Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles: Uganda confirms hundreds of Congolese M23 rebels missing 01/19 Uganda finally admits scores of M23 rebels escaped base 01/19 Fleeing M23 rebels caught at Congo border, detained 01/19 Exploring resilient Rwanda through a different lens 01/19 Uganda Detains Scores of Ex-rebels Headed for DRC 01/19 Uganda admits scores of Congolese rebels escaped base 01/19 Uganda detains more than 100 former M23 rebels travelling to Congo 01/19 Uganda detains more than 100 former M23 rebels traveling to Congo 01/19 UN 'ready to engage' if Congo rebels invade 01/19 Mani Martin to Sing for Peace at Amani Festival 01/18 Uganda says former M23 Congolese rebels not welcome 01/17 Uganda minister says Congo's former M23 rebels not welcome in Uganda 01/17 DRC: The Alarming Consequences of Falsified Medicines 01/17 DRC: The alarming consequences of poor quality medicines 01/17 The United Nations commits to support the Great Lakes region in finding durable solutions to the issue of South Sudanese disarmed elements present in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 01/16 Congo govt says M23 rebel fighters cross over border from Uganda 01/16 Seven illegal guns impounded in Kisoro 01/16 Uganda military denies Congolese rebels left camp 01/16 UN to support Great Lakes region on S. Sudan rebels 01/16 Congo warns of armed ex-M23 rebels crossing border 01/15 UPDATE 1-Congo govt says M23 rebel fighters cross over border from Uganda 01/15 Congolese M23 rebels cross over from Uganda, take village 01/15 Uganda scoffs at DR Congo over M23 rebels 01/15 Uganda again arrests traditional leader over clashes last year 01/14 For Congo's Pygmies, expulsion and forest clearance end a way of life 01/12 Child Victim or Brutal Warlord? Uganda's War Crimes Trial 01/12 Vital eastern supply route cut off in DR Congo 01/05 ​A timeline of DRC’s chase for democracy 01/05 Congo opposition leader who fled country announces candidacy 01/03 End in sight for Congo’s political crisis as two sides of divide agree terms for President Joseph Kabila’s exit 01/01 Deal reached to end DR Congo political crisis 12/31 Congo president to leave after 2017 vote under new deal 12/31 Can DR Congo avert a transition crisis? 12/31 DRC President Joseph Kabila: reformer or corrupt authoritarian 12/29 Africa: Here Is to a Borderless Africa in 2017 and Beyond! 12/29 Here is to a borderless Africa in 2017 and beyond! 12/28 Africa: The Grinch's Not-So-Festive Guide to Food Ration Cuts 12/28 DR Congo Christmas slaughter leaves 35 dead 12/27 DR Congo troops kill 10 soldiers from Burundi who crossed border in hunt for rebels 12/27 Democratic Republic of Congo - Deadly attacks in North Kivu (24-25.12.16) 12/27 ‘DR Congo troops killed 10 Burundian soldiers’ 12/26 Twenty-two civilians killed in attacks at Democratic Republic of Congo 12/26 13 civilians killed in DR Congo Christmas Day ethnic attack 12/26 DR Congo Christmas slaughter leaves 35 dead 12/26 DR Congo Christmas slaughter leaves 35 dead 12/26 At Least 22 Killed in Troubled North Kivu Province 12/26 22 civilians killed in DR Congo massacre: official 12/25 Rebel attacks in eastern DRC 'kill at least 22' 12/25 Congo Ethnic Militia Kills 13 Civilians in Apparent Revenge Attack 12/25 Dozens killed in attacks amid political unrest in DR Congo 12/25 Congo mediators say no deal before Christmas, talks on hold 12/24 20 reported dead in eastern Congo as militia fighters blamed 12/23 President Jacob Zuma Saddened By Passing of SANDF Soldier in the DRC 12/23 At Least 26 Killed in Congo Protests, Rights Group Says 12/21 Monusco Expresses Grave Concern Over the Rect Wave of Ongoing Arrests and Dettions 12/21 Congolese President Stays in Office After Term's End, Amid High Political Tension 12/21 Statement attributable to the Spokesman of the Secretary-General on the Democratic Republic of the Congo 12/20 Déclaration attribuable au porte-parole du Secrétaire général sur la République démocratique du Congo 12/20 Security Council Press Statement on the Democratic Republic of the Congo 12/20 Statement attributable to the Spokesman of the Secretary-General on the Democratic Republic of the Congo 12/20 DR Congo - Ban Condemns Killing of UN Peacekeeper 12/20 MONUSCO strongly condemns the Mayi Mayi militia attack in Butembo 12/20 Rebels Kill South African Peacekeeper and Policeman 12/20 Gunfire Erupts in Capital As Kabila's Mandate Expires 12/20 Nation at Cross-Roads 12/19 Military deploys across Congo's capital as Kabila stays on 12/19 At least 20 dead in DR Congo gold mine collapse 12/19 Congo-Kinshasa: Tension High in DRC As President Kabila's Mandate Ends 12/19 Troops deploy in tense DR Congo as leader's mandate expires 12/19 Kinshasa faces unrest as Congolese president refuses to step down 12/19 Rebels kill S African peacekeeper and policeman in DRC 12/19 DR Congo: Ban condemns killing of UN peacekeeper 12/19 Gunfire erupts in Congo's capital as Kabila's mandate expires 12/19 Gunfire erupts in Congo's capital as Kabila's mandate expires 12/19 UN chief condemns killing of South African peacekeeper in DRC 12/19 Congolese cocoa waits for peace to pursue sweet future 12/18 Fears of Congo unrest as president clings to power 12/18 At least 20 dead in DR Congo gold mine collapse: minister 12/18 Talks over Congo's delayed presidential vote stall 12/17 DRC: Call for Calm and Respect for Human Rights 12/17 DR Congo: Goma, a city living on the edge 12/16 Burundi: 797 Congolese Claim Asylum in Burundi 12/16 Congo braces for unrest as president's mandate expires 12/15 Troubled Gabon says ready to host Africa Cup of Nations 12/15 Congolese television journalist detained for four days 12/15 Congo to suspend pro soccer matches over fears of political unrest 12/14 Uganda charges traditional leader at center of unrest with terrorism 12/13 IDPs in North Kivu Face Bulengo Camp Closure 12/13 Congolese IDPs in North Kivu face Bulengo camp closure 12/12 Congo rights group blames govt, parties for deadly unrest 12/08 DRC: The pendulum of violence 12/07 DRC On Edge As Kabila Term Nears End 12/07 France Hosted Interim Govt After Leaving Rwanda 12/06 UN mission in DR Congo braces for clashes as Kabila’s term ends 12/06 Government Calls for More Exports to Regional Markets 12/05 Two Congolese Nationals Arrested in Uganda 12/05 DRC Political Talks Collapse As Kabila Supporters Pull Out 12/05 Two Congolese nationals arrested in Uganda 12/04 DRC Political Talks Break Down 12/03 République démocratique du Congo : finale du premier Championnat national de basketball en fauteuil roulant à G oma 12/03


After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.