Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

voanews.com Lynching of 2 Women in DRC Fuels Worries Over Rising Ethnic Tensions 08/27
allafrica.com Two Women Lynched, Set on Fire as Ethnic Tensions Flare 08/26
allafrica.com Rwanda, DR Congo Farmers Agree Deal to Ease Trade 08/26
economist.com The richest, riskiest tin mine on Earth 08/25
mg.co.za Crowd lynches and burns two Hutu women 'militants' in east of DR Congo 08/25
allafrica.com Anti-Kabila Strike 'Cripples' Kinshasa - Report 08/24
allafrica.com Buffaloes Win Thousand Hills Rugby Seven Festival 08/24
voanews.com Two Women Lynched, Set on Fire in Congo as Ethnic Tensions Flare 08/24
allafrica.com Karongi District Has Many Investment Opportunities 08/23
bbc.co.uk DR Congo elections: Opposition strike cripples Kinshasa 08/23
voanews.com Few Opposition Parties Join in DRC Election Talks 08/23
voanews.com Congo Opposition Strikes to Call for Kabila to Step Down 08/23
allafrica.com Machar Seeks Treatment in DR Congo 08/22
globalsecurity.org DR Congo accuses 6 rebels of killing civilians 08/21
foxnews.com Congo begins hearing against 6 rebels in insecure east 08/20
aljazeera.com Hundreds on trial for civilian massacres in DR Congo 08/20
nzherald.co.nz Congo begins hearing against 6 rebels in insecure east 08/20
globalsecurity.org DRC Sees 2nd Day of Protests Against Massacres 08/18
allafrica.com Two Killed in Anti-government Protest in Eastern Congo, Police Say 08/18
allafrica.com Rwandan Businesses Eye DR Congo Market 08/18
appablog.wordpress.com Security Council press statement on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 08/17
allafrica.com Rwanda's Private Sector Federation to Organize Trade Mission in Goma in DR Congo 08/17
globalsecurity.org Security Council strongly condemns killings in eastern DR Congo, calls for government probe 08/17
voanews.com Two Killed in Anti-government Protest in Eastern Congo, Police Say 08/17
appablog.wordpress.com Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Ravina Shamdasani on Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 08/16
appablog.wordpress.com Déclaration attribuable au porte-parole du Secrétaire général sur République démocratique du Con go (RDC) 08/16
appablog.wordpress.com Daily Press Briefing – August 15, 2016: DRC, Zambia, South Sudan 08/16
globalsecurity.org UN condemns 'appalling' attack on civilians in eastern DR Congo 08/16
allafrica.com DR Congo Authorities Arrest FDLR Commander 08/16
africa-newsroom.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 08/16
africa-newsroom.com Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Ravina Shamdasani on Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 08/16
csmonitor.com Suspected rebels kill at least 36 civilians in eastern Congo 08/16
un.org UN condemns 'appalling' deadly attack on civilians in eastern DR Congo 08/15
apanews.net Tueries au Nord-Kivu : deuil national de trois jours en RDC 08/15
allafrica.com Kagame and Kabila Meet, Back Stronger Bilateral Ties 08/15
globalsecurity.org 51 killed with machete in DR Congo over weekend: Civil society groups 08/15
nation.co.ke Civil society groups put Dr Congo machete attack death toll at 51 08/15
globalsecurity.org DR Congo declares 3-day national mourning after massacre 08/15
foxnews.com Pope decries silence on lasting conflicts not in headlines 08/15
allafrica.com Kagame, Kabila Discuss Trade and Security 08/15
nzherald.co.nz Congo rebels kill at least 36 after attack 08/14
dnaindia.com At least 30 civilians massacred in east Democratic Republic of Congo: Army 08/14
aljazeera.com Scores 'hacked to death' in machete attack in DR Congo 08/14
foxnews.com Suspected rebels kill at least 36 civilians in eastern Congo 08/14
bbc.co.uk DR Congo rebels blamed for 30 civilian deaths 08/14
france24.com At least 30 killed in DR Congo massacre 08/14
upi.com Scores hacked to death in Democratic Republic of Congo 08/14
dw.com Ugandan rebels accused of massacring dozens of villagers in DR Congo 08/14
telegraph.co.uk Motorist banned for driving six miles on the motorway in the wrong direction  08/12
theeastafrican.co.ke Seven dead in troubled east DR Congo 08/08
foxnews.com Rebels kill at least 7 civilians in eastern Congo: Official 08/08
voanews.com Congo Rebels Kill 8 Civilians in Mounting Ethnic Violence 08/08
globalsecurity.org Armed groups kill 14 in DR Congo's troubled east 08/08
allafrica.com Kabila, Museveni Agree On Boosting Trade, Security 08/05
foxnews.com Congo, Uganda leaders agree on sharing intel to fight rebels 08/04
money.cnn.com France riskier for businesses than Haiti? 08/03
allafrica.com DRC Must Probe Yesteryear Rapes 08/02
globalsecurity.org Chinese peacekeepers face up to challenges to safeguard world peace, stability 08/01
allafrica.com Congo-Kinshasa: Six Years On, UN Envoy Calls for Action in Walikale Mass Rape 07/30
un.org DR Congo: six years on, UN envoy calls for action in Walikale mass rape 07/29
africa-newsroom.com United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Zainab Bangura, calls for Action Against the Perpetrators of the Notorious Mass Rape in Walikale, Democratic Republic of the Congo 07/29
invisiblechildren.com What You Need To Know About Elections In DR Congo 07/27
theeastafrican.co.ke Rwanda: We can go it alone on FDLR 07/23
aljazeera.com Armed group 'decapitates' victims in DRC attack 07/19
stripes.com 8 shot dead or decapitated in eastern Congo, group says 07/19
theeastafrican.co.ke FDLR is on its deathbed, its demise would be a good thing 07/15
vanguardngr.com Peter Okoye threatens to sue twin brother for misrepresenting him 07/15
appablog.wordpress.com The Women’s Platform for peace and security in Africa’s Great Lakes region meets in Goma, DRC, call for a gr eater role in conflict resolution and peace building in the region 07/13
allafrica.com NBA Star Biyombo Expected in Kigali Today 07/13
miningweekly.com Banro sets new production records at DRC gold mines 07/12
allafrica.com Peter Okoye Ignites Fresh P-Square Drama, Threatens to Sue Brother 07/09
allafrica.com Waning Interest in DR Congo 07/07
allafrica.com P Square to Get 'Personal' With Their Rwandan Fans Today 07/07
diplomatie.gouv.fr Democratic Republic of Congo – Attack in Oicha (04.07.16) 07/06
appablog.wordpress.com République démocratique du Congo – Attaque à Oicha (4 juillet 2016) 07/06
cnn.com Twitter explodes over Scottish actress' account of Zambia 07/05
strategypage.com ARMOR: Robotic Vehicles Become Smarter and Deadlier 07/02
strategypage.com PROCUREMENT: Egypt Goes Retro To The Future 07/02
strategypage.com YEMEN: The State Of Spin And Sorrow 07/02
strategypage.com WARS UPDATE: The Bad Old Days Make A Comeback 07/01
strategypage.com MARINES: ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser 07/01
strategypage.com ATTRITION: China Struggles To Find Better Troops 07/01
strategypage.com CONGO: States Of Perpetual Unrest 06/30
strategypage.com WEAPONS: The Future of Sniping 06/30
strategypage.com ARMOR: Lessons Of Afghanistan Return To Iraq 06/30
strategypage.com PROCUREMENT: Sometimes Older Is Better 06/30
allafrica.com Region Seeks Improved Security On Northern Corridor Trade Route 06/28
allafrica.com FDLR Greatly Weakened By Attacks and Splits, Says UN 06/27
theeastafrican.co.ke FDLR greatly weakened by attacks and splits, says UN 06/25
foxnews.com Congo volcano brings farmers rich soil but eruption threat 06/25
bbc.co.uk Democratic Republic of Congo arrests group over child rape 06/23
allafrica.com Rebel-Backed Charcoal Traffickers Destroy Swathes of Forest in Congo - Rights Group 06/21
allafrica.com Western Province Invites Commercial Banks for Investment 06/21
allafrica.com Charcoal Syndicate Destroying Swathes of Virunga Park 06/21
enoughproject.org New Report: How an Illegal Charcoal Trade is Threatening Africa’s Oldest National Park 06/20
allafrica.com Western Province Invites Banks for Investment 06/20
theeastafrican.co.ke Rwanda downplays division within rebel grouping 06/18
allafrica.com Deadly Clashes Hit DR Congo Camp for M23 Fighters 06/18
monitor.co.ug 'Several dead' as army clashes with rebels in DR Congo 06/17
allafrica.com RDRC Peace Tournament for Ex-Combatants Kicks Off 06/17

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.