Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

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doctorswithoutborders.org The Lady in Pink, DRC 07/27
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monitor.co.ug ADF regrouping to attack - police 07/20
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monitor.co.ug Risking life to capture moments 07/17
scoop.co.nz Slow Progress in Prosecuting International Crimes 07/17
allafrica.com Rebel General Accused of Continuing Abuses in Eastern Congo 07/15
globalsecurity.org Success of UN DR Congo mission hinges on 'constructive partnership' with Government, Security Council told 07/15
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turkishweekly.net 250 DR Congo separatists killed since mid-May: MONUSCO 07/04
reuters.com Hague judges give warlord's lawyers more time to prepare 07/03
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modernghana.com Five civilians and three soldiers killed in DR Congo rebel raid 06/27
allafrica.com Regional Countries Sign Deal to Extract Kivu Methane Gas 06/26
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reuters.com Rwandans protest as spy chief faces London court on war crimes charges 06/25
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voanews.com UN: DRC Rebel Group Weakened in Joint Operation 06/24
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globalsecurity.org Unrest Reported at Congo Camp for Ex-militiamen 06/23
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nation.co.ke 13 minutes ago KISIA: It is time the world took up its share of the refugee burden 06/23
voanews.com Unrest Reported at Congo Camp for Ex-militiamen 06/22
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allafrica.com Top Humanitarian Photo Prize Awarded for Reportage of Rape Trials in Democratic Republic of the Congo 06/22
allafrica.com Cycling - Angola At Top of 3rd Edition of Tour Du Congo 06/19
allafrica.com FC Platinum Off to DRC 06/19
allafrica.com Crumbling Goma University Stands Up to the State 06/18
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allafrica.com Law to Regulate Oil Exploration, Production in Offing 06/18
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dw.de Crumbling DR Congo’s Goma University stands up to the State 06/17
allafrica.com Africa: Using Technology to Chart the 'Unmapped World' 06/17
doctorswithoutborders.org Caring for Mothers and Victims of Violence in Boga, DRC 06/17
apanews.net La CPI programme pour juillet les déclarations d'ouverture du procès Bosco Ntaganda 06/17
voanews.com Former Congo Rebel Leader's ICC Trial to Start in July 06/16
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reuters.com NGOs demand release of detained pro-democracy activists in Congo 06/15
reuters.com Trial of Congolese warlord Ntaganda to be held in The Hague 06/15
voanews.com Rights Groups, DRC Lawmakers Call for ‘Filimbi’ Activists’ Release 06/15
reuters.com U.N. deploys troops, helicopters to back Congo in fight with rebels 06/10
stripes.com Congo army, UN take on rebel group in northeast 06/10
allafrica.com South Africa: 'Burundian Refugee - 'We Thought That We Would Be Exterminated If We Stay" 06/09
miningweekly.com Banro lifts Twangiza reserves 59%, extends mine life to 14 yrs 06/08
allafrica.com Rwanda Plans to Triple Power Output 06/08
nzherald.co.nz Clarification: Congo-Unrest story 06/05

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.