Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

scmp.com Sakharov human rights award for 'Dr Miracle' leading Congo's war on mass rape 10/22
aljazeera.com DRC ex-militia leader pleads innocence at ICC 10/22
scoop.co.nz DR Congo: UN Mission Comes under Attack, Steps up Security 10/22
allafrica.com Democratic Republic of the Congo - ICRC Concerned By Violence Against Civilians in North Kivu 10/22
timeslive.co.za Congo ex-militia boss insists on innocence at ICC appeal 10/22
allafrica.com ICGLR, SADC Ministers Reiterate Military Action Against FDLR 10/22
reuters.com African rivalries weaken U.N. hand against rebels in Congo 10/22
allafrica.com UN Envoy Praises Efforts of SADC/ICGLR Countries Stabilizing DRC 10/21
allafrica.com Former Premier Threatens to Sue Local Newspaper Over Defamation 10/21
allafrica.com Let's Not Take Our Security for Granted 10/21
allafrica.com UN Special Envoy Leaves Luanda 10/21
allafrica.com Angola - SADC and ICGLR Ministers Reiterate Ultimatum Given to FDLR to Disarm 10/21
allafrica.com Foreign Minister Hails Importance of Luanda ICGGLR/SADC Meeting 10/21
france24.com Congolese doctor who helps rape victims wins top EU prize 10/21
modernghana.com Democratic Republic of the Congo: ICRC concerned by violence against civilians in North Kivu 10/21
allafrica.com Central Africa: African Ministers Ready to Order Attack on Rwandan Rebels 10/21
modernghana.com Congo ex-militia boss insists on innocence at ICC appeal 10/21
modernghana.com Brave healer of DR Congo's most horrific wounds 10/21
allafrica.com No Progress in FDLR Disarmament - Says Ambassador Espírito Santo 10/20
allafrica.com Ambush Against the ICGLR Expanded Joint Verification Mechanism in Ruzizi Plain 10/20
modernghana.com UN surveillance drone crashes in eastern DR Congo 10/20
appablog.wordpress.com Democratic Republic of the Congo: ICRC concerned by violence against civilians in North Kivu 10/20
allafrica.com Defence Minister and U.S Envoy Talk About Great Lakes Region 10/20
allafrica.com Military Chiefs Review Eastern DR Congo Security 10/20
reuters.com Gunmen free hundreds of prisoners in east Congo 10/19
modernghana.com Terrified by new rebel attacks, DR Congo residents leave town 10/19
aljazeera.com Mass jail break as DR Congo violence worsens 10/19
scoop.co.nz DR Congo: Head of UN Mission Condemns Deadly Rebel Attacks 10/19
aljazeera.com Children 'hacked to death' in DR Congo town 10/18
foxnews.com 22 hacked to death with machetes by rebels in eastern Congo, says governor 10/18
ndtv.com Women, Children Killed in New DR Congo Attack: Official 10/18
voanews.com Violence in DRC Kills 21, Mostly Women, Children 10/18
en.ria.ru Some 20 People Killed in Second DR Congo Massacre: Reports 10/18
dnaindia.com Rebels kill 23 people in east Congo village 10/18
theeastafrican.co.ke Fears new M23 report will derail peace talks 10/18
reuters.com Rebels kill more than 20 people in east Congo village 10/18
allafrica.com New Massacre in East 10/18
globalsecurity.org DRC Launches Inquiry into North Kivu 'Terrorist' Attack 10/18
allafrica.com Two Aid Agencies Blocking Repatriation of Rwandan Refugees in DRC 10/17
globalsecurity.org DR Congo: head of UN mission condemns deadly rebel attacks in eastern territory 10/17
allafrica.com High Profile Military Operations Against ADF Will Not Rebuild Local Stability 10/17
modernghana.com Special Envoy Djinnit commends Tanzania for its role in promoting peace and stability in the region 10/17
allafrica.com The Burundian Army Is Present in the DRC 10/17
voanews.com DRC Launches Inquiry into North Kivu ‘Terrorist’ Attack 10/17
allafrica.com Rwanda: Genocide Denial Should Be Made an International Crime 10/16
ndtv.com Blamed on Ugandan Rebels, DR Congo Attack Kills 26: Army 10/16
modernghana.com 26 killed in DR Congo attack blamed on Ugandan rebels: army 10/16
reuters.com At least 27 killed in attacks in eastern Congo: official 10/16
voanews.com Dozens Killed in DRC Massacre 10/16
punchng.com 27 killed, six injured in DR Congo attack 10/16
nzherald.co.nz Rebels kill 30 people in East Congo, official says 10/16
sify.com DR Congo: head of UN mission condemns deadly rebel attacks in eastern territory 10/16
foxnews.com Rebels kill at least 30 people in eastern Congo town, mayor says, amid resurgence of activity 10/16
modernghana.com Rebels kill 26 in DRC machete attack as UN chief told to leave 10/16
sify.com Rebels kill 30 people in East Congo, official says 10/15
enoughproject.org Interview on the front lines: Congolese researcher Murairi speaks on Dodd-Frank, conflict minerals 10/14
allafrica.com In Goma People Are "Prepared to Die for the Constitution" 10/14
allafrica.com UN Set to Attack Rebels in East 10/14
allafrica.com Ntaganda Case - Trial to Open On 2 June 2015 10/13
allafrica.com Rwandan Captives Return From DRC 10/13
allafrica.com Kabila Reshuffles His Military Pack 10/12
theeastafrican.co.ke UN force in DRC appears poised to strike FDLR 10/11
tamilguardian.com Ntaganda trial date set by ICC 10/11
globalsecurity.org DR Congo: UN officials urge justice for grave crimes committed by M23 10/10
allafrica.com UN Urges Justice for Congolese Rebel Crimes 10/10
allafrica.com Kenyan President Appears Before ICC, UN Wants Justice for Congo Crimes 10/10
allafrica.com Rebel Leader Ntaganda's Trial Set for June 2015 10/10
modernghana.com Nine killed in suspected Ugandan rebel attack in DR Congo: UN 10/10
allafrica.com DRC Anglicans Help Families After Pentecostal Church Massacre 10/10
nationalgeographic.com What We Can Do to Stop the Next Pandemic 10/09
un.org DR Congo: UN officials urge justice for grave crimes committed by M23 10/09
modernghana.com ICC set trial date for 'Terminator' Congolese warlord 10/09
allafrica.com Rwanda: FDLR Stands for Genocide and Must Disarm Now - UK 10/09
allafrica.com Disarm FDLR, Security Council Tells DR Congo 10/06
allafrica.com Security Council Reiterates Priority of 'Swift Neutralization' of Armed Group 10/06
allafrica.com Rwanda: BBC Documentary On Genocide an Affront to Survivors 10/06
globalsecurity.org DR Congo: Security Council reiterates priority of "swift neutralization" of armed group 10/04
timeslive.co.za UN calls for surrender of Rwandan Hutu rebels in DR Congo 10/04
en.ria.ru With Disarmament of Congo Rebel Group Stalled, UN Threats Military Action 10/03
sify.com UN warns of military action against Congo rebels 10/03
modernghana.com UN calls for surrender of Rwandan Hutu rebels in DR Congo 10/03
un.org DR Congo: Security Council reiterates priority of “swift neutralization” of armed group 10/03
huffingtonpost.com How Authorities Are Bracing For The Next Contagion 10/02
bbc.co.uk Congo ex-fighters 'starve in camp' 10/01
usatoday.com Handling the next pandemic 10/01
allafrica.com Rebels Slow to Disarm 10/01
allafrica.com Police Announces Two Suspects in Transparency Researcher's Murder 10/01
allafrica.com Promote Off-Farm Employment in the Countryside 09/30
allafrica.com DRC - Just This Once, Joseph Kabila Should Listen to His Opposition 09/29
thehindu.com A project to ‘kickstart people’s sceptical reflex’ 09/27
allafrica.com UN Chief Presses Kabila On FDLR Disarmament 09/26
bbc.co.uk Africa in pictures: 19-25 September 2014 09/26
allafrica.com Kenya: NGO Slams Gun Misuse 09/26
reuters.com U.S. urges probe over corpses found in Rwanda-Burundi border lake 09/25
allafrica.com Disarm Unconditionally, Regional Leaders Tell FDLR 09/25
globalsecurity.org DR Congo: Ban says recommitment to peace framework critical to addressing root cause of conflict 09/23
allafrica.com Akon Makes Stopover in Rwanda 09/22
allafrica.com Former Female Rebel Recounts Horrid Life Under FDLR 09/22
un.org DR Congo: Ban says recommitment to peace framework critical to addressing root cause of conflict 09/22
bbc.co.uk VIDEO: Jude Law: "DRC gone off the radar" 09/21

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.