13 Magufuli Visit Signals Exciting Times Ahead 04/12 Of presidential bromances and Dar’s turn northward 04/09 Tanzania Opens Warm Diplomatic Relations with Rwanda 04/09 Civil unrest, El Nino hit Burundians hard, thousands in need of aid: Red Cross 04/08 5 Reasons Why Rubavu Is Rwanda's New Hot Spot for Tourism 04/08 30,000 Cut Off From Aid in DRC, Agency Says 04/07 Rwanda, Tanzania Mend Diplomatic Relations 04/07 Retired bishops appointed mediators 04/06 Tanzania to Investigate Possible Abuse by its Peacekeepers in DRC 04/06 Top FDLR Rebel Arrested in Uganda 04/06 Rwanda Rebel Arrested in Kampala 04/06 Children Held in Remote Military Prison 04/06 Tanzania to Investigate Possible Abuse by its Peacekeepers in DRC 04/05 Rwanda rebel arrested in Kampala 04/05 Residents flee Congolese capital after post-election violence 04/04 Ex-militia attack military, police in Republic of Congo 04/04 PHOTOS: Giving Ex-Child Soldiers A Chance To Be Kids Again 04/02 IOM Boosts Income Generation for Returnees in Democratic Republic of the Congo 04/01 Brazzaville partly shut to protest Sassou-Nguesso’s re-election 03/29 16 killed as army, rebels clash in eastern DRC 03/29 Riot stops play in Afcon qualifier 03/27 Congo Nile Trail, the Rwandan latest attraction 03/26 Human Rights Watch Submission On the Democratic Republic of Congo to the Committee On the Rights of the Child 03/25 Opposition cries foul after Congo’s Sassou claims new five year term 03/25 Congo-Brazzaville: Disputes Erupt Over Congo Election, Nguesso Wins Third Term 03/24 Experts Warn of Possible Nyiragongo Volcano Eruption 03/23 No End in Sight 03/21 Internet blackout in Congo as government fears post-election unrest 03/21 Congo Extradites Key Suspect in Rwanda Genocide 03/20 AU Appoints Mr. Larry Gbevlo-Lartey of Ghana asSpecial Representative in charge of Counter-Terrorism Cooperation and Director of ACSRT 03/18 UN Airlifts Chimpanzee to Safety in DR Congo 03/16 UN, Amnesty criticize Congo's arrest of 18 protesters 03/16 South African Helicopter Fired Upon in DRC 03/14 Journalist Held Arbitrarily, Nord-Kivu Authorities Impose Reporting Blackout 03/14 DRC: "I fight. I'm still standing!" 03/10 What lies beneath 03/10 VIDEO: Young and Connected: The BBC's first WhatsApp series 03/10 UK government to fund the Virunga park hydro-electric network and Congolese electoral process 03/09 Three kidnapped aid workers in east Congo released: U.N 03/08 Congo: 3 aid workers freed after being kidnapped in east 03/08 Africa: Peace, Security in the Great Lakes Region - No Peace Without Women 03/08 Rwanda-DRC Border Now Open for 24-Hour Business 03/07 Rwanda-DRC border now open for 24-hour business 03/05 VIDEO: Family portraits in a refugee camp 03/05 More Haste, Less Speed 03/05 Three international aid workers kidnapped in east Congo 03/03 Suspected Ugandan rebels kill 13 in DR Congo 03/01 République démocratique du Congo – Attaque meurtrière dans la région de Beni (28-29 février 2016) 03/01 Seeking refuge in UN-run camps, Burundians feel long arm of regime 03/01 UN Seeks Durable Solutions for DRC Displacement Crisis 03/01 Democratic Republic of Congo – Deadly attack near the town of Beni (28 to 29.02.16) 03/01


After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.