Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

strategypage.com ARMOR: Lessons Of Afghanistan Return To Iraq 06/30
strategypage.com CONGO: States Of Perpetual Unrest 06/30
strategypage.com WEAPONS: The Future of Sniping 06/30
strategypage.com PROCUREMENT: Sometimes Older Is Better 06/30
allafrica.com Region Seeks Improved Security On Northern Corridor Trade Route 06/28
allafrica.com FDLR Greatly Weakened By Attacks and Splits, Says UN 06/27
theeastafrican.co.ke FDLR greatly weakened by attacks and splits, says UN 06/25
foxnews.com Congo volcano brings farmers rich soil but eruption threat 06/25
bbc.co.uk Democratic Republic of Congo arrests group over child rape 06/23
allafrica.com Rebel-Backed Charcoal Traffickers Destroy Swathes of Forest in Congo - Rights Group 06/21
allafrica.com Western Province Invites Commercial Banks for Investment 06/21
allafrica.com Charcoal Syndicate Destroying Swathes of Virunga Park 06/21
enoughproject.org New Report: How an Illegal Charcoal Trade is Threatening Africa’s Oldest National Park 06/20
allafrica.com Western Province Invites Banks for Investment 06/20
theeastafrican.co.ke Rwanda downplays division within rebel grouping 06/18
allafrica.com Deadly Clashes Hit DR Congo Camp for M23 Fighters 06/18
monitor.co.ug 'Several dead' as army clashes with rebels in DR Congo 06/17
allafrica.com RDRC Peace Tournament for Ex-Combatants Kicks Off 06/17
aljazeera.com Deadly clashes hit DR Congo base for ex-rebels 06/17
allafrica.com RDRC Peace Tournament for Ex-Combatants Kicks Off Today 06/16
reuters.com Nine killed as Congo troops clash with ex-militia fighters: NGO 06/16
allafrica.com Kwibuka22 - Ten Teams to Grace Gisembe Memorial Tourney 06/16
turkishweekly.net UN-Congolese operation sees 29 Ugandan rebels killed 06/15
allafrica.com Jinja Hippos Retain Sevens Title As Buffaloes Threaten Boycott 06/15
miningweekly.com China firms to fund Congo hydropower plant to lift mining output 06/14
allafrica.com Tanzanian Foreign Minister Urges World to Stamp Out FDLR, Genocide Ideology 06/13
allafrica.com Rwanda: Rwandan Rebel Group's Affection for Germany 06/08
dw.com Rwandan rebel group's affection for Germany 06/06
modernghana.com Kinshasa rally in support of DR Congo's Kabila draws thousands 06/04
theeastafrican.co.ke Congo President Kabila gives M23 rebels concessions 06/04
timesofindia.indiatimes.com IOC announces refugee team for Rio Olympics 06/03
allafrica.com Rwanda: Another Top FDLR Rebel Defects, Repatriated 06/03
allafrica.com Citizens Bear the Burden of Revenge Politics 06/01
allafrica.com Full-Scale Assault Launched Against Rwandan Rebels 05/29
theeastafrican.co.ke Monusco and Kinshasa forces go after FDLR militia 05/28
appablog.wordpress.com The PSCF Guarantors welcome resumption of operations against FDLR, encourage strengthening of FARDC-MONUSCO cooperation and urge ex-FDLR to accept to repatriate to Rwanda without preconditions 05/27
globalsecurity.org DRC Opposition Says President is Working to Delay Elections 05/27
allafrica.com Rwanda: Police Extends Community Policing Awareness to Ex-Rebels 05/27
allafrica.com Protests Against Joseph Kabila Turn Deadly 05/27
bbc.co.uk Congo stone throwers kill policewoman 05/26
af.reuters.com Police officer stoned to death, protester shot in Congo's Goma 05/26
foxnews.com Congo and UN campaign kills 23 rebels in North Kivu 05/26
af.reuters.com Police officer stoned to death, protester shot in Congo's Goma 05/26
france24.com 'Police officer and protesters killed' as demonstrations turn violent in DR Congo 05/26
nation.co.ke Tensions soaring as DR Congo president turns up pressure on opposition 05/26
foxnews.com 1 dead, dozens injured in the Congo amid violent demonstrations 05/26
dw.com Toxic gas beneath DRC lake threatens millions 05/26
nzherald.co.nz Congo and UN campaign kills 23 rebels in North Kivu 05/26
aljazeera.com Thousands take to the streets in DRC protests 05/26
foxnews.com Rights group: 2 aid workers kidnapped in eastern Congo 05/25
nation.co.ke Major opposition rally banned in Congo after Kabila ruling 05/25
allafrica.com Mission Resumes to Rid DRC of Rebel Groups 05/24
turkishweekly.net Police deaths lead to Uganda, DRC tensions 05/24
miningweekly.com First permanent infrastructure being built at new DRC tin mine 05/23
monitor.co.ug International Criminal Court: Africa is a target, not participant 05/20
allafrica.com Govt Threatens Refugee Camp Closure in North-Kivu 05/19
irinnews.org Collective punishment in Congo 05/18
allafrica.com KivuWatt to Double Rwanda's Energy Production By 2020 05/17
allafrica.com Kagame Sends Olive Branch to DR Congo Over Methane Gas 05/17
reuters.com Congo police arrest at least four activists protesting massacres 05/14
enoughproject.org Foreign Affairs Op-ed: Virunga's Charcoal Cartel 05/13
allafrica.com Govt Seeks Extradition of Genocide Suspect From DR Congo 05/13
allafrica.com Congolese Donate to Refugees in Germany 05/11
dw.com Congolese donate to refugees in Germany 05/10
allafrica.com Kidnap of IRC Staff Triggers Fears of Hutu Rebels Regrouping 05/09
appablog.wordpress.com République démocratique du Congo : les trois collaborateurs du CICR sont libres ! 05/09
reuters.com Congo captures senior commander of Rwandan genocide-linked rebels 05/07
tamilguardian.com Senior commander linked to Rwandan genocide detained in Congo 05/07
allafrica.com Coalition, Crisis and Constitutional Chaos 05/06
reuters.com Three Red Cross staff kidnapped in Congo are free: ICRC 05/06
africa-newsroom.com Special Envoy Perriello Travel to Sweden and the Democratic Republic of the Congo 05/05
appablog.wordpress.com République démocratique du Congo : trois collaborateurs du CICR enlevés au Nord-Kivu 05/04
modernghana.com Red Cross suspends travel after workers kidnapped in DR Congo 05/04
voanews.com Red Cross Workers Kidnapped in Congo by Suspected Rebels 05/04
usatoday.com One of Africa's most active volcanoes shows new signs of life 05/04
hosted.ap.org 3 Red Cross employees abducted in eastern Congo 05/03
bbc.co.uk In pictures: Classic cars at Silverstone 04/29
allafrica.com Pizza, Free Wi-Fi and Peace 04/28
aljazeera.com Pizza, free wi-fi and peace in DR Congo 04/27
doctorswithoutborders.org DRC: Providing Care for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Ituri 04/25
msf.org DRC: Mambasa project provides care to rape survivors 04/25
doctorswithoutborders.org DRC: Reaching Survivors of Sexual Violence in Ituri 04/25
theeastafrican.co.ke This cozy diplomacy portends bright future for Dar-Kigali relations 04/23
allafrica.com New Market to Boost Cross Border Trade With DR Congo 04/21
allafrica.com The Will to Confront Genocidal Forces Has More Than Increased 04/19
allafrica.com RDF Says Situation Under Control After Repulsing FDLR 04/18
theeastafrican.co.ke Car bomb kills three in DR Congo 04/16
allafrica.com UN Agency Urges Parties to Ensure Rights of People Displaced Amid Violence in Eastern DR Congo 04/15
allafrica.com DRC - MSF to Resume Medical Assistance in the Mweso Health Zone After 4 Months Absence 04/15
bbc.co.uk A country where toilets are a sign of hope 04/15
france24.com In pictures: DR Congo’s disabled couriers ‘abandoned’ by government 04/14
globalsecurity.org UN agency urges parties to ensure rights of people displaced amid violence in eastern DR Congo 04/14
allafrica.com Tanzania: Govt to Investigate Possible Abuse by its Peacekeepers in DRC 04/14
africa-newsroom.com DRCongo: concerns for thousands of people who fled violence in Mpati area, North Kivu 04/13
allafrica.com Fresh Fighting Drives Displacement in Eastern Regions 04/13
appablog.wordpress.com RDCongo : inquiétudes pour des milliers de personnes fuyant les violences à Mpati au nord-Kivu 04/13
modernghana.com UN 'deeply concerned' for 35,000 displaced people in DR Congo 04/13
appablog.wordpress.com DRCongo: concerns for thousands of people who fled violence in Mpati area, North Kivu 04/13
allafrica.com Magufuli Visit Signals Exciting Times Ahead 04/12
theeastafrican.co.ke Of presidential bromances and Dar’s turn northward 04/09

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.