Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

foxnews.com Rights group: 2 aid workers kidnapped in eastern Congo 05/25
nation.co.ke Major opposition rally banned in Congo after Kabila ruling 05/25
allafrica.com Mission Resumes to Rid DRC of Rebel Groups 05/24
turkishweekly.net Police deaths lead to Uganda, DRC tensions 05/24
miningweekly.com First permanent infrastructure being built at new DRC tin mine 05/23
monitor.co.ug International Criminal Court: Africa is a target, not participant 05/20
allafrica.com Govt Threatens Refugee Camp Closure in North-Kivu 05/19
irinnews.org Collective punishment in Congo 05/18
allafrica.com KivuWatt to Double Rwanda's Energy Production By 2020 05/17
allafrica.com Kagame Sends Olive Branch to DR Congo Over Methane Gas 05/17
reuters.com Congo police arrest at least four activists protesting massacres 05/14
enoughproject.org Foreign Affairs Op-ed: Virunga's Charcoal Cartel 05/13
allafrica.com Govt Seeks Extradition of Genocide Suspect From DR Congo 05/13
allafrica.com Congolese Donate to Refugees in Germany 05/11
dw.com Congolese donate to refugees in Germany 05/10
allafrica.com Kidnap of IRC Staff Triggers Fears of Hutu Rebels Regrouping 05/09
appablog.wordpress.com République démocratique du Congo : les trois collaborateurs du CICR sont libres ! 05/09
reuters.com Congo captures senior commander of Rwandan genocide-linked rebels 05/07
tamilguardian.com Senior commander linked to Rwandan genocide detained in Congo 05/07
allafrica.com Coalition, Crisis and Constitutional Chaos 05/06
reuters.com Three Red Cross staff kidnapped in Congo are free: ICRC 05/06
africa-newsroom.com Special Envoy Perriello Travel to Sweden and the Democratic Republic of the Congo 05/05
appablog.wordpress.com République démocratique du Congo : trois collaborateurs du CICR enlevés au Nord-Kivu 05/04
modernghana.com Red Cross suspends travel after workers kidnapped in DR Congo 05/04
voanews.com Red Cross Workers Kidnapped in Congo by Suspected Rebels 05/04
usatoday.com One of Africa's most active volcanoes shows new signs of life 05/04
hosted.ap.org 3 Red Cross employees abducted in eastern Congo 05/03
bbc.co.uk In pictures: Classic cars at Silverstone 04/29
allafrica.com Pizza, Free Wi-Fi and Peace 04/28
aljazeera.com Pizza, free wi-fi and peace in DR Congo 04/27
doctorswithoutborders.org DRC: Providing Care for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Ituri 04/25
msf.org DRC: Mambasa project provides care to rape survivors 04/25
doctorswithoutborders.org DRC: Reaching Survivors of Sexual Violence in Ituri 04/25
theeastafrican.co.ke This cozy diplomacy portends bright future for Dar-Kigali relations 04/23
allafrica.com New Market to Boost Cross Border Trade With DR Congo 04/21
allafrica.com The Will to Confront Genocidal Forces Has More Than Increased 04/19
allafrica.com RDF Says Situation Under Control After Repulsing FDLR 04/18
theeastafrican.co.ke Car bomb kills three in DR Congo 04/16
allafrica.com UN Agency Urges Parties to Ensure Rights of People Displaced Amid Violence in Eastern DR Congo 04/15
allafrica.com DRC - MSF to Resume Medical Assistance in the Mweso Health Zone After 4 Months Absence 04/15
bbc.co.uk A country where toilets are a sign of hope 04/15
france24.com In pictures: DR Congo’s disabled couriers ‘abandoned’ by government 04/14
globalsecurity.org UN agency urges parties to ensure rights of people displaced amid violence in eastern DR Congo 04/14
allafrica.com Tanzania: Govt to Investigate Possible Abuse by its Peacekeepers in DRC 04/14
africa-newsroom.com DRCongo: concerns for thousands of people who fled violence in Mpati area, North Kivu 04/13
allafrica.com Fresh Fighting Drives Displacement in Eastern Regions 04/13
appablog.wordpress.com RDCongo : inquiétudes pour des milliers de personnes fuyant les violences à Mpati au nord-Kivu 04/13
modernghana.com UN 'deeply concerned' for 35,000 displaced people in DR Congo 04/13
appablog.wordpress.com DRCongo: concerns for thousands of people who fled violence in Mpati area, North Kivu 04/13
allafrica.com Magufuli Visit Signals Exciting Times Ahead 04/12
theeastafrican.co.ke Of presidential bromances and Dar’s turn northward 04/09
voanews.com Tanzania Opens Warm Diplomatic Relations with Rwanda 04/09
reuters.com Civil unrest, El Nino hit Burundians hard, thousands in need of aid: Red Cross 04/08
allafrica.com 5 Reasons Why Rubavu Is Rwanda's New Hot Spot for Tourism 04/08
voanews.com 30,000 Cut Off From Aid in DRC, Agency Says 04/07
allafrica.com Rwanda, Tanzania Mend Diplomatic Relations 04/07
monitor.co.ug Retired bishops appointed mediators 04/06
globalsecurity.org Tanzania to Investigate Possible Abuse by its Peacekeepers in DRC 04/06
allafrica.com Top FDLR Rebel Arrested in Uganda 04/06
allafrica.com Rwanda Rebel Arrested in Kampala 04/06
allafrica.com Children Held in Remote Military Prison 04/06
voanews.com Tanzania to Investigate Possible Abuse by its Peacekeepers in DRC 04/05
monitor.co.ug Rwanda rebel arrested in Kampala 04/05
euronews.com Residents flee Congolese capital after post-election violence 04/04
hosted.ap.org Ex-militia attack military, police in Republic of Congo 04/04
npr.org PHOTOS: Giving Ex-Child Soldiers A Chance To Be Kids Again 04/02
africa-newsroom.com IOM Boosts Income Generation for Returnees in Democratic Republic of the Congo 04/01
euractiv.com Brazzaville partly shut to protest Sassou-Nguesso’s re-election 03/29
globalsecurity.org 16 killed as army, rebels clash in eastern DRC 03/29
bbc.co.uk Riot stops play in Afcon qualifier 03/27
theeastafrican.co.ke Congo Nile Trail, the Rwandan latest attraction 03/26
allafrica.com Human Rights Watch Submission On the Democratic Republic of Congo to the Committee On the Rights of the Child 03/25
euractiv.com Opposition cries foul after Congo’s Sassou claims new five year term 03/25
allafrica.com Congo-Brazzaville: Disputes Erupt Over Congo Election, Nguesso Wins Third Term 03/24
allafrica.com Experts Warn of Possible Nyiragongo Volcano Eruption 03/23
doctorswithoutborders.org No End in Sight 03/21
euractiv.com Internet blackout in Congo as government fears post-election unrest 03/21
voanews.com Congo Extradites Key Suspect in Rwanda Genocide 03/20
african-union.africa-newsroom.com AU Appoints Mr. Larry Gbevlo-Lartey of Ghana asSpecial Representative in charge of Counter-Terrorism Cooperation and Director of ACSRT 03/18
allafrica.com UN Airlifts Chimpanzee to Safety in DR Congo 03/16
foxnews.com UN, Amnesty criticize Congo's arrest of 18 protesters 03/16
allafrica.com South African Helicopter Fired Upon in DRC 03/14
allafrica.com Journalist Held Arbitrarily, Nord-Kivu Authorities Impose Reporting Blackout 03/14
msf.org DRC: "I fight. I'm still standing!" 03/10
economist.com What lies beneath 03/10
bbc.co.uk VIDEO: Young and Connected: The BBC's first WhatsApp series 03/10
africa-newsroom.com UK government to fund the Virunga park hydro-electric network and Congolese electoral process 03/09
reuters.com Three kidnapped aid workers in east Congo released: U.N 03/08
foxnews.com Congo: 3 aid workers freed after being kidnapped in east 03/08
allafrica.com Africa: Peace, Security in the Great Lakes Region - No Peace Without Women 03/08
allafrica.com Rwanda-DRC Border Now Open for 24-Hour Business 03/07
theeastafrican.co.ke Rwanda-DRC border now open for 24-hour business 03/05
bbc.co.uk VIDEO: Family portraits in a refugee camp 03/05
allafrica.com More Haste, Less Speed 03/05
reuters.com Three international aid workers kidnapped in east Congo 03/03
monitor.co.ug Suspected Ugandan rebels kill 13 in DR Congo 03/01
appablog.wordpress.com République démocratique du Congo – Attaque meurtrière dans la région de Beni (28-29 février 2016) 03/01
csmonitor.com Seeking refuge in UN-run camps, Burundians feel long arm of regime 03/01
globalsecurity.org UN Seeks Durable Solutions for DRC Displacement Crisis 03/01
diplomatie.gouv.fr Democratic Republic of Congo – Deadly attack near the town of Beni (28 to 29.02.16) 03/01

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.