Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

allafrica.com Rwanda: RNP Recovers Stolen Congolese Vehicle, Arrests Three 11/24
allafrica.com Who Will End the FDLR Menace? 11/23
turkishweekly.net Group: Up to 80 killed by suspected Ugandan rebels in Congo 11/22
nzherald.co.nz Congo's army hunts assailants after attack in east 11/22
foxnews.com Congo's army pursues assailants after attack in east that civil society says killed dozens 11/22
theeastafrican.co.ke FDLR rebels in recruitment drive ahead of UN offensive 11/22
theeastafrican.co.ke Habyarimana former aide back in the dock 11/22
reuters.com Up to 80 people killed by suspected rebels in eastern Congo: group 11/21
modernghana.com At least nine killed in DR Congo's restive east 11/21
voanews.com Group: Up to 80 Killed by Suspected Ugandan Rebels in Congo 11/21
allafrica.com Rwandan Rebels Regroup 11/21
allafrica.com Judgement in Lubanga's Appeal to Be Announced December 1 11/20
allafrica.com Tour Du Rwanda Update - Valens Ndayisenga Comes Eighth in Stage Three After Finish Line Fall 11/20
allafrica.com Infant Chimpanzee Rescued From Poachers Now Safe 11/20
allafrica.com Rwanda: Sever FDLR Economic Lifelines - Rights Group 11/19
allafrica.com Seven Steps to End FDLR Impunity in DR Congo 11/19
scoop.co.nz Evacuation of Ebola Patient to the United States 11/18
modernghana.com IOM Re-Assesses Displacement in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo 11/18
scoop.co.nz Deadly Militia FDLR Regrouping in Congo 11/18
allafrica.com Community Worker Wins 2014 Coventry Peace Prize Award 11/18
enoughproject.org Seven ideas to help end the FDLR rebel group in Congo 11/18
voanews.com Violence Rages in Southeastern DRC 11/18
aljazeera.com DR Congo sentences Ndala killers 11/18
allafrica.com FDLR Strike Must Be Lethal 11/17
nzherald.co.nz Officer sentenced to death in Congo military court 11/17
allafrica.com Eagles Held Hostage Inside Stade Municipal Omnisport 11/17
modernghana.com Five sentenced to death over killing of DR Congo colonel 11/17
aljazeera.com In Pictures: DR Congo's deadly volcano 11/16
monitor.co.ug Sam Mugumya arrest: Is it more than meets the eye? 11/15
allafrica.com Child's Play With a Serious Message for Teenagers in Eastern Congo 11/14
allafrica.com DRC - TV Journalist's Leg Amputated Following a Targeted Shooting Attack 11/13
strategypage.com CONGO: UN Agrees To Use More Violence Against Violence 11/12
modernghana.com Deadly DR Congo protests after UN troops accused of killing 11/11
monitor.co.ug DR Congo denies arrest of Mugumya 11/11
en.ria.ru UN Welcomes Sentencing Former Militia Commander in DRC 11/10
allafrica.com Militia Leader Kakwaku Sentenced for War Crimes 11/10
reuters.com Mysterious killings in east Congo prompt anger at U.N. and army 11/09
un.org DR Congo: UN official applauds sentencing of militia leader for war crimes 11/09
theeastafrican.co.ke FDLR strikes loom as UN says ‘no further delay’ 11/08
modernghana.com DR Congo court gives rebel turned general 10 years for war crimes 11/07
modernghana.com DR Congo's M23 rebels warn of new conflict risk 11/07
allafrica.com FDLR Must Be Crushed By Force of Arms After January Deadline - UN 11/07
allafrica.com The 8th Joint Forum ICGLR/OECD/ the United Nations Group of Experts On DRC Opens Proceedings in Kinshasa 11/06
dw.de Kobler: 'We cannot be in every village in the DRC' 11/06
timeslive.co.za A decade after Congo wars, rape remains a weapon 11/05
aljazeera.com DRC minister appeals for calm after unrest 11/05
sify.com DR Congo: UN mission says police arrest more than 200 suspected of recent attacks 11/05
aljazeera.com DR Congo makes arrests over killings 11/05
modernghana.com Army clashes for second day with rebels in east DR Congo 11/04
cnn.com Life in Goma just got sweeter 11/03
allafrica.com Lucha - Youth Movement in Congo Demands Social Justice 11/03
modernghana.com DR Congo troops, suspected Ugandan rebels clash in volatile east 11/03
modernghana.com Army clashes with 'rebels' blamed for DR Congo massacres 11/03
modernghana.com At least eight more killed in bloodsoaked DRCongo region 11/02
modernghana.com Violent protest after eight more killed in eastern DR Congo 11/02
theeastafrican.co.ke Kigali alleges ‘hidden agenda’ to protect FDLR 11/01
reuters.com Congo crowd kills man, eats him after militant massacres: witnesses 10/31
allafrica.com Meet Niyoyita, Rwanda's Gospel Comedy Sensation 10/31
ndtv.com 14 People Killed in Democratic Republic of Congo Machete Attack: NGO 10/30
pambazuka.net LUCHA: Youth movement in Congo demands social justice 10/30
allafrica.com TV Cameraman Badly Hurt in Targeted Goma Shooting 10/29
timeslive.co.za Scores feared dead in DRC flooding 10/29
allafrica.com Somali Military Court Executes Two for Journalist's Murder 10/28
allafrica.com Govt to Import 430MW to Boost Energy Capacity 10/28
allafrica.com Rwanda: FDLR Has Two Months to Disarm - Monusco Chief 10/28
allafrica.com Security Forces Start Operations in Hawlwadaag 10/28
allafrica.com Somali Lawmaker Survives Assassination Attempt 10/28
allafrica.com War Planes Strike Parts of Lower Jubba 10/28
allafrica.com FDLR 'Disarmament' Process Sluggish, Deadline Ignored 10/28
modernghana.com Scores feared dead in DR Congo flood disaster 10/28
allafrica.com Rwanda U23 to Play Goma Volleyball Side in Friendly 10/27
allafrica.com Three Suspected Drug Traffickers Arrested 10/27
en.ria.ru UN Envoy to Congo Urges Action amid Renewed Killings by Local Rebel Group 10/27
allafrica.com The DRC and Its Neighbourhood - the Political Economy of Peace 10/24
strategypage.com CONGO: Victims Turn On Peacekeepers 10/24
allafrica.com UN Mission Comes Under Attack, Steps Up Security 10/23
timeslive.co.za Congo ex-militia boss insists on innocence at ICC appeal 10/22
allafrica.com ICGLR, SADC Ministers Reiterate Military Action Against FDLR 10/22
scmp.com Sakharov human rights award for 'Dr Miracle' leading Congo's war on mass rape 10/22
aljazeera.com DRC ex-militia leader pleads innocence at ICC 10/22
allafrica.com Democratic Republic of the Congo - ICRC Concerned By Violence Against Civilians in North Kivu 10/22
reuters.com African rivalries weaken U.N. hand against rebels in Congo 10/22
scoop.co.nz DR Congo: UN Mission Comes under Attack, Steps up Security 10/22
allafrica.com UN Envoy Praises Efforts of SADC/ICGLR Countries Stabilizing DRC 10/21
allafrica.com Former Premier Threatens to Sue Local Newspaper Over Defamation 10/21
allafrica.com Let's Not Take Our Security for Granted 10/21
allafrica.com UN Special Envoy Leaves Luanda 10/21
allafrica.com Angola - SADC and ICGLR Ministers Reiterate Ultimatum Given to FDLR to Disarm 10/21
allafrica.com Foreign Minister Hails Importance of Luanda ICGGLR/SADC Meeting 10/21
france24.com Congolese doctor who helps rape victims wins top EU prize 10/21
modernghana.com Democratic Republic of the Congo: ICRC concerned by violence against civilians in North Kivu 10/21
allafrica.com Central Africa: African Ministers Ready to Order Attack on Rwandan Rebels 10/21
modernghana.com Congo ex-militia boss insists on innocence at ICC appeal 10/21
modernghana.com Brave healer of DR Congo's most horrific wounds 10/21
allafrica.com No Progress in FDLR Disarmament - Says Ambassador Espírito Santo 10/20
allafrica.com Ambush Against the ICGLR Expanded Joint Verification Mechanism in Ruzizi Plain 10/20
modernghana.com UN surveillance drone crashes in eastern DR Congo 10/20
appablog.wordpress.com Democratic Republic of the Congo: ICRC concerned by violence against civilians in North Kivu 10/20
allafrica.com Defence Minister and U.S Envoy Talk About Great Lakes Region 10/20
allafrica.com Military Chiefs Review Eastern DR Congo Security 10/20

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.