Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

allafrica.com Rwanda Eyes TMEA Funding for Its Harbours on Lake Kivu 12/01
allafrica.com Police Seize Over 7000kgs of Smuggled Used Clothes 12/01
voanews.com Silent Victims of Violence: 4 Million Kids Orphaned in Congo 11/29
voanews.com Uganda Rejects Amnesty's Accusation of Extrajudicial Killings 11/29
allafrica.com DR Congo - Performing for Change 11/29
dnaindia.com Uganda: Police seize machetes, spears after clash with king's guards 11/28
stripes.com Silent victims of violence: 4 million kids orphaned in Congo 11/28
dnaindia.com Uganda says 55 police, tribal insurgents killed in clashes 11/28
aljazeera.com DR Congo militia attack kills dozens in eastern region 11/28
africa-newsroom.com MONUSCO condemns the deadly attack on IDPs at Luhanga, North Kivu 11/28
countervortex.org Uganda: tribal king accused in separatist rebellion 11/28
diplomatie.gouv.fr Democratic Republic of Congo – Attack against a camp for displaced Hutus (27.11.16) 11/28
appablog.wordpress.com France – République démocratique du Congo / France – Ouganda : Quai d’Orsay – Déclarations du porte-parole 11/28
dailytimes.com.pk Militia attack kills 34 civilians in DR Congo 11/27
reuters.com East Congo militia kills 30 civilians, most from rival ethnic group 11/27
foxnews.com Silent victims of violence: 4 million kids orphaned in Congo 11/27
foxnews.com Local militia named in slayings of 35 civilians in Congo 11/27
voanews.com Dozens Massacred in DRC Ethnic Violence 11/27
globalsecurity.org Ethnic strife claims 34 civilian lives in eastern DR Congo 11/27
monitor.co.ug DR Congo's business dreams flatlined by violence 11/23
allafrica.com Bizimana Joins DRC Side Virunga as Head Coach 11/22
allafrica.com UN Wants Rebel Groups in DR Congo Wiped Out 11/21
theeastafrican.co.ke UN wants rebel groups in DR Congo wiped out 11/19
appablog.wordpress.com RD Congo : Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Ituri & Tshopo, Note d’informations humanitaires no 19, du 17 novembre 2016 11/18
nation.co.ke DR Congo's Kabila appoints new prime minister 11/17
allafrica.com South Sudan: President 'Pardons' Rebels 11/16
allafrica.com Rwanda, DR Congo Officials Meet Over Kivu Methane Gas 11/14
allafrica.com The Plight of Stateless People 11/14
af.reuters.com Congo M23 rebel leader still in Uganda - military 11/13
appablog.wordpress.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Democratic Republic of the Congo 11/09
mareeg.com UN Secretary-General statementon the explosion in Kyeshero, Democratic Republic of the Congo 11/09
allafrica.com Congo-Brazzaville: Ban Condemns Attack That Kills One Civilian and Wounds 32 UN Peacekeepers 11/09
diplomatie.gouv.fr Democratic Republic of Congo – Attack on MONUSCO (08.11.16) 11/09
stripes.com Congo grenade blast kills 2, injures dozens of peacekeepers 11/08
telegraphindia.com 32 Indian peacekeepers hurt in DR Congo 11/08
hosted.ap.org Congo grenade blast kills 1, injures 32 UN peacekeepers 11/08
rediff.com Blast kills child, injures 32 Indian UN peacekeepers in Congo 11/08
globalsecurity.org Blast kills 2, injures 31 UN troops in DR Congo 11/08
modernghana.com DR Congo blast kills schoolgirl, wounds 32 peacekeepers 11/08
un.org DR Congo: Explosion in Goma kill one civilians, wounds peacekeepers, UN Mission reports 11/08
allafrica.com Opposition Express Confidence in Upcomign UN Visit 11/06
globalsecurity.org Police use tear gas to disperse banned protest in DR Congo 11/05
allafrica.com Central Africa: UN Envoy Calls for Concerted Efforts to Avoid Rolling-Back of Gains in Africa's Great Lakes 11/03
un.org UN envoy calls for concerted efforts to avoid rolling-back of gains in Africa’s Great Lakes 11/02
voanews.com DRC Opposition Buries Members Killed During Unrest 11/01
reuters.com Belgium, Congo activists urge probe into Congo corruption claims 10/31
allafrica.com DR Congo Arrests Top Rwandan Rebel Commander 10/31
bbc.co.uk Rwanda genocide: Habyarimana Mucebo arrested in DR Congo 10/27
allafrica.com ICC Makes Progress On Reparations for Victims in Lubanga Case 10/27
allafrica.com United Nations Call for Collective and Urgent Action for Stability 10/27
modernghana.com Call to bolster UN force in DRCongo, amid unrest fears 10/27
allafrica.com Senior FDLR Officer Arrested in DR Congo 10/26
theeastafrican.co.ke DR Congo arrests top Rwandan rebel - army 10/25
allafrica.com Easing Cross-Border Trade With DR Congo a Laudable Move 10/25
allafrica.com Rwanda, DR Congo Sign Deal to Ease Trade 10/24
theeastafrican.co.ke Why Nkurunziza, Kagame won’t kiss and make up 10/20
theeastafrican.co.ke UN beefs up peacekeeping force in DR Congo capital 10/19
theeastafrican.co.ke Strikes in DR Congo over president's poll delay 10/19
allafrica.com EU Steps up Pressure to End Unrest, Organize Polls 10/18
allafrica.com Congo's South Sudan Rebel Problem 10/18
euractiv.com Tragedy in DR Congo: EU can help 10/18
hrw.org EU Preparing Targeted Sanctions against Senior DR Congo Officials 10/17
irinnews.org Congo’s South Sudan rebel problem 10/17
voanews.com EU Steps up Pressure on Congo to End Unrest, Organize Polls 10/17
allafrica.com Reparations Plan for Lubanga Victims Takes Shape 10/17
nation.co.ke DR Congo warlord 'not scapegoat for all child soldiers' 10/13
allafrica.com Civilians Killed As Rebels Clash With Army 10/11
globalsecurity.org Clashes between army, Ugandan rebels kill at least 10 in DR Congo 10/11
aljazeera.com DR Congo: Civilians killed as rebels clash with army 10/10
allafrica.com DRC Is Not Going Back to Civil War, Says Envoy 10/06
theeastafrican.co.ke DR Congo deadline for removal of South Sudan fighters 10/05
voanews.com UN Says It Alone Cannot Remove S. Sudanese Rebels From DRC 10/05
allafrica.com Chance to Help Set DRC On Path to Peace 10/05
voanews.com Troops in DRC Loyal to Machar Welcome in S. Sudan Areas Under Rebel Control 10/05
dw.com Congo electoral commission plans to delay presidential vote 10/01
nzherald.co.nz Congo plans to delay a national vote for 2 years to 2018 10/01
voanews.com US Orders Families of Government Personnel to Leave Troubled DRC 09/30
foxnews.com Families of US government personnel ordered to leave Congo amid unrest 09/30
france24.com US orders government personnel families to leave DR Congo 09/30
allafrica.com Open Letter to Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma - Appeal for Urgent Action to Stop Violence in DRC 09/30
dw.com US orders families of government personnel in DR Congo to leave 09/29
nzherald.co.nz Families of US personnel ordered to leave Congo amid unrest 09/29
sudantribune.com Over 15,000 South Sudanese refugee flee to DRC 09/28
allafrica.com Mobile Courts Deliver Justice to Remote Areas 09/27
allafrica.com Kabila Election Gamble Leads Congo Into Crisis 09/27
allafrica.com Refugee Exodus From Burundi Sparks Concerns 'Overstretched' Neighbours Will Not Cope 09/27
allafrica.com Rwanda: 4.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills One, Injures Over 20 09/26
allafrica.com DR Congo Cracks Down on Gold Smugglers 09/26
aljazeera.com DRC: Mobile courts deliver justice to remote areas 09/26
theeastafrican.co.ke DR Congo cracks down on gold smugglers 09/24
irinnews.org Kabila election gamble leads Congo into crisis 09/23
bbc.co.uk Deadly clashes in DR Congo city of Kananga 09/23
allafrica.com Violence Further Complicates National Dialogue 09/23
dw.com Congolese opposition suspends dialog 09/23
myaccount.nytimes.com U.N. Criticizes Congo for Response to Deadly Unrest 09/22
theeastafrican.co.ke DR Congo unrest ends with official death toll at 32 09/22
allafrica.com DR Congo Traders Assured of Better Port Services 09/22
voanews.com DRC Violence Further Complicates National Dialogue 09/22
voanews.com Internet Blackouts, Elections Increasingly Linked in African Countries 09/22
reuters.com Congo opposition calls for new sanctions on leaders for protest deaths 09/21

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.