Congo - east

Since 1996; conflict has centered around control of mineral resources in weakly-controlled eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, exacerbated by the FDLR rebel group mostly comprised of former soldiers of the Interahamwe in Rwanda. See summary

Recent articles:

foxnews.com Uganda confirms hundreds of Congolese M23 rebels missing 01/19
theeastafrican.co.ke Uganda finally admits scores of M23 rebels escaped base 01/19
monitor.co.ug Fleeing M23 rebels caught at Congo border, detained 01/19
businessdailyafrica.com Exploring resilient Rwanda through a different lens 01/19
voanews.com Uganda Detains Scores of Ex-rebels Headed for DRC 01/19
dailytimes.com.pk Uganda admits scores of Congolese rebels escaped base 01/19
af.reuters.com Uganda detains more than 100 former M23 rebels travelling to Congo 01/19
reuters.com Uganda detains more than 100 former M23 rebels traveling to Congo 01/19
monitor.co.ug UN 'ready to engage' if Congo rebels invade 01/19
allafrica.com Mani Martin to Sing for Peace at Amani Festival 01/18
theeastafrican.co.ke Uganda says former M23 Congolese rebels not welcome 01/17
af.reuters.com Uganda minister says Congo's former M23 rebels not welcome in Uganda 01/17
doctorswithoutborders.org DRC: The Alarming Consequences of Falsified Medicines 01/17
msf.org DRC: The alarming consequences of poor quality medicines 01/17
africa-newsroom.com The United Nations commits to support the Great Lakes region in finding durable solutions to the issue of South Sudanese disarmed elements present in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 01/16
af.reuters.com Congo govt says M23 rebel fighters cross over border from Uganda 01/16
monitor.co.ug Seven illegal guns impounded in Kisoro 01/16
modernghana.com Uganda military denies Congolese rebels left camp 01/16
sudantribune.com UN to support Great Lakes region on S. Sudan rebels 01/16
stripes.com Congo warns of armed ex-M23 rebels crossing border 01/15
af.reuters.com UPDATE 1-Congo govt says M23 rebel fighters cross over border from Uganda 01/15
modernghana.com Congolese M23 rebels cross over from Uganda, take village 01/15
monitor.co.ug Uganda scoffs at DR Congo over M23 rebels 01/15
kbctv.co.ke Uganda again arrests traditional leader over clashes last year 01/14
reuters.com For Congo's Pygmies, expulsion and forest clearance end a way of life 01/12
allafrica.com Child Victim or Brutal Warlord? Uganda's War Crimes Trial 01/12
france24.com Vital eastern supply route cut off in DR Congo 01/05
mg.co.za ​A timeline of DRC’s chase for democracy 01/05
foxnews.com Congo opposition leader who fled country announces candidacy 01/03
scmp.com End in sight for Congo’s political crisis as two sides of divide agree terms for President Joseph Kabila’s exit 01/01
france24.com Deal reached to end DR Congo political crisis 12/31
nzherald.co.nz Congo president to leave after 2017 vote under new deal 12/31
aljazeera.com Can DR Congo avert a transition crisis? 12/31
dw.com DRC President Joseph Kabila: reformer or corrupt authoritarian 12/29
allafrica.com Africa: Here Is to a Borderless Africa in 2017 and Beyond! 12/29
monitor.co.ug Here is to a borderless Africa in 2017 and beyond! 12/28
allafrica.com Africa: The Grinch's Not-So-Festive Guide to Food Ration Cuts 12/28
monitor.co.ug DR Congo Christmas slaughter leaves 35 dead 12/27
globalsecurity.org DR Congo troops kill 10 soldiers from Burundi who crossed border in hunt for rebels 12/27
diplomatie.gouv.fr Democratic Republic of Congo - Deadly attacks in North Kivu (24-25.12.16) 12/27
monitor.co.ug ‘DR Congo troops killed 10 Burundian soldiers’ 12/26
dnaindia.com Twenty-two civilians killed in attacks at Democratic Republic of Congo 12/26
modernghana.com 13 civilians killed in DR Congo Christmas Day ethnic attack 12/26
vanguardngr.com DR Congo Christmas slaughter leaves 35 dead 12/26
modernghana.com DR Congo Christmas slaughter leaves 35 dead 12/26
allafrica.com At Least 22 Killed in Troubled North Kivu Province 12/26
modernghana.com 22 civilians killed in DR Congo massacre: official 12/25
aljazeera.com Rebel attacks in eastern DRC 'kill at least 22' 12/25
voanews.com Congo Ethnic Militia Kills 13 Civilians in Apparent Revenge Attack 12/25
france24.com Dozens killed in attacks amid political unrest in DR Congo 12/25
nzherald.co.nz Congo mediators say no deal before Christmas, talks on hold 12/24
foxnews.com 20 reported dead in eastern Congo as militia fighters blamed 12/23
allafrica.com President Jacob Zuma Saddened By Passing of SANDF Soldier in the DRC 12/23
voanews.com At Least 26 Killed in Congo Protests, Rights Group Says 12/21
allafrica.com Monusco Expresses Grave Concern Over the Rect Wave of Ongoing Arrests and Dettions 12/21
voanews.com Congolese President Stays in Office After Term's End, Amid High Political Tension 12/21
appablog.wordpress.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman of the Secretary-General on the Democratic Republic of the Congo 12/20
appablog.wordpress.com Déclaration attribuable au porte-parole du Secrétaire général sur la République démocratique du Congo 12/20
appablog.wordpress.com Security Council Press Statement on the Democratic Republic of the Congo 12/20
africa-newsroom.com Statement attributable to the Spokesman of the Secretary-General on the Democratic Republic of the Congo 12/20
allafrica.com DR Congo - Ban Condemns Killing of UN Peacekeeper 12/20
africa-newsroom.com MONUSCO strongly condemns the Mayi Mayi militia attack in Butembo 12/20
allafrica.com Rebels Kill South African Peacekeeper and Policeman 12/20
allafrica.com Gunfire Erupts in Capital As Kabila's Mandate Expires 12/20
allafrica.com Nation at Cross-Roads 12/19
foxnews.com Military deploys across Congo's capital as Kabila stays on 12/19
monitor.co.ug At least 20 dead in DR Congo gold mine collapse 12/19
allafrica.com Congo-Kinshasa: Tension High in DRC As President Kabila's Mandate Ends 12/19
modernghana.com Troops deploy in tense DR Congo as leader's mandate expires 12/19
csmonitor.com Kinshasa faces unrest as Congolese president refuses to step down 12/19
aljazeera.com Rebels kill S African peacekeeper and policeman in DRC 12/19
un.org DR Congo: Ban condemns killing of UN peacekeeper 12/19
dw.com Gunfire erupts in Congo's capital as Kabila's mandate expires 12/19
dw.com Gunfire erupts in Congo's capital as Kabila's mandate expires 12/19
en.people.cn UN chief condemns killing of South African peacekeeper in DRC 12/19
modernghana.com Congolese cocoa waits for peace to pursue sweet future 12/18
ft.com Fears of Congo unrest as president clings to power 12/18
modernghana.com At least 20 dead in DR Congo gold mine collapse: minister 12/18
nzherald.co.nz Talks over Congo's delayed presidential vote stall 12/17
globalsecurity.org DRC: Call for Calm and Respect for Human Rights 12/17
france24.com DR Congo: Goma, a city living on the edge 12/16
allafrica.com Burundi: 797 Congolese Claim Asylum in Burundi 12/16
reuters.com Congo braces for unrest as president's mandate expires 12/15
monitor.co.ug Troubled Gabon says ready to host Africa Cup of Nations 12/15
cpj.org Congolese television journalist detained for four days 12/15
af.reuters.com Congo to suspend pro soccer matches over fears of political unrest 12/14
reuters.com Uganda charges traditional leader at center of unrest with terrorism 12/13
allafrica.com IDPs in North Kivu Face Bulengo Camp Closure 12/13
aljazeera.com Congolese IDPs in North Kivu face Bulengo camp closure 12/12
nation.co.ke Congo rights group blames govt, parties for deadly unrest 12/08
msf.org DRC: The pendulum of violence 12/07
allafrica.com DRC On Edge As Kabila Term Nears End 12/07
allafrica.com France Hosted Interim Govt After Leaving Rwanda 12/06
monitor.co.ug UN mission in DR Congo braces for clashes as Kabila’s term ends 12/06
allafrica.com Government Calls for More Exports to Regional Markets 12/05
allafrica.com Two Congolese Nationals Arrested in Uganda 12/05
allafrica.com DRC Political Talks Collapse As Kabila Supporters Pull Out 12/05
monitor.co.ug Two Congolese nationals arrested in Uganda 12/04
voanews.com DRC Political Talks Break Down 12/03
appablog.wordpress.com République démocratique du Congo : finale du premier Championnat national de basketball en fauteuil roulant à G oma 12/03

Summary

After the Interahamwe in 1994, Hutu militia groups moved across the border from Rwanda into Kivu province of what was then Zaire. Zaire's ruler, the kleptomaniac strongman Mobutu Sese Seko, failed to prevent the militias from attacking across the border into Rwanda. Local rebel leader Laurent Kabila, backed by Rwandan troops and equipment, swept out of southeastern Zaire in 1997 and seized the country from Mobutu.

The newly renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo was not easy to govern. The Second Congo War erupted in 1998, involving troops from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The vast mineral resources of the east of the country helped to fuel the conflict. In 2001 Laurent Kabila died, and his son Joseph Kabila took power. The war officially ended in 2002, and foreign troops left.

However, fighting continued among government factions and remaining militias. In 2004, Laurent Nkunda began another rebellion, claiming that the Tutsis of the region were being forsaken by the government soldiers. His rebel group was supported by Rwanda. This continued off and until 2008, when his army began a major offensive. International pressure on Rwanda grew, and Rwanda arrested Nkunda in early 2009.

Currently, the Hutu militias still operate in the area, although with greatly reduced numbers. Government soldiers are also frequently accused of crimes against civilians.