Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

afghanistannews.net US Loses Track of Arms Given to Afghan Security Forces 07/29
allafrica.com A Team of MSF Vaccinated 38,000 Children Against Measles in Minova Before Continuing the Campaign in Kalonge 07/28
voanews.com US Loses Track of Arms Given to Afghan Security Forces 07/28
theeastafrican.co.ke Former Tanzania soldiers demand $3m from govt for covert Congo operation 07/26
allafrica.com Govt Dismisses Prime Minister 07/25
voanews.com Rwanda Dismisses Prime Minister, Appoints Replacement 07/24
allafrica.com World Bank Approves U.S.$92.1 Million Funds to Increase DRC's Connectivity to Other Great Lakes Countries 07/23
allafrica.com NGOs Against Monusco Drones for Humanitarian Work 07/23
allafrica.com MOH Takes Precautions Against Ebola After Outbreak in Congo 07/23
allafrica.com Enough Project Reactions to Appointment of New UN Special Envoy On Congo 07/23
nationalgeographic.com Map: No-Fly Zones and Restricted Airspaces 07/23
bbc.co.uk Attack on Congo barracks 'repulsed' 07/22
allafrica.com Want to Save Congo? Help Them Get Rid of the FDLR 07/21
theeastafrican.co.ke Dar now rallies SADC to push Kigali into talks with rebels 07/19
theeastafrican.co.ke World Bank funds regional SGBV project 07/19
allafrica.com Africa: "Paradigm Shift' Boosts Congo Peace Prospects 07/18
allafrica.com Goma's Infectious Happiness Goes Viral 07/18
allafrica.com MSF Team Treats Survivors of Abduction, Sexual Slavery and Torture in Mining Region of Eastern Congo 07/17
invisiblechildren.com Massive defection of rebels in DR Congo // Why it matters 07/16
allafrica.com SADC Urges Orderly Rwanda Rebel Pact 07/15
allafrica.com The Performance of Monusco's Intervention Brigade 07/15
doctorswithoutborders.org DRC: Renewed Violence in Baraka, South Kivu 07/15
csmonitor.com Congo women stitch together a community of beauty and strength (+video) 07/15
allafrica.com FDLR Commander Was in Rome for 10 Days, Reports Italian Newspaper 07/15
allafrica.com Angolan Ambassador Denies Existence of M23 Bases 07/15
doctorswithoutborders.org Through the Lens: Voices From DRC 07/15
allafrica.com Congolese Refugee - I Focus On Sport So As to Forget My Life 07/14
allafrica.com Regional Police Students On Study Tour 07/14
modernghana.com Water everywhere for DR Congo city yet scarcely a drop to drink 07/13
allafrica.com DRC, Rwanda Ease Tensions Over Border Trade 07/12
allafrica.com Terror Trial - Suspect Retracts Earlier Statement, Rejects FDLR Links 07/11
allafrica.com Congo-Kinshasa: DRC Refugees and the Limits of Durable Solutions 07/11
myaccount.nytimes.com In Congo, Salaam Kivu Festival Brings Performers to Goma 07/11
voanews.com DRC, Rwanda Ease Tensions Over Border Trade 07/11
allafrica.com Niyoyita Blends Preaching With Comedy 07/11
allafrica.com Central Africa: ICGLR / SADC Conclude Their Second Joint Ministerial Meeting 07/11
enoughproject.org Voices of Congo: Mamafrica and Products With a Purpose 07/10
allafrica.com Peace Determinants in the Great Lakes - Wealth or Democracy? 07/10
pulitzercenter.org Democratic Republic of Congo: Survivors of Sexual Violence Find Hope and a New Start 07/10
allafrica.com Kwibohora20 - What the Youth Owe the Liberators 07/09
allafrica.com Africa: African States Give FDLR Six-Month Notice 07/07
allafrica.com Rehabilitated Drug Addict Tells His Story 07/07
allafrica.com Rwanda: Ex-FDLR Commanders On Repatriation - Assess Outfit's Strength 07/04
aljazeera.com UN mission admits failure to stop DRC murders 07/04
theeastafrican.co.ke If head of peacekeeping breached UN policy on FDLR, sanction him 07/04
allafrica.com ICGLR Delegations Leave for Respective Countries 07/04
allafrica.com SADC and CIRGL Give FDRL Rebels Moratorium 07/04
allafrica.com UN Special Envoy Defends Common Agenda for Situation in DRC 07/04
theeastafrican.co.ke How M23 and Congolese army commanders benefited from $57m illegal trade in Kivu 07/04
allafrica.com Tanzania: Regional Ministerial Meet Calls for Sustainable Peace 07/04
strategypage.com CONGO: The Mess Next Door 07/03
allafrica.com Army, UN Failed to Stop Massacre - Apparent Ethnic Attack Kills 30 Civilians 07/03
allafrica.com Targeted Assistance Needed for DRC's Former Child Soldiers 07/03
reuters.com African nations give Rwandan rebels six months to disarm 07/03
modernghana.com DR Congo's tshukudu, the all-purpose transport scooter 07/03
dnaindia.com Conflict in Congo: Rwandan rebels given six months to disarm 07/03
news24.com Kabila destroys own dagga 07/03
reuters.com Head of U.N. Congo peacekeepers regrets failing to stop massacre 07/03
reuters.com African nations give rebels in Congo six months to disarm 07/03
allafrica.com U.S. Secretary of State Kerry On Democratic Republic of the Congo's National Day 07/02
allafrica.com SADC, Great Lakes Ministers Meet Over DRC 07/02
allafrica.com Security Council Committee Concerning Democratic Republic of Congo Updates List of Individuals and Entities Subject to Travel Ban, Assets Freeze 07/02
hrw.org DR Congo: Army, UN Failed to Stop Massacre 07/02
globalsecurity.org UN sanctions Ugandan rebels in DR Congo 07/02
modernghana.com UN to slap sanctions on Ugandan rebels in DR Congo 07/01
worldpoliticsreview.com Robust Peacekeeping, Diplomacy Put Peace in Reach in Eastern DRC 07/01
allafrica.com The UN Is Not a Grazing Ground for a Few 06/30
allafrica.com Citizenship Questions Are at the Heart of the DRC's Conflict 06/30
allafrica.com Rwanda Condemns UN Peacekeeping Request to Lift FDLR Travel Ban 06/30
timeslive.co.za Africa's oldest nature park counts on sustainability 06/29
theeastafrican.co.ke UN mission in Congo guzzles $1.4b annually as violence spreads 06/28
theeastafrican.co.ke Hard times ahead for brewers in bid to maintain profit margins 06/28
allafrica.com Exclusive - UN Peacekeeping Chief Secures Travel Pass for FDLR President to Italy 06/27
allafrica.com Move to a New Camp Transforms Life for Resilient Amputee 06/26
pambazuka.org Rumble in the Belgian bungle 06/26
allafrica.com Rwanda: Investigate Alleged Leaking of EJVM Report 06/25
bbc.co.uk Congo autopsies reveal 'executions' 06/25
allafrica.com Eastern DRC - Stop Fixating On Conflict Minerals 06/24
allafrica.com FDLR Should Not Be Allowed to Fool the World 06/23
allafrica.com Reformed FDLR Member Living a New Life 06/23
allafrica.com Exclusive - How DRC Planned and Executed Recent Attack On Rwanda 06/22
theeastafrican.co.ke Kigali terrorism trial suspects deny evidence 06/21
huffingtonpost.com 17 Haunting Images That Remind Us Why We Can't Forget The World's Refugee Children 06/20
allafrica.com Court Views Video of RNC Operative in FDLR Camps 06/20
enoughproject.org Minding the Gap: London hosts unprecedented global summit to end sexual violence in conflict 06/20
allafrica.com Rwanda: Terror Suspect Admits to Recruiting 100 Men for RNC 06/19
allafrica.com Rugira Presents Credentials to Nkurunziza 06/19
mg.co.za Wheels and deals in dusty Bukavu 06/19
allafrica.com The Meeting of ICGLR Committee of Ministers of Defense, Luanda, Angola 13th June, 2014 06/18
allafrica.com Letter to Rwandan Justice Minister On the "Assessment" of Human Rights Watch's Work 06/17
strategypage.com CONGO: Carnage In CAR 06/17
allafrica.com UN Mission Calls for Calm After DRC Border Fights With Rwanda 06/16
allafrica.com Germany Pledges Support to Regional Security 06/16
diplomatie.gouv.fr Democratic Republic of Congo – Fighting in the eastern part of the country (12.06.14) 06/16
allafrica.com Weekly Summary - Congolese Ex-Militiaman and Ivorian Ex-President Sent to Trial 06/15
theeastafrican.co.ke It seems no one knows how to deal decisively with the FDLR issue 06/07
reuters.com Dozens killed in massacre in eastern Congo 06/07
dnaindia.com 37 shot, stabbed, burned to death in massacre in eastern Congo: Witness 06/07
independent.co.uk Democratic Republic of Congo: 37 die in ethnically motivated massacre 06/07
bbc.co.uk Many killed in DR Congo fighting 06/07

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.